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Kannada cinema, also known as Chandanavana,[3] is the Indian film industry based in the state of Karnataka where motion pictures are produced in the Kannada language. The Kannada film Industry (sometimes metonymously referred to as Sandalwood) is the fifth largest film industry in India after Bollywood, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam. As of 2013, the Kannada film industry based in the city of Bengaluru produces more than 150 films each year.[4] Kannada films are released in more than 950 single screen and multiplex theaters in Karnataka and most of them are also released across the country and in the United States, United Kingdom, Europe, UAE, Singapore, Australia and other countries.[5][6]

Kannada cinema
PVR cinema bangalore.jpg
PVR Cinemas In Bengaluru
No. of screens 950 Single-screens in Karnataka
Main distributors
  • Vajreshwari Combines
  • KCN Movies
  • Jayanna Combines
  • Yograj Creations
  • Mysore Talkies
  • KRG Studios
  • Thoogudeepa distributors
  • Vrushavendhri production
  • Rockline production
  • K manju cinemas
Produced feature films (2016)[1]
Total 187
Gross box office (2016)[2]
National films India: 750 crore (US$110 million)[2]

The first government institute in India to start technical courses related to films was established in 1941 named as occupational institute then called the Sri Jayachamarajendra (S J) Polytechnic in Bengaluru. In September 1996, two specialized courses, Cinematography and Sound & Television were separated and the Government Film and Television Institute was started at Hesaraghatta, under the World Bank Assisted Project for Technician Development in India.[7] The industry is known for Kannada language literary works, being translated into motion pictures. Some of the works which received global acclaim include B. V. Karanth's Chomana Dudi (1975), Girish Karnad's Kaadu (1973), Pattabhirama Reddy's Samskara (1970) (based on a novel by U. R. Ananthamurthy), which won Bronze Leopard at Locarno International Film Festival,[8] and Girish Kasaravalli's Ghatashraddha (1977) which won the Ducats Award at the Manneham Film Festival Germany.[9][10][11]

Films such as Bedara Kannappa (1954), School Master, Vamshavruksha (1971), Bhootayyana Maga Ayyu (1974), Ghatashraddha (1977), Kaadu Kudure (1979), Bara (1979), Ranganayaki (1981), Accident (1985), Pushpaka Vimana (1987), Tabarana Kathe (1987), Kraurya (1996), Thaayi Saheba (1997), A (1998), Mane (2000), Dweepa (2002), Mungaru Male (2006), Dandupalya (2012), Lucia (2013), RangiTaranga (2015) and Thithi (2016) are considered landmark films in Kannada.[12][13]

Contents

Early historyEdit

 
Kannada film doyen Honnappa Bhagavathar

In 1934, the first Kannada talkie, Sati Sulochana,[14] appeared in theatres, followed by Bhakta Dhruva (aka Dhruva Kumar). Sati Sulochana was shot in Kolhapur at the Chatrapathi studio; most filming, sound recording, and post-production was done in Chennai. In 1949, Honnappa Bhagavathar, who had earlier acted in Gubbi Veeranna's films, produced Bhakta Kumbara and starred in the lead role along with Pandaribai. In 1955, Bhagavathar again produced a Kannada film, Mahakavi Kalidasa, in which he introduced actress B. Saroja Devi.[15]

MainstreamEdit

Rajkumar became famous during this period working solely in Kannada film industry. His wife Parvathamma Rajkumar founded Film production and distribution company, Vajreshwari Combines. Vamshavruksha, Prema Karanth's Phaniyamma, Kaadu Kudure, Hamsageethe, Accident, Akramana, Mooru Daarigalu, Tabarana Kathe, Bannada Vesha and Puttanna Kanagal's Naagarahaavu were released. Vishnuvardhan and Ambareesh were the two stars born from the film Naagarahaavu. Rajkumar and Vishnuvardhan are considered the two pillars of Kannada Cinema.

Shankar Nag was starred in works such as Ondanondu Kaladalli and Malgudi Days. Tiger Prabhakar, Ananth Nag, Lokesh, Dwarakish, Ashok, Srinath, M. P. Shankar, and Sundar Krishna Urs were the prominent actors who came in this period with Kalpana, Aarathi, Lakshmi, Padma Vaasanthi, Geetha, Madhavi, Saritha, Manjula and Jayamala being some of the actresses. The late 80's saw the emergence of V. Ravichandran and Shivarajkumar and Ramesh Aravind with works directed by Rajendra Singh Babu, D. Rajendra Babu, V. Somashekhar, H. R. Bhargava, Sai Prakash, T. S. Nagabharana and M. S. Rajashekar. Directors Puttana Kanagal and Shankar Nag died. Bhavya, Mahalaxmi, Sudha Rani, Tara, Malashri, Anjali Sudhakar, Vanitha Vasu, Anjana, and Shruthi were the notable actress of the era.

At present actors like Darshan, Sudeep, Puneeth Rajkumar, Yash, Ganesh, Upendra, Rakshith Shetty, Vijay Raghavendra, Srimurali, Chiranjeevi Sarja, Dhruva Sarja are contributing themselves in Kannada industry. Heroines like Radhika Pandit, Rashmika Mandanna, Shanvi Srivatsava, Ramya, Rachita Ram are made hit in Kannada cinema.

 
Karnataka Chalanachitra Kalavidara Sangha, inaugurated on 8 February 2018,[16][17] near Chamrajapet, Bengaluru, Karnataka[18][19][20][21]
Other awards

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ List of Kannada films of 2014
  2. ^ a b "The Digital March Media & Entertainment in South India" (PDF). Deloitte. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  3. ^ [1] Link referring rechristening of sandalwod as chandanavana at world kannada summit
  4. ^ When it rained films. Deccanherald.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
  5. ^ "Statewise number of single screens". chitraloka.com (1913-05-03). Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
  6. ^ Shampa Banerjee, Anil Srivastava (1988) [1988]. One Hundred Indian Feature Films: An Annotated Filmography. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-8240-9483-2. 
  7. ^ "GFTI". www.filminstitutebangalore.com. Archived from the original on 21 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  8. ^ "Tikkavarapu Pattabhirama Reddy – Poet, Film maker of international fame from Nellore - 1Nellore.com". 
  9. ^ "Asiatic Film Mediale". asiaticafilmmediale.it. Archived from the original on 16 November 2008. 
  10. ^ "Girish Kasaravalli to be felicitated". The Hindu. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "A genius of theatre". The Frontline. 12–25 October 2002. Retrieved 2009-03-14. 
  12. ^ "100 Years of Indian Cinema: The 100 greatest Indian films of all time". IBNLive. 
  13. ^ Raghavendra, M. K. (29 June 2017). "Ten Landmark Films Of Kannada Cinema You Can Watch Now". Film Companion. filmcompanion.in. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  14. ^ "First film to talk in Kannada" article in The Hindu
  15. ^ K. Moti Gokulsing; Wimal Dissanayake (17 April 2013). Routledge Handbook of Indian Cinemas. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-77284-9. 
  16. ^ "KALAVIDHARA SANGHA CM INAUGURATE RAJ BHAVAN". chitratara.com. 8 February 2018. 
  17. ^ "ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ಚಲನಚಿತ್ರ ಸಂಘಕ್ಕೊಂದು ಹೊಸ ಕಟ್ಟಡ". kannada.news18.com. 
  18. ^ "The second coming". ask4tick.com. 13 February 2018. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 
  19. ^ "Artist association grand meeting". indiaglitz.com. 12 February 2018. Retrieved 12 February 2018. 
  20. ^ "FTII-like institute to come up in Bengaluru". newindianexpress.com. 11 February 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2018. 
  21. ^ "Karnataka Film Chamber of Commerce". newindianexpress.com. 
  22. ^ "Bengaluru International Film Festival - BIFFES". Bengaluru International Film Festival. 

External linksEdit