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Kurnool District is one of the 13 districts in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. The district is located in the west-central part of the state and is bounded by Mahabubnagar district of Telangana in the north, Raichur district of Karnataka in the northwest, Bellary district of Karnataka in the west, Ananthapur district in the south, YSR Kadapa district in the South East and Prakasham district in the east. The city of Kurnool is the headquarters of the district. It has a population of 4,053,463 of which 28.35% were urban as of 2011. The district is the third largest by area and tenth largest by population in the state.[1]:14

Kurnool district
Telugu talli statue with Kondareddy Buruju in background
Telugu talli statue with Kondareddy Buruju in background
Location of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh
Location of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh
Kurnool district is located in Andhra Pradesh
Kurnool district
Kurnool district
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 15°48′43″N 77°58′11″E / 15.811833°N 77.9697606°E / 15.811833; 77.9697606Coordinates: 15°48′43″N 77°58′11″E / 15.811833°N 77.9697606°E / 15.811833; 77.9697606
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
HeadquartersKurnool
Administrative Divisions
Government
 • District collectorG. Veerapandian
 • Lok Sabha
 • Assembly
Area
 • District17,658 km2 (6,818 sq mi)
 • Urban
[1]:14
347.39 km2 (134.13 sq mi)
 • Rural
[1]:14
17,310.61 km2 (6,683.66 sq mi)
Area rank3rd
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • District4,053,463
 • Rank8th
 • Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
 • Density rank16th
 • Urban
[1]:14
1,149,286
 • Rural
[1]:14
2,904,177
 • Households
887,652
 • Sex ratio
988 (females per 1,000 males)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Literacy
 • Literates2,127,161
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Postal Index Number
518xxx
Area codes+91–8518
ISO 3166 codeIN-AP
Vehicle registrationAP–39 (from 30 January 2019)[3]
Websitekurnool.nic.in

Contents

Palaeolothic eraEdit

The Ketavaram rock paintings are dated back to the Paleolithic era (located at a distance of 18 km (11 mi) from Kurnool).[4] Jurreru Valley, Katavani Kunta[5] and Yaganti in the district have some important rock arts and paintings in their vicinity, which are dated back to 35,000 to 40,000 years ago.

Buddhism and JainismEdit

Belum Caves are geologically and historically important caves in the district. There are indications that Jain and Buddhist monks were occupying these caves centuries ago. Many Buddhists relics were found inside the caves. These relics are now housed in Museum at Ananthapur. Archaeological survey of India (ASI) found remnants of vessels and other artifacts of pre-Buddhist era and has dated the remnants of vessels found in the caves to 4500 BC.[6]

Pre Historic Sites of Krishna-Tungabhadra valley, scattered at different places in Kurnool district

Modern eraEdit

Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (Ananthapur District), the 6th President of India has served as Member of Parliament from Nandyal constituency. He previously served as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, serving as an MLA from the Dhone assembly constituency. In 1970, part of Kurnool district was split off to become part of Prakasam district.[7] Kurnool District is a part of the Red Corridor.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

Kurnool district occupies an area of approximately 17,658 square kilometres (6,818 sq mi).[8] Kurnool is surrounded by districts of Mahbubnagar district of Telangana to the north, Anantapur district, Kadapa district to south, Prakasam district to east and Bellary of Karnataka to the west. The district encompasses the Srisailam Dam and Nallamala Hills.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census Kurnool district has a population of 4,046,601,[citation needed] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[9] or the US state of Oregon.[10] This gives it a ranking of 54th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 14.65%. Kurnool has a sex ratio of 984 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 61.13%.[citation needed]

Religions in Kurnool[11]
Religion Percent
Hindus
82.11%
Muslims
16.55%
Christian
0.82%
Others†
0.52%
Distribution of religions

Household indicatorsEdit

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1247 households in 38 villages across the district.[12] They found that 94% had access to electricity, 89.7% had drinking water, 34.6% toilet facilities, and 51.6% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[12] 30.6% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[13] and 85.1% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[12]

DivisionsEdit

 
Revenue divisions map of Kurnool district
 
Districts of Andhra Pradesh

Kurnool district has three Revenue divisions viz., Kurnool, Nandyal, Adoni divisions.[14] The district has 54 mandals and 53 Panchayat Samitis (Blocks) under these revenue divisions. It also has a Municipal Corporation of Kurnool and 4 municipalities namely, Nandyal, Adoni, Yemmiganur and Dhone.[15] There are 899 gram panchayats that include 7 notified and 862 non-notified, alongside 920 revenue villages and 615 hamlets.[16] G. Veerapandian is the present district collector.[17]

MandalsEdit

The mandals are listed with respect to their revenue divisions in the following table:[1]:14[18]

Kurnool District has 3 Revenue Divisions viz., Kurnool, Nandyal, Adoni divisions.

Kurnool Division Nandyal Division Adoni Division
Atmakur Allagadda Adoni
Bethamcherla Banaganapalle Alur
C.Belagal Bandi Atmakur Aspari
Dhone Chagalamarri Chippagiri
Gudur Dornipadu Devanakonda
Jupadu Bungalow Gadivemula Gonegandla
Kallur Gospadu Halaharvi
Kodumuru Koilkuntla Holagunda
Kothapalle Kolimigundla Kosigi
Krishnagiri Mahanandi Kowthalam
Kurnool Nandyal Maddikera
Miduthur Owk Mantralayam
Nandikotkur Panyam Nandavaram
Orvakal Rudravaram Pattikonda
Pagidyala Sanjamala Pedda kadabur
Pamulapadu Sirvel Tuggali
Peapally Uyyalawada Yemmiganur
Srisailam
Veldurthi
Velgode

EconomyEdit

The Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP) of the district is 34,359 crore (US$5.0 billion) and it contributes 6.5% to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). For the FY 2013–14, the per capita income at current prices was 68,197 (US$990). The primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of the district contribute 12,035 crore (US$1.7 billion), 6,055 crore (US$880 million) and 16,269 crore (US$2.4 billion) respectively.[19]

TransportEdit

The total road length of state highways in the district is 1,169 km (726 mi).[20]

EducationEdit

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[21][22] As per the school information report for the academic year 2015–16, there are a total of 4,179 schools. They include, 78 government, 2,398 mandal and zilla parishads, 1 residential, 1,355 private, 33 model, 53 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 140 municipal and 121 other types of schools.[23] The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 631,740.[24]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Hand Book – Guntur" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Population". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  3. ^ "New 'AP 39' code to register vehicles in Andhra Pradesh launched". The New Indian Express. Vijayawada. 31 January 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  4. ^ "archelogical excavations" (PDF). aparchaeologymuseum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  5. ^ Michael Petraglia. "New rock art discoveries in the Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India". academia.edu.
  6. ^ [1] Show Caves of India: Belum Caves
  7. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  8. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Oregon 3,831,074
  11. ^ "Andhra Pradesh State Minorities Finance Corporation Ltd. - Downloads". apsmfc.com.
  12. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  13. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 3 October 2011. To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females.
  14. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Kurnool District" (PDF). The office of Development Commissioner (MSME), Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises. p. 4. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  15. ^ "Part-I State Administrative Divisions 2001–2011" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 359–366. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  16. ^ "District Profile". Kurnool District Official website. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  17. ^ "Days after assuming office, Jagan rejigs administration in AP". Asian News International. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  18. ^ "Mandals". Kurnool District, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  19. ^ "Economy of Kurnool District". Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  20. ^ "Existing State Highways" (PDF). Andhra Pradesh Road Development Corporation. Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  21. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  22. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  23. ^ "School Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  24. ^ "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Child info 2015–16, District School Education – Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 November 2016.

External linksEdit