Karnataka Legislative Assembly

The Karnataka Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of Karnataka state in southern India. Karnataka is one of the six states in India, where the state legislature is bicameral, comprising two houses. The two houses are the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and the Vidhan Parishad (upper house).

Karnataka Legislative Assembly
15th Legislative Assembly of Karnataka
Coat of arms or logo
Lower house of Karnataka Legislature
Term limits
5 years
Anand Chandrashekhar Mamani, BJP
since 24 March 2020
Leader of the Opposition
India Karnataka Legislative Assembly 2020.svg
Political groups
Government (122)
  •   BJP (119)
  •   IND (3)

Opposition (67)

Others (33)

Vacant (2)

First past the post
Last election
12 May 2018
Next election
May 2023
Meeting place
Vidhana Souda , Bangalore.jpg
Legislative Assembly building, Vidhana Soudha, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Suvarna Vidhana Soudha.jpg
Legislative Assembly building, Suvarna Vidhana Soudha, Belagavi, Karnataka, India (Winter session)
Karnataka Legislative Assembly
The Council was established in 1881 for the Princely State of Mysore. The princely state was merged with the Dominion of India and became Mysore State in 1947; Mysore State was re-organized to its current territorial state in 1956 and renamed as Karnataka on 1 November 1973.

The members of the Vidhana Sabha are directly elected by people through adult franchise.

There are 224 members of the Vidhana Sabha or the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka state. The state of Karnataka is divided into 224 constituencies used to elect the Legislative assembly members.

Each constituency elects one member of the assembly. Members are popularly known as MLAs. The assembly is elected using the simple plurality or "first past the post" electoral system. The elections are conducted by the Election Commission of India.

The normal term of the members lasts for five years. In case of death, resignation or disqualification of a member, a by-election is conducted for constituency represented by the member. The party, or coalition which has the majority becomes the ruling party.

List of AssembliesEdit

Assembly Period Chief Minister(s)
First Assembly 18 June 1952 – 31 March 1957 K. C. Reddy, Kengal Hanumanthaiah, Kadidal Manjappa, S. Nijalingappa
Second Assembly 10 June 1957 – 1 March 1962 S. Nijalingappa, B.D. Jatti
Third Assembly 15 March 1962 – 28 February 1967 S. R. Kanthi, S. Nijalingappa
Fourth Assembly 15 March 1967 – 14 April 1971 S. Nijalingappa, Veerendra Patil
Fifth Assembly 24 March 1972 – 31 December 1977 (Dissolved) D. Devaraj Urs
Sixth Assembly 17 March 1978 – 8 June 1983 (Dissolved) D. Devaraj Urs, R. Gundu Rao
Seventh Assembly 24 July 1983 – 2 January 1985 (Dissolved) Ramakrishna Hegde
Eighth Assembly 18 March 1985 – 21 April 1989 (Dissolved) Ramakrishna Hegde, S. R. Bommai
Ninth Assembly 18 December 1989 – 20 September 1994 (Dissolved) Veerendra Patil, S.Bangarappa, M. Veerappa Moily
Tenth Assembly 25 December 1994 – 22 July 1999 (Dissolved) H.D. Deve Gowda, J. H. Patel
Eleventh Assembly 25 October 1999 – 28 May 2004 S. M. Krishna
Twelfth Assembly 28 May 2004 – 19 November 2007 (Dissolved) Dharam Singh, H. D. Kumaraswamy, B. S. Yeddyurappa
Thirteenth Assembly 30 May 2008 – 5 May 2013 B. S. Yeddyurappa, D.V. Sadananda Gowda, Jagadish Shettar
Fourteenth Assembly 13 May 2013 – 15 May 2018 Siddaramaiah
Fifteenth Assembly 16 May 2018 – Present H. D. Kumaraswamy, B. S. Yeddyurappa

President's rule in the state

Period Assembly
19.03.1971 to 20.03.1972 Fourth Assembly
31.12.1977 to 28.02.1978 Fifth Assembly
21.04.1989 to 30.11.1989 Eighth Assembly
09.10.2007 to 11.11.2007 Twelfth Assembly
20.11.2007 to 29.05.2008 Twelfth Assembly

At 11:00 am on 18 June 1952, Wednesday, the first session of the legislative assembly was held at the old public office building conference hall (the present high court building) in Bangalore.

On 16 December 1949 the maharaja of Mysore dissolved the representative assembly and the legislative assembly. The constituent assembly which was constituted in 1947 became the provisional assembly of Mysore until the elections were held in 1952.

The first assembly formed under the Constitution had 99 elected and one nominated member. In the first sitting of the state assembly, V. Venkatappa was the honorary speaker who administered oath to the members including the then Chief Minister Kengal Hanumanthaiah. He conducted election to the post of speaker, which was contested by socialist leader Shantaveri Gopalagowda, and H. Siddaiah, where H. Siddaiah secured 74 votes and emerged victorious and the first CM of Karnataka state Kengal Hanumanthaiah delivered the speech.

With the formation of Andhra state in 1953, parts of Bellary district from Madras State were added to Mysore state and the strength of the Assembly increased by five members. After the re-organisation of state of Mysore came into being on 1 November 1956 with four districts from the former Bombay state, three districts of Hyderabad state, a district and a taluk of the old Madras state of Coorg and the princely state of Mysore. The state was renamed as Karnataka in 1973.

The first sitting of the new assembly was held on 19 December 1956 in the newly built Vidhana Soudha. The strength of the assembly, which was 208 in 1957 increased to 216 in 1967 and to 224 plus a nominated member in 1978.

The lone women Speaker of Karnataka assembly was K. S. Nagaratnamma from 24 March 1972 to 3 March 1978.

The Budget Session and The Monsoon Session of the Legislature are held in Vidhana Soudha, Bengaluru. The Winter Session of the Legislature is held in Suvarna Soudha, Belagavi.

List of SpeakersEdit

Sl.No. Speaker Party Tenure
1 V. Venkatappa INC 26.01.1952 to 17.06.1952
2 H. Siddaiah INC 18.06.1952 to 14.05.1954
3 H. S. Rudrappa INC 13.10.1954 to 01.11.1956
4 S. R. Kanthi INC 19.12.1956 to 09.03.1962
5 B. Vaikunta Baliga INC 15.03.1962 to 06.06.1968
6 S. D. Kotavale INC 05.09.1968 to 24.03.1972
7 K. S. Nagarathanamma INC 24.03.1972 to 17.03.1978
8 P. Venkataramana INC 17.03.1978 to 03.10.1980
9 Sumati B. Madiman INC 22.12.1980 to 22.12.1980
10 K. H. Ranganath INC 30.01.1981 to 24.01.1983
11 D. B. Chandre Gowda JP 24.01.1983 to 17.03.1985
12 B. G. Banakar JP 18.03.1985 to 17.12.1989
13 S. M. Krishna INC 18.12.1989 to 20.01.1993
14 V. S. Koujalagi INC 15.02.1993 to 26.12.1994
15 K. R. Ramesh Kumar JD 27.12.1994 to 24.10.1999
16 M. V. Venkatappa INC 26.10.1999 to 07.06.2004
17 Krishna JD(S) 10.06.2004 to 04.06.2008
18 Jagadish Shettar BJP 05.06.2008 to 16.11.2009
19 K. G. Bopaiah BJP 17.11.2009 to May 2013
20 Kagodu Thimmappa INC 31.05.2013 to 19.06.2016
21 K. B. Koliwad INC 05.07.2016 to 18.05.2018
22 K. R. Ramesh Kumar INC 25.05.2018 to 29.07.2019
23 Vishweshwar Hegde Kageri BJP 31.07.2019 (Incumbent)

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit