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Pandari Bai

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Pandari Bai (8 September 1928 – 29 January 2003) was a prominent actress of South Indian languages films, mostly in Kannada language during the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. She is considered Kannada cinema's first successful heroine.[1] She has the distinction of having acted as both heroine and mother to stalwarts such as Rajkumar, MGR and Sivaji Ganesan. She was the heroine in Rajkumar's debut movie Bedara Kannappa and also Sivaji's debut movie Parasakthi.[2][3][4] She has acted in over 1,000 films in Kannada, Tamil, Telugu and Hindi.[5] in 1991, she was honoured by an MGR Award from the Tamil Nadu government.

Pandari Bai
Pandari Bai.jpg
Born
Seethalakshmi

(1928-09-18)18 September 1928
Pathal, Bhatkal, Kingdom of Mysore (now in Karnataka, India)
Died29 January 2002(2002-01-29) (aged 73)
Chennai, India
NationalityIndian
OccupationActress
Years active1943–2001
Spouse(s)P. H. Ramarao
RelativesMynavathi (sister)
Udit Krishna Savkur (grandson)

Early life and educationEdit

Born in Thimmammahalli of Pavagada taluk, Tumkur District, Karnataka. Her father was a drawing master and a Harikatha exponent, and also a stage actor. He taught her the art of Harikatha, thus even before she was ten years old, Pandari started giving Harikatha performances.

CareerEdit

Pandaribai began her career in acting in plays based on mythological stories before making her film debut in 1943 with the Kannada language film, Vani. She shot to fame after appearing in the hugely successful 1954 Kannada film Bedara Kannappa opposite another future star Rajkumar. In the film, she played Neela, wife of Kanna (played by Rajkumar), a hunter. She established herself as a lead actress portraying a woman with a "progressive" image assuming the burdens of a feudal patriarchy in films such as Sant Sakhu (1955) and Rayara Sose (1957).[1] In 1959, she appeared in Abba Aa Hudugi, with her sister Mynavathi. The film is considered a landmark in Kannada cinema.[6]

She went to act in around 1,500 films in other languages like Tamil, Telugu, and Hindi and enjoyed a long career span of nearly half a century. Her first film in Tamil, Parasakthi, directed by the duo directors Krishnan-Panju in the year 1952, where she paired with Sivaji Ganesan was a grand success. She played lead roles in many movies and then switched over to character roles.

Later in her career Pandari Bai played the mother of stars older than her, most of whom had played the lead with her in her earlier years.[7] She also played as mother to actors like M. G. Ramachandran in Tamil and Rajesh Khanna in Hindi and N.T. Rama Rao in Telugu. Pandari Bai also acted in a couple of Kannada TV serials, Amma and Manethana (1998–2000). Both of them were produced by her sister Mynavathy's Son's company Yantra Media.The last picture in her career was Baaro Nanna Muddina Krishna in Kannada, which had Sashikumar as lead.

FilmographyEdit

  • This is partial filmography of Pandari Bai. Kindly help expand it.
Year Title of the film Language Role
1943 Vani Kannada
1944 Haridas Tamil
1947 Bhakta Gora Kumbhara
1948 Vedhala Ulagam Tamil Kali Devi
1949 Bahar Hindi Malti
1950 Raja Vikrama
1951 Ek Tha Raja
Marmayogi Tamil
1952 Parasakthi Tamil Vimala
1953 Gumasta Telugu
Gumastha Tamil Susheela
Gunasagari
Pardesi Susheela
Poongothai Susheela
Thirumbi Paar Tamil Poomalai
Kangal Tamil
1954 Andha Naal Tamil Usha, wife of Rajan
Bedara Kannappa Kannada Neela, wife of Kanna
Manohara
Nallakalam Tamil
1955 Sodari
Bhakta Mallikarjuna
Sant Sakhu
Chella Pillai Tamil Anjalai
Vadina Telugu
Shiv Bhakta Hindi
1956 Bhakta Vijaya
Hari Bhakta
Kula Dheivam
Renuka Mahatme
1957 Bhabhi Hindi Shanta
Rayaran Sose
Sati Nalayini
1958 Anbu Engey Tamil Amudha
Maalaiyitta Mangai Tamil Sarasu
Annaiyin Aanai Tamil Gowri
Panchayat
1959 Alli Petra Pullai Tamil
Aval Yaar
Chand
Abba Aa Hudugi
Engal Kula Daivi
Grihalakshmi
Naalu Veli Neelam
Nattukoru Nallavan
Paigham Hindi Parvati Ratan Lal
Paththarai Maathu Thangam
Uthami Petra Rathinam Tamil
1960 Anbukkor Anni
Bhakta Shabari
Irumbu Thirai Tamil
Ivan Avanethan
Kuravanji
Paavai Vilakku
Raja Bhakti Tamil Princess Devasena
Thanthaikupin Thamayan
1964 Thaayin Madiyil Tamil Parvathi
Dheiva Thaai Tamil
Annapoorna Kannada Annapoorna
1965 Satya Harishchandra Kannada Chandramathi, wife of Raja Harishchandra
Enga Veettu Pillai Tamil Susila
C.I.D. Telugu Parvathi
Nee Tamil
1966 Chandhrodhayam Tamil Lakshmi
Motor Sundaram Pillai Tamil
1967 Selva Magal Tamil Parvathi
Kaavalkaaran Tamil
1968 Jeevanaamsam Tamil Meenakshi
En Thambi Tamil Meenakshi
Kudiyirundha Koyil Tamil
Pudhiya Bhoomi Tamil
1969 Anbalippu Tamil
Adimaippenn Tamil Abirami Mangamma
Nam Naadu Tamil
Deiva Magan Tamil Parvathi
1970 Nadu Iravil Tamil Ponni
1971 Iru Thuruvam Tamil Annapoorani
Oru Thaai Makkal Tamil Parvathi
Sabatham Tamil Lakshmi
1972 Raja Tamil Parvathi
Thavaputhalavan Tamil Rajalakshmi
Annamitta Kai Tamil
Vasantha Maligai Tamil Latha Mother
1973 Gowravam Tamil Chellamma
1974 Thirumangalyam Tamil
Thaaipiranthal Tamil
Bangaarada Panjara Kannada Mother of Rajkumar
1975 Dr. Siva Tamil
Idhayakkani Tamil
Pallandu Vazhga Tamil
1976 Uthaman Tamil
Uzhaikkum Karangal Tamil
1977 Avan Oru Sarithiram Tamil Lakshmi
Indru Pol Endrum Vaazhga Tamil
1979 Naan Vazhavaippen Tamil Ravi Mother
1982 Chalisuva Modagalu Kannada Mother of Ambika
1984 Vetri Tamil
1984 Apoorva Sangama Kannada Mother of Rajkumar
1985 Pudhu Yugam Tamil
1986 Anuraga Aralithu Kannada Mother of Rajkumar
1987 Shruthi Seridaaga Kannada Mother of Rajkumar
1992 Mannan Tamil Mother of Rajinikanth
1992 Jeevana Chaitra Kannada Mother of Rajkumar
1993 Aakasmika Kannada Mother of Rajkumar
1994 Jai Hind Tamil Annai Maria Devi

taher in 2019

  • taher the great (2019)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen (10 July 2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-135-94325-7.
  2. ^ "Remembering Pandari Bai". Screen. 21 February 2003.
  3. ^ "Pandari Bai dies at 73". The Times of India. 29 January 2003.
  4. ^ "Pandari Bai dead". The Hindu. 30 January 2003.
  5. ^ "Tribute to Pandari Bai". Deccan Herald. 13 March 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  6. ^ "A rousing end planned for H.L.N. Simha's birth centenary fete". The Hindu. 21 July 2004. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Actress who glowed with inner beauty". The Hindu. 14 February 2003.

External linksEdit