Mandya District is an administrative district of Karnataka, India. Mandya District is bordered on the south by Mysore District, on the west by Hassan District, on the north by Tumkur District and on the east by Ramanagar district. The district was formed in the year 1939. Mandya district is called as "SAKKARE NADU"(ಸಕ್ಕರೆ ನಾಡು ಮಂಡ್ಯ) because sugarcane is a major crop grown here, and the people here are most lovely and kind. So, they are called as"SAKKARE NADINA AKKARE JANATHE".
|Nickname(s): Sakkare Nadu(mandya)|
Location in Karnataka, India
|Established||1 July 1939|
|Talukas||Mandya, Malavalli, Maddur, Nagamangala, Krishnarajpet, Pandavapura, Srirangapatna|
|• Deputy Commissioner||Manjushree N.|
|• Total||4,961 km2 (1,915 sq mi)|
|• Density||360/km2 (940/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-KA-MA|
|Vehicle registration||KA-11,(KA-54 nagamangala)|
|Sex ratio||1.015 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Mandya Lok Sabha constituency|
Tropical Semi-arid ([[Köppenclimate classification|Köppen]])
|Precipitation||691 millimetres (27.2 in)|
|Avg. summer temperature||35 °C (95 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||16 °C (61 °F)|
Mandya district gets its name from the city of Mandya, which is also the headquarters of the district. Although the widely purported mythical story about the name is that the region is named after a sage called Maandavya, scholars and academicians have stated based on an ancient inscription that this region was referred to as 'Man-ta-ya' (ಮಂಟಯ), meaning a habitat preceding a civilization or roughly an ancient abode ("ಆವಾಸಸ್ತಾನ, ಅತ್ಯಂತ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನವಾದ ನಾಗರೀಕತೆಗೂ ಮುನ್ನಿನ ಜನವಸತಿ ಎಂಬ ಅರ್ಥವಿದೆ". "ಸುವರ್ಣ ಮಂಡ್ಯ" ಪುಸ್ತಕದಿಂದ - ಸಂಪಾದಕರು ದೇ. ಜವಾರೇಗೌಡ (ದೇಜಗೌ)). And gradually it became Mandya.
Mandya's history is closely related to the history of the old Mysore State, which included the present district of Mandya and areas around the Cauvery Basin. Ruled successively by the kings of the Ganga dynasty and then the Cholas and the Hoysalas, the area was annexed by the rulers of Vijayanagara in 1346. After the cruel battle of 1565, when the Vijayanagara king was defeated by the combined power of the Sultans of the Deccan, the Vijayanagara Empire began to lose its power and extent. The Wodeyars of Mysore gradually grew in importance. Before long, they had established their own rule over a large part of South India which included all of old Mysore, parts of the present Tamil Nadu, and the districts of Dakshina Kannada and Dharwar, with Srirangapatna as their capital.
The power of the Wodeyars was more or less unchallenged until 1761, when Hyder Ali, one of their generals, rose to great strength and overcame them. Between then and 1799 when Hyder's son, Tipu, was defeated by the British, the area was under constant crossfire.
Finally on 30 June 1799, Krishnaraja Wodeyar III, a descendant of the ancient royal house, was placed on the throne of Mysore by the British while Srirangapatna became the property of the victorious East India Company. The dynastic rule of Wodeyars thereafter ended only with the establishment of democracy in free India. The district of Mandya itself constituted in 1939 as an administrative unit with seven taluks has remained unchanged to this day
The district covers an area of about 4,850.8 km2 (1,872.9 sq mi), about 1/40th of the area of the whole state. The area is plain except for a few outcrops of rocks that stand out as ridges and an extension of the Biligirirangana range of mountains in the southeast. Perhaps among Mandya's greatest assets are its four rivers, the Cauvery, Hemavati, Lokapavani and Shimsha that give the district both religious importance and scenic beauty.
Although none of the rivers is navigable, they form picturesque waterfalls wherever the lay of the land permits it. The small shrines on the riverbanks are testimony to the deep belief in India that rivers themselves are holy.
The importance of the district's headquarters town, Mandya, grew with the establishment, in January 1933, of the Mandya Sugar Factory with an authorized capital of Rs. 20 lakhs – a great amount those days. Predictably, the sugar factory became one of the biggest in India.
Mandya town also contains the stately Janardhanaswami temple, whose principal deity holds the traditional Shanka and Chakra i5 flanked by Sridevi and Bhudevi on either side. The temple's gopura, recently renovated, adds to the aesthetics of the temple. The annual car festival is held in April–May every year.
- Cauvery Water Falls
- Mandyada Sri Shiradi Sai Baba Mandir
- Krishnarajasagar Dam
Infrastructure of electric power, which is the lifeline of domestic, agricultural and industrial sectors today, is available in the district as follows:
Hydro-Electric power project at Shivanasamudram, the first hydroelectric power project in India, established in 1902, generates about 42 Megawatts(6x3+4x6MW) electric power.
Hydro-Electric power project at Shimsha established in 1940, generates about 17.2 MW (2x8.6MW)electric power.
Keelara Power Pvt. Ltd., Hydro electric power project at Keelara, Mandya Taluk, is commissioned and functioning with 2 MW capacity.
Malavalli Power Plant Private Limited, which is an agri-based project, has a generating capacity of 4.5MW
Atria Power Corporation Ltd. has obtained clearances for a mini hydroelectric power project at Shimsha with generating capacity of 12 MW. This project is under implementation[when?].
Mandya district is located between north latitude 12°13' to 13°04' N and east longitude 76°19' to 77°20' E. It is bounded by Mysore district to the west and southwest, Tumkur district to the northeast, Chamrajnagar district to the south, Hassan district to the northwest, and Ramanagar district to the east. It has an area of 4,961 square kilometres (1,915 sq mi). The administrative center of Mandya District is Mandya City.
Mandya district consists of 7 taluks grouped under 2 subdivisions. The Mandya subdivision comprises Mandya, Maddur and Malavalli taluks, while the Pandavapura subdivision comprises Pandavapura, Srirangapatna, Nagamangala and Krishnarajpet Taluks.
Since Mandya is located on the banks of the river Cauvery, agriculture is the predominant occupation and the single largest contributor to Mandya's economy . The main crops grown are paddy, sugarcane, jowar, maize, cotton, banana, ragi, coconut, pulses (predominantly horse gram and to some extent tur, cowpea, green gram, black gram, avare), vegetables etc.
Mandya district has an extenstive road network. NH 48 and NH 209 pass through the district. The road network in the district includes 73 kilometres (45 mi) of the National Highways, 467 kilometres (290 mi) of State Highways and 2,968 kilometres (1,844 mi) of major district roads.
Mandya belongs to "South Western Railways" of "Indian Railways". Mandya has many railway stations which are listed below:
According to the 2011 census, Mandya district has a population of 1,808,680, roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia or the US state of Nebraska. This gives it a ranking of 263rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 365 inhabitants per square kilometre (950/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 2.55%. Mandya has a sex ratio of 989 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.14%.
Celebrities from MandyaEdit
- S M Krishna - External affairs minister of Govt of India, former chief minister of Karnataka state & former Governor of Maharashtra state.
- Ambarish - Popular Kannada film Star, and a Member of Parliament.
- B.S.Yediyurappa- Karnataka's 25th chief minister, yadiyurappa born in Bookanakere, K.R.Pete taluk
- Ramya - popular south Indian actress and the youngest MP of India in the 15th Loksabha
- K. S. Narasimhaswamy - famous Kannada poet who achieved the name 'Premakavi' by readers; born in Kikkeri, K.R.Pete taluk.
- Pu.Ti.Narasimhachar - popular Kannada poet, fondly called 'Santha kavi'; born in Melukote.
- Anasuya Shankar - commonly known as Triveni, a prominent novelist in Kannada literature.
- Jayalakshmi seethapura - a famous folklorist and writer; born in Pandavapura taluk.
- Vijaya Narasimha- Kannada film lyricist from Pandavapura taluk.
- H. L. Nage Gowda- folklorist, writer, founder of the famous museum 'Jaanapada loka', born in Nagamangala taluk.
- Prem- film director.
- "District Profile". Department of State Education Research and Training. Retrieved 6 January 2011.
- "Know India - Karnataka". Government of India. Retrieved 6 January 2011.
- "District Statistics". Official Website of Mandya district. Retrieved 6 January 2011.
- India Census Map Archived 11 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Ground Water Information Booklet" (PDF). Central Ground Water Board. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- "Mandya District at a glance". Mandya City Council. Archived from the original on 2005-12-19. Retrieved 2006-11-10.
- "District wise details of road length in Karnataka". Karnataka Public Works Department. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
-  Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30.