1967 Kerala Legislative Assembly election

The Kerala Legislative Assembly election of 1967 was held to constitute the fourth assembly in Kerala. This election, which was held after the 1965 one ended up in no government formation, resulted in the newly formed United Front alliance forming the government, while the INC, this time contesting alone was reduced to just 9 seats. E. M. S. Namboothiripad was sworn in as the Chief Minister on 6 March 1967.[1][2]

1967 Kerala Legislative Assembly election

← 1965 21 February 1967 1970 →

All 133 seats in the Kerala Legislative Assembly
67 seats needed for a majority
Turnout75.67% (Increase 0.55)
  First party Second party Third party
  E. M. S. Namboodiripad.jpg M. N. Govindan Nair.jpg
Leader E. M. S. Namboodiripad M. N. Govindan Nair
Party CPI (M) CPI SSP
Alliance United Front United Front United Front
Leader's seat Pattambi Chadayamangalam
Last election 40 3 13
Seats won 52 19 19
Seat change Increase12 Increase16 Increase6
Popular vote 1,476,456 538,004 527,662
Percentage 23.51% 8.57% 14.29%
Swing Increase3.64% Increase0.27% Increase0.27%

Chief Minister before election

Vacant
President's Rule

Chief Minister

E. M. S. Namboodiripad
CPI (M)

BackgroundEdit

In the 1965 elections, no party was able to form a government in Kerala. No viable coalition took shape, and Kerala went back to President Rule for another 2 years.

Kerala again went back to the polls in 1967. Both communist parties - CPI (M) and CPI - along with smaller parties including SSP and Muslim League contested this election as a United Front. A total of seven parties contested in the front, and the front was known as Saptakakshi Munnani. Congress and Kerala Congress contested separately. The total polling percentage was 75.67%.

ConstituenciesEdit

There were 133 constituencies in total, out of which 120 were General Category, 11 Scheduled Castes, and 2 Scheduled Tribe seats.

Political partiesEdit

The national parties contested were the Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Indian National Congress, Praja Socialist Party, Sanghata Socialist Party, and Swatantra Party along with the state parties Indian Union Muslim League and Kerala Congress.

ResultsEdit

e • d Summary of results of the 1967 Kerala Legislative Assembly election [3][4]
Political Party Flag Seats
Contested
Won Net Change
in seats
% of
Seats
Votes Vote % Change in
vote %
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 22 0 NA 0 55,584 0.88 NA
Communist Party of India   22 19   16 14.29 538,004 8.57   0.27
Communist Party of India (Marxist)   59 52   12 39.10 1,476,456 23.51   3.64
Indian National Congress 133 9   27 6.77 2,789,556 35.43   1.88
Praja Socialist Party 7 0 NA 0 13,991 0.22 NA
Samyukta Socialist Party 21 19 6 14.29 527,662 8.4   0.27
Swatantra Party 6 0 NA 14.29 13,105 0.21 NA
Kerala Congress 61 5   1 3.76 475,172 7.57   5.01
IUML 15 14   8 10.53 424,159 6.75   2.92
Independent 75 15   3 11.28 531,783 8.47   5.27
Total Seats 133 (  0) Voters 8,613,658 Turnout 6,518,272 (75.67 %)

By ConstituencyEdit

A. C. NO. Assembly Constituency Name Category Winner Candidates Name Gender Party Vote Runner-up Candidates Name Gender Party
1 Manjeshwar GEN K. M. Bhandary M IND 23471 M. R. Rai M CPM
2 Kasaragod GEN U. P. Kunikullaya M IND 20635 H. A. Schemnad M MUL
3 Hosdrug GEN N. K. Balakrishnan M SSP 25717 M. N. Nambiar M INC
4 Nileswar GEN V. V. Kunhambu M CPM 34496 T. P. G. Namboodiri M INC
5 Edakkad GEN C. Kannan M CPM 32563 P. P. Lakshmanan M INC
6 Cannanore GEN E. Ahamed M MUL 35261 N. K. Kumaran M INC
7 Madayi GEN M. Manjuran M IND 32974 P.Krishnan M INC
8 Payyannur GEN A. V. Kunhabgu M CPM 29835 V.T.N.Poduval M INC
9 Taliparamba GEN K. P. R. Poduval M CPM 31508 N.C.Varghese M INC
10 Irikkur GEN E. P. K. Nambiar M CPM 31590 K. R. Karunakaran M INC
11 Kuthuparamba GEN K. K. Abee M SSP 28449 M. K. Krishnan M INC
12 Tellicherry GEN K. P. R. Gopalan M CPM 34612 P. Nanoo M INC
13 Peringalam GEN P. R. Kurup M SSP 38701 N. M.Nambiar M INC
14 North Wynad (ST) K. K. Annan M CPM 19983 C. M. Kulian M INC
15 Badagara GEN M. Krishnan M SSP 37488 M.Venugopal M INC
16 Nadapuram GEN E. V. Kumaran M CPM 31395 P. Balakrishnan M INC
17 Meppayur GEN M. K. Kelu M CPM 33365 C. K. Kurup M INC
18 Quilandy GEN P. K. Kidave M SSP 32390 K. Gopalan M INC
19 Permbra GEN V. V. D. Moorthy M CPM 30307 K. T. K. Nair M INC
20 Balusseri GEN A.K.Appu M SSP 29069 O. K.Govindan M INC
21 Kunnamangalam GEN V. K.Nair M SSP 28773 K. P. Padmanabhan M INC
22 Kalpetta GEN B. Wellingdon M IND 23510 A. V. R. G.Menon M INC
23 South Wynad (ST) M. Ramunni M SSP 20220 M. C. Maru M INC
24 Calicut- I GEN P. C. R. Nair M CPM 32794 M. Kamalam F INC
25 Calicut- II GEN P.M.Abubacker M MUL 32415 V. Zubair M INC
26 Beypore GEN K. C. Master M CPM 33479 I. P. Krishnan M INC
27 Tirurangadi GEN A. K. N. Laji M MUL 29267 T. P. K. Kutty M INC
28 Tanur GEN M. M. K. Haji M MUL 29219 T. A. Kutty M INC
29 Tirur GEN K. M. K. Haji M MUL 28558 R. Muhamed M INC
30 Kuttippuram GEN C. M. Kutty M MUL 28245 P. R. Menon M INC
31 Kondotty GEN S. U. Bafakih M MUL 33166 M. P. Gangadharan M INC
32 Malappuram GEN M. P. M. A. Kurikkel M MUL 32813 A. C. Shanmughadas M INC
33 Manjeri (SC) M. Chadayan M MUL 23752 S. Mariappan M INC
34 Nilambur GEN K.Kunhali M CPM 25215 A.Mohamed M INC
35 Ponnani GEN V.P.C.Thangal M MUL 30251 K.G.K.Menon M INC
36 Thrithala (SC) E.T.Kunhan M CPM 24119 K.Kunhambu M INC
37 Pattambi GEN E.M.S.Namboodiripad M CPM 23955 K.G.Menon M INC
38 Ottapalam GEN P.P.Krishnan M CPM 21086 M.N.Kurup M INC
39 Sreekrishnapuram GEN C.G.Panicker M CPM 18762 K.R.Nair M INC
40 Mankada GEN H.C.H.M.Koya M MUL 29503 V.S.A.C.K.Thangal M INC
41 Perinthalmanna GEN P.M.Kutty M CPM 24285 P.M.Sadio M INC
42 Mannarghat GEN E.K.I.Bava M CPM 20504 N.Balasubramanyan M INC
43 Palghat GEN R.Krishnan M CPM 24627 K.Sankaranayayanan M INC
44 Malampuzha GEN M.P.Kunhiraman M CPM 27454 A.Narayanan M INC
45 Chittur GEN K.A.S.Bharathy M SSP 23985 A.S.Sahib M INC
46 Kollengode GEN C.V.Menon M CPM 19779 Gangadharan M INC
47 Alathur GEN R.Krishnan M CPM 25467 Sarada F INC
48 Kuzhalmannam (SC) O.Koran M SSP 19138 E.Kontha M INC
49 Chelakara (SC) P.Kunhan M CPM 21175 K.K.Balakrishnan M INC
50 Wadakkanchery GEN N.K.Seshan M SSP 23857 K.S.N.Namboodiri M INC
51 Kunnamkulam GEN A.S.N.Nambissan M CPM 27014 A.K.Kunhunny M INC
52 Manalur GEN N.I.Devassykutty M INC 26523 V.Mecheri M IND
53 Trichur GEN K.S.Nair M CPM 26149 T.P.Seetharaman M INC
54 Ollur GEN A.V.Aryan M CPM 24569 P.P.Francis M INC
55 Irinjalakuda GEN C.K.Rajan M CPI 27151 R.Pozhekadavil M INC
56 Kodakara GEN P.S. Namboodiri M CPI 24265 P.R. Krishnan M INC
57 Chalakudi GEN P.P. Geroge M INC 26568 P.K. Chathan M CPI
58 Mala GEN K.Karunakaran M INC 23563 K.A.Thomas M CPI
59 Guruvayoor GEN B.V.S.Thangal M MUL 20986 A.A.Kochunny M INC
60 Nattika GEN T . K . Krishnan M CPM 27635 K . K . Viswanathan M INC
61 Cranganore GEN P . K . Gopalakrishnan M CPI 26536 M . Sagir M INC
62 Ankamali GEN A . P . Kurian M CPM 21427 A . C . George M INC
63 Vadakkekara GEN E . Balanandan M CPM 28234 K . R . Vijayan M INC
64 Parur GEN K . T . George M INC 17418 V . Painadan M IND
65 Narakkal GEN A . S . Purushothaman M CPM 24616 K . C . Abraham M INC
66 Mattancherry GEN M . P . M . Jafferkhan M MUL 28175 P . T . Jacob M INC
67 Palluruthy GEN P . Gangadharan M CPM 24779 A . L . Jacob M INC
68 Thrippunithura GEN T . K . Ramakrishnan M CPM 27435 P . P . Mani M INC
69 Ernakulam GEN A . Parambithara M INC 23270 K . A . Rajan M CPI
70 Alwaye GEN M . K . A . Hameed M IND 29978 V . P . Marakkar M INC
71 Perumbavoor GEN P . G . Pillai M CPM 23161 K . G . R . Kartha M INC
72 Kunnathunad (SC) M . K . Krishnan M CPM 28083 K . K . Madhavan M INC
73 Kothamangalam GEN T . M . Meethiyan M CPM 21210 M . I . Markose M KEC
74 Muvattupuzha GEN P . V . Abraham M CPI 21333 K . C . Paily M INC
75 Thodupuzha GEN K . C . Zachariah M IND 18780 E . M . Joseph M KEC
76 Karimannoor GEN M . M . Thomas M IND 19070 A . C . Chacko M KEC
77 Devicolam (SC) N . Ganapathy M INC 15895 G . Varathan M CPM
78 Udumbanchola GEN K . T . Jacob M CPI 28085 Mathachan M KEC
79 Peermade (SC) K . I . Rajan M CPM 18934 Ramiah M INC
80 Kanjirappally GEN M . Kamal M CPM 22681 C . J . Antony M KEC
81 Vazhoor GEN K . P . Pillai M CPI 19789 K . N . Kurup M KEC
82 Changanacherry GEN K .G . N . Nambudiripad M CPI 21278 K . J . Chacko M KEC
83 Puthuppally GEN E . M . George M CPM 22589 P . C . Cheriyan M INC
84 Kottayam GEN M . K . George M CPM 25298 M . P. G . Nair M INC
85 Ettumanoor GEN P . P . Wilson M SSP 20248 M . M . Joseph M KEC
86 Akalakunnam GEN J . A . Chacko M KEC 18049 M . G . K . Nair M CPM
87 Poonjar GEN K . M . George M KEC 19944 K . K . Menon M CPM
88 Palai GEN K . M . Mani M KEC 19118 V . T . Thomas M IND
89 Kaduthuruthy GEN J . Chazhikattu M KEC 18719 K . K . Joseph M CPM
90 Vaikom GEN P . S . Srinivasan M CPI 28502 P . Parameswaran M INC
91 Aroor GEN K . R . Gouri. Thomas F CPM 28274 K . Bhasi M INC
92 Sherthala GEN N . P . Thandar M CPM 23350 K . R . Damodaran M INC
93 Mararikulam GEN S . Damodaran M CPM 30277 D . Krishnan F INC
94 Alleppey GEN T . V . Thomas M CPI 28880 G. C . Iyer M INC
95 Ambalapuzha GEN V . S . Achyuthanandan M CPM 26627 A . Achyuthan M INC
96 Kuttanad GEN K . K . K . Pillai M IND 23797 T . John M KEC
97 Haripad GEN C . B . C . Warrier M CPM 28199 K . P . R . Nair M INC
98 Kayamkulam GEN P. K. Kungu M SSP 27227 T . Prabhakaran M INC
99 Thiruvalla GEN E . J. Jacob M KEC 18970 P . K . Mathew M SSP
100 Kallooppara GEN G.Thomas M INC 17267 N. T. George M CPM
101 Aranmula GEN P.N. Chandrasenan M SSP 19665 K. V. Nair M INC
102 Chengannur GEN P.G.P. Pillai M CPM 17524 N.S.K. Pillai M INC
103 Mavelikara GEN G . G . Pillai M SSP 26669 K . K . C . Pillai M INC
104 Pandalam (SC) P . K . Kunjachan M CPM 27740 T . K . Kali M INC
105 Ranni GEN M . K . Divakaran M CPI 18628 N . J . Mathews M INC
106 Pathanamthitta GEN K . K . Nair M IND 26351 V . Idicula M KEC
107 Konni GEN P . P . R . M . Pillai M CPI 24775 P . J . Thomas M INC
108 Pathanapuram (SC) P . K . Raghwan M CPI 23401 P . K . Ramachandradas M INC
109 Punalur GEN M . N . G . Nair M CPI 23931 P . C . Baby M INC
110 Chadayamangalam GEN D . D . Potti M SSP 29980 B . Pillai M INC
111 Kottarakkara GEN E . C . Nair M CPI 24672 R . B . Pillai M KEC
112 Kunnathur (SC) K . C . S . Sastry M IND 26510 T . Kesavan M INC
113 Adoor GEN Ramalingom M CPI 25804 P . Raghavan M IND
114 Krishnapuram GEN P . U . Pillai M CPI 29134 M . K . Hemachandran M INC
115 Karunagappally GEN B . John M IND 32227 K . V . S . Pannikar M INC
116 Quilon GEN T . K . Divakaran M IND 29075 H . Austin M INC
117 Kundara GEN P . K . Sukumaran M CPM 28882 V . S . Pillai M INC
118 Eravipuram GEN R . S . Unni M IND 31083 K . K . Krishnan M INC
119 Chathannoor GEN P . Ravindran M CPI 27181 S . T . Pillai M KEC
120 Varkala GEN A . Majid M CPI 24796 S . Hameed M INC
121 Attingal GEN K.P.K.Das M CPM 26871 B.Purushothaman M INC
122 Kilimanoor (SC) C.K.Balakrishnan M CPM 25932 K.P.Madhavan M INC
123 Vamanapuram GEN N. V. Pillai M CPM 24270 M. K. Pillai M INC
124 Aryanad GEN M. Majeed M SSP 18350 V .Sankaran M INC
125 Nedumangad GEN K. G. K. Pallai M CPI 20584 S. V.Nair M INC
126 Kazhakuttam GEN M. H. Sahib M MUL 22008 N. L.Vaidyan M INC
127 Trivandrum I GEN B. M. Nair M SSP 22152 M. N. G. Nair M INC
128 Trivandrum I I GEN K. C.Vamadevan M IND 27806 W. Sebastian M INC
129 Nemom GEN M. Sadasivan M CPM 22800 P. N. Nair M INC
130 Kovalam GEN J. C. Moraes M IND 18588 M. K. Nadar M INC
131 Vilappil GEN C. S. N. Nair M SSP 25104 M. B. Nair M INC
132 Neyyattinkara GEN R. G. Nair M INC 24038 M. Sathianesan M CPM
133 Parassala GEN N. Gamaliel M INC 23299 V. Titus M IND

Government formationEdit

The United Front performed spectacularly swept most of the seats. Congress and Kerala Congress were decimated with 9 and 5 seats respectively. E M S became the Chief Minister for the second time. Second E. M. S. Namboodiripad Ministry had 14 members. For the first time in Kerala's history, the cabinet also included members from Muslim League.[5] K. Karunakaran became the opposition leader in the assembly.

Fall of EMS GovernmentEdit

CPI (M) and CPI continued to have suspicions with each other. Due to the alleged high-handedness of CPI (M) in governance, most smaller parties were unsatisfied. This period also was marked by a series of student strikes and police firings. CPI, SSP & Muslim League eventually became a group within the front and worked together. Many ministers from the smaller parties resigned eventually, and many parties subsequently left the front. On 24 October 1969, EMS submitted resignation owing to the loss of majority in the assembly.[1]

Achutha Menon MinistryEdit

Within a week of the resignation of E M S Namboothiripad, M N Govindan Nair of CPI informed the Governor that their party was ready to form an alternate government.[citation needed] CPI formed a government with outside support from Congress. C. Achutha Menon became the Chief Minister of Kerala on 1969, 1 November. The First Achutha Menon Ministry had 8 members.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "History of Kerala Legislature". Kerala Government. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  2. ^ http://www.ceo.kerala.gov.in/pdf/KLA/KL_1965_ST_REP.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.ceo.kerala.gov.in/pdf/KLA/KL_1967_ST_REP.pdf
  4. ^ Thomas Johnson Nossiter (1 January 1982). Communism in Kerala: A Study in Political Adaptation. University of California Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-520-04667-2.
  5. ^ www.thenewsminute.com https://www.thenewsminute.com/article/kerala-chronicles-when-coalition-7-political-parties-came-together-only-fall-apart-63905. Retrieved 5 September 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)