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Surat is a district in the state of Gujarat India with Surat city as the administrative headquarters of this district. It is surrounded by Bharuch, Narmada (North), Navsari (South) districts and east Tapi district To the west is the Gulf of Cambay. It is the second-most advanced district in Gujarat. It had a population of 6,079,231 of which 79.68% were urban as of 2011. On 2 October 2007 Surat district was split into two by the creation of a new Tapi district, under the Surat District Re-organisation Act 2007.

Surat district
district
Location of district in Gujarat
Location of district in Gujarat
Country India
StateGujarat
HeadquartersSurat
Area
 • Total4,418 km2 (1,706 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1][2]
 • Total6,079,231
 • Rank12 of 640 in India
2 of 26 in Gujarat
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationGJ 05 & GJ 28
Websitesurat.gujarat.gov.in

As of 2011 it is the 12th most populous district of India (out of 640), and the second most populous district of Gujarat (out of 33) after Ahmadabad.[1][2]

As of 2011, 79.74% of Surat's population is urban and 20.26% of its population is rural. Scheduled tribes are 14.1% of its population and scheduled castes are 2.6% of its population.[3]

Map of Surat district, Bombay Presidency, British India 1877

Contents

GeographyEdit

Surat District's total area is 4,418 km2, and the density of Surat District was 1,376 per km2 at the 2011 Census. The region has the highest population density in the State, followed by Ahmedabad region.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Surat, Gujarat (1932-1980)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial[4]
Source #2: World Climate Guide (sunshine only)[5]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census Surat district has a population of 6,079,231,[1] roughly equal to the nation of El Salvador[6] or the US state of Missouri.[7] This gives it a ranking of 12th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 1,376 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,560/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate was 42.24% over the decade 2001-2011 and 54.30% over the decade 1991-2001.[8] Surat has a sex ratio of 788 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 86.5%.[1]

CultureEdit

Places of tourist interest in Surat are the old fort build by Muhammad- Bin- Tughlaq, the Unai hot spring, the beautiful beaches of Ubharat and Tithal, the villages of Bardoli and Dandi where Gandhiji started Satyagraha movement and Dandi march respectively. The Vansada National Park in Surat is famous for the wild boars, leopards, tigers, panther it houses.[9]

Notable personalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  2. ^ a b "Districts of Gujarat".
  3. ^ "Surat District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Gujarat) - Census 2011". Census 2011.
  4. ^ "INDIA - SURAT". Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved 2011-09-24.
  5. ^ "Surat Climate Guide". World Climate Guide. Retrieved 2011-09-24.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. El Salvador 6,071,774 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Missouri 5,988,927
  8. ^ "Surat District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-11. Retrieved 2010-01-11.
  10. ^ {{Basic Information about Gunvant Shah}}

External linksEdit