Janata Dal (Secular)
The Janata Dal (Secular) is an Indian political party led by former Prime Minister of India, H. D. Deve Gowda. The party is recognized as a State Party in the states of Karnataka and Kerala. It was formed in July 1999 by the split of Janata Dal party. It has a political presence mainly in Karnataka. In Kerala, the party is part of the Left Democratic Front.
|President||H. D. Kumaraswamy|
|Lok Sabha leader||H. D. Deve Gowda|
|Rajya Sabha leader||D. Kupendra Reddy|
|Founder||H. D. Deve Gowda|
|Preceded by||Janata Dal|
|Headquarters||JP Bhavan, 19/1, Platform Road, Sheshadripura, Bengaluru, Karnataka-560020|
|Student wing||Student Janata Dal|
|Youth wing||Yuva Janata Dal|
|Women's wing||Mahila Janata Dal|
|Labour wing||Karmikara Janata Dal|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Alliance||Third Front (2009-2015) |
Janata Parivar (2015-2018)
National Democratic Alliance (2006-2007)
Left Democratic Front (2006-present)
United Progressive Alliance (2018-present)
|National convener||H. D. Deve Gowda|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
1 / 545(currently 541 members + 1 Speaker)
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
1 / 245
|Seats in Karnataka Legislative Assembly|
37 / 224
|Seats in Kerala Legislative Assembly|
3 / 140
|Number of states and union territories in government|
2 / 31
The Janata Dal (Secular), formed in 1999, had its origins in the Janata Party, founded in 1977 as a coalition of several smaller parties that combined forces to oppose the Indian National Congress. In 1988 the Janata Party and other smaller parties merged to form the Janata Dal. In 1996, Janata Dal reached its pinnacle when H. D. Deve Gowda became Prime Minister of India, heading the United Front (UF) coalition government.
The Janata Dal split in 1999, when a faction led by Chief Minister J. H. Patel lent support to the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance leading to the formation of Janata Dal (Secular) under H. D. Deve Gowda and Siddaramaiah.The Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lok Shakti and the Samata Party merged as the Janata Dal (United). Even though the premise for the split was its opposition to allying with the National Democratic Alliance, H. D. Deve Gowda stayed equally away from the Indian National Congress from the outset.
JD(S) in Karnataka state for a time governed in a coalition with the Indian National Congress (INC) party, the first coalition government in Karnataka. There was much controversy over the JD(S) allying with the INC in Bangalore as the INC formerly had an outright majority and was diminished to second place with the BJP having a plurality. However, the JD(S) considered INC to be the lesser of the two evils on account of its erstwhile secular and center left credentials.
The 2004 Karnataka Assembly election witnessed the revival of the party's fortunes with JD(S) becoming part of the ruling coalition in the state. Subsequently, party leader H. D. Kumaraswamy headed a popular coalition government in the state for 20 months with support from the BJP following expulsion of Siddaramiah the party's state president and its mainstay who later joined the Congress and won the prestigious Chamundeshwari by election with a margin of 257 votes despite fierce campaigning by H. D. Devegowda , H. D. Kumaraswamy and B. S. Yeddyurappa.
On 14 April 2015, the JD(S), Janata Dal (United), Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Indian National Lok Dal, Samajwadi Party, and Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) announced that they would merge into a new national Janata Parivar alliance in order to oppose the BJP, thus leaving the UPA.
- H. D. Deve Gowda, President of Janata Dal (Secular), former Prime Minister of India and Former Chief Minister of Karnataka.
- H. D. Kumaraswamy, Chief Minister of Karnataka, son of former Prime Minister of India H. D. Deve Gowda and Karnataka State President of Janata Dal (Secular).
- Sarekoppa Bangarappa, Former Chief Minister of Karnataka.
- N. M. Joseph, Vice President of Janata Dal (Secular).
- H. D. Revanna, Cabinet Minister, Present MLA, Karnataka (Son of H. D. Deve Gowda).
- Mathew T. Thomas, former Kerala State President of Janata Dal (Secular) and current Kerala State Minister for Water Resources.
- Madhu Bangarappa, former MLA of Karnataka Legislative Assembly.
- Jose Thettayil, Vice President of Janata Dal (Secular), former minister Govt. of Kerala.
- C. K. Nanu, former minister Govt of Kerala and MLA.
- Neelalohithadasan Nadar, Former Kerala State President of Janata Dal (Secular) (Former Minister Govt. of Kerala; Former Member of Parliament, Govt. of India).
- K. Krishnankutty, Kerala State President and MLA.
- Gegong Apang, Former Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh
- D. Kupendra Reddy, MP of Rajya Sabha
- H. D. Kumaraswamy - 3 February 2006 to 9 October 2007, 23 May 2018 to present.
Assembly election history in KarnatakaEdit
|Year||Assembly Election||Seats Contested||Seats Won||Votes Secured||Percentage Of Votes|
Lok Sabha election history in KarnatakaEdit
|Year||Lok Sabha Election||Seats Contested||Seats Won||Votes Secured||Percentage Of Votes|
|2004||14th Lok Sabha||28||2||51,35,205||20.45%|
|2009||15th Lok Sabha||21||3||33,35,530||13.58%|
|2014||16th Lok Sabha||25||2||34,06,465||11.00%|
|2019||17th Lok Sabha||8||1||33,97,229||9.67%|
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