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Davanagere is a city in the centre of the southern Indian state of Karnataka. It is the seventh largest city in the state, and the administrative headquarters of eponymous Davangere district.[1] Hitherto being a cotton hub and hence popularly known before as the Manchester of Karnataka, the commercial ventures of the city is now dominated by education and agro-processing industries.[citation needed] Davanagere became a separate district in 1997,[2] when it was separated from the erstwhile undivided district of Chitradurga for administration conveniences. Davanagere is known for rich culinary traditions which encompass the diversity of entire Karnataka's dishes due to its geographical position in the state as its centre. Notable among them is its aromatic benne dose.[3][4]

Davanagere City Corporation office (above)
Glass House near Shamanur (below)
Davanagere is located in Karnataka
Davanagere in Karnataka, India
Davanagere is located in India
Davanagere (India)
Coordinates: 14°28′00″N 75°55′27″E / 14.4666°N 75.9242°E / 14.4666; 75.9242
Country India
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyDavanagere Mahanagara Palike
 • MayorVinayaka B. H.
 • MLA (Davanagere North Assembly constituency)S. S. Mallikarjun
 • MLA (Davanagere South Assembly constituency)Shamanuru Shivashankarappa
 • MPG. M. Siddeshwara
 • Total68.63 km2 (26.50 sq mi)
 • Rank9th
 • Total435,125
 • Rank9th(Karnataka)
 • Density6,300/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code08192
Vehicle registrationKA-17

Davanagere was selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under the Central government's Smart Cities Mission. It was among the first 20 towns to be developed under the mission by Ministry of Urban Development.[5] According to 2020 human living index, it was selected as the top 9th most livable city with a population under 10 million in India.

Civic administration edit

Davangere has been at the forefront in municipal administration with the city attaining the status of a municipality as early as 1870.[6] The Imperial Gazetteer of India (1911) says that the receipts and expenditure of the municipality, during the ten years ending 1901, averaged Rs 14,200 and Rs 12,600 respectively.[6] The civic administration of the city was managed by the Nagarasabhe, before it was established as a municipality on 7 August 1951. It now has the status of a City Corporation, which was upgraded on 6 January 2007. It is headed by a Mayor, assisted by Commissioners and council members. The city is divided into 45 wards, and the council members (corporators) are elected by the people of the city.

Geography edit

Davanagere is the "Heart of Karnataka". Davanagere is surrounded by the Chitradurga, Vijayanagara, Shimoga, Chikmagalur and Haveri districts. Davanagere is at the centre of Karnataka, 14°28' N latitude, 75°59' longitude and 602.5 metres (1,977 ft) above sea level. Davanagere District receives an average annual rainfall of 644 mm (25.4 in).[7]

Davanagere lies in the semi arid region. The district is bounded by Shimoga (Malenadu) Area of Hills, Haveri, Chitradurga, Chikmagalur and Vijayanagara districts. The southern and western parts of the district are irrigated by the waters of the Bhadra reservoir. It has Asia's 2nd largest irrigation tank called Sulekere (shanthi sagara) which is a major water source for farmers in the district.

Demographics edit

Historical population
1941 31,759+37.2%
1981 196,621+62.3%
Source: [8]
Religions in Davanagere City (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

As of the 2011 census, Davanagere city had a population of 435,125. Males constitute 52% of the population, and females 48%. Davanagere has an average literacy rate of 85%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 89% and, female literacy is 81%.[10] In Davanagere, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Languages of Davanagere (2011)[11]

  Kannada (66.37%)
  Urdu (23.82%)
  Telugu (2.81%)
  Marathi (1.96%)
  Tamil (1.17%)
  Konkani (1.04%)
  Others (2.83%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 66.37% of the population spoke Kannada, 23.82% Urdu, 2.81% Telugu, 1.96% Marathi, 1.17% Tamil and 1.04% Konkani as their first language.[11]

Transportation edit

Davangere is well-connected by road to Bangalore, Chitradurga, Dharwad, Pune, Goa, Mangalore, Mysore and Chennai through NH 48 (previously National Highway 4). Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, has a divisional office situated in Davanagere City. The city is well-connected to Bengaluru and other cities in the state by KSRTC buses. Many privately operated buses offer overnight services to other places within the state.

Rail edit

The city's railway station comes under the South Western Railway zone and was constructed during the era of the British Raj and has recently been renovated. The station code is DVG. The railway station is quite conveniently located in the centre of the city. Regular train services are available towards Bengaluru, Hubli and Mysuru.

Air edit

The nearest domestic airport to Davanagere is Shivamogga Airport (IATA:RQY), which is 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the city and the nearest International airports are Bangalore International Airport and Mangalore International Airport both of which are about 275 km away. The ubiquitous Autorickshaws are the backbone for travelling within the city. The city bus services are operated by both private as well as state owned entreprises.

Gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Davangere town Statistics". Archived from the original on 21 December 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  2. ^ "History | Davanagere District, Government of Karnataka". Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  3. ^ District Gazetteers Karnataka state
  4. ^ Mujumdar, Neha (22 December 2012). "In search of DAVANGERE BENNE DOSE". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  5. ^ "Davanagere, Belagavi Among 1st Smart Cities". The New Indian Express-28-Jan-2016. Archived from the original on 30 January 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 11, page 204 -- Imperial Gazetteer of India -- Digital South Asia Library". dsal.uchicago.edu.
  7. ^ "NIC.in". Retrieved 28 April 2024.
  8. ^ Census Tables censusindia.gov.in [dead link]
  9. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion - Karnataka". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ "Davanagere City Census 2011 data". Census 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue (Urban): Karnataka". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.