Mysore State, colloquially Old Mysore, was a state within the Dominion of India and the later Republic of India from 1947 until 1956. The state was formed by renaming the Kingdom of Mysore, and Bangalore replaced Mysore as the state's capital. When Parliament passed the States Reorganisation Act in 1956, Mysore State was considerably enlarged when it became a linguistically homogeneous Kannada-speaking state within the Republic of India by incorporating territories from Andhra State, Bombay State, Coorg State, Hyderabad State, and Madras State, as well as other petty fiefdoms. It was subsequently renamed Karnataka in 1973.
|State of India|
Mysore State, 1951
Mysore state, 1956
|9 August 1947|
• Renamed Karnataka State
|1 November 1973|
|Today part of||India|
The Kingdom of Mysore was one of the three largest princely states in British India. Upon India's independence from Britain in 1947, Maharaja Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar signed the instrument of accession, incorporating his realm with the Union of India, on 15 August 1947. The territories of the erstwhile princely state of Mysore were then reconstituted into a state within the Union.
In 1956, the Government of India effected a comprehensive re-organisation of provincial boundaries, based upon the principle of shared language. As a result of the States Reorganisation Act on 1 November 1956, the Kannada-speaking districts of Belgaum (exclusing Chandgad Taluk), Bijapur, Dharwar, and North Canara were transferred from Bombay State to Mysore State. Bellary district was transferred from Andhra State. South Canara was transferred from Madras State and Koppal, Raichur, Kalaburagi and Bidar districts from Hyderabad State. Also, the small Coorg State was merged, becoming a district in Mysore State. The state was renamed Karnataka on 1 November 1973.
Map of southern India before the reorganisation of 1956 with the blue outline of the expanded Mysore State (after 1956)
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