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The Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) (translation: Supreme Akali Party) is a political party in India. There are a large number of parties with the name "Shiromani Akali Dal". The party recognised as "Shiromani Akali Dal" by the Election Commission of India is the one led by Sukhbir Singh Badal. It controls Sikh religious bodies Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee and is the largest and most influential Sikh political party worldwide.[citation needed] The basic philosophy of Akali Dal is to give a political voice to Sikh issues and it believes that religion and politics go hand in hand. Shiromani Akali Dal is part of the BJP led NDA.

Shiromani Akali Dal
PresidentSukhbir Singh Badal
Lok Sabha leaderHarsimrat Kaur Badal
Rajya Sabha leaderNaresh Gujral
Founded14 October 1920 (98 years ago) (1920-10-14)
HeadquartersBlock #6, Madhya Marg
Sector 28, Chandigarh
Student wingStudent Organisation of India [1] (SOI)[2]
Youth wingYouth Akali Dal
IdeologyPunjabiyat[3]
Punjabi regionalism[4]
Conservatism[5]
Political positionRight-wing
ColoursOrange
ECI StatusState Party[6]
AllianceNational Democratic Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
3 / 245
Seats in Punjab Legislative Assembly
13 / 117
Election symbol
Weighing Balance
Website
www.shiromaniakalidal.net

Contents

HistoryEdit

British IndiaEdit

Akali Dal was formed on 14 December 1920 as a task force of the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee, the Sikh religious body. The Akali Dal considers itself the principal representative of Sikhs. Sardar Sarmukh Singh Chubbal was the first president of a unified proper Akali Dal, but it became popular under Master Tara Singh.[citation needed]

In the provincial election of 1937, the Akali Dal won 10 seats. The Khalsa Nationalists won 11 seats and joined the coalition government headed by the Unionist leader Sikander Hyat Khan. The Akalis sat in opposition and made occasional forays into reaching an understanding with the Muslim League, which never reached fruition.[7]

In the provincial election of 1946, the Akali Dal won 22 seats and joined the coalition government headed by the Unionist Khizar Hayat Khan Tiwana, along with the Indian National Congress. The Muslim League was unable to capture power, despite having won the largest number of seats, which perhaps suited it fine as it strengthened its Pakistan demand. The Muslim League launched a civil disobedience campaign, bringing down the Tiwana government by March 1947. The rest of the period till Indian independence was filled by Governor's Rule.[8]

Independent IndiaEdit

In the 1950s, the party launched the Punjabi Suba movement, demanding a state with majority of Punjabi speaking people, out of undivided East Punjab under the leadership of Sant Fateh Singh. In 1966, the present Punjab was formed. Akali Dal came to power in the new Punjab, but early governments didn't live long due to internal conflicts and power struggles within the party. Later, party strengthened and party governments completed full term.

Party presidentsEdit

Current Members in HousesEdit

House Current Members
Union Parliament
Rajya Sabha 3
Lok Sabha 2
State Legislature
Punjab Legislative Assembly 13/117

Punjab Chief Ministers belonging to Akali DalEdit

In general electionsEdit

In state electionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "SOI".
  2. ^ "SOI Clash". Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  3. ^ "SAD aims to widen reach, to contest UP poll". The Tribune. Chandigarh. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  4. ^ Pandher, Sarabjit (3 September 2013). "In post-Independence India, the SAD launched the Punjabi Suba morcha in the 1960s, seeking the re-organisation of Punjab on linguistic basis". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  5. ^ Grover, Verinder (1996). Encyclopaedia of India and Her States: Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Punjab, Volume 4. Deep & Deep. p. 578.
  6. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  7. ^ Jalal, The Sole Spokesman 1994, p. 23, 97.
  8. ^ Talbot, Pakistan: A Modern History 1998, p. 74.
  9. ^ Akali Dal – Sant Fateh Singh, a splinter group won 3 seats

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit