Anandiben Patel

Anandiben Mafatbhai Patel (born 21 November 1941)[1][2] is an Indian politician serving as the 28th and current Governor of Uttar Pradesh. She is also serving as Governor of Madhya Pradesh (additional charge). She has served as the former Chief Minister of Gujarat. She was the first female chief minister of the state.[3] She was a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) since 1987. She was the Cabinet Minister for Education from 2002 to 2007.

Anandiben Patel
Anandiben Patel Ji.jpg
28th Governor of Uttar Pradesh
Assumed office
29 July 2019
PresidentRamnath Kovind
Chief MinisterYogi Adityanath
Preceded byRam Naik
21st Governor of Madhya Pradesh
Assumed office
1 July 2020
Chief MinisterShivraj Singh Chouhan
Preceded byLalji Tandon
In office
23 January 2018 – 28 July 2019
Chief MinisterShivraj Singh Chouhan
Kamal Nath
Preceded byOm Prakash Kohli
Succeeded byLalji Tandon
Governor of Chhattisgarh
In office
15 August 2018 – 28 July 2019
Chief MinisterProf. Raman Singh
Bhupesh Baghel
Preceded byBalram Das Tandon
Succeeded byAnusuiya Uikey
15th Chief Minister of Gujarat
In office
22 May 2014 – 7 August 2016
Preceded byNarendra Modi
Succeeded byVijay Rupani
Member of Gujarat Legislative Assembly
In office
2002–2012
ConstituencyPatan
Member of Gujarat Legislative Assembly
In office
1998–2002
ConstituencyMandal
MP of Rajya Sabha for Gujarat
In office
1994–1998
Personal details
Born (1941-11-21) 21 November 1941 (age 78)
Vijapur, Bombay Presidency, British India
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s)Mafatlal Patel (estranged)
Children2
ResidenceRaj Bhavan, Lucknow

She was the cabinet Minister of Road and Building, Revenue, Urban development and Urban Housing, Disaster Management and Capital Projects in the Government of Gujarat from 2007 to 2014.[4][5]

In 19 January 2018, she became the Governor of Madhya Pradesh replacing Om Prakash Kohli who was holding additional charge since September 2016.[6]

Early lifeEdit

BirthEdit

Patel was born on 21 November 1941, in present-day Kharod village of Vijapur taluka of Mehsana district, Gujarat,[1] where her father, Jethabhai, was a teacher.[citation needed]

EducationEdit

SchoolEdit

She moved to N.M. High School for her high school studies which had only three girl students. As a student she was an athlete and remained a district level champion for three consecutive years. She joined college for studying BSc in 1960. She has excelled throughout as a student in her studies. She was awarded "Veer Bala" award in Mehsana for her outstanding achievement in athletics.[7]

CollegeEdit

Patel joined M. G. Panchal Science College at Pilvai in 1960. She completed a bachelor's degree in science in Visnagar. She married Mafatlal in 1962.

She joined Mahila Vikas Gruh for the upliftment of women as her first job, where she taught vocational courses to more than 50 widows.[citation needed]

Post graduationEdit

Patel moved to Ahmedabad in 1965 with her husband Mafatbhai Patel where she earned a master of science degree. In Ahmedabad, she took on the responsibility of educating all the children of her extended family; at one time, more than 10 extended family members were staying in her home. She enrolled in a bachelor of education program to pursue her interest in teaching. While pursuing her bachelor of education program, her elder son, Sanjay was just 2 years old. She balanced her family life, her education and the job with utmost difficulty. Even though the financial condition was not so ripe, she left no stone unturned in getting educated and bringing up two children with utmost care. She received a gold medal in her master of education program.[8][citation needed]

TeacherEdit

Anandiben Patel was not keen on becoming a teacher. She took the job of a teacher to support the family financially, responding to an advertisement in the newspaper. In her interview as a teacher, she chose to teach the most difficult problem of Mathematics. Patel worked as the teacher at Mohiniba Kanya Vidyalaya, Ahmedabad in 1967 or 1970, where she taught science and mathematics to higher secondary students. Later, she became the school's principal.[9]

Political careerEdit

BraveryEdit

Patel's entry into politics began with an accident during a school picnic in 1987, when she jumped in the Sardar Sarovar reservoir to save two girls who were drowning during a school picnic, for which she received a president's bravery award.[10] Impressed by Patel's heroism, BJP top cadre suggested Anandiben Patel to join the party. At first, she was hesitant in joining the party, but on persuasion by Narendra Modi and Keshubhai Patel, she joined BJP as the Gujarat Pradesh Mahila Morcha President in 1987.[11]

Bird flu and serviceEdit

Patel's first notable work was during a spread of bird flu in the Viramgam district, where she spent weeks helping local citizens and appealing to government officials to take strong action.[citation needed] In 1992, she participated in Ekta Yatra from Kanyakumari to Srinagar with BJP leader Murli Manohar Joshi.[12]

As a member of ParliamentEdit

Patel was elected to Rajya Sabha from Gujarat in 1994.[12] As an MP, she participated in the Fourth World Women's Conference at Beijing (China) in 1994–95, representing India. She also visited Bulgaria with the BJP Leader, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, and speaker of the Lok Sabha, P. A. Sangma.[citation needed]

1998 – First election in MANDAL (As an Education Minister)Edit

Patel resigned from Rajyasabha in 1998 and contested her first assembly election from MANDAL assembly constituency. She won and became the cabinet minister for education under the Chief Minister Keshubhai Patel.[12]

In her first term as Education Minister, Patel started "Lokdarbar" to address issues related to schools and education. It was under her leadership that the state Government first launched "Shala Praveshotsav" to increase enrollment in schools, which is still the flagship program of the Education department. Her efforts resulted in a 100% increase in enrollment.[9]

In her first two years as an Education Minister, Patel initiated a campaign to recruit 26,000 teachers to fill positions that had been vacant for six years. She is also credited for her work to reduce corruption in the transfer of teachers. She established a school for handicapped children.[citation needed]

Second and third election from Patan (2002–2012)Edit

Patel contested her second and third assembly elections in 2002 and 2007 from Patan assembly constituency and was elected. She continued as a cabinet minister for education in her second term and was assigned to Roads & Building and Revenue in her third term.[12]

A few of the high impact projects that took place during her time are: connecting Patan with the Narmada canal for the welfare of farmers; creating 174 check dams in the region; building one of the largest water filtration plants to provide citizens of Patan with pure drinking water; the construction of a new medical and engineering college in the region; and the creation of more than 700 km worth of road networks and underground drainage systems.[citation needed]

2012 – fourth term from GhatlodiyaEdit

Patel contested and won from Ghatlodiya constituency in the 2012 elections.[12] She won the election with a margin of more than 175,000 votes, the highest in the election.[13] She continued as the cabinet minister of Road and Building, Revenue, Urban Development, and Urban Housing, Disaster Management and Capital Projects.[12]

2014 – 2016 Chief Minister of GujaratEdit

On 22 May 2014, Patel took oath as the 15th Chief Minister of Gujarat succeeding Narendra Modi, after the latter was elected as Prime Minister of India following the victory of BJP in the 2014 Indian general election.[12] Patel was the first female Chief Minister of Gujarat.[14] She expressed her desire to resign on 1 August 2016 as she was turning 75 years old in November 2016. She submitted her resignation to the Governor O. P. Kohli on 4 August 2016 which was accepted. She continued to hold the office until her successor Vijay Rupani took over on 7 August 2016.[15][16]

Governorships (2018–)Edit

In January 2018, she became the Governor of Madhya Pradesh replacing Om Prakash Kohli, who was an additional charge governor.[17] Later in August 2018, she took additional charge as the Governor of Chhattisgarh due to sudden demise of then governor Balram Das Tandon. On 20 July 2019, she became Governor of Uttar Pradesh on end of term of Ram Naik.[18]

Personal lifeEdit

On 29 May 1962, Anandiben and Mafatlal Patel married; Mafatlal was 28 years old. After living in Mehsana district for four years, the couple moved to Ahmedabad. Mafatlal was a professor of Psychology at the Saraspur Art and Commerce College, and Anandiben taught mathematics and science, and later became principal, at Mohiniba Kanya Vidyalaya on Ashram Road, Ahmedabad. They did not legally separate, but they began living apart in 1985.[19] Patel voluntarily retired from teaching after 31 years. The couple have two children, Sanjay and Anar. Sanjay is married to Hina and they have one son, Dharm. Anar is married to Jayesh, and they have one daughter Sanskruti.[20]

RecognitionEdit

The Indian Express has listed her in top 100 most influential people of India for the year 2014.[21]

  • Felicitated with Governor's Award for best teacher in Gujarat (1988)
  • Felicitated with the President's Award for the best teacher (1989)
  • Felicitated with 'Sardar Patel' Award by Patel Jagruti Mandal, Mumbai (1999)
  • Felicitated with the 'Vidya Gaurav' Award by Shri Tapodhan Brahman Vikas Mandal (2000)
  • Felicitated with 'Patidar Shiromani' Award by the Patel community (2005)
  • Special honour bestowed by Dharati Vikas Mandal for Women's Upliftment Campaign.
  • 'Veerbala' award for ranking first in Mahesana District school sports event.

Gallantry awardsEdit

  • Gallantry Award for rescuing two girls of Mohinaba Girls' school from drowning at Navagam reservoir in Narmada.[22]
  • Winner of Charumati Yoddha Award (Jyotisangh), Ahmedabad.[22]
  • Winner of Ambubhai Purani Vyayam Vidyalay Award (Rajpipala).[22]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Raj Bhavan MP | The Hon'ble Governor". governor.mp.gov.in. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  2. ^ "Anandiben homepage". Archived from the original on 26 June 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
  3. ^ "Anandiben Patel Resigned". Indian Express. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  4. ^ "Minister asks officials not to harass investors". Vapi. Times of India. 18 February 2012. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  5. ^ "Some Rare Photos of Ananadiben Patel". Divya Bhaskar. 5 August 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  6. ^ Former Gujarat CM Anandiben Patel to be up's governor
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "Bio-data of new Gujarat Chief Minister Anandiben Patel". DeshGujarat. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Profile". Archived from the original on 16 August 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  10. ^ "All you want to know about Anandiben Patel". India.com. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  11. ^ "Anandiben Patel, iron lady in Waiting". India.com. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g "The teacher who became Gujarat's first woman Chief Minister". The Financial Express. PTI. 3 August 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  13. ^ "Anandiben Patel - Times of India". www.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  14. ^ "Anandiben Patel takes oath as first woman CM of Gujarat". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  15. ^ Umarji, Vinay (4 August 2016). "Governor accepts CM Anandiben's resignation". Business Standard News. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  16. ^ "Vijay Rupani sworn in as new Gujarat Chief Minister". The Times of India. 7 August 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  17. ^ "Former Gujarat CM Anandiben Patel to be Madhya Pradesh's governor". Times of India. 19 January 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  18. ^ "UP Governor profile". Official.
  19. ^ "Gujarat revenue minister Anandiben's husband to join AAP". The Times of India. 3 January 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  20. ^ Mashla, Dipak (22 May 2014). "Proud to be her husband". Ahmedabad Mirror. Archived from the original on 24 May 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  21. ^ "IE India's 100 most influential people". IndianExpress. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  22. ^ a b c admin (21 May 2014). "Anandiben Patel: A teacher turned politician". Gujarat Global, Important news, Gujarat News,India news, news of Defence, news of business , news about politics, politicians ,industry, news about education, human interest news. Retrieved 4 June 2019.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Narendra Modi
Chief Minister of Gujarat
22 May 2014 – 7 August 2016
Succeeded by
Vijay Rupani
Preceded by
Om Prakash Kohli
Additional Charge
Governor of Madhya Pradesh
23 January 2018 – 28 July 2019
Succeeded by
Lalji Tandon
Preceded by
Balram Das Tandon
Governor of Chhattisgarh
15 August 2018 – 28 July 2019
Additional Charge
Succeeded by
Anusuiya Uikey
Preceded by
Ram Naik
Governor of Uttar Pradesh
29 July 2019 – Present
Incumbent