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Maharaja of Mysore was the principal title of the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in India.

Maharaja of Mysore
Coat of arms of Kingdom of Mysore.svg
Coat of arms (1893)
Jayachandra-maharaja-wadiyar.jpg
Details
Style His Highness
First monarch Yaduraya Wodeyar
Last monarch Jayachamaraja Wodeyar Bahadur
Formation 1399
Abolition 26 January 1950
Residence Mysore Palace
Pretender(s) Yaduveer Krishnadatta Chamaraja Wadiyar

The Wodeyar dynasty was founded as a feudatory principality in 1399, which grew into the Kingdom of Mysore. The Wodeyars ruled that kingdom almost uninterruptedly between 1399 and 1947; they ruled initially as vassals of the Vijayanagara Empire (1399–1565), then as independent rulers (1565–1761), then as puppet rulers under Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan (1761–1796) and finally as allies of the British crown (1799–1947). The Wodeyars of Mysore is the only Indian Royal family in the 5000-year-history of India to have ruled a kingdom for more than 500 years alongwith the Ahom kingdom of Assam which ruled for 600 years. The Maharajas of Mysore during these 650 years were:

Mysore Kings
(1399–present)
Feudatory Monarchy
(As vassals of Vijayanagara Empire)
(1399–1553)
Yaduraya Wodeyar (1399–1423)
Chamaraja Wodeyar I (1423–1459)
Timmaraja Wodeyar I (1459–1478)
Chamaraja Wodeyar II (1478–1513)
Chamaraja Wodeyar III (1513–1553)
Absolute Monarchy
(Independent Wodeyar Kings)
(1553–1761)
Timmaraja Wodeyar II (1553–1572)
Chamaraja Wodeyar IV (1572–1576)
Chamaraja Wodeyar V (1576–1578)
Raja Wodeyar I (1578–1617)
Chamaraja Wodeyar VI (1617–1637)
Raja Wodeyar II (1637–1638)
Narasaraja Wodeyar I (1638–1659)
Dodda Devaraja Wodeyar (1659–1673)
Chikka Devaraja Wodeyar (1673–1704)
Narasaraja Wodeyar II (1704–1714)
Krishnaraja Wodeyar I (1714–1732)
Chamaraja Wodeyar VII (1732–1734)
Krishnaraja Wodeyar II (1734–1761)
Puppet Monarchy
(Under Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan)
(1761–1799)
Krishnaraja Wodeyar II (1761–1766)
Nanjaraja Wodeyar (1766–1770)
Chamaraja Wodeyar VIII (1770–1776)
Chamaraja Wodeyar IX (1776–1796)
Puppet Monarchy
(Under British Rule)
(1799–1831)
Krishnaraja Wodeyar III (1799–1831)
Titular Monarchy
(Monarchy abolished)
(1831–1881)
Krishnaraja Wodeyar III (1831–1868)
Chamaraja Wodeyar X (1868–1881)
Absolute Monarchy
Monarchy restored
(As allies of the British Crown)
(1881–1947)
Chamaraja Wodeyar X (1881–1894)
Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV (1894–1940)
Jayachamaraja Wodeyar (1940–1947)
Constitutional Monarchy
(In Dominion of India)
(1947–1950)
Jayachamaraja Wodeyar (1947–1950)
Titular Monarchy
(Monarchy abolished)
(1950–present)
Jayachamaraja Wodeyar (1950–1974)
Srikanta Wodeyar (1974–2013)
Yaduveera Chamaraja Wadiyar (2015–present)


Contents

Vassals of the Vijayanagara Empire (1399–1565)Edit

Independent rulers (1565–1761)Edit

Puppet rulers under Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan (1766–1796)Edit

Under East India CompanyEdit

Under British suzerainty until the abolishment of the monarchy (1799–1950)Edit

Titular rulers (1950–present)Edit

Interregnum (2013–2015)

Family tree of the Royal FamilyEdit

  •   I. Yaduraya, Polegar of Hadanadu near Nanjanagudi, conquered Mysore and nearby areas (1371–1423; Raja of Mysore: 1399–1423)
    •   II. Chamaraja I, Raja of Mysore (1408–1459; r. 1423–59)
      •   III. Timmaraja I, Raja of Mysore (1433–1478; r. 1459–78)
        •   IV. Chamaraja II, Raja of Mysore (1463–1513; r. 1478–1513)
          •   V. Chamaraja III, Raja of Mysore (1492–1553; r. 1513–53)
            •   VI. Timmaraja II, Raja of Mysore (died 1572; r. 1553–72)
            • Rajkumar Krishnaraja
              •   VIII. Chamaraja V, Raja of Mysore (r. 1576–78)
            • Rajkumari Chikka Devira, m. Mallaraja Chikka Wadiyar, younger son of Mallarajaiya Wadiyar of the Kalale Wadiyar branch
              • Timmaraja of Kalale (died 1546). m. as his fourth wife, Rajkumari Chikka Depa (see below)
                • Sardar Karikala Mallaraja (c. 1541 – 1644)
                  • Timmaraja (died 1660)
                    • Kanta Muppina-Kantaiya Urs
                      • Sardar Doddaiya Urs
                        • Sardar Virarajaiya Urs
                          • Sardar Karachuri Nanjarajaiya Urs (c. 1704 – 1773)
                            • Maharani Devajamma (died 1760). m. 1746, as his first wife,   XVIII. Immadi Krishnaraja II, Maharaja of Mysore (1728–1766; r. 1734–66), the son of Chame Urs of the Chikkanahalli branch. He married other wives, including (as his third wife) Maharani Lakshmi Ammani Devi (1742–1810), Regent of Mysore: 25 June 1799 – February 1810, eldest daughter of Sardar Kathi Gopalraj Urs, of the Bettada Kotte family branch, sometime Killedar of Trichnopoly.
                              •   XIX. Nanjaraja, Maharaja of Mysore (1748–1770; r. 1766–70)
                              •   XX. Chamaraja VIII, Maharaja of Mysore (1759–1776; r. 1770–76)
                              •   XXI. Chamaraja IX, Maharaja of Mysore (1774–1796; r. 1776–96). Son of Sardar Devaraj Urs. of Arikuthara of the Karugahalli family. Interregnum: 1796–99
                                •   XXII. Krishnaraja III, Maharaja of Mysore GCSI (1794–1868; r. 1799–1868)
                                  • Rajkumari Puta Ammanni [Madana Vilasa Puttammanni]. m. Sardar Chikka Krishnaraj Urs (died 1863), son of Sardar Gopalraj Urs, of Bettadakote, brother of H.H. Soubhagyavati Maharani Sri Lakshmi Ammanni Devi Avaru [Maha Mathushri], sometime Maharani Regent of Mysore
                                    •   XXIII. Chamaraja X, Maharaja of Mysore GCSI (1863–1894; r. 1868–94) m. Maharani Vani Vilasa Sannidhana Kempananja CI (1866–1934; Regent of Mysore: 30 December 1894 – 8 August 1902).
                                      •   XXIV. Krishnaraja IV, Maharaja of Mysore GCSI, GBE (1884–1940; r. 1894–1940)
                                      • Yuvaraja Kanthirava Narasimharaja, Yuvaraja of Mysore GCIE (1888–1940)
                                        •   XXV. Jayachamaraja, Maharaja of Mysore GCB, GCSI (1919–1974; r. 1940–50; titular Maharaja and family head: 1950–71; head of the Wadiyar family: 1971–74)
                                          • Maharajkumari Gayatri Devi (1946–1974). m. Sardar Kantharaj Basavaraj Ramachandraraj Urs (1936–2011)
                                            • Rajkumari Leela Tripurasundari Devi (b. 1966) m. 26 May 1991, Sri Swarup Anand Gopalaraj Urs (b. 1960), of the Bettadakote branch of the Urs family, a direct, patrilineal descendant of Subrahmanyaraj Urs, Maharaja Chamaraja Wadiyar X's brother
                                              • XXVII. Yaduvir Krishnadatta Chamaraja XI, Maharaja of Mysore (born 24 March 1992; head of the Wadiyar family: 2015-present). Adopted by Maharani Pramoda Kumari on 23 February 2015 and crowned on 28 May 2015).
                                          • XXVI. Srikanthadatta Narasimharaja, Maharaja of Mysore (1953–2013; head of the Wadiyar family: 1974–2013). m. Maharani Sri Satya Pramoda Devi (b. 1954), great-grand daughter of Gopala Raj Urs, of Bettadakote. He died without issue or naming a successor, leaving the headship of the family vacant from 2013 to 2015.
                    • Maddur Narasa Urs, of the Maddur line of the dynasty
                      • Maddur Chikka Kantha Urs
                        • Maddur Krishna Urs
                          • Maddur Kantha Urs
                            • Maddur Narasaraj Urs
                              • Kantharaj Urs
                                • Narasaraj Kantharaj Urs
                                  • Sir M. Kantharaj Urs KCIE, CSI (1870–1923; Prime Minister of Mysore: 1919–22)
                                  • Maharani Vani Vilasa Sannidhana Kempananja CI (1866–1934) Regent of Mysore: 30 December 1894 – 8 August 1902. m. at 26 May 1878, her distant cousin Chamaraja X, Maharaja of Mysore Through her descends the present line of the Wadiyar dynasty. She had issue, four sons and three daughters – see below.
            •   VII. Chamaraja IV, Raja of Mysore (1507–1576; r. 1572–76)
              •   IX. Raja, Raja of Mysore (1552–1617; r. 1578–1617)
                • Yuvaraja Narasaraja (1579–1610)
                  •   X. Chamaraja VI, Raja of Mysore (1608–1637; r. 1617–37)
                •   XI. Raja II, Raja of Mysore (1612–1638; r. 1637–38)
              • Rajkumar Devaraja (c. 1553 – c. 1656)
                • Dodda Devaraja (1622–1669)
                  •   XIV. Chikka Devaraja, Maharaja of Mysore (1645–1704; r. 1673–1704)
                    •   XV. Kanthirava Narasaraja II, Maharaja of Mysore (1672–1714; r. 1704–14)
                      •   XVI. Dodda Krishnaraja, Maharaja of Mysore (1702–1732; r. 1714–32), m. 1716 as his first wife, Maharani Devaja, daughter of Chikka Urs of the Kalale branch. He died without any surviving issue, and thus the direct male line of descent from Raja Yaduraya became extinct. However, his widow adopted an heir from a cadet branch of the family:
                        •   XVII. Chamaraja VII, Maharaja of Mysore (1704–1734; r. 1732–34). Son of Devaraj Urs of Ankanhalli.
                •   XIII. Dodda Devaraja, Raja of Mysore (1627–1673; r. 1659–73)
              • Rajkumar Bettada Chamaraja (1554–1639)
                •   XII. Kanthirava Narasaraja I, Raja of Mysore (1615–1659; r. 1638–59)
              • Rajkumari Chikkadepa, who married her cousin Timmaraja (died 1546) and had issue - see above

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See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit