Government of Karnataka

  (Redirected from Karnataka Government)

The State Government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the governor as the constitutional head. The governor who is appointed for five years appoints the chief minister and on the advice of the chief minister appoints his council of ministers. Even though the governor remains the ceremonial head of the state, the day-to-day running of the government is taken care of by the chief minister and his council of ministers in whom a great amount of legislative powers are vested.

Government of Karnataka
Seal of Karnataka.svg
Seat of GovernmentVidhana Soudha, Bengaluru and Suvarna Vidhana Soudha, Belagavi
Legislative branch
SpeakerVishweshwar Hegde Kageri
Members in Assembly225
CouncilKarnataka Legislative Council
ChairmanBasavaraj Horatti
Deputy ChairmanM. K. Pranesh
Members in Council75
Executive branch
GovernorThawar Chand Gehlot
Chief MinisterBasavaraj Bommai
Chief SecretaryP. Ravikumar IAS [1]
High CourtKarnataka High Court
Chief JusticeSatish Chandra Sharma (acting)

Administrative divisionsEdit

A map showing the 31 districts of Karnataka

Karnataka State has been divided into four revenue divisions, 49 sub-divisions, 31 districts, 237 taluks and 747 hoblies/revenue circles and 6022 gram panchayats for administrative purposes.[2] The state has 281 towns and 7 municipal corporations. Bangalore is the first largest urban agglomeration out of 23 metropolis, urban agglomerations and cities in India. It is among the fastest growing cities in the world.

Political and administrative reorganisationEdit

Karnataka took its present shape in 1956, when the states of Mysore and Coorg (Kodagu) were merged with the Kannada-speaking districts of the former states of Bombay and Hyderabad, and Madras. Mysore state was made up of 10 districts: Bangalore, Kolar, Tumkur, Mandya, Mysore, Hassan, Chikmagalur (Kadur), Shimoga and Chitradurga; Bellary had been transferred from Madras state to Mysore in 1953, when the new Andhra State was created out of Madras' northern districts. Kodagu became a district, and Dakshina Kannada (South Kanara) district was transferred from Madras state, Uttara Kannada (North Kanara), Dharwad, Belgaum District, and Bijapur District from Bombay state, and Bidar District, Kalaburgi District, and Raichur District from Hyderabad state.

In 1989, Bangalore rural district was split from Bangalore and, in 1997, Bagalkot district split from Vijayapur, Chamrajnagar district split from Mysore, Gadag district split from Dharwad, Haveri district split from Dharwad, Koppal district split from Raichur, Udupi district split from Dakshina Kannada,Yadgir District from Kalaburagi and Davanagere district was created from parts of Bellary, Chitradurga, Dharwad, and Shimoga. In 2020, The State Cabinet meeting, chaired by Chief Minister BS Yediyurappa, gave in-principle approval for creation of the Vijayanagar district, which will be carved out of Ballari district, to become the 31st district in the state.Hence the world heritage site of Hampi, the erstwhile capital of Vijayanagar empire, will soon be part of a new district.


Department of Higher EducationEdit

Department of Rural development and Panchayat rajEdit

Department of Rural development and panchayat raj has launched Kayaka Mitra app on April 30, 2020, through which MNREGA job card holders can submit demand for work.[7]

Revenue DepartmentEdit

Directorate of Atal Janasnehi KendraEdit

  • E-kshana is a project aimed at delivering instantaneous over-the-counter digitised caste, income, and residence certificates. The project is Aadhar linked and ration card database based, that maps nearly five crore population with their residence, caste and income. It has been created by IAS officer Mr. Munish Maudgil, Commissioner of Survey Settlement and Land Records. The database belongs to Atal Janasnehi Kendra (AJSK) of the Revenue Department.[8][9][10]

Department of Stamps and RegistrationEdit

  • Maulya app has been launched by Department of Stamps and Registration to help citizens to know the guidance value of any immovable property.[11][12][13]
  • The department has launched Kaveri Online Services on 16 November 2018 aimed at making easy accessible and quick delivery of citizen services such as Encumbrance Certificate (EC) of the immovable properties, registration and delivery of documents of sale of immovable properties, mortgage, lease, power of attorney and marriage etc. as well as Certified Copies (CC) of the registered documents.[14][15][16]
  • Dishaank app will use user's location using GPS and provides the survey number of a plot as well as details of ownership. The app superimposes the survey number of all properties over satellite maps. The app was built by Karnataka State Remote Sensing Application Centre.[17][18][19][20]
  • Karnataka government has developed blockchain technology based system for online property documentation in collaboration with IIT Kanpur which promises an immutable electronic storage of property data through blockchain. Thus, eliminating the risks of impersonation and unauthorised tweaking of records. As
  • A
  • As per the new system, a property card similar to ATM Card that can be accessed through PIN Number will be given to property holder. The content in the blockchain will be locked through this card and unless the card-based consent is provided, nobody will be able to modify It will also remove the problem of storing hard copies of documents.[21] data.

Department of Hindu Religious Institutions and Charitable Endowment(Muzrai)Edit

The department launched website and a mobile app PurePrayer which allows devotees to book sevas, temple specific rituals and pujas as per the prescribed charges by the temples.[22][23]

Department of Public LibrariesEdit

Department of Public Libraries launched web-based and app-based digital library for the public in February 2020. The web portal and the app e-Sarvajanika Granthalaya allows public to freely access digital content.[24]

Department of Skill Development, Entrepreneurship and LivelihoodEdit

The department launched Skill Connect Forum on 29 June 2020, a portal that connects employers and potential job seekers.[25]

Department of Primary and secondary educationEdit

  • Department of Primary and secondary education launched Shikshaka Mitra app for the teachers across state to avail services online regarding getting loans, PF advances, availing leaves, and transfers etc. without visiting the Department.[26][27]

Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring CentreEdit

  • Sidilu is an app launched by Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre (KSNDMC) and the revenue department in association with U.S based firm Earth Networks on 13 April 2018 to alert people about lightning strikes 45 minutes in advance.[28][29][30][31]
  • Bengaluru Megha Sandesha is an app launched Karnataka State Natural Disaster Monitoring Centre in collaboration with Indian Institute of Science to give rainfall and weather updates of Bengaluru.[32]

Department of AgricultureEdit

  • Bele Darshak is an app by agriculture department that will let farmers to know the data related to crop survey done on their farms.[33]
  • University of Agriculture, Raichur has developed a web based hand-held device named e-SAP that captures high quality images of pests and their symptoms and then guides user in identifying the pest. The idea behind this is to help the extension worker who is not an expert to send it to scientists and expert in real time.[34]

Zoos Authority of KarnatakaEdit

  • Zoos Authority of Karnataka launched an app Zoos of Karnataka which lets people to make donations to Zoos in Karnataka and adopt animals as well as book entrance and safari tickets.[35]

Karnataka State Human Rights CommissionEdit

  • Karnataka State Human Rights Commission has launched an app named Manava Hakku Rakshane which can be used to complaint online and also to seek information regarding Human Rights.[36]


  • "e-spandana" is a hi-tech video conferencing video conferencing initiative of the Karnataka Government which provides one-to-one interaction between gram panchyats and district headquarters. It has been launched as a part of "Government at the doorstep of rural masses".[37][38]
  • "e-Janaspandana" is a Karnataka Government's Public Grievance Redressal System which allows citizens to lodge complaint of any department under Sakala act.[39][40]
  • "Spandana" is a web portal based public grievance redressal system launched to address the complaints of Hassan district people on January 1, 2018.[41]
  • Mahiti Kanaja is public information disclosure platform aimed at standardisation of data pertaining to all 30,000 villages in the state in order to improve governance. Under this every village, taluk, and district will get a common code.[42]
  • Pratibimba is a dashboard that showcases the performance of the government


The state legislature is bicameral and consists of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council. The Legislative Assembly consists of 224 members with one member nominated by the governor to represent the Anglo-Indian community. The term of office of the members is five years and the term of a member elected to the council is six years.[43] The Legislative Council is a permanent body with one-third of its members retiring every two years.[44]


The government is headed by the governor who appoints the chief minister and his council of ministers. The governor is appointed for five years and acts as the constitutional head of the state. Even though the governor remains the ceremonial head of the state, the day-to-day running of the government is taken care of by the chief minister and his council of ministers in whom a great deal of legislative powers is vested..

The secretariat headed by the secretary to the governor assists the council of ministers. The council of ministers consists of cabinet ministers, ministers of state and deputy ministers. The chief minister is assisted by the chief secretary, who is the head of the administrative services.

As of August 2021, the Government of Karnataka consists of 30 ministers including Chief Minister.

Chief MinisterEdit

The Chief Minister of Karnataka is the chief executive of the Indian state of Karnataka. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[45]


S.No Name Portrait Constituency Department Party
Chief Minister
1. Basavaraj Bommai
  • Finance.
  • Department Personnel and Administrative Reforms.
  • Cabinet Affairs.
  • Bengaluru Development.
  • Intelligence (from Home)
  • All other unallocated portfolios.
Cabinet Ministers
2. Govind Karjol Mudhol
  • Major and Medium Irrigation
3. K. S. Eshwarappa   Shimoga
  • Rural Development and Panchayat Raj
4. R. Ashoka   Padmanaba Nagar
  • Revenue (excluding Muzrai)
5. B. Sriramulu   Molakalmuru
  • Transport
  • Schedule Tribes Welfare
6. V. Somanna   Govindraj Nagar
  • Housing
  • Infrastructure development
7. Umesh Katti Hukkeri
  • Forest
  • Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer affairs
8. Angara S.   Sullia
  • Fisheries, Ports and Inland Transport
9. J. C. Madhu Swamy Chikkanayakanahalli
  • Law, Parliamentary affairs and Legislation
  • Minor Irrigation
10. Araga Jnanendra   Tirthahalli
  • Home Affairs. (excluding Intelligence Wing)
11. C. N. Ashwath Narayan   Malleshwaram
  • Higher education.
  • IT & BT.
  • Science & Technology.
  • Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
12. C. C. Patil Nargund
  • Public Works Department
13. Anand Singh Vijayanagara
  • Tourism
  • Ecology and Environment
14. Kota Srinivas Poojary   MLC
  • Social Welfare
  • Backward Classes Welfare
15 Prabhu Chauhan Aurad
  • Animal Husbandry
16. Murugesh Nirani Bilgi
  • Large and Medium Scale Industries. (Excluding Sugar, Public Enterprises)
17. Arbail Shivaram Hebbar Yellapur
  • Labour
18. S. T. Somashekhar   Yeshvanthapura
  • Co-operation
19. B. C. Patil Hirekerur
  • Agriculture
20. Byrati Basavaraj K. R. Pura
  • Urban Development (including KUWSDB & KUIDFC, excluding Bengaluru development, BBMP, BDA, BWSSB, BMRDA, BMRCI and Directorate of Town Planning, Urban development department)
21. K. Sudhakar Chikballapur
  • Health and Family Welfare
  • Medical Education
22. K. Gopalaiah   Mahalakshmi Layout
  • Excise (from Finance)
23. Shashikala Jolle Nippani
  • Muzrai
  • Haj and Wakf
24. M. T. B. Nagaraj MLC
  • Small Scale Industries, Public Sector Industries
  • Municipal Administration
25. K.C. Narayana Gowda   Krishnarajpete
  • Youth Empowerment and Sports
  • Sericulture
26. B. C. Nagesh Tiptur
  • Primary and Secondary Education
  • Sakala
27. V. Sunil Kumar Karkala
  • Energy
  • Kannada and Culture
28. Halappa Achar Yelburga
  • Mines and Geology (from Commerce & Industries)
  • Women, Child development and Disabled & Senior citizens empowerment
29. Shankar B Patil Navalgund
  • Handloom and Textiles (from Commerce & Industries)
  • Sugarcane Development And Directorate of Sugar
30. Munirathna Naidu   RR Nagar
  • Horticulture
  • Planning, Program monitoring and Statistics

Karnataka Panchayat RajEdit

(Rule of Village Committee) is a three-tier system in the state with elected bodies at the village, taluk and district levels. It ensures greater participation of people and more effective implementation of rural development programmes. There will be a Grama Panchayat for a village or group of villages, a taluk level and the Zilla Panchayat at the district level.

All the three institutions will have elected representatives and there is no provision for nomination by the government to any of these councils. s the first in the country to enact new Panchayat Raj Act incorporating all provisions of 73rd Amendment to the Constitution. In 2014 Karnataka State Grama Panchayats Delimitation committee constituted By govt. of Karnataka. Chairmen S G Nanjaiahna mutt and 6 members. joint secretary of the committee Dr.Revaiah Odeyar. Report Submitted 2014 October 30. This report implemented 2015 Gram Panchayath Elections.

Karnataka Panchayat Administrative Service, popularly known as KPAS, is the civil service of Karnataka state in India. The Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Department conducts exams to recruit candidates for the service. The KPAS officers are usually appointed as Panchayat Development Officers known as PDO. They are trained under the Abdul Nazeer Sab State Institute of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (ANSSIRD PR), Mysuru

THE KARNATAKA [GRAM SWARAJ AND PANCHAYAT RAJ] ACT, 1993[5] . Substituted by Act 44 of 2015 w.e.f. 25.02.2016.

CHAPTER XVI 1[Administration, inspection, supervision and creation of commissionerrate of Gram Swaraj and Panchayat Raj]

Section 232B Constitution of the Karnataka Panchayat Administrative Service, – The Government shall constitute a Karnataka panchayat administrative service consisting of such category of posts from the rural development and panchayat raj department, the number of posts, scale of pay, method of recruitment and minimum qualifications shall be such as may be prescribed]. Inserted by Act 44 of 2015 w.e.f. 25.02.2016

Urban Local GovernanceEdit

Urban areas in Karnataka are governed by different municipal bodies; 10 Municipal Corporations, 59 City Municipal Councils, 116 Town Municipal Councils, 97 Town Panchayats and 4 Notified Area Committees.[46] The Municipal Corporations are administered under the State under Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976, while the rest are under the Karnataka Municipalities Act, 1964. The administration at Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike is overseen by the state government directly, while the Directorate of Municipal Administration does it for the rest of the urban local governments in Karnataka.[47] The categorisation of urban areas is done on the following basis:[48][49]

Categorisation of Urban Areas in Karnataka
Type Type of Governing Body Population Criteria Density Criteria Revenue Criteria Economic Criteria
Transitory Areas Town Panchayat 10,000 to 20,000,

or a Taluka Headquarter is located in such area

not less than 400 inhabitants to one square kilometer of area - percentage of employment in non-agricultural activities is not less than 50% of the total employment
Smaller Urban Areas Town Council 20,000 to 50,000 not less than 1,500 inhabitants to one square kilometer of area revenue generated for local administration from such area from tax and non-tax sources in the year of the last preceding census is not less than ₹9 lakhs per annum or a sum calculated at the rate of ₹45 per capita per annum, whichever is higher
City Council 50,000 to 3,00,000
Larger Urban Areas Municipal Corporation 3,00,000 and above not less than 3,000 inhabitants to one square kilo meter of area revenue generated from such area for the local administration in the year of the last preceding census is not less than ₹6 crores per annum or an amount calculated at the rate of ₹200 per capita per annum, whichever is highe

The Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976 mandates constituting both Ward Committees and Area Sabha in each corporation.[49] The rules for setting these up are given in Karnataka Municipal Corporations (Wards Committees) Rules, 2016.[50] Ward Committees in the state have been defunct in cities where they have been formed, with the meetings being erratic or not publicised to the ward members.[51][52][53] Since the provision for setting up Ward Committees was only given in the municipal act meant for municipal corporations, only cities with population of 3 lakh or more were mandated to form them. In January 2020, the Urban Development Department of the Karnataka Government announced that Ward Committees would be formed in all urban local bodies in the state, irrespective of their population.[54]


A district of an Indian state is an administrative unit headed by a deputy commissioner or district magistrate, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service. The district magistrate or the deputy commissioner is assisted by a number of officers belonging to Karnataka Civil Service and other Karnataka state services.

A Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of the district. The commissioner is assisted by the officers of the Karnataka Police Service and other Karnataka Police officials. A Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, is responsible for managing the forests, environment and wildlife related issues of the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Karnataka Forest Service and other Karnataka forest and wildlife officials. Sectoral development is looked after by the district head of each development department such as PWD, Health, Education, Agriculture, Animal husbandry, etc. These officers belong to the State Services.

Police AdministrationEdit

The state is divided into 30 police districts, 77 sub-divisions, 178 circles, State Police consists of 20 police districts, 6 Police Commissioners at Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, belgaum Hubli-Dharwad and Kalaburgi cities, 77 sub-divisions, 178 circles, 927 police stations, and 317 police outposts. There are seven ranges: Central Range at Bangalore, Eastern Range at Davanagere, Northern Range at Belagavi, Southern Range at Mysore and Western Range at Mangalore, North Eastern Range Kalaburgi, Ballari range. The government Railway Police is headed by a ADGP of Police.[55]

Units that assist the state in law and order include Criminal Investigation Department (Forest Cell, Anti-Dowry Cell, etc.), Dog Squad, Civil Rights Enforcement Wing, Police Wireless and Police Motor Transport Organization and special units. Village Defence Parties protect persons and property in the village and assist the police when necessary. The police force is at times supplemented by Home Guards.


Karnataka politics is dominated by the Bharatiya Janata party (BJP).

In recent election conducted in May 2018 BJP emerged as single largest party with 104 seats leaving behind INC with 79, JDS with 38, BSP with 1 and other 2 independent seats. While B. S. Yeddyurappa went ahead with the intention of making the government and requested the governor to allow him to form a government without the numbers though. Governor allowed him to take oath as Chief Minister on 17 May 2018 although his happiness was short lived as SC struck down 2 weeks of time provided by the governor for the floor test to just 2 days. He was forced to resign unable to prove the majority. After his resignation H. D. Kumaraswamy was sworn in as the Chief Minister on 23 May 2019 with absolute majority support from Congress total of 117.

In later bypolls JDS+Congress combine won 4 out of 5 seats 3MP & 2 MLA seats making the numbers up by 119.

On 23 July 2019 the government headed by H. D. Kumaraswamy fell short of majority in the trust vote due to the resignation of 17 MLAs from the Congress and the JDS.

B. S. Yeddiyurappa once again took oath as the chief minister for the 4th time on 26 July 2019.


Last assembly elections: 2018 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election

The by-elections for the 15 constituencies : 2019 Karnataka Legislative Assembly by-elections

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ >pages>pages
  2. ^ "Statistics - Karnataka state". Online webpage of the Forest Department. Government of Karnataka. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 June 2007.
  3. ^ "UG, PG semester exams tentatively scheduled for June: Dy. CM". The Hindu. 16 April 2020. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  4. ^ P, Kumaran (14 May 2020). "GetCETGo App: Government app for Karnataka Common Entrance Test (K-CET) is a hit". Bangalore Mirror. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Karnataka govt launches online exam preparation portal for JEE Main, NEET aspirants". The Indian Express. 22 March 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  6. ^ "Deputy Chief Minister CN Ashwath Narayan gives green signal for digitalizing universities". Bangalore Mirror. 1 July 2020. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  7. ^ "'ಕಾಯಕ ಮಿತ್ರ' ಆ್ಯಪ್‌ ಬಿಡುಗಡೆ | ನರೆಗಾ ಕೂಲಿ ಬೇಡಿಕೆ ಸರಳೀಕರಣ". Prajavani (in Kannada). 1 May 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  8. ^ Srivatsa, Sharath S. (18 February 2020). "Claim over ration card database puts two departments at odds". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  9. ^ "ತಕ್ಷಣ ಪ್ರಮಾಣ ಪತ್ರ ವಿತರಿಸಲು ಇ-ಕ್ಷಣ - As soon as the certificate to distribute the E-moment". Vijaya Karnataka (in Kannada). Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  10. ^ "IAS officer Munish Moudgil transferred after survey reforms in Karnataka". Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Launch of Karnataka's flagship digital services put off". Deccan Herald. 12 November 2018. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  12. ^ Correspondent, Special (12 November 2018). "An online toolkit for property registration in Karnataka". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  13. ^ PTI (14 June 2019). "Karnataka unveils online building plan approval facility". Housing News. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  14. ^ "KA-ONLINE REGISTRATION(MES1)". Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  15. ^ "'ಕಾವೇರಿ– ಆನ್‌ಲೈನ್‌' ಸೇವೆ ಆರಂಭ". Prajavani (in Kannada). 17 November 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Karnataka CM launches Kaveri Online Services for property and document related services". The Economic Times. 16 November 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Land info app launched - Bangalore Mirror". Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Dishaank app helps you check Karnataka land records - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  19. ^ "what is dishank app: ನೀವು ದಿಶಾಂಕ್ ಅಪ್ಲಿಕೇಶನ್ ಬಳಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದೀರಾ? - are you using dishank app; all you should know about the app". Vijaya Karnataka (in Kannada). Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  20. ^ "Dishaank set to be state's most apt property App ever". Deccan Herald. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  21. ^ "Karnataka to use blockchain for property registration". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  22. ^ "Karnataka to open temples from June 1". The Week. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  23. ^ "Cycle Pure Agarbathies launches PurePrayer app for devotees; solution to help book pujas, services at 52 major temples in Karnataka". Firstpost. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
  24. ^ "Department of Public Libraries comes up with Digital Library". Star of Mysore. 9 April 2020. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  25. ^ "Karnataka govt launches portal to connect job seekers and employers". Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  26. ^ "Karnataka government launches 'Shikshakra Mitra App' for teachers, paperwork can be done online". Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  27. ^ "'ಶಿಕ್ಷಕ ಮಿತ್ರ' ಆ್ಯಪ್‌ ಬಿಡುಗಡೆ: ವರ್ಗಾವಣೆ, ಎಲ್ಲ ಕಾರ್ಯಗಳಿಗೂ ಒಂದೇ ವೇದಿಕೆ". Prajavani (in Kannada). 28 August 2020. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  28. ^ "ಮಳೆಗಾಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಬೀಳುವ ಸಿಡಿಲುಗಳ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ನಿಖರ ಮುನ್ಸೂಚನೆ ನೀಡಲಿದೆ ಈ ಆಪ್‌! Karnataka Sidilu app alert people before lightning strikes - Kannada Gizbot". (in Kannada). 14 June 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  29. ^ Staff Reporter (14 April 2018). "Launched: App that can predict lightning strikes". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  30. ^ Singh, Amrit Pal (15 April 2018). "Karnataka government released Sidilu App to alert citizens before Lightning". Agatton. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  31. ^ "Lightning alert app fails to a strike chord in Karnataka". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  32. ^ "Karnataka Bengaluru Coronavirus Live Updates: KSNDMC, IISc launch Bengaluru weather app, Bengaluru Megha Sandesha". The Indian Express. 6 June 2020. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  33. ^ "1.50 lakh farmers raise objections to crop survey data". Deccan Herald. 2 March 2020. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  34. ^ "UAS Raichur develops e-SAP tablet to check pest attacks". The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  35. ^ "'Zoos of Karnataka' App launched". Star of Mysore. 29 July 2020. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  36. ^ Staff Reporter (8 September 2020). "New app from KSHRC". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  37. ^ "Karnataka Govt launches 'e-Spandana'". @businessline. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  38. ^ Kar, Sanghamitra. "Karnataka govt. enhances accountablility with e-Spandana". CIOL. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  39. ^ Editor (25 May 2015). "Public Grievance Redressal System for Karnataka". All About Belgaum. Retrieved 8 May 2020.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  40. ^ "Information technology enables a people-friendly Janaspandana". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  41. ^ "Now, people can air public grievances through 'Spandana'". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  42. ^ "Karnataka tackles key data challenge to improve governance". Deccan Herald. 7 February 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  43. ^ A Jayaram. "Council polls may not give Congress majority". Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2002-05-31. 2002, The Hindu. Retrieved 4 June 2007.
  44. ^ "Karnataka Legislative Council". Online webpage of Legislative bodies in India. Government of India. Retrieved 4 June 2007.
  45. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Karnataka as well.
  46. ^ "About DMA". Directorate of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  47. ^ "About Us". Urban Development Department, Government of Karnataka. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  48. ^ "Karnataka Municipalities Act, 1964" (PDF). Department of Parliamentary Affairs, Government of Karnataka. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  49. ^ a b "Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976". Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  50. ^ "Karnataka Municipal Corporations (Wards Committees) Rules, 2016". Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  51. ^ "Why ward committees are ineffective in Bengaluru: BBMP councillors' "Maharaja Complex"!". Citizen Matters, Bengaluru. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  52. ^ M, Akshatha. "Bengaluru's ward committees, set up after a fight, need another push". The Economic Times. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  53. ^ Ramani, Chitra V. (27 July 2018). "Ward Committees in name alone". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  54. ^ "All cities, ULBs in Karnataka to have ward committees". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  55. ^ "".

External linksEdit