Karnataka Legislative Assembly
The Karnataka Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of Karnataka state in southern India. Karnataka is one of the seven states in India, where the state legislature is bicameral, comprising two houses. The two houses are the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and the Vidhan Parishad (upper house).
Karnataka Legislative Assembly
|15th Legislative Assembly of Karnataka|
|Seats||225 (224 Elected + 1 Nominated)|
|First past the post|
|12 May 2018|
|Legislative Assembly building, Vidhana Soudha, Bangalore, Karnataka, India|
|Karnataka Legislative Assembly|
|The Council was established in 1881 for the Princely State of Mysore. The Princely state was merged with the Union of India and became Mysore State in 1950; Mysore State was re-organized to its current territorial state in 1956 and renamed as Karnataka on 1 November 1973.|
The members of the Vidhana Sabha are directly elected by people through adult franchise.
There are 224 members of the Vidhana Sabha or the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka state. One member is a representative of the Anglo-Indian community nominated by the Governor of Karnataka. The state of Karnataka is divided into 224 constituencies used to elect the Legislative assembly members.
Each constituency elects one member of the assembly. Members are popularly known as MLAs. The assembly is elected using the simple plurality or "first past the post" electoral system. The elections are conducted by the Election Commission of India.
The normal term of the members lasts for five years. In case of death, resignation or disqualification of a member, a by-election is conducted for constituency represented by the member. The party, or coalition which has the majority becomes the ruling party.
List of AssembliesEdit
|First Assembly||18 June 1952 – 31 March 1957||K. C. Reddy, Kengal Hanumanthaiah, Kadidal Manjappa, S. Nijalingappa|
|Second Assembly||10 June 1957 – 1 March 1962||S. Nijalingappa, B.D. Jatti|
|Third Assembly||15 March 1962 – 28 February 1967||S. R. Kanthi, S. Nijalingappa|
|Fourth Assembly||15 March 1967 – 14 April 1971||S. Nijalingappa, Veerendra Patil|
|Fifth Assembly||24 March 1972 – 31 December 1977 (Dissolved)||D. Devaraj Urs|
|Sixth Assembly||17 March 1978 – 8 June 1983 (Dissolved)||D. Devaraj Urs, R. Gundu Rao|
|Seventh Assembly||24 July 1983 – 2 January 1985 (Dissolved)||Ramakrishna Hegde|
|Eighth Assembly||18 March 1985 – 21 April 1989 (Dissolved)||Ramakrishna Hegde, S. R. Bommai|
|Ninth Assembly||18 December 1989 – 20 September 1994 (Dissolved)||Veerendra Patil, S.Bangarappa, M. Veerappa Moily|
|Tenth Assembly||25 December 1994 – 22 July 1999 (Dissolved)||H.D. Deve Gowda, J. H. Patel|
|Eleventh Assembly||25 October 1999 – 28 May 2004||S. M. Krishna|
|Twelfth Assembly||28 May 2004 – 19 November 2007 (Dissolved)||Dharam Singh, H. D. Kumaraswamy, B. S. Yeddyurappa|
|Thirteenth Assembly||30 May 2008 – 5 May 2013||B. S. Yeddyurappa, D.V. Sadananda Gowda, Jagadish Shettar|
|Fourteenth Assembly||13 May 2013 – 17 May 2018||Siddaramaiah|
|Fifteenth Assembly||17 May 2018 – Present||H. D. Kumaraswamy|
President's rule in the state
|19.03.1971 to 20.03.1972||Fourth Assembly|
|31.12.1977 to 28.02.1978||Fifth Assembly|
|21.04.1989 to 30.11.1989||Eighth Assembly|
|09.10.2007 to 11.11.2007||Twelfth Assembly|
|20.11.2007 to 29.05.2008||Twelfth Assembly|
At 11:00 am on 18 June 1952, Wednesday, the first session of the legislative assembly was held at the old public office building conference hall (the present high court building) in Bangalore.
On 16 December 1949 the maharaja of Mysore dissolved the representative assembly and the legislative assembly. The constituent assembly which was constituted in 1947 became the provisional assembly of Mysore until the elections were held in 1952.
The first assembly formed under the Constitution had 99 elected and one nominated member. In the first sitting of the state assembly, V. Venkatappa was the honorary speaker who administered oath to the members including the then Chief Minister Kengal Hanumanthaiah. He conducted election to the post of speaker, which was contested by socialist leader Shantaveri Gopalagowda, and H. Siddaiah, where H. Siddaiah secured 74 votes and emerged victorious and the first CM of Karnataka state Kengal Hanumanthaiah delivered the speech.
With the formation of Andhra state in 1953, parts of Bellary district from Madras State were added to Mysore state and the strength of the Assembly increased by five members. After the re-organisation of state of Mysore came into being on 1 November 1956 with four districts from the former Bombay state, three districts of Hyderabad state, a district and a taluk of the old Madras state of Coorg and the princely state of Mysore.The state was renamed as Karnataka in 1973.
The first sitting of the new assembly was held on 19 December 1956 in the newly built Vidhana Soudha. The strength of the assembly, which was 208 in 1957 increased to 216 in 1967 and to 224 plus a nominated member in 1978.
The lone women Speaker of Karnataka assembly was K. S. Nagaratnamma from 24 March 1972 to 3 March 1978.
The Budget Session and The Monsoon Session of the Legislature are held in Vidhana Soudha, Bengaluru. The Winter Session of the Legislature is held in Suvarna Soudha, Belagavi.
List of SpeakersEdit
|1||V. Venkatappa||INC||26.01.1952 to 17.06.1952|
|2||H. Siddaiah||INC||18.06.1952 to 14.05.1954|
|3||H. S. Rudrappa||INC||13.10.1954 to 01.11.1956|
|4||S. R. Kanthi||INC||19.12.1956 to 09.03.1962|
|5||B. Vaikunta Baliga||INC||15.03.1962 to 06.06.1968|
|6||S. D. Kotavale||INC||05.09.1968 to 24.03.1972|
|7||K. S. Nagarathanamma||INC||24.03.1972 to 17.03.1978|
|8||P. Venkataramana||INC||17.03.1978 to 03.10.1980|
|9||K. H. Ranganath||INC||30.01.1981 to 24.01.1983|
|10||D. B. Chandre Gowda||JP||24.01.1983 to 17.03.1985|
|11||B. G. Banakar||JP||18.03.1985 to 17.12.1989|
|12||S. M. Krishna||INC||18.12.1989 to 20.01.1993|
|13||V. S. Koujalagi||INC||15.02.1993 to 26.12.1994|
|14||K. R. Ramesh Kumar||JD||27.12.1994 to 24.10.1999|
|15||M. V. Venkatappa||INC||26.10.1999 to 07.06.2004|
|16||Krishna||JD(S)||10.06.2004 to 04.06.2008|
|17||Jagadish Shettar||BJP||05.06.2008 to 16.11.2009|
|18||K. G. Bopaiah||BJP||17.11.2009 to May 2013|
|19||Kagodu Thimmappa||INC||31.05.2013 to 19.06.2016|
|20||K. B. Koliwad||INC||05.07.2016 to 18.05.2018|
|21||K. R. Ramesh Kumar||INC||25.05.2018 to present|