K. S. Nagarathanamma

K. S. Nagarathanamma (1923 – 17 October 1993) was an Indian politician from the southern state of Karnataka. She was elected seven times from the Gundlupet constituency to be member of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly. She was the first female speaker of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly from 1972 to 1978, the erstwhile Mysore Legislative Assembly.

K. S. Nagarathanamma
Member of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly
for Gundlupet
In office
1957–1978
Preceded byNew constituency
Succeeded byH. K. Shivarudrappa
Speaker of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly
In office
1972–1978
Preceded byS. D. Kotavale
Succeeded byP. Venkataramana
Member of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly
for Gundlupet
In office
1983–1994
Preceded byH. K. Shivarudrappa
Succeeded byH. S. Mahadeva Prasad
Personal details
Born1923
Died17 October 1993 (aged 69–70)
Political partyIndian National Congress

Political careerEdit

Before entering politics, Nagarathanamma was vice-president of The Bharat Scouts and Guides and senate member of the University of Mysore.[1] In 1957 when the Gundlupet constituency was formed, she contested the Mysore Legislative Assembly election as independent politician and won the election by securing 24,955 votes where as her only opponent H. K. Shivarudrappa of Indian National Congress received 13,053.[2] She thus became the first MLA of the constituency. She again defeated Shivarudrappa in 1962 elections winning 22,765 as against to his 20,010 votes.[3] She contested the 1967 elections as member of Indian National Congress and defeated K. B. Jayadevappa with a large margin of 21,423 by securing 30,778 as against to his 9,355 votes.[4]

Nagarathanamma retained the constituency for the fourth time in 1972 elections defeating B. Basappa of Indian National Congress (Organisation). She won 30,055 votes and Basappa won 20,255 votes.[5] She was elected as the speaker of the assembly in 1972 till 1978 and became the first female speaker of the house.[1][6] In the 1978 elections she faced defeat when Shivarudrappa, her long time contender, won by a close margin of 271 votes and received 27,141 votes while both were independent candidates.[7]

The 1983 elections again saw her come back to her seat as INC member by defeating H. N. Srikanta Setty of Janata Party and won 44,085 votes.[8] In the following 1985 elections she defeated H. S. Mahadeva Prasad of Janata Party with a large margin of 19,140 securing 40,857 votes for herself.[9] She again defeated Prasad in 1989 elections winning 50,643 votes.[10] Following that she became the Minister for Health and Family Welfare in 1990.[1] She lost the following 1994 elections and Mahadeva Prasad was elected.[11] Prasad went on to win the elections further four times.[12] Nagarathanamma had also served as the leader of opposition and is appreciated for her work as speaker of the house and her working style as opposition leader.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "'First women' all". Deccan Herald. 14 June 2009. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India. pp. 10, 177. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1962 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India. pp. 10, 217. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  4. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1967 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India. pp. 8, 130. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1972 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India. pp. 8, 129. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  6. ^ "Speakers of Karnataka Legislative Assembly since 1949". Government of Karnataka. 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1978 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 8. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1983 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India. pp. 9, 137. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  9. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1985 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India. pp. 8, 12, 140. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  10. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1989 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India. pp. 8, 12, 140. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1994 to the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka" (PDF). Election Commission of India. pp. 9, 13, 142. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  12. ^ "Mahadev Prasad earns a rare distinction". The Hindu. 28 May 2008. Archived from the original on 31 May 2008. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  13. ^ M B Maramkal, Rishikesh Bahadur Desai (2010). "Making a mark on the reservation front". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 January 2016.