Open main menu

List of prime ministers of India

  (Redirected from List of Prime Ministers of India)

The Prime Minister of India is the chief executive of the Government of India. In India's parliamentary system, the Constitution names the President as head of state de jure, but his or her de facto executive powers are vested in the prime minister and their Council of Ministers. Appointed and sworn-in by the President, the prime minister is usually the leader of the party or alliance that has a majority in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament of India.[1]

Prime Minister of India
PM Modi 2015.jpg
Incumbent
Narendra Modi

since 26 May 2014 (2014-05-26)

Since 1947, India has had 14 prime ministers, 15 including Gulzarilal Nanda who twice acted in the role.[2] The first was Jawaharlal Nehru of the Indian National Congress party, who was sworn in on 15 August 1947, when India gained independence from the British Raj.[3] Serving until his death in May 1964, Nehru remains India's longest-serving prime minister. He was succeeded by fellow Congressman Lal Bahadur Shastri, whose 19-month term also ended in death.[4]

Indira Gandhi, Nehru's daughter, succeeded Shastri in 1966 to become the country's first and the only woman prime minister.[5] Eleven years later, she was voted out of power in favour of the Janata Party, whose leader Morarji Desai became the first non-Congress prime minister.[6] After he resigned in 1979, his former deputy Charan Singh briefly held office until Indira Gandhi was voted back six months later.[7] Her second stint as prime minister ended five years later on 31 October 1984, when she was assassinated by her own bodyguards.[5] Her son Rajiv Gandhi was then sworn in as India's youngest premier and the third from his family. Members of Nehru–Gandhi family have been prime minister for a total of 37 years and 303 days.[8]

Rajiv's five-year term ended with his former cabinet colleague, Vishwanath Pratap Singh of the Janata Dal, forming the year-long National Front coalition government in 1989. A seven-month interlude under prime minister Chandra Shekhar followed, after which the Congress party returned to power, forming the government under P. V. Narasimha Rao in June 1991.[9] Rao's five-year term was succeeded by four short-lived governments—Atal Bihari Vajpayee from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) for 16 days in 1996, a year each under United Front prime ministers H. D. Deve Gowda and Inder Kumar Gujral, and Vajpayee again for 19 months in 1998–99.[9] After Vajpayee was sworn-in for the third time, in 1999, he managed to lead his National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government to a full five-year term, the first non-Congress alliance to do so.[10] Vajpayee was succeeded by Manmohan Singh, whose United Progressive Alliance government was in office for 10 years between 2004 and 2014.[11] The incumbent prime minister of India is Narendra Modi who has headed the BJP-led NDA government since 26 May 2014 which is India's first non-Congress single party majority government.[12]

KeyEdit

Legend

List of Prime MinistersEdit

No. Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Party
(Alliance)
Elected constituency Term of office[14] Appointed by Lok Sabha[a]
1   Jawaharlal Nehru
(1889–1964)
Indian National Congress Phulpur, Uttar Pradesh 15 August 1947 15 April 1952 16 years, 286 days Lord Mountbatten Constituent Assembly[b]
15 April 1952 17 April 1957 Rajendra Prasad 1st
17 April 1957 2 April 1962 2nd
2 April 1962 27 May 1964[†] 3rd
 –   Gulzarilal Nanda (acting)
(1898–1998)
Indian National Congress Sabarkantha, Gujarat 27 May 1964 9 June 1964 13 days Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
2   Lal Bahadur Shastri
(1904–1966)
Indian National Congress Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh 9 June 1964 11 January 1966[†] 1 year, 216 days
 –   Gulzarilal Nanda (acting)
(1898–1998)
Indian National Congress Sabarkantha, Gujarat 11 January 1966 24 January 1966 13 days
3   Indira Gandhi
(1917–1984)
Indian National Congress Rajya Sabha MP for Uttar Pradesh 24 January 1966 4 March 1967 11 years, 59 days
Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh 4 March 1967 15 March 1971 4th
15 March 1971 24 March 1977 V. V. Giri 5th
4   Morarji Desai
(1896–1995)
Janata Party Surat, Gujarat 24 March 1977 28 July 1979[RES] 2 years, 126 days B. D. Jatti 6th
5   Charan Singh
(1902–1987)
Janata Party (Secular)
with INC
Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh 28 July 1979 14 January 1980[RES] 170 days Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
(3)   Indira Gandhi
(1917–1984)
Indian National Congress (I) Medak, Andhra Pradesh 14 January 1980[§] 31 October 1984[†] 4 years, 291 days 7th
6   Rajiv Gandhi
(1944–1991)
Indian National Congress (I) Amethi, Uttar Pradesh 31 October 1984 31 December 1984 5 years, 32 days Zail Singh
31 December 1984 2 December 1989 8th
7   Vishwanath Pratap Singh
(1931–2008)
Janata Dal
(National Front)
Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh 2 December 1989 10 November 1990[NC] 343 days R. Venkataraman 9th
8   Chandra Shekhar
(1927–2007)
Samajwadi Janata Party
with INC
Ballia, Uttar Pradesh 10 November 1990 21 June 1991[c] 223 days
9   P. V. Narasimha Rao
(1921–2004)
Indian National Congress (I) Nandyal, Andhra Pradesh 21 June 1991 16 May 1996 4 years, 330 days 10th
10   Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(1924–2018)
Bharatiya Janata Party Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 16 May 1996 1 June 1996[RES] 16 days Shankar Dayal Sharma 11th
11   H. D. Deve Gowda
(1933–)
Janata Dal
(United Front)
Rajya Sabha MP for Karnataka 1 June 1996 21 April 1997[RES] 324 days
12   Inder Kumar Gujral
(1919–2012)
Janata Dal
(United Front)
Rajya Sabha MP for Bihar 21 April 1997 19 March 1998 332 days
(10)   Atal Bihari Vajpayee
(1924–2018)
Bharatiya Janata Party
(NDA)
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 19 March 1998[§] 10 October 1999 6 years, 64 days K. R. Narayanan 12th
10 October 1999 22 May 2004 13th
13   Manmohan Singh
(1932–)
Indian National Congress
(UPA)
Rajya Sabha MP for Assam 22 May 2004 22 May 2009 10 years, 4 days A. P. J. Abdul Kalam 14th
22 May 2009 26 May 2014 Pratibha Patil 15th
14   Narendra Modi
(1950–)
Bharatiya Janata Party
(NDA)
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 26 May 2014 30 May 2019 5 years, 176 days Pranab Mukherjee 16th
30 May 2019 Incumbent Ram Nath Kovind 17th

List of Prime ministers by length of tenureEdit

No. Portrait Name Party Length of term
Longest continuous term Total years of premiership
1   Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress 16 years, 286 days 16 years, 286 days
2   Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress 11 years, 59 days 15 years, 350 days
3   Manmohan Singh Indian National Congress 10 years, 4 days 10 years, 4 days
4   Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party 6 years, 64 days 6 years, 80 days
5   Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party 5 years, 176 days 5 years, 176 days
6   Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress 5 years, 32 days 5 years, 32 days
7   P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress (I) 4 years, 330 days 4 years, 330 days
8   Morarji Desai Janata Party 2 years, 126 days 2 years, 126 days
9   Lal Bahadur Shastri Indian National Congress 1 year, 216 days 1 year, 216 days
10   Vishwanath Pratap Singh Janata Dal 343 days 343 days
11   Inder Kumar Gujral Janata Dal 332 days 332 days
12   H. D. Deve Gowda Janata Dal 324 days 324 days
13   Chandra Shekhar Samajwadi Janata Party 223 days 223 days
14   Charan Singh Janata Party (Secular) 170 days 170 days

Lists by partyEdit

Following is the summary of hold of Prime Minister's office by members of Indian political parties. The data to some extent may not reflect latest accurate set of informations as the length of term for ruling party will continue to change everyday and may be updated periodically only. The displayed data is as of October 31, 2019.

No. Political party Number of Prime ministers Total years of holding PMO
1 Indian National Congress 6 54 years, 123 days
2 Bharatiya Janata Party 2 11 years, 239 days
3 Janata Dal 3 2 years, 269 days
4 Janata Party 1 2 years, 126 days
5 Samajwadi Janata Party 1 223 days
6 Janata Party (Secular) 1 170 days

Parties by number of their members served as Indian Prime ministersEdit

1
2
3
4
5
6
INC
Janata Dal
BJP
Janata Party
Janata Party (Secular)
Samajwadi Janata Party

Parties by total duration (in years) of holding Prime Minister OfficeEdit

10
20
30
40
50
60
INC
BJP
Janata Dal
Janata Party
Janata Dal (Secular)
Samajwadi Janata Party

Living former Prime ministersEdit

As of 18 November 2019, there are two living former Prime ministers of India:

Name Term of office Date of birth
H. D. Deve Gowda 1996–1997 (1933-05-18) May 18, 1933 (age 86)
Manmohan Singh 2004–2014 (1932-09-26) September 26, 1932 (age 87)

TimelineEdit

Narendra ModiManmohan SinghAtal Bihari VajpayeeInder Kumar GujralH. D. Deve GowdaAtal Bihari VajpayeeP. V. Narasimha RaoChandra ShekharVishwanath Pratap SinghRajiv GandhiIndira GandhiCharan SinghMoraji DesaiIndira GandhiGulzarilal NandaLal Bahadur ShastriGulzarilal NandaJawaharlal Nehru 

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Although the Prime Minister can be a member of either house of the Parliament, they have to command the confidence of the Lok Sabha. Upon dissolution of the Lok Sabha, the outgoing PM remains in office until their successor is sworn in.
  2. ^ The Constituent Assembly of India consisted of 389 members elected in 1946 by the provincial assemblies by a single, transferable-vote system of proportional representation. The Assembly was replaced by the Provisional Parliament of India after adoption of the Constitution on 26 January 1950 until the first general elections.
  3. ^ Chandra Shekhar officially resigned as Prime Minister on 13 March 1991, but he and his ministers continued in office until Rao succeeded him.

FootnoteEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pylee, M.V. (2003). Constitutional Government in India. S. Chand Publishing. p. 252. ISBN 9788121922036. Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  2. ^ Mahurkar, Uday (15 May 1996). "At 98, two-time interim PM Gulzarilal Nanda is the epitome of Gandhian ideals". India Today. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  3. ^ Ramasheshan, Radhika (26 January 2012). "Why January 26: the history of the day". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 17 November 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  4. ^ Malhotra, Inder (15 January 1995). "Book review: Lal Bahadur Shastri Prime Minister of India 1964-66: A Life of Truth in Politics". India Today. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  5. ^ a b Vijaykumar, Neeti (19 January 2017). "Today in 1966: Indira Gandhi becomes Prime Minister". The Week. Archived from the original on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Before Modi, there was Morarjibhai". Rediff.com. 7 April 2014. Archived from the original on 30 March 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  7. ^ "JD-U demands Bharat Ratna to former PM Charan Singh". The Economic Times. 21 December 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2018.
  8. ^ Denyer, Simon (2 December 2011). "In India, next generation of Gandhi dynasty". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  9. ^ a b Iype, George (3 May 2004). "What the former PMs are doing". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 25 March 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  10. ^ Ghosh, Deepshikha (16 August 2018). "Atal Bihari Vajpayee: The 3-Time PM Who Captivated India With His Oratory". NDTV. Archived from the original on 23 December 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  11. ^ "PM Modi, Rahul Gandhi Greet Manmohan Singh On His 86th Birthday". Outlook. 26 September 2018. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  12. ^ Panda, Ankit (16 May 2014). "BJP, Modi Win Landslide Victory in Indian Elections". The Diplomat. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Indian National Congress". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
  14. ^ "Former Prime Ministers". PM India. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2015.