Parameshwara Gangadharaiah (born 6 August 1951) better known by name Dr. G. Parameshwara, is an Indian politician who was the Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka. He is the first Dalit leader to hold the Deputy Chief Minister post in Karnataka and also the longest-served President of the Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee for two consecutive terms.
|7th Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka|
23 May 2018 – 23 July 2019
|Governor||Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala|
|Chief Minister||H. D. Kumaraswamy|
|President of the Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee|
27 October 2010 – 5 July 2018
|Preceded by||R. V. Deshapande|
|Succeeded by||Dinesh Gundu Rao|
|Leader of the House for Karnataka Legislative Council|
1 July 2016 – 24 June 2017
|Governor||Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala|
|Preceded by||S. R. Patil|
|Succeeded by||Jayamala Ramachandra|
|Home Minister of Karnataka|
30 October 2015 – 24 June 2017
|Governor||Vajubhai Rudabhai Vala|
|Preceded by||K. J. George|
|Succeeded by||Ramalinga Reddy|
|Minister of Information & Publicity|
13 December 2003 – 28 May 2004
|Governor||T. N. Chaturvedi|
|Chief Minister||S. M. Krishna|
|Preceded by||Prof. B.K. Chandrashekar|
|Succeeded by||B. Shivaram|
|Minister of State for Medical Education|
18 August 2001 – 28 May 2004
|Chief Minister||S. M. Krishna|
|Preceded by||Nafisa Fazal|
|Succeeded by||Iqbal Ansari|
|Minister of State for Science & Technology|
11 October 1999 – 18 August 2001
|Chief Minister||S. M. Krishna|
|Succeeded by||Nafisa Fazal|
|Minister of State for Higher Education (Independent Charge)|
11 October 1999 – 28 May 2004
|Chief Minister||S. M. Krishna|
|Preceded by||Bajpe Abdul Khader Mohideen|
|Succeeded by||D Manjunath|
|Minister of State for Sericulture|
19 November 1992 – 11 December 1994
|Governor||Khurshed Alam Khan|
|Chief Minister||M. Veerappa Moily|
|Preceded by||Y. K. Ramaiah|
|Succeeded by||D. Nagarajaiah|
6 August 1951
Gollahalli, Tumkur, Karnataka State, India
|Political party||Indian National Congress (since 1989)|
|Spouse(s)||Kannika Parameshwari Parameshwara (m.1982)|
|Children||Shana Parameshwar (b.1988)|
|Profession||Politician, Agricultural scientist|
Early life and educationEdit
Parameshwara was born on 6 August 1951, at Gollahalli (now known as Siddartha Nagar) in Tumkur. He was born to Gangamalamma Chikkanna and Former MLC Gangadharaiah Hebbalalu Mariyappa. Gangadharaiah hailed from Hebbalalu village in Amruthuru hobli of Kunigal taluk, now in Magadi taluk of Ramanagara district, before shifting to Gangamalamma's village Gollahalli in Tumakuru rural, Parameshwara is the third sibling after older brother Dr G. Shivaprasad.
He studied primary education at Government School in Gollahalli (Siddartha Nagara) and Heggere, Tumkur. He went to Sri Siddhartha High School at Siddartha Nagar, which was established by his father in 1959. He joined Government Pre-University College in Tumkur and after Pre-University College went on to study for a B.Sc. in Agriculture in the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, followed by an M.Sc. in Agriculture at the same college. After Post-Graduating, Parameshwara had briefly worked as Research Assistant in Department of Plant Physiology at the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. Later, Parameshwara went to overseas and obtained a PhD from Waite Agricultural Research Centre, the University of Adelaide in Plant Physiology.
He joined the National Cadet Corps (India) at an early age. He was an athlete, has a record 10.9 seconds of 100 metres race in University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, He represented Gandhi Krishi Vignana Kendra College in Inter-College/University and Karnataka state in Indian level.
Parameshwara was an Administrative Officer in Sri Siddhartha Institute of Technology when he came back from Australia. Before this, Parameshwara had briefly worked as Research assistant in Department of Plant Physiology at UAS, Bangalore.
In mid 1988, he helped his father to establish Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre, which was earlier rejected by Medical Council of India & Ramakrishna Hegde's Government but Bangalore University had approved and later Supreme Court of India gave permission to sanction Sri Siddhartha Medical College.
In 1989, for the inauguration of the Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Parameshwara along with the Education Minister S. M. Yahya and Mallikarjun Kharge who was then President of the Sri Siddhartha Education Society, went on to invite Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, when Parameshwara went for the third time with S. M. Yahya to meet Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi told Parameshwara to join politics and eventually S. M. Yahya took Parameshwara to then AICC general secretary Mohsina Kidwai and made him Joint Secretary of Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee.
|Member of Legislative Assembly|
|Assumed office |
15 May 2018
|Preceded by||P. R. Sudhakara Lal|
30 May 2008 – 12 May 2013
|Preceded by||C. Channigappa|
|Succeeded by||Sudhakara Lal P. R.|
11 October 1999 – 19 November 2007
|Succeeded by||President's rule|
18 December 1989 – 20 September 1994
|Preceded by||President's rule|
|Member of Legislative Council|
1 July 2014 – 24 May 2018
- In 1989 Parameshwara won against his nearest rival C. Rajavardhan of Janata Dal in Madhugiri Constituency.
- In 1993, Parameshwara served as Minister of State for Sericulture during Veerappa Moily cabinet.
- In 1999, Parameshwar set a record in the 1999 election to the Assembly from Madhugiri by winning the seat by a margin of 55,802 votes. It was the biggest victory margin in the elections that year. He polled 71,895 votes and his runner up Gangahanumaiah of Janata Dal (Secular) secured only 16,093 votes Parameshwara's poll was the highest in the state during 1999 election.
- From 1999 to 2004, he has served as Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Higher Education and Science & Technology portfolio's also as Tumkur district incharge Minister in S. M. Krishna Cabinet.
- On 18 August 2001, he was inducted as Minister of State for Medical Education (attached to health minister) exchanging Science & Technology for Medical Education with Nafisa Fazal.
- On 27 June 2002, Parmeshwar was promoted to cabinet rank by then Chief Minister S. M. Krishna citing that they needed younger face in politics.
- On 13 December 2003, he was inducted as Minister of Information & Publicity succeeding Prof. B.K. Chandrashekar.
- In 2004, Parmeshwar won against his nearest rival Kenchamaraiah H. of Janata Dal (Secular) in Madhugiri.
- From 2007 to 2009, Dr G. Parameshwara served as Congress Working Committee Member.
- In 2008, he represented Koratagere as winning against runner up Chandraiah of Janata Dal (Secular).
- On 27 October 2010, he was appointed as the President of Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee replacing R. V. Deshapande.
- On 1 July 2014, he got elected to Legislative Council.
- On 30 October 2015, he was appointed as Home Minister of Karnataka replacing K. J. George.
- On 15 January 2016, Dr G. Parameshwara was appointed as Chikmagalur district incharge Minister.
- On 24 June 2017, he resigned as Home Minister along with District incharge Minister of Chikmagalur district to look after state campaign, He also handover Chairman of Campaign Committee of KPCC to D. K. Shivakumar and remained President of KPCC for the second term.
- On 15 May 2018, Dr. G. Parameshwara won from Koratagere constitution as elected MLA Candidate.
- On 23 May 2018, Dr. G. Parameshwara took oath as the Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka.
- On 8 June 2018, Dr. G. Parameshwara took incharge of "Home Department of Karnataka (excluding Intelligence), Bengaluru Development (BBMP, BDA, BWSSB, BMRDA, Directorate of Town Planning from Urban Development Department) and Youth Empowerment & Sports Department".
- On 31 July 2018, Dr G. Parameshwara was appointed as District-incharge Minister of Bangalore Urban and Tumkur District.
- On 28 Dec 2018, Dr G. Parameshwara had to part with The Home Minister portfolio & The Youth Empowerment and Sports portfolio in order to balance the regional wise distribution of Minister Posts, Dr G. Parameshwara Continued to hold the coveted Bengaluru Development ministry alongside three more portfolios "IT, BT, and Science and Technology; Law, Justice and Human Rights; and Parliamentary Affairs and Legislation".
Karnataka State Universities Act, 2000Edit
G. Parameshwara was chairman on board for Karnataka State Universities Act, 2000 and then he was Higher Education minister in S. M. Krishna Cabinet who piloted a Bill (Amending Act 10 of 2004) in February 2004 for an exclusive University in Tumkur.
This act carved out half of Bangalore University to make Tumkur University at Tumkur for Tumkur, Kolar and Bangalore Rural. In the beginning, they created Dr Ambedkar Bhavan for office purposes about 3 years as 200acres land for the university wasn't available in Tumkur. Later vast land of Govt. Science & Arts College was used for University.
On 12 January 2007, Tumkur University was inaugurated by Governor T. N. Chaturvedi and Chief Minister H. D. Kumaraswamy after 3 years of passing Bill. It was delayed due to lack of infrastructure and funds from the successor coalition government. and then Chief Minister Dharam Singh who had announced the withdrawal of the government order which froze the setting up of Tumkur university.
Positions in political partyEdit
|01||1989||1992||Joint Secretary, KPCC|
|02||1992||1997||General Secretary, KPCC|
|03||1997||1999||Vice President, KPCC|
|04||2007||2009||Member, Congress Working Committee|
|06||2010||2017||Chairman of Campaign Committee, KPCC|
Minister in different ministriesEdit
|No.||Head of the Ministry||Period||Portfolio|
|1||M. Veerappa Moily||19 November 1992 – 11 December 1994||Minister of State for Sericulture|
|2||S. M. Krishna||
|3||Siddaramaiah||30 October 2015- 24 June 2017||Home Minister of Karnataka|
|4||H. D. Kumaraswamy||23 May 2018 - 23 July 2019||Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka|
Parameshwara married Kannika Parameshwari, his friend's sister. The two had met while Parmeshwar was studying in Gandhi Krishi Vignana Kendra later married in 1982 in Tumkur as per Buddhist norms. They have a son named Shana who lives with them in Bengaluru. Parameshwara believes in Buddhism and its philosophy. Parameshwara is an art collector and artefacts picked up by him on his visits to many places.
Appointments and fellowshipsEdit
Parameshwara has held various appointments and fellowships. These include:
- Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka
- Home Minister of Karnataka
- President, Karnataka Athletics Association
- Member, Board of Regent, University of Agriculture Science, Bangalore
- Chairman, Sri Siddhartha University (SAHE), Tumkur
- Honorary Joint Secretary, Sri Siddhartha Education Society.
- Chairman, Karnataka Science & Technology Board, Tumkur
- Member, Karnataka Library Authority
- Member, Committee on Open University
- Member, Price Fixation Committee on Agriculture
- Member, Australian Society of Plant Physiology
- Member, Indian Society of Plant Physiology
- Member, Indian Society of Agricultural Science
- Fellow of the Indian Institute of Agricultural Technologists
- Fellow of the Indian Society of Technical Education
R. Ashok and K. S. Eshwarappa
| Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka
2018 – present
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