Radhanpur is a town and a municipality in Patan district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Radhanpur
Town
Radhanpur is located in Gujarat
Radhanpur
Radhanpur
Location in Gujarat, India
Radhanpur is located in India
Radhanpur
Radhanpur
Radhanpur (India)
Coordinates: 23°50′N 71°36′E / 23.83°N 71.6°E / 23.83; 71.6Coordinates: 23°50′N 71°36′E / 23.83°N 71.6°E / 23.83; 71.6
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictPatan
Elevation
27 m (89 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total32,076
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ
Websitegujaratindia.com

Origin of nameEdit

According to the tradition, the city is named after Radhan Khan, a descendant of Fateh Khan Baloch. Fateh Khan Baloch received a freedom from the Gujarat Sultan Ahmad Shah III, which included the territory of the later day city of Radhanpur.[1]

HistoryEdit

 
Coat of arms of Radhanpur State

Radhanpur belonged to the Vaghelas and was known as Lunavada after Vaghela Lunaji of the Sardhara branch of that tribe. Subsequently, it was held as a fief under the Gujarat Sultanate, by Fateh Khan Baloch, and is said to have been named Radhanpur after Radhan Khan of that family.

Babi ancestors either entered India accompanying Mughal emperor Humayun or entered the service of Sultan Muzaffar III of Gujarat Sultanate (1561 - 1572). Bahadur Khan Babi was, in the reign of Shah Jahan, appointed manager of Tharad, and his son Sher Khan Babi made manager, thanadar, of Chunval in 1663. Their descendants controlled various villages around Radhanpur from 1693 to 1730 as Mughal fief. In 1743, Babi descendant Jawan Mard Khan II took over viceroyalty of Ahmedabad and controlled several villages in North Gujarat. He was defeated by Maratha Gaekwads in 1753 at Ahmedabad and Gaekwads agreed to his demand of control of villages in North Gujarat. His descendants lost some of these villages to Gaekwads subsequently. In 1813, Sher Khan made a treaty with the Gaekwar and British and became British protectorate.[2] His descendants ruled the state until independence of India in 1947.The last ruler of Radhanpur state was His Highness Nawab Murtuza Khan Babi Bahadur.And His Highness was entitled with Hereditary 11 Gun salute.

Radhanpur State was under Palanpur Agency of Bombay Presidency,[3] which became part of Banas Kantha Agency in 1925. Bombay Presidency was reorganised as Bombay State after independence. In 1960, Gujarat was formed from Bombay State and Radhanpur fell under its Banaskantha district.

Geography and ClimateEdit

Radhanpur is located at 23°50′N 71°36′E / 23.83°N 71.6°E / 23.83; 71.6.[4] It has an average elevation of 27 metres (88 feet).

Climate data for Radhanpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.0
(82.4)
31.9
(89.4)
36.1
(97.0)
40.1
(104.2)
42.2
(108.0)
39.8
(103.6)
34.5
(94.1)
33.1
(91.6)
34.3
(93.7)
36.5
(97.7)
33.6
(92.5)
29.9
(85.8)
35.0
(95.0)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
12.6
(54.7)
17.6
(63.7)
22.0
(71.6)
25.9
(78.6)
27.5
(81.5)
26.1
(79.0)
25.0
(77.0)
24.1
(75.4)
20.4
(68.7)
14.9
(58.8)
11.3
(52.3)
19.8
(67.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 2
(0.1)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
2
(0.1)
46
(1.8)
187
(7.4)
146
(5.7)
105
(4.1)
5
(0.2)
4
(0.2)
1
(0.0)
499
(19.6)
Source: The Weather Channel

DemographicsEdit

As of 2008 India census,[5] Radhanpur had a population of 50001. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Radhanpur has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of male literacy is and female literacy is 60%. In Radhanpur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Places of interestEdit

The town was surrounded by a part stone part brick loopholed wall fifteen feet high, eight feet broad, and about two and a half miles round, with corner towers, eight bastioned gateways, outworks and a ditch in past. There is also, surrounded by a wall, an inner fort or castle, called Rajghadi, where the Nawab used to live.

Of public buildings there are twenty four old Jain and ten old Hindu temples, and ten mosques. Of the Jain temples, some are large and richly carved with coloured marble floors. There are also some small well-carved tombs of former Nawabs including complete marble tomb of Nawab, Zoravar Khan.[6]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ W.W. Hunter, ed. (1908). The Imperial Gazetter of India. XXI. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 23.
  2. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 785.
  3. ^ http://www.royalark.net/India/Radhanpur.htm[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Radhanpur
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  6. ^ Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Cutch, Palanpur, and Mahi Kantha 2015, p. 346.

BibliographyEdit


  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Cutch, Palanpur, and Mahi Kantha. Government Central Press. 1880. p. 337.