Shankheshwar Jain Temple

The Shankheshwar Jain Temple is located in the center of Shankheshwar town of Patan district, Gujarat, India. The temple is dedicated to Parshwanath and is an important place of pilgrimage for the followers of Jainism.[2][3]

Shankeshwar Jain Temple
Shankeshwar Jain Temple
Religion
AffiliationJainism
DeityParshva
FestivalsPosh Dashami,[note 1] Mahavir Janma Kalyanak, Diwali
Location
LocationShankheshwar, Gujarat, India
Shankheshwar Jain Temple is located in Gujarat
Shankheshwar Jain Temple
Location within Gujarat
Geographic coordinates23°30′29.3″N 71°47′15.6″E / 23.508139°N 71.787667°E / 23.508139; 71.787667
Architecture
CreatorSajjan Shah
Date established1098 CE
Website
www.shankheshwartemple.org

Jain legend

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In ancient scriptures,[which?] this Tirtha (pilgrimage site) is referred to as Shankhapur.[4] The story is that Ashadhi Shravak became depressed, and began to ask questions about nirvana, liberation, and salvation. Answering all these questions, Damodar Swami, the ninth Tirthankar, said "Parshvanath will be the twenty-third Tirthankar in the Avasarpinikala (the descending half of the wheel of time). You will be his Ganadhar (prime disciple) named Aryaghosha and attain salvation there". Shravak then became fully absorbed in praying to Bhagawan Parshvanath and worshipping his idol, which went on to be worshipped in the worlds of gods, demons, and on earth.[citation needed]

History

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In the year 1155 VS (1098 CE), Sajjan Shah re-built/ renovated the Shankheshwar Parshwanath Jain Temple on the banks of the Rupen river. In Vikram Samvat 1286 (1229 CE), Vastupala—Tejpal renovated this temple under the instructions of Vardhamansuri. There were 52 idols in the temple. In VS 1302, king Durjansalya, awed by the idol and inspired by Uktasuri, renovated the temple substantially. In the fourteenth century VS, the temple was destroyed by Alauddin Khalji. In the sixteenth century VS, under the inspiration of Vijaysensuri, a new temple with 52 idols was built. In VS 1760 (1703 CE), the sangha built the new temple and got the idol reinstalled. Besides the original sanctuary, the temple has an open square, a decorated square, a vast square and two assembly halls.[citation needed] The current temple was built in 1811.[5]

About temples

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Shankheshwar Parshvanath idol

The mulnayak, the main idol, nearly 182 centimetres (72 in) high, is a white-coloured idol of Parshvanatha in the Padmasana posture.[4] In the Digambara tradition, idols tend to derive their name from a geographical region, the Shankheshwar Parshvanatha is one of 108 prominent idols of Parshvanath idols. The temple has been converted to shvetamber sect by radical shvetambers long ago. Digamber sect claims full ownership on temple till date.[6] There are dozen of replica temples and icons of Shankheshwar Parshvanatha.[note 2][2] The idol of Parshvannath Parshvanath is in a small temple to the right of the main idol, and the idol of Ajitnatha is in a small temple to the left of the main idol. The idols of Dharanendra, Padmavati, Parshva and Chakreshwari are also in the temple. On the tenth day of the month of Posh, the tenth day of the dark half of the month of Magasar, and during the Diwali days, thousands of pilgrims come to observe a two-day-long fast.

Shankheshwar is considered one of the most important Jain tīrtha.[2][7] Shankheshwar Parshvanath Stavan, a hymn dedicated to Shankheshwar Parshvanath, is one of the most performed Jain prayer.[8] Sankhesvara Stotram is another hymn to Shankheshwar Parshvanatha compiled by Mahopadhyaya Yashovijaya.[9]

At present, the temple complex is under renovation. The doors of the small temples on the passage for going around the temple are being enlarged, and the height of their summits will be raised.

Other Jain temples

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Besides this temple, there are several other Jain temples - the Agam Mandir,[10] the modern sprawling complex of 108 Parshvanath and Padmavati (108 Parshwanath Bhaktivihar Tirth), Rajendrasuri Navkar Mandir, Kalapurnam Smriti Mandir, the Gurumandir, and Dadawadi are important.[citation needed]

There is a temple dedicated to Bhaktamara Stotra built by Jain Acharya Surendrasuri.[11] The temple houses 84 yantra.[12]

Shruth tirth is located two kilometres southerly of Sankeshwar on Sankheswar-Viramgam Highway. Further four kilometre south, there is Pavapuri Jalmandir at Ratanpura.[citation needed]

Thus Shankeshwar tirth ranks next only to those on Mount Shatrunjaya in Palitana, (Gujarat) in terms of importance to the Swetambara Jains.[citation needed]

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Other buildings

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There are an upashray, an ayambilshala, a bhandar, a pathshala, and a hall where food is given to pilgrims for their journeys.

See also

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Notes

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  1. ^ Posh Dashmi is the festival to celebrate the life of Parshvanatha.[1]
  2. ^ According to Jain belief, worshipping these local replication idols allow them to directly worship the original idol.[2]

References

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Citation

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  1. ^ Holt 2019, p. 260.
  2. ^ a b c d Cort 2010, p. 186.
  3. ^ Pechilis & Raj 2013, p. 89.
  4. ^ a b Sonak 2017, p. 228.
  5. ^ Burgess 1876, pp. 187–217.
  6. ^ Cort 2001, p. 234.
  7. ^ Shah 1987, p. 178.
  8. ^ Kelting 2007, p. 130.
  9. ^ Suriji 2013, p. 5.
  10. ^ Timm 1992, p. 189.
  11. ^ Gough 2021, p. 198.
  12. ^ Gough 2021, p. 210.

Sources

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