National People's Party (India)

The National People's Party is a national-level political party in India, though its influence is mostly concentrated in the state of Meghalaya. The party was founded by P A Sangma after his expulsion from the NCP in July 2012. It was accorded national party status on 7 June 2019. It is the first political party from Northeastern India to have attained this status.[1]

National People's Party
PresidentConrad Sangma
Lok Sabha leaderAgatha Sangma
Rajya Sabha leaderWanweiroy Kharlukhi
FounderP. A. Sangma
Founded6 January 2013 (8 years ago) (2013-01-06)
Split fromNationalist Congress Party
HeadquartersM.G. Avenue, Floor, MDU Building,
Imphal, Manipur 795001
ECI StatusNational Party
AllianceNational Democratic Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
1 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in State Legislative AssemblyMeghalaya Legislative Assembly
21 / 60

Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly
4 / 60
Manipur Legislative Assembly
4 / 60

Number of states and union territories in government
3 / 31
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Book.svg


In January 2013, P. A. Sangma launched the party on the national level. He announced that his party would be in alliance with the National Democratic Alliance led by Bharatiya Janta Party. Sangma also reiterated that though the membership of the party is open to all, it shall be a tribalcentric party.[2]

Sangma who has been a nine-time Member of Parliament, had announced to form a new political party soon after his expulsion from the Nationalist Congress Party in July 2012, when he refused to accept party decision to quit the 2012 Indian presidential election. NPP contested the assembly election of Rajasthan in December 2013, under the leadership of Kirodi Lal Meena, a former BJP member and MP (Independent from Dausa) at the time of election and won four seats.[3]

Currently it is a part of North-East Regional Political Front consisting of political parties of the northeast which has supported the National Democratic Alliance.

In 2015, in a rare move election commission has suspended NPP for its failure to provide party's expenditure during Lok Sabha Elections held in 2014. NPP became first party to get suspended by EC.[4]

In September 2015, the leaders of six parties—Samajwadi Party, Nationalist Congress Party, Jan Adhikar Party, Samras Samaj Party, National People's Party and Samajwadi Janata Party announced the formation of a third front known as the Socialist Secular Morcha.[5][6][7] National People's Party is fighting on 3 seats as part of Socialist Secular Morcha in 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election.[5]

In May 2016, after the Bharatiya Janata Party led National Democratic Alliance formed its first government in Assam, and formed a new alliance called the North-East Democratic Alliance (NEDA) with Himanta Biswa Sarma as its convener. The Chief Ministers of the north eastern states of Sikkim, Assam and Nagaland too belong to this alliance. Thus, the National People's Party joined the BJP-led NEDA.[8]

The NPP contested 9 candidates in the 2017 Manipur Legislative Assembly election and won 4 seats.

In March 2018, The NPP came second behind Indian National Congress by winning 19 seats in the 2018 Meghalaya legislative assembly election.[9]Conrad Sangma staked claim to form government with a letter of support from the 34 MLA, that included 19 from NPP, 6 from United Democratic Party, 4 from People's Democratic Front, two each from Hill State People's Democratic Party and Bharatiya Janata Party, and an independent.[10][11]

Election symbolEdit

Its election symbol is a book.[12] The significance for the same is that the party believes that only literacy and education can empower the weaker sections.[2]


The party won a seat in 2014 Loksabha elections from Tura and Sangma became MP. After the death of P. A. Sangama, from this seat his son Conrad Sangma won by-election held in May 2016. The party had proposed to contest election and expand its base in tribal constituencies of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, north West Bengal and the Northeast India.[2]

In March 2018, the party won 19 out of 60 assembly seats in the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly election 2018 and formed government in the state in coalition with BJP and other parties and party president Conrad Sangma sworn in as Chief Minister of the state. In May 2018, the party won Williamnagar Assembly seat in a by-election making its tally to 20 out of 60 assembly seats in Meghalaya Legislative Assembly.[13][14]

Election ResultsEdit

Year Election State Seats Won Total Seats
2014 Lok Sabha Meghalaya 1 2
2017 Assembly Manipur 4 60[15]
2018 Assembly Meghalaya 20 60[14]
2018 Assembly Nagaland 2 60[16]
2019 Assembly Arunachal Pradesh 5 60[17]
2019 Lok Sabha Meghalaya 1 2

Rajasthan Legislative AssemblyEdit

Electoral performance in the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly
Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting government
# % # ±
2013 Kirodi Lal Meena 13,12,402 4.25
4 / 200
 – 4th BJP majority

Manipur Legislative AssemblyEdit

Electoral performance in the Manipur Legislative Assembly
Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting government
# % # ±
2017 Conrad Sangma 83,744 20.60
4 / 60
 – 4th BJP Coalition

Nagaland Legislative AssemblyEdit

Electoral performance in the Nagaland Legislative Assembly
Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting government
# % # ±
2018 Conrad Sangma 69,506 6.92
2 / 60
 – 4th NDPP Coalition

Meghalaya Legislative AssemblyEdit

Electoral performance in the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly
Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting government
# % # ±
2018 Conrad Sangma 2,33,745 20.60
19 / 60
 – 2nd NPP Coalition

Arunachal Pradesh Legislative AssemblyEdit

Electoral performance in the Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting government
# % # ±
2019 Conrad Sangma 90,347 14.56
5 / 60
 – 3rd BJP Majority

Members of ParliamentEdit

Lok SabhaEdit

Tura Lok Sabha, Meghalaya

No. Lok Sabha Year Elected Member
1 16th Lok Sabha 2014 Purno Agitok Sangma
2 2016 Conrad Sangma
3 17th Lok Sabha 2019 Agatha Sangma

Rajya SabhaEdit

No. State Elected Member Date of Appointment Date of Retirement
1 Meghalaya Wanweiroy Kharlukhi 22-Jun-2020 21-Jun-2026

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "NPP Becomes First Political Outfit from the Northeast to get Status of National Party". News18. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Sangma launches National People's Party, forms alliance with NDA
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b "Samajwadi Party teams up with Pappu Yadav, NCP, 3 others to form third front". Times of India.
  6. ^ "Mulayam front suffers big blow, NCP to go it alone".
  7. ^ "Bihar polls: NCP quits Third Front, cites Mulayam Singh's 'pro-BJP statement'".
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Hung Assembly in Meghalaya, Congress single largest party". The Hindu. 3 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Meghalaya assembly elections 2018: NPP-led alliance all set to form govt". Mint. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Congress outsmarted in Meghalaya, Conrad Sangma to be sworn in March 6". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 4 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Political Parties And Election Symbols as on 08-03-2011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  13. ^
  14. ^ a b "NPP wins Williamnagar Assembly seat in Meghalaya". The Hindu. 1 May 2018.
  15. ^ Manipur election results 2017, Economic Times, 12 March 2017
  16. ^ Manipur election results 2018
  17. ^ [1][permanent dead link]

External linksEdit