The National People's Party is a national-level political party in India, though its influence is mostly concentrated in the state of Meghalaya. The party was founded by P. A. Sangma after his expulsion from the NCP in July 2012. It was accorded national party status on 7 June 2019. It is the first political party from Northeastern India to have attained this status.
|Lok Sabha leader||Agatha Sangma|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Wanweiroy Kharlukhi|
|Founder||P. A. Sangma|
|Founded||6 January 2013|
|Split from||Nationalist Congress Party|
|Student wing||National People's Students Union-NPSU|
|Youth wing||National People’s Youth Front|
|Women's wing||National People's Women Committee|
|ECI Status||National Party|
|Alliance||National Democratic Alliance|
Meghalaya Democratic Alliance
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
1 / 543
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
1 / 245
|Seats in State Legislative Assembly||Meghalaya Legislative Assembly|
23 / 60
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly
4 / 60
Manipur Legislative Assembly
7 / 60
|Number of states and union territories in government|
3 / 31
In January 2013, P. A. Sangma launched the party on the national level. He announced that his party would be in alliance with the National Democratic Alliance led by Bharatiya Janta Party. Sangma also reiterated that though the membership of the party is open to all, it shall be a tribalcentric party.
Sangma who has been a nine-time Member of Parliament, had announced to form a new political party soon after his expulsion from the Nationalist Congress Party in July 2012, when he refused to accept party decision to quit the 2012 Indian presidential election. NPP contested the assembly election of Rajasthan in December 2013, under the leadership of Kirodi Lal Meena, a former BJP member and MP (Independent from Dausa) at the time of election and won four seats.
In 2015, in a rare move election commission has suspended NPP for its failure to provide party's expenditure during Lok Sabha Elections held in 2014. NPP became first party to get suspended by EC.
In September 2015, the leaders of six parties—Samajwadi Party, Nationalist Congress Party, Jan Adhikar Party, Samras Samaj Party, National People's Party and Samajwadi Janata Party announced the formation of a third front known as the Socialist Secular Morcha. National People's Party is fighting on 3 seats as part of Socialist Secular Morcha in 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election.
In May 2016, after the Bharatiya Janata Party led National Democratic Alliance formed its first government in Assam, and formed a new alliance called the North-East Democratic Alliance (NEDA) with Himanta Biswa Sarma as its convener. The Chief Ministers of the north eastern states of Sikkim, Assam and Nagaland too belong to this alliance. Thus, the National People's Party joined the BJP-led NEDA.
The NPP contested 9 candidates in the 2017 Manipur Legislative Assembly election and won 4 seats.
The NPP won 19 seats in the 2018 Meghalaya Legislative Assembly election. Although the ruling Indian National Congress emerged as the single largest party, the NEDA collectively held a majority. Conrad Sangma thus became Chief Minister, becoming the first member of the party to lead an Indian state.
The party won a seat in 2014 Loksabha elections from Tura and Sangma became MP. After the death of P. A. Sangma, from this seat his son Conrad Sangma won by-election held in May 2016. The party had proposed to contest election and expand its base in tribal constituencies of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, north West Bengal and the Northeast India.
In March 2018, the party won 19 out of 60 assembly seats in the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly election 2018 and formed government in the state in coalition with BJP and other parties and party president Conrad Sangma sworn in as Chief Minister of the state. In May 2018, the party won Williamnagar Assembly seat in a by-election making its tally to 20 out of 60 assembly seats in Meghalaya Legislative Assembly.
|Year||Election||State||Seats Won||Total Seats|
Rajasthan Legislative AssemblyEdit
|2013||Kirodi Lal Meena||13,12,402||4.25||
4 / 200
Manipur Legislative AssemblyEdit
4 / 60
|2022||Yumnam Joykumar Singh||321,224||17.29||
7 / 60
Nagaland Legislative AssemblyEdit
2 / 60
Meghalaya Legislative AssemblyEdit
02 / 60
19 / 60
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative AssemblyEdit
5 / 60
Members of ParliamentEdit
|No.||Lok Sabha||Year||Elected Member|
|1||16th Lok Sabha||2014||Purno Agitok Sangma|
|3||17th Lok Sabha||2019||Agatha Sangma|
|No.||State||Elected Member||Date of Appointment||Date of Retirement|
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- "Sangma launches National People's Party, forms alliance with NDA". India Today. PTI. 5 January 2013.
- "Rajasthan Legislative Assembly". rajassembly.nic.in.
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- "Congress outsmarted in Meghalaya, Conrad Sangma to be sworn in March 6". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 4 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- "Political Parties And Election Symbols as on 08-03-2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- "Williamnagar By-Election: NPP Candidate Marcuise Marak Wins Meghalaya Assembly Bypolls". News18. 1 May 2018.
- "NPP wins Williamnagar Assembly seat in Meghalaya". The Hindu. 1 May 2018.
- "Manipur elections results Live: Manipur election results 2017" – via The Economic Times.
- "Manipur election results 2018".
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