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Dharwad is the district headquarters of Dharwad district in the state of Karnataka, India. It was merged with the city of Hubballi in 1961 to form the twin cities of Hubballi-Dharwad. It covers an area of 200.23 km² and is located 430 km northwest of Bengaluru, on NH-48, between Bengaluru and Pune.

Dharwad
Nicknames: 
Pedha Nagari, Hubballi-Dharwad City, Dharanagari, Vidya Kashi.
Dharwad is located in Karnataka
Dharwad
Dharwad
Location in Karnataka
Coordinates: 15°27′30″N 75°00′30″E / 15.45833°N 75.00833°E / 15.45833; 75.00833Coordinates: 15°27′30″N 75°00′30″E / 15.45833°N 75.00833°E / 15.45833; 75.00833
Country India
StateKarnataka
DistrictDharwad
Named forEducation Hub, Major Industries
Area
 • City200.23 km2 (77.31 sq mi)
Elevation
750.75 m (2,463.09 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Urban
249,900
 • Metro
1,846,993 (Hubli-Dharwad)
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationKA-25, KA-63
Websitewww.dharwad.nic.in

Contents

History

The Chalukyas ruled Dharwad during the 12th century. A stone inscription indicates that there was a ruler by the name of BhaskaraDeva in 1117. In the 14th century, the district was first overrun by the Bahmani Sultanate, after which it was annexed to the newly established Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar, an official of which named Dhar Rao, according to local tradition, built the fort at Dharwad town in 1403. After the defeat of the king of Vijayanagar at Talikot (1565), Dharwad was for a few years practically independent under its Hindu governor; but in 1573 the fort was captured by the sultan of Bijapur, Adil Shah, and Dharwad was annexed to his dominions. Adil Shah built a fort in an area later called Manna Killa, and later Nazratabad. With this fort, the strategic importance of Dharwad increased and it attracted the attention of subsequent conquerors, including Aurangzeb, Shivaji, Aurangzeb's son Muhammad Muazzam known as Bahadur Shah I or Shah Alam, the seventh Mughal emperor (1707-1712), Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao, Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan and finally the British colonizers.

In 1685, the fort was taken by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, and Dharwad, on the break-up of the Mughal empire, fell under the sway of the Maratha Peshwa of Pune. In 1764, the province was overrun by Hyder Ali of the Mysore, who in 1778 captured the fort of Dharwad.[1] The fort was retaken in 1791 by the Marathas. After the final defeat of the Peshwa by the British in 1818, Dharwar was incorporated into the territory of the British East India Company's Bombay Presidency. During the early 19th century, when the British were expanding their domains, they faced a lot of opposition from local rulers, including Baba Saheb of Naragund and Kittur Chennamma. Dharwad was independent before 1947.

Demographics

The population of the twin cities as per provisional figures of Census 2011 is 1,846,993 and is urban.[2] Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298, and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The municipality covers 191 km².

Civic administration

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in 1962 by combining two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometers.[3][failed verification] The area covered by the corporation is 181.66 km². spread over 45 revenue villages. The population of the city as per the 1991 census was 7 lakhs. The present population is more than 10 lakhs.

  • Hubballi: Under the Government of India Act of 1850, the Hubballi-Municipal council was established on 15 August 1855.
  • Dharwad: The Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. The first non-official President of the Council was S.K. Rodda in 1907, and Shri S.V. Mensinkai, was nominated in the following year. But the credit of being the first elected President goes to Shri S.G. Karigudari, who took office in 1920.

Hubballi is well known as a commercial as well as industrial centre, whereas Dharwad is seat of learning.[4] Popularly believed that, it is this diversity and geographical positions that the state government amalgamated the two cities.[5] The twin-city corporation occupies unique place in Karnataka State. After the capital city of Bangalore, this is the largest city Corporation in the State.[5]

Economy

Industrial and business development

Hubballi-Dharwad is a developing industrial hub in Karnataka after Bangalore, with more than 1000 allied small and medium industries established in Gokul Road[6] and Tarihal[7] regions of Hubli. There are machine tools industries, electrical, steel furniture, food products, rubber and leather industries, and tanning industries.

To promote the overall economic development of industries, institutions and businesses, the Karnataka Chamber of Commerce & Industry[8] was formed. It is one of the premier associations, which has been gaining momentum in achieving potential growth and prosperity in Hubli region.[9] One key aspect of industrialisation for Hubballi-Dharwad was foundation of Agricultural Produce Market Committee, which aimed at providing hassle-free market conditions for farmers, to establish regulated and stimulated production of agricultural related commodities and goods.[10][11]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 11, page 316 – Imperial Gazetteer of India – Digital South Asia Library". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2011 Provisional Population Totals" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Home - ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿ-ಧಾರವಾಡ ಮಹಾನಗರ ಪಾಲಿಕೆ (Hubballi-Dharwad Municipal Corporation)".
  4. ^ "about hubli – dharwad" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 June 2013.
  5. ^ a b "HDMC ABOUT TWIN CITY". Archived from the original on 20 April 2012.
  6. ^ "Gokul Road (Hubballi (Hubali))".
  7. ^ "Tarihal – Google Maps".
  8. ^ "Main building".
  9. ^ "Karnatak Chamber of Commerce and Industry".
  10. ^ "Agmarknet Mandi profile". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2012.
  11. ^ "APMC (Hubballi (Hubali))".

External links