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Bellary, officially Ballari, in the eponymous Bellari district, is a major city in the state of Karnataka, India. It is 311 km from the state capital of Bangaluru and 358 km from Hyderabad. Bellary has an urban population of 4,10,445 and metro population of 7,70,929 making it one of the most populous cities of Karnataka.

Bellary
City
Bellary Fort
Bellary is located in Karnataka
Bellary
Bellary
Location in Karnataka, India
Bellary is located in India
Bellary
Bellary
Bellary (India)
Coordinates: 15°06′N 76°55′E / 15.100°N 76.917°E / 15.100; 76.917Coordinates: 15°06′N 76°55′E / 15.100°N 76.917°E / 15.100; 76.917 timezone1 = IST
Country India
StateKarnataka
RegionHyderabad-Karnataka, Deccan
DistrictBellary
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyBellary Urban Development Authority
 • MayorRamana[1]
 • Deputy MayorMs. Malan Bee S[1]
 • CommissionerSri.P.G.Ramesh[2]
Area
 • City89.95 km2 (34.73 sq mi)
Elevation
485 m (1,591 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[3]
 • Rank111 (India), 8th (Karnataka)
 • Urban
410,445 (BUDA)
 • Rural
360,484
 • Metro
770,929
Demonym(s)Ballarian
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
 • RegionalTelugu, Dakhini
PIN
583 10x[4] area_code = (+91) 8392[5]
ISO 3166 codeIN-KA
Vehicle registrationKA-34
Sex ratio1.04[3] /
Literacy79%[3]
Distance from Bangalore311 kilometres (193 mi) (land)
Websitewww.bellarycity.gov.in

Contents

History

 
Core area of Western Chalukya monuments, roughly corresponding to Sindavadi-1000

The Bellari city municipal council was upgraded to a city corporation in 2004.[6]

The Union Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India approved a proposal[by whom?] to rename the city in October 2014 and Bellary was renamed to "Ballari" on 1 November 2014.[7]

Geography and climate

 
Bellary Fort

Bellari is located at 15°09′N 76°56′E / 15.15°N 76.93°E / 15.15; 76.93. It has an average elevation of 495 metres (1,624 ft).[citation needed] The city stands in the midst of a wide, level plain of black cotton soil.[8]Granite rocks and hills form a prominent feature of Bellari. The city is spread mainly around two hills of granite composition, the Bellary Gudda and the Kumbara Gudda.

Bellary Gudda has a circumference of nearly 2 miles (3.2 km) and a height of 480 feet (150 m). The length of this rock from north-east to south-west is about 1,150 ft (350 m). To the east and south lies an irregular heap of boulders, to the west there is an unbroken monolith, and the north is walled by bare, rugged ridges.[8]

Kumbara Gudda looks like the profile of a human face from the south-east. It is also known as Face Hill.[8]

Climate data for Bellary
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.0
(96.8)
38.0
(100.4)
42.5
(108.5)
46.0
(114.8)
44.2
(111.6)
41.6
(106.9)
37.0
(98.6)
38.5
(101.3)
37.8
(100.0)
38.0
(100.4)
34.5
(94.1)
35.0
(95.0)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 29.8
(85.6)
33.4
(92.1)
36.0
(96.8)
37.6
(99.7)
37.2
(99.0)
32.5
(90.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.3
(86.5)
30.9
(87.6)
30.7
(87.3)
29.4
(84.9)
29.0
(84.2)
32.2
(90.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.8
(73.0)
25.5
(77.9)
27.6
(81.7)
31.2
(88.2)
31.3
(88.3)
28.2
(82.8)
26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
23.2
(73.8)
22.0
(71.6)
26.5
(79.7)
Average low °C (°F) 15.9
(60.6)
17.2
(63.0)
20.9
(69.6)
24.3
(75.7)
25.0
(77.0)
23.5
(74.3)
22.5
(72.5)
22.2
(72.0)
21.9
(71.4)
21.4
(70.5)
17.0
(62.6)
15.5
(59.9)
20.6
(69.1)
Record low °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
8.5
(47.3)
10.0
(50.0)
15.0
(59.0)
16.0
(60.8)
18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
15.0
(59.0)
14.0
(57.2)
12.0
(53.6)
8.4
(47.1)
8.0
(46.4)
7.0
(44.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.7
(0.11)
3
(0.1)
15
(0.6)
24
(0.9)
65
(2.6)
75
(3.0)
82
(3.2)
88
(3.5)
131
(5.2)
108
(4.3)
44
(1.7)
14
(0.6)
651.7
(25.81)
Average rainy days 0.3 0.4 1.0 2.3 5.2 5.8 7.2 8.0 10.0 7.9 3.5 1.4 53
Average relative humidity (%) 54 46 40 41 48 58 63 66 67 71 67 63 57
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.5 275.5 288.0 300.0 270.0 178.0 140.0 144.0 165.0 196.0 210.0 252.0 2,698
[citation needed]

Demographics

According to the 2011 Census of India, the urban population of Bellary was 410,445; of whom 206,149 were male and 204,296 female. 280,610 of the population were literate and 52,413 of the population were under 6 years of age this makes it the 8th most populous city of karnataka.[9] The population in 2001 was recorded as 316,766.[10]

Industries

Textiles and garments

  • Cotton processing
With cotton being one of the major agricultural crops around Bellary historically, the city has had a thriving cotton processing industry in the form of ginning, spinning and weaving plants. The earliest steam cotton-spinning mill was established in 1894, which by 1901 had 17,800 spindles, and employed 520 hands.[8]
The city continues to thrive in this sector with one spinning mill and numerous cotton ginning and pressing mills, hand looms and power looms.[11]
  • Garment manufacture
Bellari has a historic garment industry dating back to the First World War period, when the Marathi speaking "Darji" (tailor) community with its native skills in tailoring migrated from the current Maharashtra region to stitch uniforms for the soldiers of the colonial British Indian Army stationed at Bellary. After the war, the community switched to making uniforms for school children, and gradually the uniforms made here became popular all over the country.[12][13]
Currently, Bellari is well known for its branded and unbranded denim garments, with brands like Point Blank, Walker, Dragonfly and Podium being successfully marketed nationally and internationally.[13] There are about 260 denim garment units in Bellary with nearly 3000 families working in these units.[11]

Notable people

See Category:People from Bellary

References

Maps

General

  1. ^ a b "Bellary City Corporators". Archived from the original on 25 June 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Bellary City Staff". Archived from the original on 20 May 2006. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "District Census Handbook – Guntur" (PDF). Census of India. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner. p. 22. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Indiapost PIN Search for 'bellary'". Archived from the original on 4 May 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2007.
  5. ^ "PPP India STD Code Search for 'bellary'". Archived from the original on 4 May 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2007.
  6. ^ "The Hindu: Karnataka. Bellary City Municipal Council upgraded to corporation". The Hindu. 26 September 2004. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  7. ^ New City, Names to Karnatka. "New name for cities". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e The Imperial Gazetteer of India, volume 7. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1908. pp. 158–176.
  9. ^ "Census of India 2011". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001" (PDF). Census Commission of India. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Karnataka Handloom". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2010.
  12. ^ "Bellary Portal". Retrieved 23 July 2010.
  13. ^ a b "Jeans Industry in Bellary". Retrieved 23 July 2010.
  14. ^ "This jailhouse has a rich past". 26 April 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
  15. ^ "A Congress bastion since 1952". Retrieved 4 June 2010.
  16. ^ "Caste will play a vital role in Bellary". Retrieved 4 June 2010.

External links