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Mangalore International Airport

Mangalore International Airport (IATA: IXE, ICAO: VOML), is an international airport[2] serving the coastal city of Mangaluru (Mangalore), India. It is one of the only two international airports in Karnataka, the other being Kempegowda International Airport, Bangalore. Mangalore International Airport is the second busiest airport in Karnataka. In addition to domestic destinations, flights depart daily for major cities in the Middle East. The airport, then the Bajpe Aerodrome, was opened on 25 December 1951[3] when then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru arrived on a DC-3 Dakota aircraft.[3][4]

Mangalore International Airport
Mangalore Airport New Terminal.jpg
Aerial view of the passenger terminal
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorAirports Authority of India
ServesMangaluru, Udupi, Bhatkal, Kasaragod (Kerala)
LocationBajpe, Karnataka, India
Elevation AMSL103 m / 337 ft
Coordinates12°57′41″N 074°53′24″E / 12.96139°N 74.89000°E / 12.96139; 74.89000Coordinates: 12°57′41″N 074°53′24″E / 12.96139°N 74.89000°E / 12.96139; 74.89000
Map
IXE is located in Karnataka
IXE
IXE
IXE is located in India
IXE
IXE
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 1,615 5,300 Asphalt
06/24 2,450 8,038 Concrete
Statistics (2017-18)
Passenger movements2,269,949(Increase30.8%)
Aircraft movements19,636 (Increase27.5%)
Cargo tonnage2,527 (Increase103.5%)
Source: AAI,[1]

Contents

OverviewEdit

The airport is near Bajpe, around 13 km (8.1 mi)[5] northeast of Mangaluru (Mangalore) city centre. It is on top of a hill, with two tabletop runways (09/27 and 06/24). Only two other airports in India have tabletop runways – Kozhikode and Lengpui.[6] The very small and basic terminal was renovated in the early 2000s, adding parking controls, additional seating and additional cafés. The airport was initially used for limited domestic flights, mainly to Mumbai and Bengaluru.

The operation of international flights started in 2006 with Air India Express flying to Dubai. Mangaluru Airport was a customs airport[7] for six years, from 3 October 2006 to 3 October 2012, before it was granted the status of International Airport.[8]

Until 2005, the small 1,600 m (5,249 ft) runway meant the airport could only handle Boeing 737-400 size aircraft. The longer runway now handles slightly larger aircraft. On 10 January 2006 an Airbus A319 of Kingfisher Airlines landed on the new runway.[9] On 28 September 2012 an Airbus A310 landed for the first time at Mangaluru. It was a charter flight for the Hajj pilgrims to Mecca, Saudi Arabia.[10]

In 2011–12 the airport had a revenue of 42.64 crores and an operating profit of 87.6 million,[11] up from 8.3 million in 2006–07.[12] In 2012–13 the airport handled a landmark 1.02 million passengers with 11,940 aircraft movements.[11] The revenue for the same period was Rs 506.6 million, and it recorded an operating profit of Rs 164.9 million during 2012–13.[11] In 2013–14 it handled a 1.25 million passengers with revenues of Rs 638.9 million.[13]

StructureEdit

RunwayEdit

The first runway (09/27), 1,615 m (5,299 ft) long, was opened in 1951. It is a tabletop runway, with landing approaches presented with the extreme edges of a hillside.[14][15] The edges of the hill drop into a valley from a height of about 90 m (300 ft) to 9 m (30 ft)) within a short distance of just 500 m (1,600 ft) on the east of the runway and from about 83 m (272 ft) to 25 m (82 ft) on the western side.[14] The runway was not level, with the height varying from 90 m (300 ft) to 83 m (272 ft) from east to west. Landing on this short runway was considered difficult.[14]

Mangaluru Airport was the first airport in Karnataka to have two runways[16] and the first to have a runway made of concrete.[17] The second runway (06/24), 2,450 m (8,038 ft) long, was opened on 10 May 2006. A Jet Airways flight from Bangalore with 95 passengers on board was the first to land on this runway.[18] The airport has acquired land to build a taxiway parallel to the new runway to reduce aircraft turnaround time.[19]

Union minister of state for civil aviation Praful Patel announced on 15 May 2010 that a work order for extending the runway to 9,000 feet (2,740 m) would be issued soon.[20] After the crash of Air India Express Flight 812, the minister reaffirmed on 30 May 2010 that the runway extension will take place and will take into account the spillover area required during an emergency.[21]

Safety improvements were implemented after the directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) identified this as one of the 11 airports in India as unsafe. Addition of a runway end safety area, ensuring proper markings on the runway, and proper maintenance of the basic strip were among the improvements.[22][23]

Passenger terminalEdit

The road to the new terminal reduces the distance between the city and the airport by about 8 km (5.0 mi).[24] The airport had a trial run of the terminal for domestic flights on 16 December 2009.[25] On 15 May 2010, the terminal building was inaugurated by Civil Aviation Minister, Praful Patel,[26] along with former Chief Minister of Karnataka, B. S. Yeddyurappa. It was to be opened to air traffic on 1 July 2010, but it became operational on 2 August 2010 due to delays caused by the Air India Express Flight 812 accident.[27][28]

Since 1 September 2010, the airport is charging a user development fee (UDF) of 150 (US$2.10) per passenger for domestic flights and 825 (US$11) for international flights. This fee was approved by the Civil Aviation Ministry.[29]

As of 15 May 2010, 26 domestic flights and 52 international flights were operated every week.[30]

Air traffic controlEdit

The construction of a new air traffic control (ATC) tower was completed in June 2014,[31] and commissioned for one-month trial on 19 January 2015.[32]

On 5 September 2013 the Airports Authority of India commissioned a DGCA approved advanced automated air traffic management system, replacing the older system.[33] The system enhances flight safety by providing flight plans, direction finders, and air-ground-data link messages.[33] This system processes radar feeds from Bangalore, Chennai, and Thiruvananthapuram and displays them at Mangalore.[33]

 
Spicejet Bombardier Q400 VT-SUE at Mangaluru Airport

Old terminalEdit

 
The Cargo Terminal

Since 2011 the old terminal has been used for direct flights to Madinah, Saudi Arabia, for pilgrims undertaking the Hajj.[34] In 2011 and 2012 chartered flights landed at Mangalore International Airport and carried passengers from the old terminal building.[10]

Indian Coast Guard Air StationEdit

The Mangaluru Airport Director announced on 28 January 2016 that the Airports Authority of India have handed over 17,000 sqft of space at the old terminal building to the Indian Coast Guard to set up an air station for its air operations.[35] The ICG proposed the stationing of two of its Dornier aircraft at the air station.[35]

ExpansionEdit

  • Addition of two more aerobridges to the terminal building by December 2018.[36]
  • Addition of aircraft parking bays to 12 from current 8 at Integrated Terminal by 2019.
  • Currently the apron is connected to the edge of runway 06, and aircraft movements on the apron have to be stopped when a plane lands and can only resume when it reaches the apron.[37] A new 2,400-metre[36] taxiway will be built parallel to the runway and join the runway ahead of the landing threshold,[37] enabling aircraft on the apron to move towards the runway and hold, saving 10 to 15 minutes.[37] The construction work on the parallel taxiway started on 1 November 2014[38] and though slated for completion in September 2016,[39] only Phase I was completed by March 2017.[40]
  • The 812 crash inquiry recommendation for runway lengthening not having been implemented due to funding obstacles, its length remains 2,450 m (8,040 ft).[41][42][43]
  • Passenger volume projections for the year 2025 made by the AAI while constructing the new passenger terminal were already exceeded in 2012.[44]
  • Commencement of wide-body aircraft flights from the airport, under a public-private partnership model, depending on allotment of 1 km2 (247.1 acres) of land from the government.[45]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

StatisticsEdit

Presently it ranks 12 in the list of airports with international passenger traffic after Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Cochin, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Thiruvananthapuram, Ahmedabad, Kozhikode, Thiruchirapalli international airports.[49] The Airport had 8.91 lakh passengers in the FY 2011-12 and witnessed a growth rate of 5.44%. According to the airport sources it has a target of achieving 16 lac passengers traffic in the FY 2016-17[50]

Mangalore International Airport passenger traffic statistics[51][52][53]
Year Rank Passengers Growth Rank Change
2017-18 23 2,269,949   30.8%   2
2016-17 25 1,734,810   3.6%   4
2015-16 21 1,674,251   28.1%  
2014-15 21 1,307,083   1.82%   3
2013-14 18 1,283,667   23.02%   3
2012-13 21 1,043,386

Air cargo complexEdit

Air cargo complex of the airport was commissioned in the year 2013.[54]

Tonnage and Annual Handling Capacity
Cargo Type Total covered area Capacity (One time handling capacity)
International Cargo 1400 sqm 140 MT
Domestic Cargo 1094 sqm 110 MT

Major commodities are fresh vegetable, chilled fish, ornamental fish, cashews, flowers and machinery parts.[54]

ConnectivityEdit

KSRTC (Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation) (Route No 47) offers bus service between the airport (from the bottom of the hill) and Central Railway Station.[55][56] Taxis ply between the airport and the city of Mangaluru. Prepaid taxi service is available around the clock at the airport counter in the arrival hall.

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On 19 August 1981, Indian Airlines Flight 557, a HAL 748 VT-DXF overshot the 5,783 feet (1,763 m) old runway 27 at Mangalore-Bajpe Airport in wet weather.[57] The aircraft came to a halt just beyond the runway edge. While there were no fatalities, the aircraft was damaged beyond repair and was written off. One of the passengers was Veerappa Moily, then Finance Minister of Karnataka.[58] An investigation revealed numerous pilot-attributed errors: the aircraft's flaps had not been set to landing position, the aircraft had landed long on the downsloping runway, at excessive speed and with a tailwind. The aircraft involved was HAL 748 VT-DXF, with manufacturer's serial number 511;[57] it first flew in 1967.
  • On 22 May 2010, Air India Express Flight 812, a Boeing 737-800 VT-AXV, flying on the Dubai-Mangalore route, overshot the 8,033 feet (2,448 m) runway number 06/24, killing 158 people, including 6 crew; only 8 survived. The aircraft crashed when it overshot the runway and plunged into a steep gorge at the end of the runway.[59] The starboard wing impacted the concrete socket of the instrument landing system (ILS) localiser antenna, rendering it unusable.[60] This resulted in delayed or cancelled flights for two weeks during the monsoon rains, which reduced visibility.[60] It took the airport a little under a month to repair and calibrate the ILS and bring it back online.[61]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "TRAFFIC STATISTICS - DOMESTIC & INTERNATIONAL PASSENGERS". Aai.aero. Archived from the original (jsp) on 10 May 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  2. ^ Cabinet grants international airport status to five airports The Economic Times. Retrieved 4 October 2012
  3. ^ a b "First man who landed in Mangalore: Airport is fine". Rediff News. 26 May 2010. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
  4. ^ "The Green Green Fields of Home". Manglorean.com. 29 September 2006. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2008.
  5. ^ "Airports Authority of India". www.aai.aero. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Indian skies are safe for flying: Kanu Gohain, Ex-Director General, DGCA". The Economic Times. 23 May 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
  7. ^ [PIB "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2011.] "The Custom airports are Mangaluru, ... "
  8. ^ Our Bureau. "Business Line : News / States: Mangalore airport gets international status". Business Line. Retrieved 30 December 2012.
  9. ^ "Kingfisher Creates History – Airbus A-319 Trial Flight Lands at Bajpe". DaijiWorld. 13 January 2006. Retrieved 3 November 2006.
  10. ^ a b Airbus 310 Cynosure of All Eyes at Mangalore Airport DaijiWorld.com accessdate 28 September 2012
  11. ^ a b c [1] The Hindu Business Line 1 May 2013
  12. ^ "Mangalore airport revenue up". The Times of India. 21 August 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  13. ^ MIA handles record passengers during 2013–14 at a growth of 21.71%. Times of India 24 April 2014
  14. ^ a b c "Hi-fliers on a high". The Hindu. 16 December 2006. Archived from the original on 13 September 2007. Retrieved 29 January 2008.
  15. ^ "Mangalore airport upgradation plan – Economic 'gains' vs local 'interests'". Environment Support Group. 17 July 1998. Archived from the original on 11 April 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2008.
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  17. ^ "Pilot training programme at Bajpe airport from Sunday". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 4 January 2007. Retrieved 8 February 2007.
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  19. ^ "Land for parallel taxiway at Bajpe Airport notified". Manglorean.com. 11 June 2008. Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2008.
  20. ^ "Rs 100 crore more for upgrading Mangalore airport". Press Trust of India. 15 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010.[dead link]
  21. ^ "Mangalore airport runway length to be increased by 1,000 ft". The Hindu. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  22. ^ Mangalore’s table-top airport one of the most unsafe in India: DGCA DNA India.com
  23. ^ DGCA finally renews licence of Mangalore Airport Coastal Digest.com
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  32. ^ Mangalore airport gets new air traffic control tower Hindu Business Line 20 January 2015
  33. ^ a b c Mangalore airport to get advanced air traffic management system The Hindu 6 September 2013
  34. ^ First Hajj flight takes off from Mangalore with 159 pilgrims CoastalDigest.com accessdate 28 September 2012
  35. ^ a b Coast Guard gets space at Mangaluru airport for air squadron The Hindu 1 February 2016
  36. ^ a b http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Mangalore/extension-of-additional-taxiway-at-airport-gets-aai-approval/article8735264.ece >
  37. ^ a b c Mangalore airport to have new taxiway for rush days ahead The Hindu 24 May 2013
  38. ^ Manglore airport to be shut at night for six months Zee News 18 October 2014
  39. ^ "AAI approves extension of Mangaluru airport taxiway". The Hindu. The Hindu Business Line. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  40. ^ Shenoy, Jaideep (6 March 2017). "AAI commissions phase I of part parallel taxi track at MIA". The Times of India. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
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  43. ^ Tarun Shukla (20 January 2013). "Mangalore air crash: panel formed to implement preventive steps". Livemint. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
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  46. ^ a b "IndiGo network map for the week commencing 04-Dec-2017". CAPA Centre for Aviation. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  47. ^ "Jet Airways Schedule". 3 April 2018. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  48. ^ Liu,Jim (2018-11-16). "Jet Airways discontinues 6 Middle East service in Dec 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  49. ^ "Mangalore Airport records growth in passenger traffic".
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  52. ^ "2014-15 Statistics" (PDF). Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2015.
  53. ^ "2016-17 Statistics" (PDF). Airports Authority of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2017.
  54. ^ a b "Airports Authority of India". www.aai.aero. Retrieved 2016-10-29.
  55. ^ Mangalore: Seven KSRTC Buses Start Functioning in City Daijiworld.com
  56. ^ KSRTC launches seven new city services in Mangalore Times of India
  57. ^ a b "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
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  60. ^ a b Pinto, Stanley G (9 June 2010). "Airline companies bleed as flights get cancelled". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  61. ^ "Instrument Landing System Begins Operation at Mangalore Airport Again". DaijiWorld.com. 17 June 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Mangaluru Airport at Wikimedia Commons