Patan district is one of the 33 districts of Gujarat state in western India. Its main city is Patan. This district is located in northern Gujarat and bounded by Banaskantha district in the north and northeast, Mehsana district in the east and southeast, Surendranagar district in the south and Kutch District and the Kutch nu Nanu Ran (Little Rann of Kutch) in the west. The district occupies an area of 5792 km2.

Patan district
Top: Rani ki vav in Patan
Bottom: Ruins of Rudra Mahalaya Temple in Siddhpur
Interactive Map Outlining Patan District
Location of district in Gujarat
Location of district in Gujarat
Coordinates: 23°49′48″N 72°7′12″E / 23.83000°N 72.12000°E / 23.83000; 72.12000
Country India
Founded byVanaraja Chavda
Named forAnhilpur Patan
TaluksPatan City
Unjha (Until 2011)
 • Total5,792 km2 (2,236 sq mi)
 • Total1,343,734
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ-24

Some of its areas, Harij and Sami, bordering Kutch are quite sensitive [citation needed] as there is no settled population between there and the border of Pakistan even though geographically the border is quite some distance away.

Origin of name edit

The district is named after Patan, the headquarters of the district. It was one of the ancient and early medieval capitals of Gujarat, described vividly in the novels written by K.M. Munshi.Originally King [Vanraj Chavda] established this new city and named Anahilpur Patan OR Anhilvad Patan after the name of his very close friend Rabari chief anhil rabari. Anhil was known as an anabha in him rabari tribe. He was from ulva clan of Rabari. and the pioneer in establishing the state of Patan, the long fought battle against the then ruler from south with help of local tribals, citizens and loyal warriors to his father The king of state Panchasara few kilometers away from Patan today. Later, a number of rulers like Bhimdev, Kumarpal, Siddharaj and Karndev ruled from Patan.

History edit

Patan District was formed on 2-10-2000 from the parts of Mahesana and Banaskantha Districts. Patan District was formed including Patan, Siddhpur, Chanasma, Harij and Sami Talukas of Mahesana district and Radhanpur and Santalpur Talukas of Banaskantha District. The headquarter of the District is Patan. There are many Hindu temples and Jain Temple in the district.

Divisions edit

Patan district comprises nine Talukas:

Its headquarters is the city of Patan which, together with Modhera, is a significant tourist destination. Religious sites such as Shankheshwar Jain Temple are also popular, as is Sahastralinga Tank (a lake of thousand Lingas) and Rani ki vav (a deep well).[1]

Lok Sabha edit

Demographics edit

Religions in Patan district (2011)[2]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

According to the 2011 census Patan district has a population of 1,343,734,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Eswatini.[4] This gives it a ranking of 359th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 234 inhabitants per square kilometre (610/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.53%. Patan has a sex ratio of 935 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72.30%. 20.92% of the population lived in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 9.18% and 0.99% of the population respectively.[3]

Language edit

Languages of Patan district (2011)[5]

  Gujarati (98.36%)
  Hindi (1.10%)
  Others (0.54%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 98.36% of the population in the district spoke Gujarati and 1.10% Hindi as their first language.[5]

Politics edit

District No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
Patan 16 Radhanpur Lavingji Solanki Bharatiya Janata Party
17 Chanasma Dineshbhai Thakor Indian National Congress
18 Patan Kirit Patel Indian National Congress
19 Sidhpur Balvantsinh Rajput Bharatiya Janata Party Cabinet Minister

Solar project edit

Gujarat Solar Park at Charanka has a solar power production capacity of 750 Megawatt. The park, on the linesate, is being further developed.

References edit

  1. ^ "Patan District".
  2. ^ "Population by Religion - Gujarat". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  3. ^ a b "District Census Hand Book – Patan" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Swaziland 1,370,424
  5. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Gujarat". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

External links edit