Malnad (mǝ-le-nah-doo; Malēnādu) is a region in the state of Karnataka in India. Malenadu covers the western and eastern slopes of the Western Ghats or Sahyadri mountain range, and is roughly 100 kilometers in width. The region experiences heavy annual rainfall of 1000 to 3800 mm; it includes Agumbe, which receives the highest annual rainfall in Karnataka (over 10,000 mm).

Malenadu
Malnad
Forests of Malenadu
Forests of Malenadu
Malenadu region shown in Green
Malenadu region shown in Green
Country India
StateKarnataka
RegionMalenadu
TehsilBelagavi District
Khanapur

Uttara Kannada
Sirsi
Joida
Dandeli
Haliyal
Yellapur
Mundgod
Siddapur

Shimoga District
Sagara
Hosanagara
Soraba
Thirthahalli

Chikmagalur District
Sringeri
Koppa
Narasimharajapura
Mudigere

Hasan District
Sakleshpur
Alur
Hassan
arkalgud
Belur
Kodagu District
Somwarpet
Madikeri
Virajpet
Kushalanagar
Ponnampet

Dakshin Kannada
Sullia
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
 • RegionalHavyaka Kannada
Kodava
Tulu
Konkani
Arebhashe
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

In Malnad area the villages are scattered to lying in remote areas. This region in the state poses special problems of development mainly due to peculiar settlement, sparse population, topography, dense forest, numerous rivulets etc. In order to hasten the development of this area, Malnad Area Development Board was created as per Malnad Area Development Act, 1991 with a view to achieve overall development of Malnad area by implementing necessary development projects/works. The districts covered initially in this region were Shivamogga, Chikmagalur, Uttara Kannada, Kodagu and Hassan. At present the jurisidiction of the board covers part or all of 13 districts of the state, namely Chamarajnagar, Belgaum, Dharwar, Davangere, Haveri, Chikmagalur, Hassan, Shivamogga, Kodagu, Mysore, Uttarkannada, Udupi, and Mangalore.

These districts comprise 65 Assembly constituencies and 61 taluks. The area of operation of the Board notified by the Karnataka government is as follows:

  • Belgaum
Bailahongal, Belgaum, Hukkeri, Khanapur, Saudi
  • Chamaraj nagar
Chamarajnagar, Gundlupete, Kollegala, Hanuru
  • Chikkamagalur
Kadur, Koppa, Chikkamagalur, Mudigere, Narasimharajapur, Shringeri, Tarikere, Ajjampura
  • Davanagere
Channagiri, Honnali, Nyamathi
  • Dharwad
Dharwad, Kalaghatagi, Alnanavara
  • Hassan
Alur, Arakalagud, Belur, Hassan, Sakaleshpur
  • Haveri
Hangal, Hirekerur, Rettihalli, Byadagi, Savanur, Shiggaon
  • Kodagu
Madikeri, Somavarpet, Virajpet
  • Dakshina Kannada
Mangalore, Puttur, Sulya, Bantwal, Belthangadi, Mudubidri, Kadaba
  • Mysore
Heggadadevana kote, Hunasur, Periyapattana, Sargur
  • Shivamogga
Bhadravati, Shivamogga, Sagar, Sorab, Hosanagar, Thirthahalli, Shikaripura
  • Udupi
Udupi, Kundapur, Karkala, Brahmavara, Kapu, Byndoor, Hebri
  • Uttara kannada
Ankola, Bhatkal, Haliyal, Honnavara, Karwar, Kumta, Mundagod, Siddapur, Sirsi, Joida, Yallapur, Dandeli

Climate and rainfall statisticsEdit

The Western Ghats act as the rain barrier during south-west monsoon season. This region is one of the wettest regions in the world, with some rainfall measurements of over 7000mm.

The following were the top 5 places that captured rainfall record statistics [2010-2017][1][2][3][4]

Rank Hobli/Village District Taluk Year Rainfall in mm Elevation in metres
1 Amagaon Belgaum district Khanapur 2010 10,068 785
2 Mundrote Kodagu district/Coorg District Madikeri 2011 9,974 585
3 Hulikal Shimoga district Hosanagara 2013 9,383 614
4 Agumbe Shimoga district Thirthahalli 2013 8,770 643
5 Kokalli/Kakalli Uttara Kannada Sirsi 2014 8,746 780

The table below is comparison of rainfalls for between Agumbe in Thirthahalli taluk in Shimoga district, Hulikal in Hosanagara taluk in Shimoga district, Amagaon in Khanapur Taluk in Belgaum district and Talacauvery in Madikeri taluk in Kodagu district, Kokalli of Sirsi Taluk, Nilkund of Siddapur Taluk, CastleRock of Supa (Joida) Taluk in Uttara Kannada District to show which one can be called the "Cherapunji of South India".[5]

Year Hulikal Rainfall (mm) Agumbe Rainfall (mm) Amagaon Rainfall (mm) Talacauvery Rainfall (mm)[6] Kokalli Rainfall (mm) Nilkund Rainfall (mm) Castle Rock Rainfall (mm)
2017 5,700 6,311 4,733 5,859 3130 4981 5560
2016 5,721 6,449 4,705 5,430 2682 4655 4968
2015 6,035 5,518 4,013 5,319 2730 4367 3667
2014 7,907 7,917 5,580 7,844 8746 6710 5956
2013 9,383 8,770 8,440 8,628 4464 7082 3667
2012 8,409 6,933 5,987 5,722 5036 5398 6165
2011 8,523 7,921 9,368 6,855 4437 6593 7083
2010 7,717 6,929 10,068 6,794 4002 - -
2009 8,357 7,982 - - - - -
2008 7,115 7,199 - - - - -
2007 9,038 8,255 - - - - -
2006 8,656 8,457 - - -[7][8] - -

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rainfall Statistics for Kokalli (Ajjimane)" (PDF). DES Karnataka.
  2. ^ "Rainfall Statistics for Amagaon" (PDF). DES Karnataka.
  3. ^ "Rainfall Statistics for Mundrote" (PDF). DES Karnataka.
  4. ^ "Rainfall Statistics for Agumbe and Hulikal" (PDF). DES karnataka.
  5. ^ Hulikal in Shimoga district is wettest in State from TheHindu.com accessed 23 March 2013
  6. ^ Amagaon has got over 10,000 mm annual rainfall twice in the five years (2006-2010). The exact amount of rainfall is not available. See Amagaon is now Cherrapunji of South from DeccanHerald.com accessed 23 March 2013
  7. ^ "Govt of Karnataka Rainfall Statistics (Kokalli)" (PDF). DES.
  8. ^ "Rainfall Statistics of Karnataka". DES Karnataka.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 13°10′N 75°30′E / 13.167°N 75.500°E / 13.167; 75.500