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Hardanahalli Devegowda Kumaraswamy (born 16 December 1959)[2] is an Indian politician who is the current president of the Janata Dal Secular Party and current MLA from Channapatna. He is the former Chief Minister of Karnataka. He resigned from the position of Chief Minister on 23 July 2019 after his coalition government lost a no trust motion in the 15th Assembly to the Bharatiya Janata Party.[3] He is a former president of the Karnataka State Janata Dal (Secular) and son of former Prime Minister of India H. D. Deve Gowda.[4]

H. D. Kumaraswamy
H. D. Kumaraswamy.jpg
18th Chief Minister of Karnataka
In office
23 May 2018 – 26 July 2019
GovernorVajubhai Vala
Preceded byB. S. Yeddyurappa
Succeeded byB. S. Yeddyurappa
In office
3 February 2006 – 9 October 2007
GovernorT. N. Chaturvedi
Rameshwar Thakur
Preceded byDharam Singh
Succeeded byPresident's rule
Personal details
Hardanahalli Deve Gowda Kumaraswamy

(1959-12-16) 16 December 1959 (age 59)
Haradanahalli, Mysore State, India
Political partyJanata Dal (Secular)
Other political
Janata Dal
Spouse(s)Anitha Kumaraswamy & Radhika Kumaraswamy
ChildrenNikhil Gowda and Shamika Kumaraswamy [1]
FatherH. D. Deve Gowda
RelativesH. D. Revanna (brother)
ProfessionPolitician, Film producer


Early life and educationEdit

Kumaraswamy was born in Haradanahalli, Holenarasipura taluk of Hassan district, Karnataka to H. D. Deve Gowda and Chennamma.[5]

He completed primary education in a government school in Hassan district. He finished his high school studies in Bangalore's MES Educational Institution in Jayanagar and Bachelor of Science degree from National College Basavanagudi, Bangalore.[6][7]

Personal lifeEdit

On 13 March 1986, Kumaraswamy married Anitha. They have a son, Nikhil Gowda.[5][8]

In November 2010, Kannada film actress Radhika revealed that she got married to Kumaraswamy in 2006.[9][4][10] They have a daughter named Shamika Kumaraswamy.[11][12][13]

Political careerEdit

Kumaraswamy entered politics by winning from Kanakapura (in Ramanagara District) in the 1996 general elections. He sought re-election from Kanakapura in 1998 and lost to M. V. Chandrashekara Murthy. This was Kumaraswamy's worst defeat ever where he lost by such a margin that he even forfeited his deposit.[14]

He again contested unsuccessfully for a Sathanur assembly seat in 1999 when he was defeated by congress heavyweight D. K. Shivakumar. In 2004, he was elected to represent the Ramanagara assembly segment. When the 2004 state elections resulted in a hung assembly with no party getting enough seats to form a government, the Indian National Congress and Janata Dal (Secular) (JD(S)) parties decided to come together and form a coalition government. Known for his adaptability and friendly nature, Dharam Singh of the Congress was the unanimous choice of both parties to head the government.[15] He was sworn in as Chief Minister on 28 May 2004.[16] Forty-two MLAs of Janata Dal (Secular) under Kumaraswamy's leadership left the coalition and the government collapsed. On 28 January 2006, Karnataka Governor T. N. Chaturvedi invited Kumaraswamy to form the government in the state after the resignation of the Congress Government led by Dharam Singh.

He was Chief Minister of Karnataka from 4 February 2006 to 9 October 2007. On 27 September 2007, Kumaraswamy said that he would leave office on 3 October as part of a power-sharing agreement between the Janata Dal (Secular) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), despite the calls of some legislators in the JD(S) for him to remain in office for the time being, due to complications in arranging the transfer of power.[17] However, on 4 October 2007, he refused to transfer power to the BJP.[18] Finally, on 8 October 2007, he tendered his resignation to Governor Rameshwar Thakur, and the state was put under President's rule two days later.[19] However, he reconciled later and decided to offer support to the BJP. BJP's B. S. Yeddyurappa was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Karnataka on 12 November 2007. But, again refused to support BJP government over disagreement on sharing of ministries which resulted in Yeddyurappa resignation as Chief Minister on 19 November 2007.[20]

After the untimely demise of Karnataka state JD(S) President Merajuddin Patel, he was elected unopposed as President of the state unit.[21]

However, after the by-election results of Bangalore Rural Lok Sabha constituency and Mandya[22] in which his party candidates lost, he resigned from the post of President of the Janata Dal (Secular) State unit, and as leader of the opposition.[23] However, party cadres succeeded in convincing him not to quit as leader of opposition in the Karnataka Assembly.[24] In September 2013, A. Krishnappa was selected as Janata Dal-Secular's president for Karnataka, filling the vacancy left by Kumaraswamy.[25]

In November 2014 Kumaraswamy was elected as Karnataka state Janata Dal (Secular) President.[26][4] Kumaraswamy is popularly known for releasing audio and video CD's accusing political rivals of corruption.[27][28][29]

Kumaraswamy met Prime Minister Narendra Modi after becoming Chief Minister in May 2018

In 2018 elections in Karnataka state, JD(S) was the third largest party but after a post-poll alliance with the Rahul Gandhi led Indian National Congress, he was sworn in as the Chief Minister on 23 May 2018.[30]

On the month of July 2019, His Govt lost it's Majority. 13 MLAs of Congress and 3MLAs of his own party resigned to their MLA Posts. BSP MLA Mahesh N & 2 Independent MLAs withdrawn their support for H.D.Kumaraswamy led coalition Government in Karnataka. On 23rd July kumaraswamy lost his majority in karnataka floor test. Kumaraswamy gave resignation to the chief Minister post, by submitting his resignation letter to governor Vajubhai Vala on July 23rd 2019.

Positions heldEdit

Kumaraswamy in December 2006

Film and televisionEdit

Kumaraswamy is into film production and distribution. He has produced several Kannada films including Chandra Chakori, a huge hit, credited with 365 day-run in theaters.[33] Surya Vamsha which was directed by S. Narayan was the debut movie produced by Kumaraswamy under Chennambika films, named after his mother.

In September 2007, Kumaraswamy started the Kannada television channel Kasturi. The channel is now owned and managed by his wife Anitha.


Bigamy chargesEdit

Kumaraswamy was accused of bigamy which is illegal according to Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 of India. A public interest litigation was filed after media reports of his marriage to Kannada cinema actress Radhika Kumaraswamy surfaced. Since Kumaraswamy is married to his first wife Anitha, his second marriage with Radhika is a violation of law .[34] However a division bench of Karnataka High Court headed by Chief Justice Vikramajit Sen dismissed the case citing "lack of proof".[35]

Janthakal mining scamEdit

Kumaraswamy and his wife Anitha are facing charges in the Janthakal mining scam. He is accused of pressuring a senior bureaucrat to renew Janthakal Enterprise's lease of iron ore mining for 40 years on the basis of forged documents and violating several rules. The bureaucrat, Ganga Ram Baderiya, was allegedly given kickbacks by Janthakal Enterprise. The owner of Janthakal Enterprises, mining baron Vinod Goel, was arrested in 2015 on charges of forgery. A Special Investigation Team (SIT) is probing this scam on the direction of Supreme Court of India.[36][37][38]

Vishwabharati caseEdit

Kumaraswamy and his wife Anitha are accused of misuse of official position in allotment of 80 acres of land to Vishwabharati House Building Cooperative Society Ltd, a private cooperative society, which later made a quid pro quo site allotment to Anitha, during Kumaraswamy's tenure as Chief Minister in 2006.[39][38]

Accusations of skirting law and orderEdit

In December 2018, Kumaraswamy was caught on tape purportedly instructing someone, allegedly a senior police officer, to avenge the killing of a local Janata Dal (Secular) leader, Honnalagere Prakash. He was heard saying: "He (Prakash) was a good man, I don't know why did they murdered him. Kill them (assailants) mercilessly in a shootout, no problem."[40]

The video was shared widely on social media and Kumaraswamy came under heavy criticism by the opposing party, accusing him of being irresponsible and skirting proper law and order. His office later issued a statement saying the comments were an emotional reaction to the incident and not orders.[41]

Controversial statement on Indian ArmyEdit

During the Campaign of Lok Sabha Polls, H.D.Kumaraswamy stirred a controversy on youths joining the Indian army. He said that those who are starving and jobless are joining for Indian Army, and Narendra Modi is harassing them. This caused widespread outrage across the country. This controversial statement led massive protest across Karnataka.[42]


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  2. ^ Kumaraswamy,Shri H.D.Archived 7 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine on the Lok Sabha website.
  3. ^ "Karnataka's caretaker Chief Minister H. D. Kumaraswamy speaks about the Party's future".
  4. ^ a b c And the new Janata Dal (s) chief is HD Kumaraswamy Archived 17 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine the
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  23. ^ Shankar, Vijay (24 August 2013). "Kumaraswamy resigns as assembly Oppn leader and JD(S) state prez". One India News. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013.
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External linksEdit

Lok Sabha
Preceded by
M. V. Chandrashekara Murthy
Member of Parliament
for Kanakapura

1996 – 1998
Succeeded by
M. Srinivas
Preceded by
Constituency Created
Member of Parliament
for Bangalore Rural

2009– 2013
Succeeded by
D. K. Suresh
Political offices
Preceded by
Dharam Singh
Chief Minister of Karnataka
3 Feb 2006–09 Oct 2007
Succeeded by
B. S. Yeddyurappa
Preceded by
B. S. Yeddyurappa
Chief Minister of Karnataka
23 May 2018 – 26 Jul 2019
Succeeded by
B. S. Yeddiyurappa