Padmāvatī is the protective goddess or śāsana devī (शासनदेवी) of Pārśvanātha (phonetic: Parshwanath), the twenty-third Jain tīrthāṅkara, complimenting Parshwa yaksha, the shasan deva. She is a yakshi (attendant goddess) of Parshwanatha.
Padmavati, 10th century, Metropolitan Museum of Art
There is another pair of souls of a nāga and nāginī who were saved by Parshwanath while being burnt alive in a log of wood by the tapas kamath, and who were subsequently reborn as Indra (Dharanendra in particular) and Padmavati (different from sashan devi) after their death. According to the Jain tradition, Padmavati and her husband Dharanendra protected Lord Parshvanatha when he was harassed by Meghmali.
Goddess Padmavati along with Ambika, Chakreshvari are held as esteemed deities and worshipped in Jains along with tirthankaras. Ambika and Padmavati are associated with tantric rituals. These tantric rites involves yantra-vidhi, pitha-sthapana and mantra-puja.
- Bhairava-Padmavati-Kalpa are tantric text to worship Ambika.
A snake's hood covers her head, and she sits on a lotus flower. Often a small image of the Lord Parshvanatha is placed in her crown. She may be depicted as four-armed, carrying noose and rosary (japa mala), elephant goad, lotus and a fruit. Yaksha-Yakshi pair sculptures of Padmavati Ambika and Dharanendra are one of the most favoured along with Gomukha-Chakreshwari and Sarvahanabhuti-Ambika.
'Mandala of Padmavati', bronze, Walters Art Museum, 11th century
Sculpture of Goddess Padmavati in Akkana Basadi, 12th century
Goddess Padmavati at Walkeshwar Jain Temple
Padmavati at Shri Mahavirji
Humcha Padmavati temple, Karnataka
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