Kadapa district

Kadapa district (officially: YSR district;[5] formerly: Cuddapah district[1]: 19 ) is one of the twenty six districts in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is also one of the eight districts in the Rayalaseema region. Kadapa is the administrative headquarters for this district.[6] The district was renamed as YSR District in honour of Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, commemorating the former chief minister of united Andhra Pradesh.[7]

Kadapa district
Kadapa district
YSR district
16th century Kodandarama temple, Vontimitta, Andhra Pradesh India - 25.jpg
Main Road, Pulivendula.jpg
Jama Masjid and Madhavaraya Swamy Temple, Gandikota.jpg
10th to 15th century Chennakesava temples group, Pushpagiri, Andhra Pradesh India - 04.jpg
Beautiful hill view.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Kodanda Rama Temple in Vontimitta, Pulivendula main street, Chennakeshava temple at Pushpagiri, Hills in Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary, Jamia Masjid and Madhavaraya Swamy Temple at Gandikota
Location of YSR district in Andhra Pradesh
Location of YSR district in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates: 14°28′N 78°49′E / 14.467°N 78.817°E / 14.467; 78.817Coordinates: 14°28′N 78°49′E / 14.467°N 78.817°E / 14.467; 78.817
Country India
StateAndhra Pradesh
Named forY. S. Rajasekhara Reddy
Administrative Divisions
 • District collectorCh. Hari Kiran
 • Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha list
 • Assembly
 • Total11,228 km2 (4,335 sq mi)
 • Rank7th
 • Total2,060,654
 • Rank18th
 • Density188/km2 (490/sq mi)
  • Rank21st
 • Urban
[1]: 14 
 • Rural
[1]: 14 
 • Households
 • Sex ratio
985 (females per 1,000 males)
 • OfficialTelugu
 • Literates1716766
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Postal Index Number
516xxx [3]
Area codes+91–8562
ISO 3166 codeIN-AP
Vehicle registrationAP-04 (former) AP–39 (from 30 January 2019)[4]
Pylon commemorative of 200 years of Kadapa


Rock paintingsEdit

Paleolithic rock paintings found at Chintakunta caves[8] near Muddanur in Kadapa district are said to be the second largest group of paintings in India after Bhimbetika rock art paintings. The rock paintings with mystic figures are also found at Dappalle village[9] near Mylavaram Dam in Jammalamadugu Taluk of the district.

Prehistoric cultureEdit

Many Paleolithic sites were found in Kadapa district, as the surroundings of Jammalamadugu, Mailavaram Dam[9] and Gandikota.

Some megalithic burial sites were explored near Porumamilla, Sankhavaram and at Yellatur[10] village near Kadapa. The surroundings of Vontimitta are also noted as Megalithic cultural sites.

The section of Rayachoti consists of many documented and undocumented Megalithic sites and stone circles. A noted megalithic site is at Devandlapalli[11] in Tsundupalle taluk of the district.

Buddhism and JainismEdit

Kadapa has historical importance since the BC era. It was ruled by the Mauryan Empire and the Satavahana Empire (Andhras).[12] Buddhism flourished for many years along the banks of the rivers Cheyyeru and Penna. Nandalur[13] is an important Buddhist site in the district along with Tallapaka, Rajampeta, Konduru, Khazipeta in the district. Jainism also had a place in Kadapa district history; the remnants of a buried Jain temple were found at Danavulapadu[14] village on the banks of the Penna.

Medieval historyEdit

The district is part of Rayalaseema, commemorating the name of Rayulu (Kings) of the Vijayanagar Empire, who ruled the area in the 16th century. Gandikota fort located on the bank of the Penna river was the citadel of Pemmasani Nayaks, commanders of Vijayanagar army and who won the battles of Raichur and Gulbarga for the Vijayanagar kings.

The old records of the district reveal that Kadapa previously called Gadapa which translated in Telugu to threshold. The ancient village of Kadapa with its large tank and temple of Lord Venkateswara at Devuni Kadapa was convenient camping place for the myriads of pilgrims travelling to the holy shrine of Tirupathi. There was a belief that the pilgrims have to first visit Devuni Kadapa, before going to Tirupathi to pray to Saint Annamacharya and Saint Potuluri Veera Brahmam who foretold the future and advocated a classless society. The ancient temple at Vontimitta which inspired Pothana to compose Andhra Maha Bhagavatham is also in the district. In the olden days Kadapa was also called "Hiranyanagaram".

Recent historical records reveal that Jyothi village located in Siddavatam mandal has 108 Shiva lingas on the bank of the river.

Nawabs of Kadapa

Nawab Reign
Neknaam Khan 1645 - 1672
Abdul Nabi Khan 1715 - 1732
Abdul Alam Khan 1756 - 1780

Modern historyEdit

After the Treaty of Seringapatam, the Nizam of Hyderabad acquired the district. He ceded it to the British in 1800, and in 1808 it was divided to form Kadapa (spelt Cuddapah by the British) and Bellary districts.[15]

The district headquarters were situated in Siddavatam but moved to Kadapa in 1812.[16]


Kadapa district occupies an area of 15,938 square kilometres (6,154 sq mi),[17] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Prince Patrick Island.[18] The main rivers in this district are Penna, Chitravathi, Kunderu, Papagni, Sagileru, Bahuda and Cheyyeru.


Kadapa district has several reservoirs, some of which are Brahmamsagar Reservoir, Mylavaram Dam Reservoir, Annamayya Project, Gandikota Reservoir.[19]

Volcanogenic bedded BarytesEdit

Volcanogenic bedded Barytes located at Mangampet in Obulavaripalle mandal has been declared the National Geological Monuments of India by the Geological Survey of India (GSI), for their protection, maintenance, promotion and enhancement of geotourism.[20][21][22]


Population Growth of Kadapa district 

As of 2011 census, Kadapa district has a population of 2,884,524. This gives it a ranking of 132nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 188 inhabitants per square kilometre (490/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 10.87%. It has a sex ratio of 984 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.88%.

After reorganizaion the district had a population of 20,60,654. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 3,37,860 (16.40%) and 40,994 (1.99%) of the population respectively.[2]: 80–84 

Religions in Kadapa district (2011)[24]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated
Distribution of religions

At the time of the 2011 census, 84.66% of the population spoke Telugu and 14.37% Urdu as their first language.[25]


ICL-Yerraguntla front view

Besides its historical importance, the district has occupied an important place in the industrial map of Andhra Pradesh with its valuable mineral resources.

The Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP) of the district is 26,342 crore (US$3.5 billion) and contributes 5% to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). For the FY 2013–14, the per capita income at current prices was 70,821 (US$930). The primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of the district contribute 6,204 crore (US$810 million), 6,935 crore (US$910 million) and 13,203 crore (US$1.7 billion) respectively.[26]

Black corson soil lands are 24%, black soil 19%, sandy soil lands 4%, red soil lands 25%. The first variety lands are very fertile, sand soil lands less so. 'Korra', orange, lime and betel leaf are the special crops. They are cultivated near river beds. Starting at Sunkesula Dam on Tungabadra river K. C. Canal flows through Kadapa and Kurnool districts providing water to 40 km2 (15 sq mi) of cultivable land. The main source of drinking water to this district is Galeru Nagari Sujala Sravanthi Project Canal.

This district is the repository of mineral wealth. As per the 1983 survey of geological survey of India 3 million tons of lead, 74,000,000 tons of barytes, and 27000 tons of asbestos deposits are there. It is estimated that 70 million tons of barytes deposits might be in Mangampet. There are clay deposits in Rajampet. This is used to make stone implements. Limestone is available in Yerraguntla. National Mineral Development Corporation is extracting asbestos in Brahman palli and barytes in Mangampet. Kadapa is also famous for its stone called "kadapa stone" used in building construction and for slabs especially in south India. In Tummalapalle, there are 49,000 tonnes of confirmed uranium deposits which are mined and processed locally.[27][28] Apart from these minerals and industries Agriculture also forms a part district economy.

Rayalaseema Thermal Power Station


In 2006 the Indian government named Kadapa district as one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[29] It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[29]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Kadapa District Revenue Divisions and Mandals


Kadapa district has four Revenue Divisions viz. Kadapa, Badvel, Pulivendula and Jammalamadugu divisions.[30] The district has 36 mandals under these revenue divisions.[31] It also has a Municipal Corporation of Kadapa and five municipalities namely Badvel, Mydukur, Proddatur, Pulivendula, Jammalamadugu


The mandals are listed with respect to their revenue divisions in the following table:[30][32][33]

# Kadapa Division Badvel Division Jammalamadugu Division Pulivendula Division
1 Chakrayapet Atlur Jammalamadugu Pulivendula
2 Chennur B Matham Kondapuram Lingala
3 Yerraguntla Badvel Rajupalem Simhadripuram
4 Chinthakommadinne Gopavaram Muddanur Thondur
5 Kadapa Kalasapadu Mylavaram Veerapunayunipalle
6 Vallur B. Kodur Peddamudium Vempalle
7 Kamalapuram Porumamilla Proddatur Vemula
8 Siddout Mydukur
9 Pendlimarri Khajipet
10 Vontimitta Sri Avadhutha Kasinayana
11 Chapadu
12 Duvvur

Before the formation of mandals, Administration was done through Taluka system. Erstwhile Talukas in Kadapa district were:

S.No. Erstwhile talukas in 1971 Newly formed talukas in 1978 New mandals formed in 1985
1. Kadapa Kadapa Kadapa, Vallur, Chennur, Khajipeta, Chinthakommadinne, Pendlimarri,
2 Kamalapuram Kamalapuram Kamalapuram, Yerraguntla, Veerapunayunipalle
3 Jammalamadugu Jammalamadugu Jammalamadugu [part], Mylavaram, Peddamudium
Muddanur [10] Muddanur, Kondapuram, Jammalamadugu [part]
4 Proddutur Proddutur Proddutur, Mydukur, Chapad, Rajupalem, Duvvur,
5 Badvel Badvel Badvel, Kalasapadu, Sri Avadutha kasinayana, Porumamilla, B.Kodur, Brahmamgari mattam, Gopavaram [part]
6 Sidhout Sidhout Sidhout, Atlur, Gopavaram, Vontimitta, Gopavaram [part]
7 Rajampeta Rajampeta Rajampeta, Nandalur, Penagalur
Kodur [11] Kodur, Pullampeta, Chitvel, Obulavaripalle,
8 Rayachoty Rayachoty Rayachoty, Veeraballe, Sambepalle, Chinnamandem, T sundupalle
Lakkireddipalli[12] Lakkireddipalle, Chakrayapeta, Ramapuram, Galiveedu
9 Pulivendula Pulivendula Pulivendula, Vempalle, Lingala, Thondur, Simhadripuram, Vemula

Assembly constituenciesEdit

Towns in Kadapa districtEdit

Largest cities or towns in Kadapa District
As per the 2011 Census
Rank Division Pop.
1 Kadapa Kadapa revenue division 344,893  
2 Proddatur Jammalamadugu revenue division 217,786
3 Badvel Badvel revenue division 70,626
4 Pulivendula Jammalamadugu revenue division 65,706
5 Jammalamadugu Jammalamadugu revenue division 61,218
6 Mydukur Jammalamadugu Division 45,790
7 Yerraguntla Kadapa revenue division 32,574
8 [[{{{city_8}}}]] [[{{{div_8}}}]] {{{pop_8}}}
9 [[{{{city_9}}}]] [[{{{div_9}}}]] {{{pop_9}}}
10 [[{{{city_10}}}]] [[{{{div_10}}}]] {{{pop_10}}}

The population of rowns in Kadapa district is as follows:[34]

Municipal bodies in Kadapa district
S.No. Town Civic status of town Municipality



No. of


2011 Census


2001 Census


1991 Census


1981 Census


1971 Census


1961 Census


1951 Census


1. Kadapa Municipal Corporation 1868 50 344,893 278,039 215,866 103,125 66,195 49,027 37,483
2 Proddutur Municipality Special Grade 1915 41 217,786 165,216 133,914 107,070 70,822 50,616 36,624
3 Rayachoty Municipality Grade-1 2005 34 98,299 72,297 51,931 35,257 24,053 16,721 10,655
4 Badvel Municipality Grade-2 2006 35 70,626 47,954 13,679 11,460 9,083 8,063 7,085
5 Pulivendula Municipality Grade-2 2005 33 65,706 38,566 28,317 21,104 11,704 7,390 -
6 Jammalamadugu Nagar Panchayat 2005 20 61,218 54,218 46,133 33,729 20,008 16,616 12,524
7 Rajampeta Municipality Grade-2 2005 29 57,227 45,957 26,181 19,927 13,345 11,636 9,281
8 Mydukur Municipality Grade-3 2011 24 45,790 31,838 24,222 16,405 10,982 - -
9 Yerraguntla Nagar Panchayat 2012 20 32,574 26,838 19,361 11,784 6,191 - -
10 Kamalapuram Nagar Panchayat 2020 20 20,623 17,540 12,364 9,873 8,443 7,641 6,653
Erstwhile talukas population
S.No. Town Civic status of Town 2011 Census


2001 Census


1991 Census


1981 Census


1. Railway Kodur Census Town 48,615 40,430 30,108 20,307
2 Lakkireddipalli Grama Panchayat 10,303 - - -
3 Muddanur Census Town 9,775 - - -
4 Sidhout Grama Panchayat 4,787 - - -
Census towns in Kadapa district
S.No. Town Civic Status of Towns 2011 Census


1 Nagireddipalle [Nandalur] Census Town 12,318
2 Veparala [Mylavaram] Census Town 6,712
3 Mangampeta [Obulavaripalle] Census Town 5,175


Pulivendula-Kadapa 4 lane road near Pulivendula
Kadapa Airport terminal

Kadapa district is well-connected by road, rail and airways with neighbouring districts of Andhra Pradesh.


The total road length of state highways in the district is 1,088 km (676 mi).[36] National Highway 40, National Highway 716 and National Highway 67 pass through the district.


The district has railway administration under Guntakal railway division. Kadapa, Yerraguntla Junction, Proddatur, Jammalamadugu are some of the main railway stations in the district.


Kadapa Airport is located north west to Kadapa city.


JNTUACEP entrance, Pulivendula
RIMS Medical College, Kadapa

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[37][38] As per the school information report for the academic year 2015–16, there are a total of 4,488 schools. They include, 22 government, 3,094 mandal and zilla parishads, 1 residential, 1,181 private, 10 model, 29 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 88 municipal and 63 other types of schools.[39] The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 416,782.[40]

There are junior colleges for (10+2) education, among which 25 are under government, 13 are social welfare, 26 private aided, 83 are private unaided and also there are a few incentive, co-operative, government model colleges. For the purpose of imparting and the students sit for the certificate of Board of Intermediate Education.[41] The government colleges of Kadapa, Proddatur, Pulivendula, Rayachoti, Jammalamadugu, and Rajampet are the oldest government colleges of the district, established in 1969.[41]

The higher education colleges have various fields of study like medical, nursing, degree, post graduate, polytechnic, law, teaching, pharmacy, engineering, veterinary, etc. The Yogi Vemana University is a state university which has one autonomous college as per the Universities Grant Commission.[42] Sri Venkateswara College of Veterinary Sciences. The engineering colleges of the district are, KSRM College of Engineering, Annamacharya Institute of Technology and Sciences, etc.[42]

KSRM Engineering College, Kadapa

Notable personalitiesEdit


  1. ^ a b c d "District Census Hand Book –" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b "District Census Hand Book - YSR" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  3. ^ Pincode List
  4. ^ "New 'AP 39' code to register vehicles in Andhra Pradesh launched". The New Indian Express. Vijayawada. 31 January 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  5. ^ "YSR District".
  6. ^ "Six districts in Andhra reel under drinking water crisis". The New Indian Express. Vijayawada. 13 May 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  7. ^ "Ex-Andhra Pradesh CM YSR's native district Kadapa to be named after him". The Times of India. 18 June 2010. Archived from the original on 21 February 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
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  11. ^ "Megalithic burial site found in Kadapa". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 24 June 2012.
  12. ^ Lakshmi, V. Swarajya (1982). A Descriptive Grammar of Cuddapah Dialect. Telugu Akademi. p. 2.
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  18. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Prince Patrick Island 15,848
  19. ^ Correspondent, Special. "Krishna water released into Gandikota reservoir". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
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  22. ^ national geo-heritage of India, INTACH
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  26. ^ "Economy of Kadapa District". Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  27. ^ "Tummalapalle uranium mill to start operation by March 2011". Article from the Times of India. WISE Uranium Project. 24 October 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  28. ^ "India: 'Massive' uranium find in Andhra Pradesh". BBC News – South Asia. BBC. 19 July 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
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  33. ^ correspondent, dc (7 April 2022). "AP cabinet approves two new revenue divisions". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
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  40. ^ "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Child info 2015–16, District School Education – Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  41. ^ a b "List of colleges in Kadapa district" (PDF). Board of Intermediate Education. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  42. ^ a b "Autonomous colleges" (PDF). University Grants Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.

External linksEdit