List of districts of Tripura

The Indian state of Tripura borders with Bangladesh and the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram. The third-smallest state in India and also a princely state till 1949, It covers an area of 10,491 square kilometres (4,051 sq mi). The area of modern Tripura was ruled for several centuries by the Manikya dynasty of the Twipra kingdom. It was a princely state during British rule, and joined the newly independent India. Ethnic strife between the indigenous people and Bengali population led to tension and scattered violence since its integration into the country, but the establishment of an autonomous tribal administrative agency and other strategies have led to peace. Tripura was divided into four districts but with effect from 21 January 2012 four more new districts was divided making a total of eight districts in the state.[1]

The eight districts of Tripura

HistoryEdit

Dating back to the time of Mahabharata, the very helm of the Kingdom of Tripura encompassed the greater part of Eastern Bengal stretching from the Bay of Bengal in the South to the Brahmaputra in the North and west and Burma, now Myanmar in the East. The earliest trace of the ancient of Tripura can be found in the Ashokan pillar inscriptions.[2] The 17th century is a major watershed in the history of Tripura when the administration of the region passed on the hands of the Mughals with some powers left with the Manikyas. In the Colonial era, the Britishers extended their control over Tripura granting some limited independence to the Manikya kings. The region was under the rule of the Twipra Kingdom for centuries, although when this dates from is not documented. The Rajmala, a chronicle of Tripuri kings which was first written in the 15th century,[3] provides a list of 179 kings, from antiquity up to Krishna Kishore Manikya (1830–1850),[4]: 3 [5][6] but the reliability of the Rajmala has been doubted.[7] The Royal history of Tripura ended when the princely state acceded to the Indian Union on 15 October 1949. After death of the last king Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya on 17 May 1947, a Regency Council was formed headed by Maharani Kanchan Prabha Devi, for aid of the minor Prince, Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur. The regent signed the merger agreement with the Government of India. After merger Tripura became a Part ‘C’ State. On reorganization of the states, effected in November, 1956, Tripura became a Union Territory with an Advisory Committee to aid and advise the Chief Commissioner. Thereafter in place of the Advisory Committee, a Territorial Council was formed through the adult franchise on 15 August 1957. On 1 July 1963, the Tripura Territorial Council was dissolved and the Legislative Assembly with the existing members of the Territorial Council was formed. On 21 January 1972 Tripura became full-fledged State by the Act of Parliament called the North Eastern Areas (Reorganization) Act, 1971.[8]

Former administrative structureEdit

Code District Headquarters Population (2011)[9] Area (km²) Density (/km²)[9] Official website
DH Dhalai Ambassa 377,988 2,523 157 http://dhalai.gov.in/
NT North Tripura Kailashahar 693,281 2,821 341 http://northtripura.nic.in/
ST South Tripura Udaipur 875,144 2,152 286 http://southtripura.nic.in/
WT West Tripura Agartala 1,724,619 2,997 576 http://westtripura.nic.in/

New list of Districts after the reorganizationEdit

For administrative purposes, the state has been divided into 8 districts, 23 subdivisions and 58 development blocks—with effect from 21 January 2012, after a Government of Tripura Decision, out of which the newly created districts are 4, subdivisions 6, development blocks 5. The four new Districts are Khowai Unakoti, Sipahijala and Gomati; the six new sub-divisions are Jirania, Mohanpur, Kumarghat, Panisagar, Jampuijala and Karbook; the five new development blocks are Yuvarajnagar, Durga Chawmuhani, Jolaibari, Silachari and Lefunga.

The information here are latest updated as of 25 May 2015.[10]

District Headquarters District Magistrat Police Super Subdivisions Development Blocks Municipals Population
[tentative,
as per Census 2011(P),
as released by the
Govt of Tripura]
Area (in km2)
Dhalai Ambassa Sri Mayur Govekar Ratilal, IAS Shri Kishore Debbarma,TPS Gr-1 1. Kamalpur
2. Ambassa
3. Longtarai Valley
4. Gandachera
1. a) Salema
1. b) Durga Chawmuhani
2. a) Ambassa
3. a) Manu
3. b) Chawmanu
4. a) Dumburnagar
4. b) Raishyabari
1. a) Kamalpur Nagar Panchayet
2. a) Ambassa Municipal Council
377,988 NA
Gomati Udaipur Shri Raval H. Kumar, IAS Shri Lucky Chauhan, IPS 1. Udaipur
2. Amarpur
3. Karbook
1. a) Matabari
1. b) Kakraban
1. c) Killa
2. a) Amarpur
2. b) Ompi
3. a) Karbook
3. b) Silachari
1. a) Udaipur Municipal Council
2. a) Amarpur Nagar Panchayet
436,868 NA
Khowai Khowai Smt. Smith Mol S, IAS Shri Kiran Kumar K, IPS 1. Khowai
2. Teliamura
1. a) Khowai
1. b) Tulashikhar
1. c) Padmabil
2. a) Teliamura
2. b) Kalyanpur
2. c) Mungiakami
1. a) Khowai Municipal Council
2. a) Teliamura Municipal Council
327,391 NA
Sipahijala Bishramganj Smt.Vishwasree B, IAS Shri.Krishnendu Chakraborty, IPS 1. Bishalgarh
2. Jampuijala
3. Sonamura
1. a) Bishalgarh
2. a) Jampuijala
3. a) Melaghar
3. b) Kathalia
3. c) Boxanagar
1. a) Bishalgarh Municipal Council
2. a) Sonamura Nagar Panchayet
3. b) Melaghar Municipal Council
484,233 NA
Unakoti Kailashahar Shri UK Chakma, TCS Gr-1 Shri Rathiranjan Debanth, IPS 1. Kumarghat
2. Kailashahar
1. a) Kumarghat
1. b) Pecharthal
2. a) Gournagar
1. a) Kumarghat Municipal Council
2. a) Kailashahar Municipal Council
277,335 NA
North Tripura Dharmanagar Shri Nagesh Kumar B, IAS Shri Bhanupada Chakraborty, TPS Gr-1 1. Dharmanagar
2. Kanchanpur
3. Panisagar
1. a) Kadamtala
1. b) Yuvarajnagar
2. a) Dasda
2. b) Jampuihill
2. c) Laljuri
3. a) Panisagar
3. b) Damchara
1. a) Dharmanagar Municipal Council 415,946 NA
South Tripura Belonia Shri Saju Vaheed A, IAS. Dr.Kulwant Singh, IPS 1. Santirbazar
2. Belonia
3. Sabroom
1. a) Bakafa
1. b) Jolaibari
2. a) Hrishyamukh
2. b) Rajnagar
2. c) Bharat Chandra Nagar
3. a) Satchand
3. b) Rupaichari
3. c) Poangbari
1. a) Santirbazar Municipal Council
2. a) Belonia Municipal Council
3. a) Sabroom Nagar Panchayet
433,737 NA
West Tripura Agartala Shri Debapriya Bardhan, IAS. Sri Manik Das, TPS Gr-1 1. Sadar
2. Mohanpur
3. Jirania
1. a) Dukli
2. a) Mohanpur
2. b) Hezamara
2. c) Lefunga
3. a) Jirania
3. b) Mandai
1. a) Agartala Municipal Corporation
2. a) Mohanpur municipal council
3. a) Ranirbazar Municipal Council
917,534 NA

DemographicsEdit

The following is a list of the basic demographic data for the districts of Tripura based on the size of the district's area, arranged in descending order[11] (The data input here is taken from 2011 Census; however, the new four districts were formed in 2012 so information on those are of 2012.)

District Area in km2 Population Growth Rate Sex Ratio Literacy Density/km2
Dhalai 2,400 377,988 12.57 945 86.82 157
Gomati 1,522.8 436,868 14.15 959 86.19 287
Khowai 1,005.67 327,391 14.15 961 88.37 326
Sipahijala 1,044.78 484,233 14.15 952 84.14 463
Unakoti 591.93 277,335 10.85 966 87.58 469
North Tripura 1,444.5 415,946 17.44 968 88.77 288
South Tripura 1,534.2 433,737 14.15 956 85.09 283
West Tripura 942.55 1,017,534 12.57 972 91.69 973

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ new districts of tipura
  2. ^ ashok pillar mahabharata
  3. ^ "Hill Tippera – history" (GIF). The Imperial Gazetteer of India. 13: 118. 1909. Retrieved 27 October 2011.
  4. ^ Bera, Gautam Kumar (2010). The land of fourteen gods: ethno-cultural profile of Tripura. Mittal Publications. ISBN 978-81-8324-333-9.
  5. ^ Sen, Kali Prasanna, ed. (2003). Sri rajmala volume – IV (in Bengali). Tribal Research Institute, Government of Tripura. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  6. ^ Bhattacharyya, Apurba Chandra (1930). Progressive Tripura. Inter-India Publications. p. 179. OCLC 16845189.
  7. ^ Sircar, D.C. (1979). Some epigraphical records of the mediaeval period from eastern India. Abhinav Publications. p. 89. ISBN 978-81-7017-096-9.
  8. ^ end of king era of tripura
  9. ^ a b "Distribution of Population, Decadal growth rate, Sex ratio and Population density for State and District" (XLS). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi-110011. 2010–2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  10. ^ Ali, Syed Sajjad (20 January 2014). "Agartala turns into a municipal corporation tomorrow". The Hindu. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  11. ^ "List of districts of Tripura".

External linksEdit