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Malnad (mǝ-le-nah-doo; Malēnādu) is a region in the state of Karnataka in India. Malenadu covers the western and eastern slopes of the Western Ghats or Sahyadri mountain range, and is roughly 100 kilometers in width. The region experiences heavy annual rainfall of 1000 to 3800 mm; it includes Agumbe, which receives the highest annual rainfall in Karnataka (over 10,000 mm).
|• Regional||Havyaka Kannada|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
In Malnad area the villages are scattered to lying in remote areas. This region in the state poses special problems of development mainly due to peculiar settlement, sparse population, topography, dense forest, numerous rivulets etc. In order to hasten the development of this area, Malnad Area Development Board was created as per Malnad Area Development Act, 1991 with a view to achieve overall development of Malnad area by implementing necessary development projects/works. The districts covered initially in this region were Shivamogga, Chikmagalur, Uttara Kannada, Kodagu and Hassan. At present the jurisidiction of the board covers part or all of 13 districts of the state, namely Chamarajnagar, Belgaum, Dharwar, Davangere, Haveri, Chikmagalur, Hassan, Shivamogga, Kodagu, Mysore, Uttarkannada, Udupi, and Mangalore.
These districts comprise 65 Assembly constituencies and 61 taluks. The area of operation of the Board notified by the Karnataka government is as follows:
- Bailahongal, Belgaum, Hukkeri, Khanapur, Saudi
- Chamaraj nagar
- Chamarajnagar, Gundlupete, Kollegala, Hanuru
- Kadur, Koppa, Chikkamagalur, Mudigere, Narasimharajapur, Shringeri, Tarikere, Ajjampura
- Channagiri, Honnali, Nyamathi
- Dharwad, Kalaghatagi, Alnanavara
- Alur, Arakalagud, Belur, Hassan, Sakaleshpur
- Hangal, Hirekerur, Rettihalli, Byadagi, Savanur, Shiggaon
- Madikeri, Somavarpet, Virajpet
- Dakshina Kannada
- Mangalore, Puttur, Sulya, Bantwal, Belthangadi, Mudubidri, Kadaba
- Heggadadevana kote, Hunasur, Periyapattana, Sargur
- Bhadravati, Shivamogga, Sagar, Sorab, Hosanagar, Thirthahalli, Shikaripura
- Udupi, Kundapur, Karkala, Brahmavara, Kapu, Byndoor, Hebri
- Uttara kannada
- Ankola, Bhatkal, Haliyal, Honnavara, Karwar, Kumta, Mundagod, Siddapur, Sirsi, Joida, Yallapur, Dandeli
Climate and rainfall statisticsEdit
The Western Ghats act as the rain barrier during south-west monsoon season. This region is one of the wettest regions in the world, with some rainfall measurements of over 7000mm.
|Rank||Hobli/Village||District||Taluk||Year||Rainfall in mm||Elevation in metres|
|2||Mundrote||Kodagu district/Coorg District||Madikeri||2011||9,974||585|
The table below is comparison of rainfalls for between Agumbe in Thirthahalli taluk in Shimoga district, Hulikal in Hosanagara taluk in Shimoga district, Amagaon in Khanapur Taluk in Belgaum district and Talacauvery in Madikeri taluk in Kodagu district, Kokalli of Sirsi Taluk, Nilkund of Siddapur Taluk, CastleRock of Supa (Joida) Taluk in Uttara Kannada District to show which one can be called the "Cherapunji of South India".
|Year||Hulikal Rainfall (mm)||Agumbe Rainfall (mm)||Amagaon Rainfall (mm)||Talacauvery Rainfall (mm)||Kokalli Rainfall (mm)||Nilkund Rainfall (mm)||Castle Rock Rainfall (mm)|
- "Rainfall Statistics for Kokalli (Ajjimane)" (PDF). DES Karnataka.
- "Rainfall Statistics for Amagaon" (PDF). DES Karnataka.
- "Rainfall Statistics for Mundrote" (PDF). DES Karnataka.
- "Rainfall Statistics for Agumbe and Hulikal" (PDF). DES karnataka.
- Hulikal in Shimoga district is wettest in State from TheHindu.com accessed 23 March 2013
- Amagaon has got over 10,000 mm annual rainfall twice in the five years (2006-2010). The exact amount of rainfall is not available. See Amagaon is now Cherrapunji of South from DeccanHerald.com accessed 23 March 2013
- "Govt of Karnataka Rainfall Statistics (Kokalli)" (PDF). DES.
- "Rainfall Statistics of Karnataka". DES Karnataka.
- Elephant attacks spread fear in Malnad region
- Nyctibatrachus major in Malnad, India
- Malenadu Region of Karnataka