Kerala Legislative Assembly

The Kerala Legislative Assembly, popularly known as the Niyamasabha (lit.'Law Council'), is the State Assembly of Kerala, one of the 28 States in India. The Assembly is formed by 140 elected representatives.[1] Each elected member represents one of the 140 constituencies within the borders of Kerala and is referred to as Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). The present Kerala Legislative Assembly consists of 140 elected members and one member nominated by the Governor from the Anglo-Indian Community.

Kerala Legislative Assembly

Kerala Niyamasabha
15th Legislative Assembly of Kerala
Niyamasabha.jpg
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
Speaker
M. B. Rajesh, CPI(M)
since 25 May 2021
Deputy Speaker
Chittayam Gopakumar, CPI
since 1 June 2021
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Pinarayi Vijayan, CPI(M)
since 20 May 2021
Leader of the Opposition
V.D. Satheesan, INC
since 22 May 2021
Structure
Seats140
Niyamasabha 2021.svg
Political groups
Government
LDF (99)
  •   CPI(M) (62)
  •   CPI (17)
  •   KC(M) (5)
  •   JD(S) (2)
  •   NCP (2)
  •   LJD (1)
  •   KC(B) (1)
  •   C(S) (1)
  •   INL (1)
  •   NSC (1)
  •   JKC (1)
  •   IND (5)

Opposition
UDF (41)

Elections
First past the post
Last election
6 April 2021
Next election
2026
Meeting place
Niyamasabha.jpg
Niyamasabha Mandiram, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
Website
www.niyamasabha.org

HistoryEdit

 
The Kerala Legislative Assembly in Thiruvananthapuram

In 1956, the State of Kerala was formed on linguistic basis, merging Cochin, Malabar, and Travancore regions, and the Kasaragod region of South Canara.[2] The first assembly election in Kerala state was held in February–March 1957.[2] The first Kerala Legislative Assembly was formed on 5 April 1957. The Assembly had 127 members including a nominated member.[2]

The current delimitation committee of 2010 reaffirmed the total number of seats at 140.[2]

Current assemblyEdit

The current Legislative Assembly is the 15th Assembly since the formation of Kerala. The Speaker is M B Rajesh of CPI(M). The Deputy Speaker is Chittayam Gopakumar of CPI. The leader of the Assembly is Pinarayi Vijayan from CPI(M).The leader of opposition is V. D Satheesan. The Government Chief Whip is Dr. N Jayaraj of KCM.

Niyamasabha ComplexEdit

 
The entrance to Kerala Legislature with statute of Mahatma Gandhi
 
The Illuminated Niyamasabha Complex at night
 
Kerala State Legislative Assembly or the Niyamasabha at night

The State Assembly is known as Niyamasabha and is housed in New Legislature Complex. This 5 storied complex is one of the largest complexes in India. The Central Hall is described as most elegant and majestic hall with ornamental Teakwood-Rosewood panelling. The older Assembly was located within State Secretariat complex which was reconverted into Legislature museum, after commissioning new complex in 1998 May 22 (K. R. Narayanan).

Political parties or coalitionsEdit

No. Front/Alliance Seats
1 LDF 99
2 UDF 41

MembersEdit

Key

 CPI (M)    CPI    JD(S)    NCP    Cong(S)    KC(B)    RSP(L)    INL    Independent    INC    IUML    KC(M)   KEC    KC(J)     NCK

Sl. No Constituency Member Party Alliance
Kasaragod district
1 Manjeshwaram A. K. M. Ashraf IUML   UDF
2 Kasaragod N. A. Nellikkunnu
3 Udma C. H. Kunhambu CPI(M)   LDF
4 Kanhangad E. Chandrasekharan CPI
5 Thrikaripur M. Rajagopalan CPI(M)
Kannur district
6 Payyanur T. I. Madusoodhanan CPI(M)   LDF
7 Kalliasseri M. Vijin
8 Taliparamba M. V. Govindan
9 Irikkur Sajeev Joseph INC   UDF
10 Azhikode K. V. Sumesh CPI(M)   LDF
11 Kannur Kadannappalli Ramachandran Con (S)
12 Dharmadom Pinarayi Vijayan CPI(M)
13 Thalassery A. N. Shamseer
14 Kuthuparamba K. P. Mohanan
15 Mattanur K. K. Shailaja
16 Peravoor Sunny Joseph INC   UDF
Wayanad district
17 Mananthavady (ST) O. R. Kelu CPI(M)   LDF
18 Sulthan Bathery (ST) I. C. Balakrishnan INC   UDF
19 Kalpetta T Siddique
Kozhikode district
20 Vadakara K. K. Rema RMPI   UDF
21 Kuttiady K P Kunhammadkutty Master CPI(M)   LDF
22 Nadapuram E. K. Vijayan CPI
23 Koyilandy Kanathil Jameela CPI(M)
24 Perambra T. P. Ramakrishnan
25 Balussery (SC) K. M. Sachin Dev
26 Elathur A. K. Saseendran NCP
27 Kozhikode North Thottathil Ravindran CPI(M)
28 Kozhikode South Ahamed Devarkovil INL
29 Beypore P. A. Mohammed Riyas CPI(M)
30 Kunnamangalam P. T. A. Rahim Ind.
31 Koduvally M. K. Muneer IUML   UDF
32 Thiruvambady Linto Joseph CPI(M)   LDF
Malappuram district
33 Kondotty T. V. Ibrahim IUML   UDF
34 Eranad P. K. Basheer
35 Nilambur P. V. Anvar Ind.   LDF
36 Wandoor (SC) A. P. Anil Kumar INC   UDF
37 Manjeri U. A. Latheef IUML
38 Perinthalmanna Najeeb Kanthapuram
39 Mankada T. A. Ahmed Kabir
40 Malappuram P. Ubaidulla
41 Vengara P. K. Kunhalikutty
42 Vallikkunnu P. Abdul Hameed
43 Tirurangadi K. P. A. Majeed
44 Tanur V. Abdurahiman Ind.   LDF
45 Tirur Kurukkoli Moideen IUML   UDF
46 Kottakkal K. K. Abid Hussain Thangal
47 Thavanur K.T. Jaleel Ind.   LDF
48 Ponnani P. Nandakumar CPI(M)
Palakkad district
49 Thrithala M. B. Rajesh CPI(M)   LDF
50 Pattambi Muhammed Muhsin CPI
51 Shornur P. Mammikutty CPI(M)
52 Ottapalam K. Premkumar
53 Kongad (SC) K. Shanthakumari
54 Mannarkkad N. Samsudheen IUML   UDF
55 Malampuzha A. Prabhakaran CPI(M)   LDF
56 Palakkad Shafi Parambil INC   UDF
57 Tarur (SC) P. P. Sumod CPI(M)   LDF
58 Chittur K. Krishnankutty JD(S)
59 Nenmara K. Babu CPI(M)
60 Alathur K. D. Prasenan
Thrissur district
61 Chelakkara (SC) K. Radhakrishnan CPI(M)   LDF
62 Kunnamkulam A. C. Moideen
63 Guruvayur N. K. Akbar
64 Manalur Murali Perunelli
65 Wadakkanchery Xavier Chittilappilly
66 Ollur K. Rajan CPI
67 Thrissur P. Balachandran
68 Nattika (SC) C. C. Mukundan
69 Kaipamangalam E. T. Tyson
70 Irinjalakuda R. Bindu CPI(M)
71 Puthukkad K. K. Ramachandran
72 Chalakudy T. J. Saneesh Kumar Joseph INC   UDF
73 Kodungallur V. R. Sunil Kumar CPI   LDF
Ernakulam district
74 Perumbavoor Eldhose Kunnappilly INC   UDF
75 Angamaly Roji M. John
76 Aluva Anwar Sadath
77 Kalamassery P. Rajeeve CPI(M)   LDF
78 Paravur V. D. Satheesan INC   UDF
79 Vypin K.N. Unnikrishnan CPI(M)   LDF
80 Kochi K. J. Maxi
81 Thrippunithura K. Babu INC   UDF
82 Ernakulam T. J. Vinod
83 Thrikkakara P. T. Thomas
84 Kunnathunad (SC) P. V. Srinijin CPI(M)   LDF
85 Piravom Anoop Jacob KEC(J)   UDF
86 Muvattupuzha Mathew Kuzhalnadan INC   UDF
87 Kothamangalam Antony John CPI(M)   LDF
Idukki district
88 Devikulam A. Raja CPI(M)   LDF
89 Udumbanchola M. M. Mani
90 Thodupuzha P. J. Joseph KEC   UDF
91 Idukki Roshy Augustine KC(M)   LDF
92 Peerumade Vazhoor Soman CPI   LDF
Kottayam district
93 Pala Mani C. Kappan NCK   UDF
94 Kaduthuruthy Monce Joseph KEC   UDF
95 Vaikom (SC) C. K. Asha CPI   LDF
96 Ettumanoor V. N. Vasavan CPI(M)
97 Kottayam Thiruvanchoor Radhakrishnan INC   UDF
98 Puthuppally Oommen Chandy
99 Changanassery Job Michael KC(M)   LDF
100 Kanjirappally N. Jayaraj
101 Poonjar Sebastian Kulathunkal
Alappuzha district
102 Aroor Daleema CPI(M)   LDF
103 Cherthala P. Prasad CPI
104 Alappuzha P. P. Chitharanjan CPI(M)
105 Ambalappuzha H. Salam
106 Kuttanad Thomas K Thomas NCP   LDF
107 Haripad Ramesh Chennithala INC   UDF
108 Kayamkulam U. Prathibha CPI(M)   LDF
109 Mavelikara M. S. Arun Kumar
110 Chengannur Saji Cherian
Pathanamthitta district
111 Thiruvalla Mathew T. Thomas JD(S)   LDF
112 Ranni Pramod Narayan KC(M)
113 Aranmula Veena George CPI(M)
114 Konni K. U. Jenish Kumar
115 Adoor Chittayam Gopakumar CPI
Kollam district
116 Karunagapally C. R. Mahesh INC   UDF
117 Chavara Sujith Vijayan Ind   LDF
118 Kunnathur Kovoor Kunjumon
119 Kottarakkara K. N. Balagopal CPI(M)
120 Pathanapuram K. B. Ganesh Kumar KC(B)
121 Punalur P. S. Supal CPI
122 Chadayamangalam J. Chinchu Rani
123 Kundara P. C. Vishnunath INC   UDF
124 Kollam M. Mukesh CPI(M)   LDF
125 Eravipuram M. Noushad
126 Chathannoor G.S. Jayalal CPI
Thiruvananthapuram district
127 Varkala V. Joy CPI(M)   LDF
128 Attingal O. S. Ambika
129 Chirayinkeezhu V. Sasi CPI
130 Nedumangad G. R. Anil
131 Vamanapuram D. K. Murali CPI(M)
132 Kazhakootam Kadakampally Surendran
133 Vattiyoorkavu V. K. Prasanth
134 Thiruvananthapuram Central Antony Raju JKC
135 Nemom V. Sivankutty CPI(M)
136 Aruvikkara G. Stephen
137 Parassala C. K. Hareendran
138 Kattakkada I. B. Sathish
139 Kovalam M. Vincent INC   UDF
140 Neyyattinkara K. A. Ansalan CPI(M)   LDF
141 Nominated[3] John Fernandez

[4]

Speakers of the Kerala Legislative AssemblyEdit

[5]
Sl. No. Name Period
1 R. Sankaranarayanan Thampi

(Chengannur )

27 April 1957 – 31 July 1959
2 K.M. Seethi Sahib

(Kuttippuram)

12 March 1960 – 17 April 1961
A. Nafeesath Beevi

(acting) (Alappuzha )

18 April 1961 – 8 June 1961
3 C.H. Mohammed Koya

(Tanur)

9 June 1961 – 10 November 1961
4 Alexander Parambithara

(Ernakulam )

13 December 1961 – 10 September 1964
5 D. Damodaran Potti

(Chadayamangalam)

15 March 1967 – 21 October 1970
6 K. Moideenkutty Haji

(Mankada)

22 October 1970 – 8 May 1975
R. S. Unni

(acting)

9 May 1975 – 16 February 1976
7 T. S. John

(Kallooppara)

17 February 1976 – 25 March 1977
8 Chakkeeri Ahmedkutty

(Kuttippuram)

28 March 1977 – 14 February 1980
9 A.P. Kurian

(Angamaly)

15 February 1980 – 1 February 1982
10 A. C. Jose

(Paravur)

3 February 1982 – 23 June 1982
11 Vakkom B. Purushothaman

(Attingal)

24 June 1982 – 28 December 1984
K. M. Hamza Kunju

(acting)

29 December 1984 – 7 March 1985
12 V. M. Sudheeran

(Manalur )

8 March 1985 – 27 March 1987
13 Varkala Radhakrishnan

(Varkala )

30 March 1987 – 28 June 1991
14 P. P. Thankachan

(Perumbavoor )

1 July 1991 – 3 May 1995
K. Narayana Kurup

(acting) (Vazhoor )

4 May 1995 – 26 June 1995
15 Therambil Ramakrishnan

(Thrissur )

27 June 1995 – 28 May 1996
16 M. Vijayakumar

(Thiruvananthapuram North )

30 May 1996 – 4 June 2001
17 Vakkom Purushothaman

(Attingal )

6 June 2001 – 4 September 2004
N. Sundaran Nadar

(acting)

(Parassala )

5 September 2004 – 16 September 2004
18 Therambil Ramakrishnan

(Thrissur)

16 September 2004 – 24 May 2006
19 K. Radhakrishnan

(Chelakkara)

25 May 2006 – 31 May 2011
20 G. Karthikeyan

(Aruvikkara)

2 June 2011 – 7 March 2015
21 N. Sakthan

(Kattakada)

12 March 2015 – 1 June 2016
22 P. Sreeramakrishnan

(Ponnani)

3 June 2016 – 23 May 2021
23 M. B. Rajesh

(Thrithala)

25 May 2021 – present

CompositionEdit

The Assembly consists of 140 Members known as Members of Legislative Assembly- MLA representing each constituency.

The qualifications needed to become an MLA are almost similar to the eligibility criteria for an MP. Besides being a citizen of India, the individual should not be less than 25 years of age. On a more fundamental note, a person, who is not a voter from any constituency of the state, is not eligible to become an MLA.

It's to be noted that an MLA is elected by the people of a particular constituency, and the MLA represents those electorates in the Legislative Assembly. MLAs enjoy the same position in the state as MPs on a national level.

Responsibilities of LegislatorsEdit

The principal responsibility of an MLA is to represent the people's grievances and aspirations and take them up with the state government. An MLA has the power to utilise several legislative tools including 'calling attention motion' to raise issues concerning his/her constituency. It's also expected of the MLA to raise the issues with the relevant government agency and minister. As a legislator, his cardinal role will be to make optimum use of the Local Area Development (LAD) fund in a bid to develop his constituency.

Appointment of SpeakerEdit

The Speaker is the primary official of the Assembly. The Assembly elects the Speaker from among its own members. While the Speaker still represents his constituency, he remains an impartial chair of the Assembly and refrains from debating.

When a new assembly is formed, the political party/alliance which is invited by the Governor to form a government, nominates one among them as Pro-term Speaker. The Pro-Term speaker swears in front of Governor and opens the new assembly's first session.

He oversees swearing-in ceremony of all legislators at the assembly hall and then becomes the returning officer for the Speaker Election.

The Leader of the House, Chief Minister presents a motion for speaker election and nominates one among his party/alliance for Speaker position.

The Leader of Opposition supports the motion and nominates one among them as speaker position. The Pro-term speaker then asks whether anyone else wish to contest for speaker post. If any application received, it shall also be enlisted for election.

Based on motion, the pro-term speaker will order for an election and Legislative secretary will arrange an election at the floor of the assembly. The election will be closed affair with each member casting a secret vote on a ballot paper. The results will be counted by Legislative Secretary in front of representatives from both Ruling and Opposition parties.

Accordingly, the pro-term speaker announces the new speaker and both leaders of assembly escort the new speaker to Speaker Dias to take charge of the post.

A similar election is conducted to appoint Deputy Speaker who shall take the office in absence of the speaker.

OfficialsEdit

The speaker is assisted by Legislative Secretariat. The head of Secretariat is Legislative Secretary. The Legislative secretary is the Executive chief of the Assembly and reports only to Speaker and house directly.

The Legislative secretary is supported by 2 Additional Secretaries, Joint Secretaries and Assistant Secretaries. There are under-secretaries for each committee topic and officers in charge.

The Chief Curator manages the entire house activities including housekeeping, maintenance and safety measures. The Chief Editor manages an editorial team to draft questions raised by public and legislators as well as manages answers notes, legislative records, executive orders and archival matters. The Chief Librarian manages the Central Library and Legislative Research cell of Niyamasabha.

SecurityEdit

From days of Monarchy Kerala Police were not allowed inside Niyamasabha as a matter of enforcing legislative independence. The Niyamasabha has its own security force called Watch and Ward, distinguished by its white uniforms who reports to the Hon'ble Speaker or the Secretary of the Assembly. Its headed by Chief Marshall who is in the rank of Superintendent of Police.

The Watch and ward control the security of entire Assembly area as well as nearby Legislative Hostel.

CommitteesEdit

Statutory CommitteeEdit

The Niyamasabha consists of following committees which are statutory in nature and cannot be disbanded, though the members do change.

1. Business Advisory Committee (BAC)

The BAC is the primary committee to decide the agendas to be listed in each session of the assembly. As a convention, the opposition leader will be the head of the committee with leaders of each parliamentary party subjected to a maximum of 8 members. Speaker of the house is a permanent invitee to this committee.

2. Committee on Environment

3. Committee on Estimates

4. Committee on Government Assurances

5. Committee on Local Fund Accounts

6. Committee on Official Language

7. Committee on Papers Laid on the Table

8. Committee on Petitions

9. Committee on Private Members' Bills and Resolutions

10. Committee on Privileges and Ethics

11. Committee on Public Accounts

12. Committee on Public Undertakings

13. Committee on Subordinate Legislation

14. Committee on the Welfare of Backward Class Communities

15. Committee on the Welfare of Fishermen and Allied Workers

16. Committee on the Welfare of Non-resident Keralites

17. Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

18. Committee on the Welfare of Senior Citizens

19. Committee on the Welfare of Women, Children and Physically Handicapped

20. Committee on the Welfare of Youth and Youth Affairs

21. House Committee

22. Library Advisory Committee

23. Rules Committee

Subject CommitteeEdit

Apart from the statutory committee, the assembly has a subject committee for each Department of Government. Though they are not statutory in nature, its established by the house on regular basis to monitor and control executive decisions of each department when a specific bill intended to make into a legislation comes before assembly. Normally when a bill is presented and amendments or disputes arise, the bills are sent to a subject committee specifically formed such departmental activity.

As per Kerala Legislature Rules, the following committees are regularly established in the house.

1. Subject Committee - I:- Departments of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries

2. Subject Committee - II:- Land Revenue, Land usage, wetland protection, Endowments and Devaswom

3. Subject Committee - III:- Water Resources, Irrigation projects and Dam safety

4. Subject Committee - IV:- Industry and Minerals

5. Subject Committee - V:- Public Works, Transport & Communications

6. Subject Committee - VI:- Education

7. Subject Committee - VII:- Power, Labor and Labor Welfare

8. Subject Committee - VIII:- Economic Affairs

9. Subject Committee - IX:- Local Administration, Rural Development and Housing

10. Subject Committee - X:- Forest, Environment and Tourism

11. Subject Committee - XI:- Food, Civil Supplies and Co-operation

12. Subject Committee - XII:- Health and Family Welfare

13. Subject Committee - XIII:- Social Service

14. Subject Committee - XIV:- Home and Security Affairs

Ad-Hoc CommitteeEdit

Time-to-time, the assembly can form an ad-hoc committee for business as laid by a motion passed by the house.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kerala Government". niyamasabha.org. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d Sreedhara Menon, A. (January 2007). Kerala Charitram (2007 ed.). Kottayam: DC Books. ISBN 978-81-264-1588-5.
  3. ^ "John Fernandez to be Anglo-Indian nominee in Assembly". Mathrubhumi. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Members - Kerala Legislature". www.niyamasabha.org. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  5. ^ "General Info - Kerala Legislature". www.niyamasabha.org. Retrieved 24 March 2020.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit