Kurnool district

Kurnool district is one of the eight districts in the Rayalaseema region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in the North western part of the state and is bounded by Jogulamba Gadwal district of Telangana in the north, Raichur district of Karnataka in the northwest, Bellary district of Karnataka in the west, Anantapur district in the south and Nandyal district in the east. The city of Kurnool is the headquarters of the district. It has a population of 2,271,686 of which 28.35% were urban as of 2011.[3]: 14 

Kurnool district
23 - Telugu Talli Statue with Kondareddy Buruju as background.JPG
MANTRALAYAM-Dr. Murali Mohan Gurram (1).jpg
Boulders at Adoni hills.jpg
Side view of Sangameshwara Temple - Jagannatha Gattu - Kurnool City.jpg
Rock Garden Kurnool Sudhakar Bichali.jpg
Clockwise from top: Konda Reddy Fort, Raghavendra Matha at Mantralayam, Sangameshwara Temple, Tungabhadra near Kurnool, Boulders at Adoni Hills
Location of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh
Location of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates: 15°48′43″N 77°58′11″E / 15.811833°N 77.9697606°E / 15.811833; 77.9697606Coordinates: 15°48′43″N 77°58′11″E / 15.811833°N 77.9697606°E / 15.811833; 77.9697606
Country India
StateAndhra Pradesh
RegionRayalaseema
HeadquartersKurnool
Administrative Divisions
Government
 • District collectorKotteshwara rao, IAS
 • Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha list
 • Assembly
Area
 • Total7,977 km2 (3,080 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total2,271,686
 • Density280/km2 (740/sq mi)
 • Sex ratio
988 (females per 1,000 males)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Literacy
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Postal Index Number
518xxx
Area codes+91–8518
ISO 3166 codeIN-AP
Vehicle registrationAP-21 (former) AP–39 (from 30 January 2019)[2]
Websitekurnool.ap.gov.in

HistoryEdit

 
Pre Historic Sites of Krishna-Tungabhadra valley, scattered at different places in Kurnool district

The Ketavaram rock paintings are dated back to the Paleolithic era (located at a distance of 18 km (11 mi) from Kurnool).[4] Jurreru Valley, Katavani Kunta[5] and Yaganti in the district have some important rock arts and paintings in their vicinity, which are dated back to 35,000 to 40,000 years ago.

Belum Caves are geologically and historically important caves in the district. There are indications that Jain and Buddhist monks were occupying these caves centuries ago. Many Buddhists relics were found inside the caves. These relics are now housed in Museum at Anantapur. Archaeological survey of India (ASI) found remnants of vessels and other artifacts of pre-Buddhist era and has dated the remnants of vessels found in the caves to 4500 BC.[6]

Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (Anantapur District), the sixth President of India has served as Member of Parliament from Nandyal constituency. He previously served as the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, serving as an MLA from the Dhone assembly constituency. In 1970, part of Kurnool district was split off to become part of Prakasam district.[7] Kurnool District is a part of the Red Corridor.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

Kurnool district occupies an area of approximately 7,977 square kilometres (3,080 sq mi).[8] Kurnool is surrounded by districts of Mahbubnagar district of Telangana to the north, Anantapur district, to south, Nandyal district to east and Bellary of Karnataka to the west. The district includes the Srisailam Dam and a part of the Nallamala Hills, the rest of it lying in Prakasam district, Nandyal district, Kadapa district, and Nellore district.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901950,655—    
19111,035,333+0.86%
1921987,117−0.48%
19311,120,650+1.28%
19411,222,993+0.88%
19511,315,499+0.73%
19611,570,955+1.79%
19711,982,090+2.35%
19812,407,299+1.96%
19912,973,024+2.13%
20013,529,494+1.73%
20114,053,463+1.39%
source:[9]

According to the 2011 census Kurnool district has a population of 4,053,463,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[10] or the US state of Oregon.[11] This gives it a ranking of 54th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 14.65%. Kurnool has a sex ratio of 984 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 59.97%.[3]

Religion in Kurnool district (2011)[12]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
83.82%
Islam
14.74%
Christianity
0.83%
Other or not stated
0.61%

After bifurcation the district had a population of 22,71,686, of which 764,101 (33.64%) lived in urban areas. Kurnool district has a sex ratio of 990 females per 1000 males. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 4,15,120 (18.27%) and 30,047 (1.32%) of the population respectively.[3]: 77–81 

Languages of Kurnool district (2011)[13]

  Telugu (79.39%)
  Urdu (13.62%)
  Kannada (4.77%)
  Others (2.22%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 79.39% of the population spoke Telugu, 13.62% Urdu and 4.77% Kannada as their first language.[13]

Household indicatorsEdit

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1247 households in 38 villages across the district.[14] They found that 94% had access to electricity, 89.7% had drinking water, 34.6% toilet facilities, and 51.6% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[14] 30.6% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[15] and 85.1% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[14]

GovernanceEdit

Legislative Assembly constituenciesEdit

Parliament constituency Constituency number Assembly constituency Reserved for
(SC/ST/None)
Mandals
Kurnool 137 Kurnool None Kurnool Part
143 Kodumur SC Kodumur, Gudur, C.Belagal, Kurnool part
144 Yemmiganur None Yemmiganur, Gonegandla, Nandavaram
145 Mantralayam None Mantralayam, Kosigi, Kowthalam, Pedda Kadabur
146 Adoni None Adoni
147 Alur None Alur, Aspari, Holagunda, Devanakonda, Chippagiri, Halaharvi
142 Pattikonda None Pattikonda, Veldurthy, Maddikera, Krishnagiri, Tuggali

CourtsEdit

Civil court seat Jurisdiction
Kurnool Kurnool, Kallur, Gudur, Orvakal, C.belagal, Gonegandla
Adoni Adoni, Kowthalam
Yemmiganur Yemmiganur, Mantralayam, Nandavaram
Dhone Dhone, Veldurthy, Peapully, Krishnagiri
Atmakur Atmakur, Pamulapadu, Velugodu, Kothapalle, Srisailam
Nandikotkur Nandikotkur, Pagidyala, Jupadu Bunglow, Midthur
Koilakuntla Koilakuntla, Dornipadu, Kolimigundla, Uyyalawada, Sanjamala
Pattikonda Pattikonda, Devanakonda, Maddikera, Tuggali
Alur Alur, Aspari, Holagunda, Chippagiri, Halaharvi, Kosigi, Peddakadabur

Road Transportation OfficeEdit

RTO/MVI Office Jurisdiction mandals
Kurnool Kurnool, Kallur, Orvakal, Kodumur, Gudur, C.Belagal, Nandikotkur, Pagidyala, Midthur, Jupadu Bunglow,
Adoni Adoni, Yemmiganur, Gonegandla, Nandavaram, Alur, Aspari, Holagunda, Devanakonda, Chippagiri, Halaharvi, Mantralayam, Kosigi, Kowthalam, Pedda Kadabur, Pattikonda, Maddikera, Tuggali
Dhone Dhone, Bethamcherla, Veldurthi, Peapully, Krishnagiri
Atmakur Atmakur, Pamulapadu, Kothapalle, Velugodu, Srisailam

Administrative divisionsEdit

Kurnool district has three Revenue divisions viz. Kurnool, Adoni and Pattikonda. The district has 26 mandals and 53 Panchayat Samitis (Blocks) under these revenue divisions. There are 899 gram panchayats that include 7 notified and 862 non-notified, alongside 920 revenue villages and 615 hamlets.[16] Sri P Koteswara Rao, I.A.S., is the current Collector & District Magistrate[17]

 
Kurnool District Revenue Divisions

MandalsEdit

The mandals are listed with respect to their revenue divisions in the following table[18]

# Kurnool Division Adoni Division Pattikonda Division
1 Kallur Adoni Halaharvi
2 Orvakal Mantralayam Alur
3 C.Belagal Pedda kadabur Aspari
4 Gudur Kosigi Devanakonda
5 Kurnool Urban Kowthalam Chippagiri
6 Kurnool Rural Holagunda Pattikonda
7 Kodumur Yemmiganur Maddikera (East)
8 Veldurthi Nandavaram Tuggali
9 Gonegandla Krishnagiri

Kurnool district chronicleEdit

  • During Independence, Kurnool District was without Adoni, Yemmiganur, Alur Talukas. But It had Markapuram, Giddalur, Yerragondapalem Talukas.
  • Later in 1953 Andhra State was formed and Talukas of Adoni, Alur, Yemmiganur were merged with Kurnool District form Bellary District. Remaining Rayalaseema district of Bellary was merged with Karnataka.
  • In 1970, new Prakasam District was formed carving out, Markapuram, Giddalur, Yerragondapalem talukas from Kurnool District. Then Kurnool district was remained with 13 Talukas.

Before Formation of Mandal System in 1985, Administration was done through Taluka system. 13 Talukas were present in Kurnool district in 1985 viz.,

Erstwhile taluka

system in 1971

Newly formed

taluka system in 1978

New mandals formed in 1985
Kurnool Kurnool Kurnool [ part ], Kallur, Orvakal
Kodumur [12] Kodumur, Gudur, C.Belagal, Kurnool [ part ]
Nandikotkur Nandikotkur Nandikotkur, Midthur, Pagidyala, Jupadu Bungalow
Atmakur Atmakur Atmakur, Pamulapadu, Kothapalle, Velugodu, Srisailam
Nandyal Nandyal Nandyal, Panyam, Gadivemula, Bandi Atmakur, Mahanandi
Allagadda Allagadda Allagadda, Sirvella, Chagalamarri, Rudravaram, Gospadu
Koilakuntla Koilakuntla Koilakuntla, Sanjamala, Uyyalawada, Dornipadu, Owk [Part]
Banaganapalle Banaganapalle Banaganapalle, Owk [Part]
Dhone Dhone Dhone, Bethamcherla, Veldurthi, Peapully, Krishnagiri
Pattikonda Pattikonda Pattikonda, Devanakonda, Gonegandla, Maddikera, Tuggali, Aspari [ part ]
Adoni Adoni Adoni, Kosigi, Kowthalam, PeddaKadabur [ part ]
Yemmiganur [13] Yemmiganur, Mantralayam, Nandavaram, PeddaKadabur [ part ]
Alur Alur Alur, Chippagiri, Halaharvi, Holagunda, Aspari [ part ]

These 13 were the erstwhile Talukas in Kurnool district in 1985 before the formation of mandal systems.

Cities and townsEdit

It also has a Municipal Corporation of Kurnool and 3 municipalities namely, Adoni, Yemmiganur, Gudur.[19]

Kurnool District has 10 Urban Local Bodies, which are divided into 1 Municipal Corporation, 7 Municipalities, 2 Nagar Panchayats.

Municipal bodies in Kurnool district
City / Town Civic status of

municipal body

Municipality

formed

No. of

Wards

2011 Census

population

2001 Census

population

1991 Census

population

1981 Census

population

1971 Census

population

1961 Census

population

1951 Census

population

1941 Census

population

Kurnool Municipal Corporation 1866 52 4,84,372 342,122 275,360 206,362 136,710 100,815 60,222 45,250
Adoni Special Municipality 1865 42 184,625 162,485 136,182 108,939 85,311 69,951 53,583 35,431
Yemmiganur Grade - 1 Municipality 1965 34 95,149 76,411 65,089 50,701 30,265 21,051 15,896 12,670
Gudur Nagar Panchayat 2011 20 22,270 19,805 16,515 12,466 10,915 9,078 -- --
Erstwhile talukas in Kurnool district (Non Municipality)
Name Civic status

of town

2011 Census

population

2001 Census

population

1991 Census

population

1981 Census

population

1971 Census

population

1961 Census

population

Pattikonda Grama Panchayat 29,342 24,342 19,286 14,247 12,234 9,596
Kodumur Grama Panchayat 28,828 25,385 19,157 14,501 11,903 9,236
Koilakuntla Grama Panchayat 23,859 19,735 15,209 12,493 10,157 8,179
Alur Grama Panchayat 14,427 11,823 10,703 8,161 7,354 6,870
Mandal HQ with more than 10,000 population
Name Municipal body 2011 Census

population

Kosigi Grama Panchayat 23,126
Velugodu Grama Panchayat 23,048
Chagalamarri Grama Panchayat 21,289
Sirvella Grama Panchayat 18,478
Veldurthi Grama Panchayat 17,890
Gonegandla Grama Panchayat 16,691
Maddikera Grama Panchayat 15,328
Peapully Grama Panchayat 15,200
Holagunda Grama Panchayat 14,593
Panyam Grama Panchayat 14,565
Owk Grama Panchayat 11,760
Kowthalam Grama Panchayat 11,670
Nandavaram Grama Panchayat 11,654
C.Belagal Grama Panchayat 11,164
Mantralayam Grama Panchayat 10,613
Devanakonda Grama Panchayat 10,493
Srisailam Census Town 10,288
Remaining of census towns
Town Mandal Civic status of town 2011 Census

population

Srisailam Project [Sunnipenta] Srisailam Census Town 21,452
Thummalamenta Kolimigundla Census Town 12,373
Ramapuram Owk Census Town 6,614

EconomyEdit

The Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP) of the district is 34,359 crore (US$4.3 billion) and it contributes 6.5% to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). For the FY 2013–14, the per capita income at current prices was 68,197 (US$850). The primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of the district contribute 12,035 crore (US$1.5 billion), 6,055 crore (US$760 million) and 16,269 crore (US$2.0 billion) respectively.[20]

TransportEdit

RoadsEdit

The total road length of state highways in the district is 1,169 km (726 mi).[21]

NH - 44 = Srinagar to Kanyakumari. [North-South Economic Corridor]

  • Total length of highway is 3,806 km.
  • 250 km of this highway passes through Andhra Pradesh.
  • 93 km of this Highway Passes through Kurnool District

NH - 40 = Kurnool to Ranipet. [Rayalaseema Expressway]

  • Total length of highway is 408 km.
  • 390 km of this highway is passing in the Andhra Pradesh.
  • 142 km of this highway passes through Kurnool District.

NH - 167 = Ballari to Kodad

  • Total length of Highway is 483 km
  • 94 km of this Highway Passes through Andhra Pradesh
  • 94 km of this Highway Passes through Kurnool Dist.

NH - 544D = Anantapuramu to Guntur

  • Total length of Highway is 417 km
  • 417 km of this Highway Passes through Andhra Pradesh
  • 118 km of this Highway Passes through Kurnool Dist.
  • An alternative route to this highway is under paperwork, called Anantapuram - Amaravathi Expressway which is called as NH-544F

NH - 67 = Ramnagar to Krishnapatnam Port

  • Total length of Highway is 770 km
  • 380 km of this Highway Passes through Andhra Pradesh
  • 28 km of this Highway Passes through Kurnool Dist.

NH - 340C = Kurnool to Dornala

  • Total length of Highway is 132 km
  • 132 km of this Highway Passes through Andhra Pradesh
  • 100 km of this Highway Passes through Kurnool Dist.

NH - 340B = Dhone to Somayajulapalli

  • Total length of Highway is 53 km
  • 53 km of this Highway Passes through Andhra Pradesh
  • 53 km of this Highway Passes through Kurnool Dist.

NH - 167K = Nandyal to Kalwakurthy

  • Total length of Highway is 175 km
  • 86 km of this Highway Passes through Andhra Pradesh
  • 86 km of this Highway Passes through Kurnool Dist.

And also Some State Highways also present in Kurnool District.

RailwaysEdit

Kurnool District is served by Good Railway Connectivity.

  1. Hyderabad Division of South Central Railway,
  2. Guntakal Division of South Coastal Railway,
  3. Guntur Division of South Coastal Railway serves in Kurnool District.

Major lines passing through the district.

  • Vijayawada - Hubli Railway Line
  • Secunderabad - Bengaluru Railway Line
  • Chennai - Mumbai Railway line Passes through the District.

Major Stations

  • Dhone JN Railway station [Guntakal Division]
  • Kurnool City Railway Station [Hyderabad Division]
  • Adoni Railway Station [Guntakal Division]
  • Nandyal JN Railway Station [Guntur Division]

AirwaysEdit

Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy Airport [Kurnool Airport] was opened on March 28, 2021. Commercial Flights Started to Bengaluru, Visakhapatnam, Chennai Cities.

Nearest International Airports from Kurnool

  1. Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Hyderabad. = 195 km.
  2. Kempegowda International Airport, Bengaluru. = 335 km.
  3. Chennai International Airport, Chennai = 450 km.
  4. Tirupati International Airport, Tirupati = 330 km.

EducationEdit

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[22][23] As per the school information report for the academic year 2015–16, there are a total of 4,179 schools. They include, 78 government, 2,398 mandal and zilla parishads, 1 residential, 1,355 private, 33 model, 53 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 140 municipal and 121 other types of schools.[24] The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 631,740.[25]

TourismEdit

Kurnool District has many pilgrimage centers

  1. Srisailam
  2. Mantralayam
  3. Orvakal Rock Gardens
  4. City Forest [ Gargeyapuram ]
  5. Yaganti
  6. Banaganapalli Nawab Bungalow
  7. Belum Caves
  8. Kolanu Bharathi Temple
  9. Adoni Lakshmamma avva Temple
  10. Urukunda Eranna Swamy Temple
  11. Maddileti Swamy Temple
  12. Velugodu Reservoir
  13. Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary
  14. Nandavaram Temple
  15. Sanjeevaiah Sagar(Gajuladinne Project)

SourcesEdit

[2]

Population of towns in 1941 were taken from 1991 census book from page no.132,133 and 2011 Census hand book page no.919.

Population of every town is mentioned with proof from census books given below.

1951 census kurnool district - http://lsi.gov.in:8081/jspui/bitstream/123456789/6419/1/50120_1951_KUR.pdf

1961 census kurnool district - http://lsi.gov.in:8081/jspui/bitstream/123456789/2721/1/21648_1961_KUR.pdf

1971 Census kurnool district - http://lsi.gov.in:8081/jspui/bitstream/123456789/2841/1/39378_1971_KUR.pdf

1981 census kurnool district - http://lsi.gov.in:8081/jspui/bitstream/123456789/2915/1/27365_1981_KUR.pdf

1991 census kurnool district - http://lsi.gov.in:8081/jspui/bitstream/123456789/2935/1/39295_1991_KUR.pdf

2001 census kurnool district - http://lsi.gov.in:8081/jspui/bitstream/123456789/2992/1/37985_2001_KUR.pdf

2011 census kurnool district - https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/dchb/2821_PART_A_DCHB_KURNOOL.pdf

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  2. ^ "New 'AP 39' code to register vehicles in Andhra Pradesh launched". The New Indian Express. Vijayawada. 31 January 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Census Hand Book – Kurnool" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  4. ^ "archelogical excavations" (PDF). aparchaeologymuseum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  5. ^ Michael Petraglia. "New rock art discoveries in the Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India". academia.edu.
  6. ^ [1] Show Caves of India: Belum Caves
  7. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  8. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  9. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Oregon 3,831,074
  12. ^ "Population by Religion - Andhra Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  13. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Andhra Pradesh". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  14. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  15. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 3 October 2011. To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females.
  16. ^ "District Profile". Kurnool District Official website. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  17. ^ "District Kurnool , Government of Andhra Pradesh | Spiritual District-Kandanavolu | India". Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  18. ^ "New AP Map: Check Out Biggest and Smallest Districts in Andhra Pradesh". Sakshi Post. 3 April 2022. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  19. ^ "Part-I State Administrative Divisions 2001–2011" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 359–366. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  20. ^ "Economy of Kurnool District". Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  21. ^ "Existing State Highways" (PDF). Andhra Pradesh Road Development Corporation. Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  22. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  23. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  24. ^ "School Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  25. ^ "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Child info 2015–16, District School Education – Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2016.

External linksEdit