1962 Indian general election

General elections were held in India between 19 and 25 February 1962 to elect members of the 3rd Lok Sabha. Unlike the previous two elections, each constituency elected a single member.[1]

1962 Indian general election

← 1957 19–25 February 1962 1967 →

494 of the 508 seats in the Lok Sabha
248 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Jnehru.jpg S.A. Dange.jpg Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari.jpg
Leader Jawaharlal Nehru Shripad Amrit Dange C. Rajagopalachari
Party INC CPI SWA
Leader's seat Phulpur Did not contest Did not contest
Seats won 361 29 18
Seat change Decrease10 Increase2 New
Popular vote 51,509,084 11,450,037 9,085,252
Percentage 44.72% 9.94% 7.89%
Swing Decrease3.06pp Increase1.02pp New

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Shyama Prasad Mukherjee portrait in Parliament.jpg Jawaharlal Nehru with Jayaprakash Narayan (cropped).jpg
Leader Syama Prasad Mukherjee Jayaprakash Narayan
Party BJS PSP
Leader's seat Bolpur
Seats won 14 12
Seat change Increase10 Decrease 7
Popular vote 7,415,170 7,848,345
Percentage 6.44% 6.81%
Swing Increase 1.22pp Decrease 3.60pp

Wahlergebnisse in Indien 1962.svg

Prime Minister before election

Jawaharlal Nehru
INC

Prime Minister after election

Jawaharlal Nehru
INC

Jawaharlal Nehru won another landslide victory in his third and final election campaign. The Indian National Congress received 44.7% of the vote and won 361 of the 494 elected seats. This was only slightly lower than in the previous two elections and they still held over 70% of the seats in the Lok Sabha.

ResultsEdit

 
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Indian National Congress51,509,08444.72361–10
Communist Party of India11,450,0379.9429+2
Swatantra Party9,085,2527.8918New
Praja Socialist Party7,848,3456.8112–7
Bharatiya Jana Sangh7,415,1706.4414+10
Republican Party of India3,255,9852.833New
Socialist Party3,099,3972.696New
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam2,315,6102.017New
Akali Dal829,1290.723New
All India Forward Bloc826,5880.7220
Hindu Mahasabha747,8610.6510
Peasants and Workers Party of India703,5820.610–4
Akhil Bharatiya Ram Rajya Parishad688,9900.602+2
Jharkhand Party467,3380.413–3
Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP)451,7170.392+2
Indian Union Muslim League417,7610.362New
All India Ganatantra Parishad342,9700.304–3
Lok Sewak Sangh281,7550.242New
Nutan Maha Gujarat Janata Parishad195,8120.171New
Haryana Lok Samiti118,6670.101New
Tamil National Party92,3890.080New
All Party Hill Leaders Conference91,8500.081New
Socialist Labour Party80,2270.070New
Revolutionary Socialist Party (RCP)60,8130.050New
Gorkha League46,1270.040New
Eastern Indian Tribal Union12,5740.010New
We Tamil11,3720.010New
Independents12,722,48811.0520–22
Appointed members[a]14+3
Total115,168,890100.00508+3
Valid votes115,168,89096.05
Invalid/blank votes4,735,3943.95
Total votes119,904,284100.00
Registered voters/turnout216,361,56955.42
  1. ^ Six representing Jammu and Kashmir, two representing Anglo-Indians, one representing the Amindive, Laccadive and Minicoy Islands, one representing the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, one representing Dadra and Nagar Haveli, one representing Goa, Daman and Diu, one representing the North-East Frontier Agency and one representing the Tuensang and Naga Hills districts in Nagaland.

By-electionsEdit

In 1963, a by-election was held for the Bilaspur Lok Sabha seat, which was at the time in Madhya Pradesh. The election was won by the Indian National Congress candidate C. Singh, with 86,229 votes, against M. L. Shukla of Jana Sangh with 54,156 votes.[2] This by-election was needed because the original election for this seat was declared void by the Madhya Pradesh High Court, which judged that the nomination papers of one of the candidates, Bashir Ahmed Qureshi, "was improperly and illegally rejected by the Returning Officer".[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statistical Report On General Elections, 1962 To The Third Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Details of Bye Elections from 1952 to 1995". ECI, New Delhi. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  3. ^ P. Dixit; K. Pandey (22 April 1963). "Satya Prakash vs Bashir Ahmed Qureshi". Retrieved 15 October 2021. our conclusion is that the respondent's nomination was improperly and illegally rejected by the Returning Officer and the Election Tribunal rightly declared the appellant's election as void.