Bhavnagar district

Bhavnagar District is a district of southeastern Gujarat, India, on the Saurashtra peninsula. It is also known as Gohilwar as a major portion of Bhavnagar district was ruled by Gohil Rajputs.[2] The administrative headquarters is in the town of Bhavnagar.

Bhavnagar district
Palitana temples
Location of district in Gujarat
Location of district in Gujarat
Country India
StateGujarat
RegionSaurashtra
HeadquartersBhavnagar
Government
 • Member of ParliamentDr. Bhartiben Shiyal (BJP)
Area
 • Total7,034 km2 (2,716 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total2,393,272
 • Density340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ 4
Websitegujaratindia.com

GeographyEdit

 
Main Gate of Shri Khodiyar Mandir

Bhavnagar District covers an area of over 8334 km2. The coastal area is mostly alluvium.

Bhavnagar borders with Ahmedabad District to the northeast, Botad District to the northwest, the Gulf of Cambay to the east and south and Amreli District to the west.

HistoryEdit

Bhavnagar State was a salute state during the Raj,[2] ruled by the Gohil Rajputs, .[3]

Bhavnagar lost two talukas, Botad and Gadhada, to the creation in August 2013 of the new district of Botad.[4]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Bhavnagar District is divided into ten talukas : Bhavnagar, Sihor, Umrala, Gariadhar, Palitana, Mahuva, Talaja, Ghogha, Jesar and Vallbhipur.[5] There are close to 800 villages in this district, for example, Tana.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901463,403—    
1911499,690+0.76%
1921490,446−0.19%
1931559,723+1.33%
1941681,078+1.98%
1951789,232+1.48%
1961994,473+2.34%
19711,247,432+2.29%
19811,681,073+3.03%
19912,069,953+2.10%
20012,469,630+1.78%
20112,880,365+1.55%
source:[6]

According to the 2011 census Bhavnagar district has a population of 2,880,365,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[7] or the US state of Kansas.[8] This gives it a ranking of 133rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 288 inhabitants per square kilometre (750/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.53%.[1] Bhavnagar has a sex ratio of 931 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 76.84%. The divided district has a population of 2,393,272. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are 125,441 and 8.039 which is 5.24% and 0.34% of the population respectively.[1]

Religions in Bhavnagar district (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
90.96%
Islam
7.82%
Jainism
0.91%
Other or not stated
0.31%

Hindus were 2,176,962 while Muslims were 187,148 and Jains 21,851.[9]

LanguageEdit

Languages of Bhavnagar district in 2011 census[10]

  Gujarati (97.52%)
  Hindi (1.18%)
  other (1.3%)

PoliticsEdit

No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
99 Mahuva (Bhavnagar) Raghavbhai Makwana Bharatiya Janata Party
100 Talaja Kanubhai Baraiya Indian National Congress
101 Gariadhar Keshubhai Nakrani Bharatiya Janata Party
102 Palitana Bhikhabhai Baraiya Bharatiya Janata Party
103 Bhavnagar Rural Parshottam Solanki Bharatiya Janata Party
104 Bhavnagar East Vibhavari Dave Bharatiya Janata Party
105 Bhavnagar West Jitu Vaghani Bharatiya Janata Party

SitesEdit

Historical placesEdit

Among the many historical places in Bhavnagar District are:[11]

  • Buddhist caves in Taleja,
  • Statues of Seven Sisters in Rauhishala, and
  • Gandhi Memorial and Sardar Memorial at Crescent Circle in the town of Bhavnagar.

Natural heritage sitesEdit

Velavadar Blackbuck National Park is the only tropical grassland in India recognised as a National park. It is spread over an area of 34.08 km2. The park contains mainly blackbuck, antelopes, nilgai, wolves, jackals, hyenas, jungle cats, fox, and wild boar. Endangered birds such as Houbara Bustard, Lesser Florican, Sarus White Storks, White Pelican, Montagu, and Pallid harrier also call the park home. Raptors including the Greater Spotted Eagle, Juvenile Imperial Eagle, Bonelli's Eagle, Short-toed Snake Eagle, and Long-legged Buzzard are also seen in the park. The climate in Velavdar National Park makes it one of the best places for the migrating birds to breed.

Piram Island is an island approximately 6 km offshore off Ghogha. It is said that this island was created about 3.5 million years ago. It is well known for its diversity of life, including many vulnerable or endangered species. There is a ruined fort which was built in 1325. The island has mangrove vegetation and also nesting site for two endangered species of sea turtle; Olive ridley sea turtle and Green sea turtle, and around fifty species of birds, mostly seabirds.

 
Gopnath Mandir at Gopnath Beach

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Gujarat district census - Bhavnagar" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011.
  2. ^ a b "History". Bhavnagar District Panchayat, Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013.
  3. ^ Singhji, Virbhadra (1994). "The Gohil Rajputs". The Rajputs of Saurashtra. Bombay, India: Popular Prakashan. p. 38. ISBN 978-81-7154-546-9.
  4. ^ "Maps of Gujarat's new 7 districts and changes in existing districts". Desh Gujarat. 13 August 2013. Archived from the original on 16 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Taluka Panchayat". Bhavnagar District Panchayat, Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 20 July 2013.
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Kansas 2,853,118
  9. ^ a b "C-16 Population By Religion - Gujarat". census.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  10. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  11. ^ "Historical Places". Bhavnagar District Panchayat, Gujarat Government. Archived from the original on 26 June 2014.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 21°46′13″N 72°08′35″E / 21.77028°N 72.14306°E / 21.77028; 72.14306