2001 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election
The twelfth legislative assembly election of Tamil Nadu was held on May 10, 2001. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK)-led front won the elections and its leader, J. Jayalalithaa was sworn in as Chief Minister, even though she could not legally run as MLA in this election. She was unanimously nominated as Chief Minister by her party and was ready to serve her second term. But due to criminal and corruption charges from her first term, on September 21, 2001, a five-judge constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India ruled in a unanimous verdict that "a person who is convicted for a criminal offence and sentenced to imprisonment for a period of not less than two years cannot be appointed the Chief Minister of a State under Article 164 (1) read with (4) and cannot continue to function as such". Thereby, the bench decided that "in the appointment of Ms. Jayalalithaa as Chief Minister there has been a clear infringement of a Constitutional provision and that a writ of quo warranto must issue". In effect her appointment as Chief Minister was declared null and invalid with retrospective effect. Therefore, technically, she was not the Chief Minister in the period between May 14, 2001 and September 21, 2001. After her resignation on September 21, 2001, she put in O. Panneerselvam, as the official 13th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, until she could clear up the charges from her first term, so she can take up the mantle of Chief Minister officially, on March 2, 2002.
All 234 seats in the Legislature of Tamil Nadu
118 seats needed for a majority
2001 election map (by constituencies)
Background and CoalitionEdit
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The incumbent party, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, finished its full 5 terms, for the first time since winning the 1971 state assembly election. According to various sources and exit polls, the incumbent party was supposed to retain power, due to the popularity of its leader M. Karunanidhi. Due to the anti-incumbency factor, problems of development cited by the people in many areas of Tamil Nadu, and a broad coalition formed by ADMK, including Tamil Maanila Congress, who left the alliance of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), because they joined BJP and the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK), Indian National Congress and the left parties, the ADMK led front, with its leader J. Jayalalithaa, won by a landslide, sweeping across the state.
The coalition at the ADMK led-center would prove to be short-lived, since in less than a year, Pattali Makkal Katchi, and its leader Dr. Ramdoss, left the coalition, citing authoritarian type rule by J. Jayalalithaa. Also the Tamil Maanila Congress, who proved to be an important ally for the victory of ADMK, would later merge with Indian National Congress, who would later support DMK led front in future elections. The left parties would also end up joining the DMK led front, leaving the ADMK after this election. No more election have been conducted by DMK.
|1.||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||M. Karunanidhi||169|
|2.||Bharatiya Janata Party||Dr. S.P. Kripanidhi||21|
|3.||Puthiya Tamilakam||K. Krishnasamy||10|
|4.||Makkal Tamil Desam Katchi||S. Kannappan||6|
|5.||Puthiya Needhi Katchi||A.C. Shanmugham||5|
|6.||MGR Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||Su. Thirunavukkarasar||3|
|7.||MGR Kazhagam||R.M. Veerappan||2|
|8.||Kongunadu Makkal Katchi||A.M. Raja||1|
|9.||Thamilar Bhoomi||Ku.Pa. Krishnan||1|
|Unregistered parties, whose candidates ran under the DMK ticket|
|10.||Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi||Thol. Thirumavalavan||8|
|11.||Tamizhaga Muslim Iykkya Jamaat||J.M. Haroon||3|
|12.||Congress Jananayaka Peravai||P. Chidambaram||2|
|13.||Tamil Nadu Mutharaiyar Sangam||Kuzha Chelliah||1|
|Unregistered parties, whose candidates ran as an independent|
|14.||Indian Uzhavar Uzhaippalar Katchi||'Vettavalam' Manikandan||1|
|15.||Thondar Congress||Kumari Ananthan||1|
|1.||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam||J.Jayalalithaa||140|
|2.||Tamil Maanila Congress||G.K. Moopanar||32|
|3.||Indian National Congress||G.K. Moopanar||14|
|4.||Pattali Makkal Katchi||Dr. Ramdoss||27|
|5.||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||G.Ramakrishnan||8|
|6.||Communist Party of India||Tha. Pandian||8|
|7.||All India Forward Bloc||L. Santhanam||1|
|8.||Indian Union Muslim League||Khader Mohideen||1|
|Unregistered party, whose candidate ran under the AIADMK ticket|
|9.||Tamizhaga Makkal Katchi||John Pandian||1|
|Unregistered parties, whose candidates ran as an independent|
|10.||Indian National League||M. Abdul Latheef||1|
|CNN-IBN – The Hindu||11 May 2001 (Reported)||AIADMK+: 125 seats (48% of the vote)|
DMK+: 105 seats (47% of the vote)
Others: 4 seats (5% of the vote) 
Results by Pre-Poll AllianceEdit
|Alliance/Party||Seats won||Change||Popular Vote||Vote %||Adj. %‡|
Note: Parties that contested under "rising-sun" or "two-leaves" symbol are listed as DMK or AIADMK respectively. Parties that ran their candidates as independents, (e.g. Indian Uzhavar Uzhaippalar Katchi and Thondar Congress in DMK alliance) are listed as IND for their respective alliance.
‡: Vote % reflects the percentage of votes the party received compared to the entire electorate that voted in this election. Adjusted (Adj.) Vote %, reflects the average % of votes the party received per constituency that they contested.
Constituency wise resultsEdit
- "AIADMK sweeps TN poll". Thehindubusinessline.in. 2001-05-14. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- "The Hindu". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
- "NDA List of Constituencies". The Hindu. Chennai, India. April 2, 2001.
- http://www.indiatoday.com/itoday/20010409/tamilnadu2.html[permanent dead link]
- "Latest News, India News, Breaking News, Live News Online, Today Headline's".
- "The Hindu : List of AIADMK constituencies". Hinduonnet.com. 2001-04-08. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- "BJP TN website". bjptn.org. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- Sundaram, R. (2001-04-27). "The Hindu : AIADMK vs MDMK in Perundurai". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "Tamizhar Bhoomi unhappy with DMK offer". Archived from the original on 2011-08-30. Retrieved 2011-06-09.
- "Veeranam, a major poll plank". The Hindu. Chennai, India. April 28, 2006.
- "The Hindu : Cong. aspirants petition TMC chief". The Hindu. 2001-04-02. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "The Hindu : CM has stifled democracy: Jayalalitha". Hinduonnet.com. 2001-05-01. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- Murthy, P. v v. (2001-04-06). "The Hindu : DMK cadres sore over seat allotment in Vellore district". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- "The Hindu : Bhuvanagiri: AIADMK-backed Independent on good wicket". Hinduonnet.com. 2001-05-04. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- "Sweep for UDF, narrow win for AIADMK: exit poll". The Hindu. 11 May 2001. Retrieved 2011-04-06.
- 2001 Tamil Nadu Election Results dated 12 May 2001, accessed 09 June 2011.
- Jayalalithaa's victory, Frontline Cover Story (Volume 19 – Issue 05, Mar. 02 – 15, 2002) Archived 2010-02-20 at the Wayback Machine '.' Retrieved April 19, 2009.
- Pro-incumbency pointers, Frontline (Volume 19 – Issue 12, June 8–21, 2002) Archived 2010-08-11 at the Wayback Machine '.' Retrieved April 19, 2009.
- AIADMK wrests two seats (The Hindu newspaper (June 03, 2002)) accessed April 19, 2009