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Dharwad, is a city located in the north western part of the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of the Dharwad district of Karnataka and forms a contiguous urban area with the city of Hubballi. It was merged with Hubballi in 1962 to form the twin cities of Hubballi-Dharwad. It covers an area of 213 km2 (82 sq mi) and is located 430 km (270 mi) northwest of Bangalore, on NH-48, between Bangalore and Pune.
Pedha Nagari, Hubli-Dharwad City, Dharanagari, Vidya Kashi, Sanskratika nagari.
|Founded by||Bahmani Sultanates|
|• Type||Municipal Corporations|
|• MP||Pralhad Joshi|
|• MLA (Hubli Dharwad West)||Arvind Bellad|
|• MLA (Dharwad)||Amrut Desai|
|• MLA (Hubli Dharwad East)||Abbayya Prasad|
|Elevation||750.0 m (2,460.6 ft)|
|• Rank||182th India, 2nd Karnataka|
|• Density||434/km2 (1,120/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Hubli Dharwadians, Dharawadadavra.|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||KA-25, KA-63|
The Chalukyas ruled Dharwad during the 12th century. A stone inscription indicates that there was a ruler by the name of BhaskaraDeva in 1117. In the 14th century, the district was first overrun by the Bahmani Sultanate, after which it was annexed to the newly established Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar, an official of which named "Dharav", according to local tradition, built the fort at Dharwad town in 1403. After the defeat of the king of Vijayanagar at Talikot (1565), Dharwad was for a few years practically independent under its Hindu governor; but in 1573 the fort was captured by the sultan of Bijapur, Adil Shah, and Dharwad was annexed to his dominions. Adil Shah built a fort in an area later called Manna Killa, and later Nazratabad. With this fort, the strategic importance of Dharwad increased and it attracted the attention of subsequent conquerors, including Aurangzeb, Shivaji, Aurangzeb's son Muhammad Muazzam known as Bahadur Shah I or Shah Alam, the seventh Mughal emperor (1707-1712), Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao, Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan and finally the British colonizers.
In 1685, the fort was taken by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, and Dharwad, on the break-up of the Mughal empire, fell under the sway of the Maratha Peshwa of Pune. In 1764, the province was overrun by Hyder Ali of the Mysore, who in 1778 captured the fort of Dharwad. The fort was retaken in 1791 by the Marathas. After the final defeat of the Peshwa by the British in 1818, Dharwar was incorporated into the territory of the British East India Company's Bombay Presidency. During the early 19th century, when the British were expanding their domains, they faced a lot of opposition from local rulers, including Baba Saheb of Naragund and Kittur Chennamma. Dharwad was independent before 1947.
Hubli-Dharwad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Summers are hot and dry, lasting from late February to early June. They are followed by the monsoon season, with moderate temperatures and a large amount of precipitation. Temperatures are fairly moderate from late October to early February, with virtually no rainfall. Hubli is 750 meters above sea level. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm (33.0 in).
|Climate data for Hubli|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.1
|Average low °C (°F)||14.5
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||0
|Population Growth of Dharwad|
|Source: Census of India|
The population of the twin cities as per provisional figures of Census 2011 is 943,857 and is urban. Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298, and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The Hubli-Dharwad municipality covers 213 km2 (82 sq mi).
Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in 1962 by combining two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometers.[failed verification] The area covered by the corporation is 213 km2 (82 sq mi)}. spread over 45 revenue villages. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 7 lakhs. The population of Hubli-Dharwad is 943,857 according to 2011 Census. There has been a huge demand by people of Dharwad to create a separate civic body and get itself detached by HDMC.Claims are that most of the funds are allocated to Hubli solely.
- Hubli: Under the Government of India Act of 1850, the Hubli-Municipal council was established on 15 August 1855.
- Dharwad: The Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. The first non-official President of the council was S.K. Rodda in 1907, and Shri S.V. Mensinkai, was nominated in the following year. But the credit of being the first elected president goes to Shri S.G. Karigudari, who took office in 1920.
Hubli is well known as a commercial as well as industrial centre, whereas Dharwad is seat of learning. Popularly believed that, it is this diversity and geographical positions that the state government amalgamated the two cities. The twin-city corporation occupies unique place in Karnataka State. After the capital city of Bangalore, this is the largest city Corporation in the State.
- Indian Institute of Information Technology, Dharwad (IIITDWD) - One of 25 IIITs, it was established in 2015.
- Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad (IIT Dharwad) - One of 23 IITs, it was established in 2016.
- Karnatak University - established in 1949.
- Karnataka State Law University (KSLU) - established in 2009.
- KLE Technological University - earlier known as B V Bhoomaraddi College of Engineering and Technology (BVBCET) - it was established in 1947.
- University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (UASD) - established in 1986.
- A. G. Rural College Of Engineering And Technology, Varur - established in 2010.
- Dakshin Bharat Hindi Prachara Sabha, Dharwad - established in 1918. In 1964, the institution was recognized by the Indian Government as one of the Institutes of National Importance.
- Dharwad Institute of Mental Health and Neuroscience (DIMHANS) - established in 1845.
- Karnatak College - established in 1917.
- Karnataka Balvikas Academy.
- Karnataka Higher Education Academy
- Karnataka State Forest Academy, Gungargatti.
- Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Engineering and Technology, Dharwad (SDM College of Engineering and Technology) - established in 1979.
- Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Dental Sciences, Dharwad - established in 1986.
- Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad - established in 2003.
The regional (Karnataka) headquarters of the Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha is located at Dharwad.
- "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 11, page 316 – Imperial Gazetteer of India – Digital South Asia Library". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 June 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Provisional population totals, Census of India 2011". Retrieved 29 November 2011.
- "HDMC ABOUT TWIN CITY". Archived from the original on 20 April 2012.
- "Census of India 2011 Provisional Population Totals" (PDF).
- "Home - ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿ-ಧಾರವಾಡ ಮಹಾನಗರ ಪಾಲಿಕೆ (Hubballi-Dharwad Municipal Corporation)".
- "Demand to separate Dharwad from HDMC grows bigger | Hubballi News - Times of India".
- "about hubli – dharwad" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 June 2013.
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