Shivamogga, also known as Shimoga, is a city and the district headquarters of Shimoga in the central part of the state of Karnataka, India. The city lies on the banks of the Tunga River. Being the gateway for the hilly region of the Western Ghats, the city is popularly nicknamed as "Gateway of Malnad".
Images, from top down, left right
Indian lion in the Tyavarekoppa Tiger and Lion Reserve
Statue of Keladi Shivappa Nayaka
Sculpture of Mahishasura Mardhini
Shivappa Nayaka palace
|• Type||City Corporation|
|• Body||Shivamogga Mahanagara Palike|
|• City||70.01 km2 (27.03 sq mi)|
|Elevation||569 m (1,867 ft)|
|• Rank||10th (Karnataka)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
577201 - 577205
|ISO 3166 code||IN-KA|
The city is 569 m above sea level and is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, arecanut and coconut groves. The population of Shimoga city is 4,95,789 consisting of 2,51,978 males and 2,43,650 females, as per 2011 census.
The name of the city is derived from the term "shivmoga". A version of etymology is due to the story that Lord Shiva drank the Tunga river water using "Mogge", hence the name Shiva-mogga". Another version of etymology is that the name is derived from the term "Sihi-Mogge", meaning "sweet pot".
The district formed the southern tip of the Emperor Ashoka's Mauryan Empire in the third century BC. It was ruled during later centuries by the Kadambas (4th century), Chalukyas (6th century), Ganges, Rashtrakutas (8th century), Hoysalas (11th century), and the Vijayanagara rulers (15th century). The city got an independent identity under the Keladi Nayakas' rule during the 16th century. From the late 17th century, the city had been a part of the Kingdom of Mysore until the independence of India in 1947, when the Mysore state merged into the Republic of India.
On 1 November 2006, the government of Karnataka announced the renaming of Shimoga to "Shivamogga", along with nine other cities in the state. The central government approved (12 cities) the request in the October 2014 and the city was renamed on 1 November 2014.
Shimoga is one of the important centers for the high school and the pre-university education in Karnataka. Notable institutes in Shimoga for pre-university (PU) education include: Sri Aurobindo PU College, PACE PU College, Acharya PU College (Nandana Education Trust ), Vidya Bharathi PU College, National College, Vidyanikethan College, Sacred Heart, Sri Adichunchangiri Independent Pre-University College, DVS P.U. Independent college, DVS Composite College, PES P.U. College.
Government High School is the oldest education institution in Shimoga. It was started by the British in 1853. Some other schools include The Educare School, Mandara Jnanadayini School, Inchara School (Gopala), Jnanadeepa, Ikhlas English School, Saandeepani, Vikasa, National Public School, Swami Vivekananda, Oxford, Sri Adichunchanagiri Composite High School, PES, Sarvodaya, Mary Immaculate, Vasavi, Sanjos, (Roman Catholic School), Sacred Heart High School, Loyola English High School (RC Schools), Ramakrishna, Rotary, Mahaveer, DVS and Ayyappa school.
Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences is the medical sciences college at Shimoga and managed by Government Departments. Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences is located at Purale. Sharavathi Dental College is also located in Shimoga. Shivamogga also has two engineering colleges, Jawaharlal Nehru National College of Engineering and PES Institute of Technology and Management. Sahyadri College for Science, Commerce and Arts is one of the oldest in Karnataka, run by the Government. Tegginamath Arts Education Society Ayurvedic medical is located in Nidige. There is a veterinary college, which is one among the 4 colleges present in Karnataka.There is also a University Of Agricultural and Horticultural Sciences at Navule of Shimoga.
The population of Shimoga in 4,95,789 cas per 2011 census. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Shimoga has an average literacy rate of 88.02%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 91.32%, and female literacy is 84.70%.Total children (0-6) in Shimoga city are 31,626 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 16,130 boys while 15,496 are girls. Child sex ratio of girls is 961 per 1000 boys.
According to the Shimoga City Municipal Corporation, the city has a total area of about 50 square kilometres (19 sq mi). The climate is tropical wet and dry (Köppen climate classification) summer average temperature 20–35 °C (68–95 °F). This means that the winter and the early part of summer are typically dry periods. The majority of the rainfall occurs between June and early October. Shimoga is a part of a region known as Malnad (land of hills) in Karnataka. Most/all these hills are part of the Western Ghats, a region known for plentiful rainfall and lush greenery and declared during 2012 as a World Heritage site. Tunga River flows through Shimoga. In summer (April–May), temperature crosses 36 °C at Shimoga.
|Climate data for Shimoga|
|Average high °C (°F)||22.6
|Average low °C (°F)||15
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||0
Industries like Pearlite Industries, Malnad Alloys, Shanthala Sperocast, Vijay Technnocrats, Perfect Alloys, Smiths & Founders (India)Limited are some foundries manufacture quality castings, supply to major Original Manufacturers in India and also exporting their products to many countries and several other Industries are located in Shimoga. APMC of Shimoga is main marketing point of arecanut, the major commercial crop grown in the district and well as in neighbouring districts like Uttara Kannada. Shimoga has the biggest areca nut market, and known for procuring high quality areca nuts. Other agricultural produces like rice, chili, coconut etc. are also marketed in APMC. Also Garment Industries like Shahi Exports and many other Industries situated.
Shimoga IT Park is an information technology hub built just outside Shimoga near the future Shimoga Airport. The IT Park consists of a 100000 sq ft office building with 24/7 electrical capacity, diesel backup generators, and high speed T1 data connections for use by IT industries such as data centres, call centres, aerospace, robotics, etc.
Shimoga is well connected by road to major cities like Bangalore, Mangalore, Hubli. Two major National Highways pass through the City. The city has two railway station, and there are trains that run to and from Bangalore and Mysuru.
- Kuvempu, a Jnanpeeta Awardee.
- Sarekoppa Bangarappa, an Indian politician who was the 12th Chief Minister of Karnataka from 1990 to 1992.
- Kadidal Manjappa, a veteran freedom fighter and a former Chief minister of karnataka
- Khadi Shankarappa, a veteran freedom fighter.
- Justice M. Rama Jois, a former Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana High Court, a former member of Rajya Sabha, a former Governor of Jharkhand and Bihar states and a senior advocate in the Supreme Court of India.
- Shimoga Subbanna, a playback singer.
- Sudeep, an actor and a director of Kannada cinema.
- G. S. Shivarudrappa, a Rashtrakavi.
- U R Ananthamurthy, a Jnanapeeta Awardee.
- Gundappa Vishwanath, a former cricketer.
- B. S. Yeddyurappa, a politician and a former Chief Minister of Karnataka
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