Praja Socialist Party

The Praja Socialist Party (PSP) is an Indian political party.[2] It was founded when the Socialist Party, led by Jayprakash Narayan, Acharya Narendra Deva and Basawon Singh (Sinha), merged with the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party led by J.B. Kripalani (former president of the Indian National Congress and a close associate of Jawaharlal Nehru).It is the only current BJP Ally party that has ruled Kerala in the past.

Praja Socialist Party
LeaderJayprakash Narayan, Acharya Narendra Deva, Basawon Singh (Sinha), Yugal Kishore Pathak, Hariprasad.C, J.B. Kripalani, Kk. Ponappan,
HeadquartersTrivandrum, Kerala[1]
Youth wingSocialist Yuvajan sabha
Political positionLeft-wing
International affiliationAsian Socialist Conference
AllianceNational Democratic Alliance (NDA)

It led the cabinet under Pattom A. Thanu Pillai as chief minister of Travancore-Cochin from March 1954 to February 1955. A section led by Rammanohar Lohia broke from the party in 1955,[citation needed] resuming the name "Socialist Party".[citation needed]. It again came to power in the new state of Kerala under Pattom A. Thanu Pillai from February 1960 to September 1962. In 1960, Kripalani left the party and in 1964, Asoka Mehta joined Congress after his expulsion from the party.

Another section of the party, led by the trade union leader George Fernandes, broke off to become the Samyukta Socialist Party in 1969. In 1972, a section merged with Fernandes' party to become the Socialist Party once more, before becoming part of the Janata coalition following the Emergency in 1977.[citation needed]


In September, 1952 the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party merged with the Socialist Party with J.B. Kriplani as the chairman and Asoka Mehta as the general secretary.[3]

Current statusEdit

In 2015 the party again started working in Kerala. Party is now alliance with National Democratic Alliance led by BJP.[4]

Performance in the electionsEdit

At the party's first general election in 1957, the PSP won 10.41% of the total votes and 19 seats in the Lok Sabha.[5] However, the party's vote share continued to decline over the next few elections. It won 6.81% of the total votes and 12 seats in the Lok Sabha in 1962,[6] 3.06% of the total votes and 13 seats in the Lok Sabha in 1967[7] and only 1.04% of the total votes and only 2 seats in the Lok Sabha in 1971.[3][8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Braunthal, Julius (ed). Yearbook of the International Socialist Labour Movement. Vol. II. London: Lincolns-Prager International Yearbook Pub. Co, 1960. p. 38
  2. ^ Lewis P. Fickett Jr. (September 1973). "The Praja Socialist Party of India—1952-1972: A Final Assessment". Asian Survey. 13 (9): 826–832. doi:10.1525/as.1973.13.9.01p03677. JSTOR 2642762.
  3. ^ a b Chandra, Bipan & others (2000). India after Independence 1947-2000, Neu Delhi:Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-027825-7, pp.201-2
  4. ^ Correspondent, Special. "NDA constitutes its unit in Kerala". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha, Volume I" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 37. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  6. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha, Volume I" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 56. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha, Volume I" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 75. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha, Volume I" (PDF). Election Commission of India website. p. 76. Retrieved 10 March 2010.