The Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party (YSRCP or YCP)[10] is an Indian regional political party based in the state of Andhra Pradesh.[11] Its president, Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy,[12][13][14] serves as the state's chief minister. It currently has 17 seats in the Lok Sabha.

Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party
Youth, Labour, and Farmer Congress Party
AbbreviationYSRCP or YCP
PresidentY. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
SecretaryV. Vijayasai Reddy
Parliamentary ChairpersonV. Vijayasai Reddy
Lok Sabha LeaderP. V. Midhun Reddy
Rajya Sabha LeaderV. Vijayasai Reddy
FounderK. Siva Kumar[1]
Founded12 March 2011 (13 years ago) (2011-03-12)
Split fromIndian National Congress
HeadquartersPlot no. 13, Suryadevara Township, Tadepalle, Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Student wingYSR Students Union
Youth wingByreddy Siddharth Reddy [2]
Women's wingYSRCP Women
Labour wingP. Gowtham Reddy
Peasant's wingM. V. S. Nagi Reddy
IdeologyRegionalism[3]
Populism[4]
Secularism[5]
Social equality[6]
Economic nationalism[7]
Political positionCentre[8] to centre-left[9]
Colours Blue (mostly)
White
Green
ECI StatusState party
Seats in Lok Sabha
17 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
11 / 245
Seats in Andhra Pradesh
Number of states and union territories in government
1 / 31
Election symbol
Ceiling Fan
Party flag
Website
www.ysrcongress.com/en

Origins edit

After the sudden death of the then-incumbent Chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy (YSR) in a helicopter crash in September 2009,[15] [16]his son, Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy, the incumbent MP from Kadapa, started an Odarpu Yatra (condolence tour) across Andhra Pradesh, to console the families of those who had committed suicide or died of shock after the death of his father.[17][18] The tour was not supported by the Congress leadership.[19] Defying the Congress Working Committee's order to call off the tour, Jagan went ahead with the first leg of the "Odarpu Yatra" in the West Godavari and Khammam districts in April 2010.[20]

Meanwhile, Sakshi TV news channel and Sakshi newspaper, which are closely affiliated with YSR and Jagan, had been continuously criticizing the new Chief Minister Konijeti Rosaiah and the Congress leadership at New Delhi. In a special programme on Sakshi TV to mark the 125th-anniversary celebrations of the Congress party, a voice-over made remarks on Sonia Gandhi and the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on the "current state of affairs" in the state, which invited anger and protests from the Congress loyalists and increased the gap and friction between Jagan and the Congress loyalists.[21] The channel later omitted those remarks in a re-telecast.[citation needed]

After accusing the Congress of ill-treating him and creating a rift in his family by luring his uncle, Y. S. Vivekananda Reddy, the younger brother of YSR, with a state ministerial slot in the aftermath of the death of his father, Jagan and his mother, Y. S. Vijayamma, resigned from the Kadapa Lok Sabha and Pulivendula Assembly constituencies respectively and also as members of the Congress in November 2010.[22][12][23] Many Congress leaders loyal to Jagan also quit the party and joined the YSR Congress. This resulted in the weakening of Congress in both the assembly and Lok Sabha, necessitating by-elections.

Electoral performance edit

In the ensuing by-elections, after the formation of the party, it won most of the vacated seats with many of the Indian National Congress (governing party) and the Telugu Desam Party (the main opposition) candidates losing their deposits.[24] In March 2012, YSR Congress won the Kovur Assembly seat in Nellore district in a by-election.[25][26]

In 2012 by-polls were held for 18 assembly constituencies which are: Parkal, Narsannapeta, Payakaraopet, Ramachandrapuram, Narasapuram, Polavaram (ST), Prathipadu (SC), Macherla, Ongole, Udayagiri, Rajampet, Kodur (SC), Rayachoti, Allagadda, Yemmiganur, Rayadurg, Anantapur Urban and Tirupati.[27]

On 15 June 2012, YSR Congress won the Nellore Lok Sabha seat and 15 of 18 assembly seats in Andhra Pradesh.[28] YSRCP leaders P. Subhash Chandra Bose from Ramachandrapuram constituency of East Godavari district and Konda Surekha from Parkal constituency of Warangal district, both Ministers in the YSR cabinet, had switched to YSR Congress party but lost their races.[29]

It lost the 2014 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election to the Telugu Desam Party, which had previously been in opposition to the INC government. One-third of the MLAs who won for the YSR Congress in the 2014 Elections had joined the Telugu Desam Party by 2017.[30]

It went for 2019 General Elections by appointing Prashant Kishor, a renowned political strategist in Indian Elections[31] and emerged as the 5th largest political party in India. It did not contest in 2018 Telangana Legislative Assembly election.[32]

The party won the 2019 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election in a landslide, winning 151 of the 175 seats,[33] [34] [35]including a clean sweep of the Kadapa, Kurnool and Nellore districts. It has been in government since 30 May 2019 and currently, in addition to having 151 members in the 175-member state assembly, the party has 22 members in the Lok Sabha (out of 25 in AP) based on the election results declared on 23 May 2019.

Indian general elections edit

Lok Sabha Elections
Year Lok Sabha Party leader Seats contested Seats won Change in seats Percentage of votes Vote swing Popular vote Outcome
2014 16th Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy 38   7 1.5   13,995,435 Others
2019 17th 25   13 2.56%   15,537,006
2024 18th TBA

State legislative assembly elections edit

Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Elections[36]
Year Assembly Party leader Seats contested Seats won Change in seats Percentage of votes Vote swing Popular vote Outcome
2014 14th Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy 175
70 / 175
  15 45.38%   13,494,076 Opposition
2019 15th
151 / 175
  81 49.95%   4.57 15,688,569 Government
2024 16th TBA

List of party leaders edit

In 2022, the Election Commission of India (ECI) sought clarification from the YSR Congress Party regarding the reports announcing Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy as the permanent president of the party. The ECI expressed its displeasure and concern over this potential adoption by the party, citing it as an anti-democratic move.[37][38][39]

President edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term in office
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1 Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
(1972–)
12 March 2011 Incumbent 13 years, 74 days

Chairperson edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term in office
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1   Y. S. Vijayamma
(1956–)
12 March 2011 5 May 2022 11 years, 71 days
4 December 2023 Incumbent 173 days

National convener edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term in office
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1   Y. S. Sharmila
(1974–)
12 March 2011 8 July 2021 10 years, 118 days

Legislative leaders edit

List of chief ministers edit

Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term in office Assembly
(Election)
Constituency Ministry
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1   Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
(1972–)
30 May 2019 Incumbent 4 years, 361 days 15th
(2019)
Pulivendula Jagan

Deputy chief ministers of Andhra Pradesh edit

No Name Term of office
1 Budi Mutyala Naidu 11 April 2022 Incumbent
2 Rajanna Dora Peedika 11 April 2022 Incumbent
3 Kottu Satyanarayana 11 April 2022 Incumbent
4 K. Narayana Swamy 8 June 2019 Incumbent
5 Amzath Basha Shaik Bepari 8 June 2019 Incumbent

List of speakers edit

Speakers of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term in office Assembly
(Election)
Constituency
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1   Thammineni Seetharam
(1955–)
13 June 2019 Incumbent 4 years, 347 days 15th
(2019)
Amadalavalasa

List of deputy speakers edit

Deputy speakers of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term in office Assembly
(Election)
Constituency Speaker
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1   Kona Raghupathi
(1959–)
18 June 2019 18 September 2022 3 years, 92 days 15th
(2019)
Bapatla Thammineni Seetharam
2   Kolagatla Veerabhadra Swamy
(1961–)
19 September 2022 Incumbent 1 year, 249 days Vizianagaram

List of leaders of the opposition edit

Leaders of the Opposition in the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term in office Assembly
(Election)
Constituency
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1   Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
(1972–)
23 June 2014 23 May 2019 4 years, 334 days 14th
(2014)
Pulivendula

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Siva Kumar is the founder of YSRCP".
  2. ^ "Andhra Pradesh: Byreddy Siddharth Reddy named YSRCP youth wing chief". Times of India. 29 June 2022.
  3. ^ "About us". YSRC Party. 1 January 2019.
  4. ^ Price, Pamela; Srinivas, Dusi (August 2014). Piliavsky, Anastasia (ed.). "Patronage and autonomy in India's deepening democracy". Cambridge University Press: 217–236. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107296930.011. ISBN 978-1-107-29693-0.
  5. ^ "Jagan 'appreciates' Modi, but committed to secularism". 30 September 2013.
  6. ^ "Ongole: Jagan implementing Ambedkar's ideology". 13 February 2020.
  7. ^ Price, Pamela; Srinivas, Dusi (August 2014). Piliavsky, Anastasia (ed.). "Patronage and autonomy in India's deepening democracy". Cambridge University Press: 217–236. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107296930.011. ISBN 978-1-107-29693-0.
  8. ^ "Ongole: Jagan implementing Ambedkar's ideology". 13 February 2020.
  9. ^ "This is how Jagan Reddy has turned into a political juggernaut in Andhra". 25 September 2021.
  10. ^ "About the Party". YSR Congress Party. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  11. ^ "Why YSR Congress?". 2011. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  12. ^ a b "'YSR Congress' is now Jagan's party - The Times of India". The Times Of India. Archived from the original on 18 January 2020.
  13. ^ "Jaganmohan Reddy split from congress, for own party". The Economic Times. 29 November 2010. Archived from the original on 31 January 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  14. ^ "Jaganmohan Reddy walks out of jail after 16 months". IndiaToday. 24 September 2013. Archived from the original on 21 January 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Andhra Pradesh CM YSR Reddy dead in chopper crash". The Times of India. 3 September 2009. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  16. ^ "Andhra Pradesh CM dead in chopper crash: PMO sources". The Economic Times. 3 September 2009. ISSN 0013-0389. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  17. ^ "national - News - msn". www.msn.com.
  18. ^ "Odarpu Yatra | The Caravan". caravanmagazine.in. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  19. ^ "Defiant Jagan to go ahead with 'Odarpu' yatra - The Times of India". The Times Of India. Archived from the original on 22 October 2010.
  20. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/election09/story.aspx?aid=640242 [dead link]
  21. ^ With TV attack on Sonia & PM, Jagan signals it’s time to go. Indian Express (2010-11-21). Retrieved on 2011-10-20.
  22. ^ "Jagan quits Congress, to float 'YSR Congress'". Zee News. 30 November 2010. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019.
  23. ^ Andhra Pradesh / Hyderabad News : Jagan is national president of YSR Congress Party. The Hindu (2011-02-22). Retrieved on 2011-10-20.
  24. ^ "News /National: Jagan quits Congress, Kadapa Lok Sabha seat". The Hindu (2010-11-29). Retrieved on 2011-10-20.
  25. ^ "IndiaVotes AC Bye Election: Kovur 2012". IndiaVotes. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  26. ^ "List of Candidates in KOVUR: BYE ELECTION ON 18-03-2012: NELLORE Andhra Pradesh Bye Election". myneta.info. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  27. ^ NDTV (15 June 2012). "Andhra Pradesh By-polls 2012". Archived from the original on 14 April 2024. Retrieved 14 April 2024.
  28. ^ Pilla, Yogendra Kalavalapalli & Viswanath (15 June 2012). "YSR Cong wins 15 of 18 assembly seats, lone Lok Sabha seat in AP". mint. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  29. ^ "Jagan's YSR Congress wins Nellore Lok Sabha, 15 assembly seats". The Times Of India. 15 June 2012. Archived from the original on 16 June 2012.
  30. ^ "Anti-defection Law Ignored as MLAs Jump Ship to TDP, TRS in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana". News18. Archived from the original on 19 January 2021.
  31. ^ NTV Telugu (9 July 2017), YS Jagan Introduces Political Strategist Prashant Kishor @ YSRCP Plenary Meeting 2017 || NTV, retrieved 25 November 2018
  32. ^ "YSRCP not to contest in Telangana elections, Pawan Kalyan still undecided". 11 November 2018.
  33. ^ "List of Winners:Andhra Pradesh 2019 Election". www.myneta.info. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  34. ^ "AP Election Results: Election Results of Andhra Pradesh Assembly Election | Times of India". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  35. ^ "Assembly Election Results 2019 of Andhra Pradesh, Vidhan Sabha Election Results 2019 AP State". www.indiastatelections.com. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  36. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Assembly Election Results". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  37. ^ "EC orders YSRCP to clarify reports that Jagan Reddy made its life-time permanent president". The Times of India. 21 September 2022. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 14 June 2023.
  38. ^ Bureau, ABP News (21 September 2022). "Election Commission Asks YSRCP To Clear Air On Jagan Reddy Being Made Its 'Permanent President'". news.abplive.com. Retrieved 14 June 2023.
  39. ^ Now |, Mirror (22 September 2022). "ECI slams YSRCP, rejects attempt to make Jagan Mohan Reddy as party's permanent president". The Economic Times. Retrieved 14 June 2023.

External links edit