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Haflong is a town and headquarters of Dima Hasao (formerly North Cachar Hills) in India in the state of Assam. It is the only hill station in Assam.[2] Haflong is a Dimasa word meaning Anthill.[3]

Haflong
The White Ant Hills Town
Town
Nickname(s): Switzwerland of the East
Haflong is located in Assam
Haflong
Haflong
Haflong is located in India
Haflong
Haflong
Coordinates: 25°10′08″N 93°00′58″E / 25.169°N 93.016°E / 25.169; 93.016Coordinates: 25°10′08″N 93°00′58″E / 25.169°N 93.016°E / 25.169; 93.016
Country India
StateAssam
DistrictDima Hasao
Government
 • BodyHaflong Town Committee
Area
 • Total12.79 km2 (4.94 sq mi)
Elevation966.216 m (3,170.000 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total43,756
 • Density3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialDimasa , English and Haflong Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN788819
Telephone code03673
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS 08-X XXXX

Contents

ClimateEdit

Haflong has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa), falling just short of a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw).

Climate data for Haflong
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
25.2
(77.4)
28.4
(83.1)
29.0
(84.2)
20.0
(68)
28.3
(82.9)
26.5
(79.7)
28.2
(82.8)
25.8
(78.4)
24.3
(75.7)
26.0
(78.8)
18.1
(64.6)
29
(84.2)
Average high °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
20.2
(68.4)
21.0
(69.8)
22.2
(72)
22.2
(72)
25.7
(78.3)
24.9
(76.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.7
(72.9)
22.3
(72.1)
21.6
(70.9)
20.7
(69.3)
22.2
(72)
Average low °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68)
22.7
(72.9)
20.9
(69.6)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
21.7
(71.1)
21.9
(71.4)
16.7
(62.1)
11.8
(53.2)
17.8
(64)
Record low °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
4.1
(39.4)
6.3
(43.3)
12.0
(53.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.4
(59.7)
18.4
(65.1)
18.1
(64.6)
15.7
(60.3)
10.6
(51.1)
8.3
(46.9)
5.0
(41)
3.7
(38.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.9
(0.469)
18.3
(0.72)
55.8
(2.197)
147.9
(5.823)
244.2
(9.614)
316.4
(12.457)
345.4
(13.598)
264.3
(10.406)
185.9
(7.319)
91.2
(3.591)
18.7
(0.736)
7.1
(0.28)
0
(0)
Average rainy days 1.8 2.9 5.8 13.1 17.0 19.6 22.3 18.5 15.2 7.4 2.8 1.3 127.7
Average relative humidity (%) 69 55 47 48 55 51 53 52 53 52 52 52 53
Mean monthly sunshine hours 106.3 174.7 180.1 181.0 152.2 102.0 104.0 121.2 98.0 104.6 131.0 132.5 1,587.6
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization.[4] NOAA (extremes & humidity, 1971–1990)[5]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory.[6]

.

PopulationEdit

Population changes
Year 1951 1991 2001 2011
Population 2,168[7] 26,191[8] 36,302[8] 43,756[8]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

As of 2011 the India census, Haflong had a population of 43,756. Males constitute 45% of the population and females 55%. Haflong has an average literacy rate of 92%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 75%. In Haflong, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The population of the Town comprises various tribes & races who maintain their own dialect, culture, customs & usages. Apart from various tribes (Oriental Indians), non-tribals also account for a sizable amount of the population. They are mostly government employees, traders living in urban & semi-urban area. The small and serene Town shelter the lovely people – warm and fascinating – and as colourful as the land itself. It is also the home of various tribes: Dimasa, Nagas, Hmar, Kukis, Biate, Bengali, Assamese, and Hrangkhol.

LanguagesEdit

Commonly spoken languages are Haflong Hindi, Dimasa, Hmar, Zeme Naga, Biate, Kuki, Khasi, Assamese and Hrangkhol.

TransportationEdit

Though there is no direct Air connection to Haflong, one can fly to Guwahati or Silchar from where easy road or rail options are available. New Haflong railway station of Lumding–Sabroom section provides the rail connectivity in Haflong with Guwahati and Silchar. Through road one can travel via Hojai-Lanka road.

EducationEdit

Some prominent educational institutions of Haflong are:

SchoolsEdit

  •  
    Haflong Government Boys Higher Secondary School
    Haflong Government Boys Higher Secondary School
  • Government Girls Higher Secondary School
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Sontila, Haflong
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Haflong
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Bodo Haflong
  • Vivekananda Vidyalaya High School
  • Don Bosco Higher Secondary School, Haflong
  • PMS High School
  • Greenwood English School, Fiangpui
  • Sengya Sambudhan Higher Secondary School, Sambudhan ,Haflong
  • St. Agnes' Convent High School, Dibarai, Haflong
  • CHT Synod Higher Secondary School
  • Covenant High School, Kashipur (Bethel)

CollegesEdit

  • Haflong Government College
  • Sengya Sabhudhan Jr. College

Tourism AttractionsEdit

Haflong is a hilly town surrounded by lots of natural beauties like fluent water streams, lush green hills and bounty waterfalls. Main attractions are:

PoliticsEdit

Haflong is part of Autonomous District (Lok Sabha constituency). It is the headquarters of N.C. Hills Autonomous Council.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Haflong City Population Census 2011 - Assam". www.census2011.co.in.
  2. ^ Haflong - Assam's Hill Station Archived 26 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine., India-north-east.com
  3. ^ "The tourist destinations of magi". diprnchills.gov.in.
  4. ^ World Weather Information Service-Guwahati, World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Haflong Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  6. ^ Climatological Information for Haflong, India[permanent dead link], Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  7. ^ "Census of India, 1951. Vol. X: Assam, Manipur and Tripura. Part I-A: Report".
  8. ^ a b c "Assam (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".

External linksEdit