University Grants Commission (India)

University Grants Commission (UGC; ISO: Viś‍vavidyālaya Anudāna Āyōga) is a statutory body under Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, Government of India. It was set up in accordance to the UGC Act 1956[2] and is charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education in India. It provides recognition to universities in India, and disbursements of funds to such recognized universities and colleges. The UGC headquarters are in New Delhi, and it has six regional centres in Pune, Bhopal, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Guwahati and Bangalore.[3][4] A proposal to replace it with another new regulatory body called HECI is under consideration by the Government of India. The UGC provides doctoral scholarships to all those who clear JRF in the National Eligibility Test. On an average, each year 725 crore (US$87 million) is spent on doctoral and post-doctoral fellowships by the commission.

University Grants Commission
Viś‍vavidyālaya Anudāna Āyōga
Formation28 December 1956; 67 years ago (1956-12-28)
FounderMaulana Azad
HeadquartersNew Delhi
Official language
English, Hindi
OwnerGovernment of India
Mamidala Jagadesh Kumar
Parent organization
Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, Government of India
Budget (2021–22)
4,693 crore (US$560 million)[1]



The UGC was first formed in 1945 to oversee the work of the three Central Universities of Aligarh, Banaras and Delhi. Its responsibility was extended in 1947 to cover all Indian universities.[5]

In August 1949 a recommendation was made to reconstitute the UGC along similar lines to the University Grants Committee of the United Kingdom. This recommendation was made by the University Education Commission of 1948–1949 which was set up under the chairmanship of S. Radhakrishnan "to report on Indian university education and suggest improvements and extensions".[6][7] In 1952 the government decided that all grants to universities and higher learning institutions should be handled by the UGC. Subsequently, an inauguration was held on 28 December 1953 by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the Minister of Education, Natural Resources and Scientific Research. The University Grants Commission (UGC) came into existence on 28 December 1953 and became a statutory Organization of the Government of India by an Act of Parliament in 1956, for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of teaching, examination and research in university education.

In November 1956, the UGC became a statutory body upon the passing of the "University Grants Commission Act, 1956" by the Indian Parliament.[2]

In 1994 and 1995, the UGC decentralized its operations by setting up six regional centres at Pune, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bhopal, Guwahati and Bangalore.[8] The head office of the UGC is located at Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg in New Delhi, with two additional bureaus operating from 35, Feroze Shah Road and the South Campus of University of Delhi as well.[9]

In December 2015, the government of India set a National Institutional of Ranking Framework under UGC which will rank all educational institutes by April 2016.[10]

In February 2022, M. Jagadesh Kumar, a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at IIT Delhi and former VC of JNU, was appointed as the chairman of the UGC.[11]

Types of universities


The types of universities regulated by the UGC include:

As of 25 August 2022, The University Grants Commission (UGC) has also released the list of 21 fake universities operating in India. UGC has said that these 21 self-styled, unrecognized institutions functioning in contravention of the UGC Act have been declared as fake and are not entitled to confer any degree.[19]

The UGC has also issued warning to Deemed to be Universities to not use the word Deemed University as per their recent changes and guidelines.[20]

Professional councils


UGC, along with CSIR currently conducts NET for appointments of teachers in colleges and universities.[21] It has made NET qualification mandatory for teaching at graduation level and at post-graduation level since July 2009. However, those with PhD are given five percent relaxation.

Accreditation for higher learning over universities under the aegis of University Grants Commission is overseen by following fifteen autonomous statutory institutions:[22][23]



In 2009, the Union Minister of Human Resource Development, Kapil Sibal made known the government of India's plans to consider the closing down of the UGC and the related body All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), in favour of a higher regulatory body with more sweeping powers.[24] This goal, proposed by the Higher Education and Research (HE&R) Bill, 2011, intends to replace the UGC with a National Commission for Higher Education & Research (NCHER) "for determination, coordination, maintenance and continued enhancement of standards of higher education and research".[25] The bill proposes absorbing the UGC and other academic agencies into this new organisation. Those agencies involved in medicine and law would be exempt from this merger "to set minimum standards for medical and legal education leading to professional practice".[26] The bill has received opposition from the local governments of the Indian states of Bihar, Kerala, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal, but has received general support.[25]

On 27 June 2018, the Ministry of Human Resource Development announced its plans to repeal the UGC Act, 1956. A bill was expected to be introduced in the 2018 monsoon session of the Parliament, which if passed would have led to the dissolution of the UGC. The bill also stipulated formation of a new body, the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI).[27][28] This form of the bill was ultimately dropped in the face of strong political opposition, and was reworked in 2019 in order to gain political consensus.[29] As of mid-2020 the UGC continues to remain in existence. Ministry of Human Resource Development, MHRD, was renamed as 'Ministry of Education'.[30]

On 13 April 2022 the University Grants Commission of India (UGC India) announced to allow the students to complete two academic programmes simultaneously keeping in view the proposals outlined in the National Education Policy - NEP 2020 which emphasizes the need to enable multiple pathways to learning involving both formal and non-formal education modes.[31][32]

In a joint notification with All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), University Grants Commission advised Indian nationals & overseas citizens of India against pursuing higher education in Pakistan stating that any such student with a degree from an educational institution in Pakistan “shall not be eligible for seeking employment or higher studies in India”. The notification also stated that this will not be applicable to migrants who have been granted Indian citizenship and have obtained security clearance from MHA.[33]

See also



  1. ^ "MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS DEMAND NO. 59 : Transfers to Puducherry" (PDF). p. 208. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  2. ^ a b "UGC Act-1956" (PDF). Secretary, University Grants Commission. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  3. ^ "University Grants commission ::UGC Regional Offices".
  4. ^ University Grants Commission. Govt. of India (
  5. ^ "University Grants Commission – Genesis". University Grants Commission. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  6. ^ "Introduction to the university education commission of 1948". Krishna Kanta Handiqui State Open University. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  7. ^ Denny (22 December 2014). "University Education Commission 1948–49 in India". YourArticleLibrary. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  8. ^ "About Western Regional Office". University Grants Commission. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  9. ^ "About Eastern Regional Office". University Grants Commission. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  10. ^ "New ranking system portal goes online, UGC tells all varsities to register". The Times of India. 24 November 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  11. ^ wikipedia
  12. ^ "Central Universities". Ministry of Education. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  13. ^ "Consolidated list of Central Universities as on 18.10.2022" (PDF). UGC - University Grants Commission. UGC. 18 October 2022. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  14. ^ "List of State Universities as on 23.08.2022" (PDF). UGC. University Grants Commission. 23 August 2022. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  15. ^ "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvanathapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Union Human Resource Development Ministry, Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  16. ^ "List of Institutions of higher education which have been declared as Deemed to be Universities as on 24.08.2022" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 24 August 2022. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  17. ^ "Listing of Homi Bhabha National Institute as deemed university". University Grants Commission. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  18. ^ "State-wise List of Private Universities as on 23.08.2022" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 23 August 2022. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  19. ^ "Public Notice on Fake Universities" (PDF). UGC. 25 August 2022. Retrieved 26 October 2022.
  20. ^ "UGC Issued Warning Against Deemed Universities: Use of word 'University' Prohibited, Check List of 127 Deemed Universities Recognised by UGC". 29 May 2020. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  21. ^ "CSIR UGC 2013". Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  22. ^ "Higher education in India". Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2009.
  23. ^ "Professional Councils". University Grants Commission. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  24. ^ "UGC, AICTE to be scrapped: Sibal". Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
  25. ^ a b Reporter, BS (6 March 2013). "States oppose national panel for higher education and research". Business Standard. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  26. ^ TNN (5 October 2013). "Major push to change the face of higher education". Times of India. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  27. ^ Vishnoi, Anubhuti (28 June 2018). "Modi government to dissolve UGC, set up new Higher Education Commission". The Economic Times. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  28. ^ IANS (28 June 2018). "HRD Ministry to replace UGC with Higher Education Commission of India". Business Standard India. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  29. ^ Vishnoi, Anubhuti (27 September 2019). "Government reworks Higher Education Bill to gain political consensus". The Economic Times. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  30. ^ "Ministry of Human Resource Development, MHRD, officially renamed as 'Ministry of Education'". DNA India. 18 August 2020.
  31. ^ Rajnish Jain (13 April 2022). "Letter Guidelines For Pursuing Two Academic Programmes Simultaneously" (PDF). New Delhi. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  32. ^ "Guidelines for Pursuing Two Academic Programmes Simultaneously" (PDF). New Delhi. April 2022. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  33. ^ "AICTE, UGC warn Indian students against enrolling themselves in educational institutes in Pakistan". The Indian Express. 24 April 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2022.