Chikmagalur, known officially as Chikkamagaluru, is a city and the headquarters of Chikmagalur district in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located on the foothills of the Mullayanagiri peak of the Western Ghats, the city attracts tourists from around the world for its pleasant and favourable hill station climate, tropical rainforest and coffee estates. The pristine Baba Budangiri lies to the north of Chikmagalur where it's believed Baba Budan first introduced coffee to India.

Chikmagalur
Kiriya-Muguli [1]
City
Chikkamagaluru
Chikmagalur is the headquarters of the district of the same name in Karnataka, India.
Chikmagalur is the headquarters of the district of the same name in Karnataka, India.
Nickname: 
The Land of Coffee
Chikmagalur is located in Karnataka
Chikmagalur
Chikmagalur
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°18′47″N 75°44′13″E / 13.313°N 75.737°E / 13.313; 75.737
Country India
StateKarnataka
Founded byKing Rukmangada
Government
 • BodyCity Municipal Council
Area
 • City32.74 km2 (12.64 sq mi)
 • Rural
1,581.53 km2 (610.63 sq mi)
Elevation
_at_bus_stand
1,040 m (3,410 ft)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • City118,401 [2]
 • Rural
186,967
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
577101, 577102 [4]
Vehicle registrationKA-18
Websitechickamagalurcity.mrc.gov.in

Geography edit

 
Court road in Chikmagalur

Chikmagalur is situated in the Malenadu region of Karnataka in the Deccan plateau in the foothills of the Western Ghats. It is situated at an elevation of 1,090 metres (3,580 ft) above mean sea level, meaning, it is the third highest city in Karnataka. The Yagachi River has its source near the town and flows in the south-easterly direction before uniting with the Hemavati river.

Chikmagalur is around 240 km from the state capital Bangalore, 183 km from Mysore and 305 km from Hubli.

Climate edit

Chikmagalur generally has a moderate to cool climate. The temperature of the city varies from 11–20 °C (52–68 °F) during winter to 25–32 °C (77–90 °F) during summer.

Climate data for Chikmagalur (1981–2010, extremes 1974–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.5
(90.5)
35.0
(95.0)
36.7
(98.1)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
35.5
(95.9)
31.0
(87.8)
30.5
(86.9)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
32.5
(90.5)
32.5
(90.5)
37.0
(98.6)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
30.5
(86.9)
32.7
(90.9)
33.2
(91.8)
31.8
(89.2)
26.9
(80.4)
25.3
(77.5)
25.3
(77.5)
26.9
(80.4)
27.3
(81.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.7
(80.1)
28.5
(83.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 15.0
(59.0)
16.4
(61.5)
18.1
(64.6)
19.5
(67.1)
19.7
(67.5)
19.1
(66.4)
18.8
(65.8)
18.6
(65.5)
18.3
(64.9)
17.9
(64.2)
16.6
(61.9)
14.9
(58.8)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
11.1
(52.0)
14.0
(57.2)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
15.7
(60.3)
16.0
(60.8)
14.6
(58.3)
12.0
(53.6)
11.1
(52.0)
10.9
(51.6)
10.0
(50.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.3
(0.13)
1.2
(0.05)
29.4
(1.16)
59.6
(2.35)
104.3
(4.11)
122.8
(4.83)
134.1
(5.28)
126.3
(4.97)
109.4
(4.31)
168.1
(6.62)
68.2
(2.69)
13.0
(0.51)
939.7
(37.00)
Average rainy days 0.3 0.3 1.2 4.2 6.1 9.1 11.0 10.0 6.7 8.3 3.5 0.8 61.6
Source: India Meteorological Department[5][6]

Rainfall edit

In 2022, Chikkamagaluru hobli received an annual rainfall of 1,590 millimetres (63 in).[7]

Demographics edit

As of 2011 Indian Census, Chikmagalur city had a total population of 118,401, of which 58,702 were males and 59,699 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 11,633. The total number of literates in Chikmagalur was 96,359, which constituted 81.4% of the population with male literacy of 83.7% and female literacy of 79.1%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Chikmagalur was 90.3%, of which male literacy rate was 93.1% and female literacy rate was 87.5%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 16,423 and 1,734 respectively. Chikmagalur had 28545 households in 2011.[3]

Tourist attractions edit

Transport edit

Rail and road are the two modes of transportation that are available in the city. NH-173 (formerly KM Road) passes through the town connecting with the port city Mangalore, located 150 kilometres (93 mi) away. State Highway 57 (Karnataka) connects the city to Mysore via Hassan in the south and to Shimoga, (via Lingadahalli) in the north.

A railway line connects Chikmagalur railway station to Kadur Junction railway station. The nearest international airport is Mangalore International Airport.

Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation provides inter-state, inter-city and intra-city bus services to the city. NWKRTC and KKRTC buses travelling to Dharmasthala, all pass through Charmadi Ghat, thus giving the city, very good connectivity with the cities of northern Karnataka, like Hubli, Ballari, Bijapur, Kalaburagi etcetera.

References edit

  1. ^ "Old name of Chikkamagaluru" (PDF). Retrieved 13 April 2024.
  2. ^ "Census Data Handbook 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 30 July 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Census of India: Chikmagalur". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Post Offices of Chikkamagaluru". Retrieved 16 April 2024.
  5. ^ "Station: Chickmagalur Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 191–192. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M92. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Annual State Report 2022" (PDF). Retrieved 5 July 2023.

External links edit