Constitutional body (India)

In India, a Constitutional body is a body or institute established by the Constitution of India. They can only be created or changed by passing a constitutional amendment bill, rather than an Act of Parliament.

The members of Constituent Assembly of India recognised the need for independent institutions which can regulate sectors of national importance without any executive interference. As such, they introduced constitutional provisions, paving the way for creation of Constitutional bodies. A classic example of a constitutional body is the Election Commission of India, which is created to conduct and regulate the national and state elections in India.

List of constitutional bodiesEdit

Article Constitutional Bodies
76 Attorney General of India
148 Comptroller and Auditor General of India
165 Advocate General of State
243-I State Finance Commission
243-K State Election Commission
243ZD District Planning Committee
243ZE Metropolitan Planning Committee
263 Inter-State Council
280 Finance Commission
279A Goods and Service Tax Council[1]
315-323 UPSC and State Public Service Commission
324 Election Commission of India
338 National Commission for Scheduled Castes
338A National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
338B National Commission for Backward Classes[2]
339
Scheduled Area and Scheduled Tribes Commission
340 Backward Classes Commission
344 Official Language Commission and Official Language Committee of Parliament
350B Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Laxmikanth, M (2020). Indian Polity (sixth ed.). Chennai, India: McGraw Hill Education. p. 51.2. ISBN 978-93-5260-363-3.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)

  1. ^ THE GAZETTE OF INDIA. "THE CONSTITUTION (ONE HUNDRED AND FIRST AMENDMENT) ACT, 2016" (PDF). www.google.in. MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  2. ^ THE GAZETTE OF INDIA. "THE CONSTITUTION (ONE HUNDRED AND SECOND AMENDMENT) ACT, 2018" (PDF). www.google.in. MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE. Retrieved 10 January 2019.