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Mayura is a 1975 Indian Kannada epic historical drama film, directed by Vijay.[2] It is one of the most popular films of acclaimed Kannada actor Dr Rajkumar, who plays the role of Prince Mayurasharma of the Kadamba dynasty, the earliest native kingdom to rule over what is today the modern state of Karnataka.[3] The film depicts the life of Mayura, a Brahmin youth, as he discovers his royal heritage and realizes his destiny of ascending to the throne of the then-Pallava kingdom.

Mayura
Mayura.jpg
Directed byVijay
Produced byT. P. Venugopal
Written byDevudu Narasimha Sastri
StarringRajkumar
Manjula
K. S. Ashwath
Vajramuni
Srinath
Music byG. K. Venkatesh
CinematographyAnnayya
Mallik
Edited byBabu
Rajan
Distributed byRamesh Movies
Release date
1975
Running time
178 minutes
(136 trimmed version)
CountryIndia
LanguageKannada
Budget40-45 lakhs
(equivalent to ₹8-9crores in 2019)
Box office3 crores
(equivalent to ₹63 crores in 2019) [1]

Based on a novel of the same name by Devudu Narasimha Sastri,[4] the film is notable for its various scenes filmed inside and around the famous Mysore Palace. The movie was also the last movie to be shot inside the Mysore Palace. The movie saw a theatrical run of 30 weeks.[5][6] It is considered by many as a symbol of Kannada pride. The movie was dubbed in Telugu as Mahaveera Mayura.[7]

K. V. Vijayendra Prasad, father of S. S. Rajamouli and the storywriter of Baahubali: The Beginning had revealed that he was inspired by this movie while writing the story for Baahubali. He had further revealed that the core story line - about the hero not knowing his birth secret that he belongs to a royal family and lives in isolation in a village - was also inspired by this movie.[8][9]

PlotEdit

The film opens in Kanchi with Mayura, a Brahmin youth challenging an arrogant wrestler and defeating him. Mayura had never been formally trained and had only learned techniques of wrestling by observing other wrestlers. As a Brahmin, he was required to study Vedas, yet he was deeply interested in martial arts and after this wrestling encounter, Ranga Jetti (M. P. Shankar), the premier wrestler in Kanchi, takes him under his wing and trains him. After becoming proficient in all the martial arts, one day, while observing the training of Pallava princes, Mayura accidentally gets into a fight with and gives a thrashing to Vishnugopa (Vajramuni), the Pallava prince, thereby earning his enmity.

After this, Mayura has to flee Kanchi as per the advice of Ranga Jetti, to escape from pursuing Pallavas. He also then learns that he is in fact the son of Raja Chandravarma, the Kadamba king who was killed through deceit by the Pallava king, Sivaskandhavarma. Upon learning from his father's minister about his Kshatriya antecedents and his illustrious lineage, Mayura dedicates himself to throw the Pallava (foreign) yoke and liberate his motherland. Returning to Banavasi in the guise of a merchant called Nilakanthagupta, Mayura builds a following and an army. Through clever strategies, he conquers both Banavasi and the Telugu speaking regions around Srishaila, thus building a vast kingdom.

While the film builds the rivalry between Vishnugopa and Mayura, it also throws light on the mutually admiring friendship between Mayura and the Pallava crown prince (Srinath) and also on the growing love between Mayura and the Pallava princess Premavati (Manjula). In the end, Vishnugopa overcomes his anger and hatred towards Mayura, who marries Premavati, with the blessings of Sivaskandhavarma himself.[10]

CastEdit

SignificanceEdit

Mayuravarma is the earliest known native ruler to rule over areas which now form Karnataka.[11] Before the rise of the Kadambas, the centers of power ruling the land were outside of the Karnataka region.[12] But with the Kadambas' ascent to power, Kannada language and culture was brought into the mainstream and attained the status of majority, due to which Mayuravarma's reign, and his depiction in the film, is regarded with pride by present-day Kannadigas.

SoundtrackEdit

Mayura
Soundtrack album by
ReleasedAugust 1975 (1975-08)
GenreFeature film soundtrack
LabelSaregama

The soundtrack of Mayura consists of three tracks, all composed by G. K. Venkatesh, with its lyrics written by Chi. Udayashankar and sung by P. B. Sreenivas, Rajkumar and S. Janaki.[13]

Track # Song Singer(s)
1 Naaniruvude Nimagaagi Rajkumar
2 Ee Mounava Taalenu Rajkumar, S. Janaki
3 Hagalo Irulo S. Janaki
4 Kelo manganna P. B. Sreenivas

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Mayoora re-release". 11 December 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  2. ^ Kannada Movie Database - Mayura
  3. ^ History of Karnataka
  4. ^ https://www.udayavani.com/cinema/balcony-sandalwood-news/raj-festival-a-mirror-of-the-grooms-novel-films
  5. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20070717135525/http://www.chitratara.com/showCelbProfile.asp?newsid=8
  6. ^ "Sandalwood Blockbuster hits". 17 May 2011.
  7. ^ https://www.sbdbforums.com/post/rajkumars-son-siva-raja-kumar-2698443?&trail=50
  8. ^ http://www.vijaykarnatakaepaper.com/Details.aspx?id=19360&boxid=11727493
  9. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/entertainment/kannada/movies/news/Baahubali-copied-from-Rajkumars-Mayura/articleshow/48001596.cms
  10. ^ Rajkumar: Mayura - 1 Archived 25 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Kamath (2001), p30
  12. ^ Moraes (1931), pp9-10
  13. ^ Saregama - Mayura

External linksEdit

  • George M. Moraes (1931), The Kadamba Kula, A History of Ancient and Medieval Karnataka, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, Madras, 1990 ISBN 81-206-0595-0
  • Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat, A Concise history of Karnataka from pre-historic times to the present, Jupiter books, MCC, Bangalore, 2001 (Reprinted 2002) OCLC: 7796041
  • Mayura on IMDb