Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is an Indian government ministry. The ministry portfolio is currently held by Prakash Javadekar, Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.[3]

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Emblem of India.svg
Prakash Javadekar.jpg
Prakash Javadekar, the current Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Agency overview
Formed1985 (1985)
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersIndira Paryavaran Bhavan, Jorbagh Road, New Delhi[1]
Annual budget3,100 crore (US$430 million) (2020-21 est.)[2]
Ministers responsible
Agency executives
  • C.K. Mishra, IAS, Secretary (EF&CC)
  • Sanjay Kumar IFS, , Director General of Forests and Special Secretary
Websitewww.moef.nic.in

The ministry is responsible for planning, promoting, coordinating, and overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes in the country. The main activities undertaken by the ministry include conservation and survey of the flora of India and fauna of India, forests and other wilderness areas; prevention and control of pollution; afforestation, and land degradation mitigation. It is responsible for the administration of the 1947 national parks of India.

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is the cadre controlling authority of the Indian Forest Service (IFS), one of the three All India Services.

HistoryEdit

Environmental debates were first introduced into the national political agenda during Indira Gandhi's first term as Prime Minister of India. The 4th Five-Year Plan (1969–74), for example, proclaimed "harmonious development [...] on the basis of a comprehensive appraisal of environmental issues." In 1977 (during the Emergency) Gandhi added Article 48A to the constitution stating that: "The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country." The same decree transferred wildlife and forests from state list to concurrent list of the constitution, thus giving the central government the power to overrule state decisions on that matter. Such political and constitutional changes prepared the groundwork for the creation of a federal Department of Environment in 1980, turned into the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1985.[4] Although tackling climate change was already a responsibility of the ministry, its priority was raised when in May 2014 the ministry was renamed to the current title of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.[5]

OrganisationEdit

MinistersEdit

 
Prakash Javadekar meeting with US Secretary of State John Kerry at COP21 in Paris.
N Name Term of office Political party

(Alliance)

Prime Minister
1 Vallabhbhai Patel 1945 1946 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
2 Jawaharlal Nehru 1946 1947 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
3 Rafi Ahmed Kidwai 15 August 1947 2 August 1951 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
4 Amrit Kaur 2 August 1951 13 May 1952
5 Jagjivan Ram 13 May 1952 7 December 1956
6 Raj Bahadur 7 December 1956 17 April 1957
7 Lal Bahadur Shastri 17 April 1957 28 March 1958
8 S. K. Patil 29 March 1958 24 August 1959
9 Jawaharlal Nehru 25 August 1959 2 September 1959
10 P. Subbarayan 2 September 1959 9 April 1962
11 Jagjivan Ram 10 April 1963 31 August 1963
12 Ashoke Kumar Sen 1 September 1963 13 June 1964
Lal Bahadur Shastri
13 Satya Narayan Sinha 13 June 1964 12 March 1967
Indira Gandhi
14 Ram Subhag Singh 13 March 1967 14 February 1969
15 Satya Narayan Sinha 14 February 1969 8 March 1971
16 Indira Gandhi 9 March 1971 17 March 1971
17 Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna 2 May 1971 8 November 1973
18 Raj Bahadur 8 November 1973 11 January 1974
19 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 11 January 1974 10 October 1974
20 Shankar Dayal Sharma 10 October 1974 24 March 1977
21 Morarji Desai 24 March 1977 26 March 1977 Janata Party Morarji Desai
22 Parkash Singh Badal 26 March 1977 27 March 1977 Shiromani Akali Dal
23 George Fernandes 28 March 1977 6 July 1977 Janata Party
24 Brij Lal Varma 6 July 1977 28 July 1979
25 Charan Singh 28 July 1979 30 July 1979 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh
26 Morarji Desai 30 July 1979 27 November 1979
27 Shyam Nandan Mishra 7 December 1979 14 January 1980
28 Bhishma Narain Singh 16 January 1980 3 March 1980 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
29 P. V. Narasimha Rao 3 March 1980 2 September 1982
30 Inder Kumar Gujral 2 September 1982 14 February 1983
31 Rajiv Gandhi 31 October 1984 4 November 1988 Rajiv Gandhi
32 Bhajan Lal 25 June 1988 30 June 1989
33 Ziaur Rahman Ansari 4 July 1989 2 December 1989
34 V. P. Singh 2 December 1989 6 December 1989 Janata Dal V. P. Singh
35 Nilamani Routray 6 December 1989 23 April 1990 Congress (Secular)
36 Maneka Gandhi 30 April 1990 5 November 1990 Janata Dal
37 Kamal Nath 10 November 1990 21 November 1990 Samajwadi Janata Party Chandra Shekhar
38 Chandra Shekhar 21 November 1990 22 November 1990
39 Rajesh Pilot 22 November 1990 21 June 1991
40 H. D. Dewe Gowda 21 June 1991 17 January 1993 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
41 Saifuddin Soz 17 January 1993 16 May 1996
42 Suresh Prabhu 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
43 T. R. Baalu 1 June 1996 19 March 1998 Samajwadi Party H. D. Dewe GowdaI. K. Gujral
44 Atal Bihari Vajpayee 19 March 1998 21 March 1999 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
45 Ramesh Bias 13 October 1999 1 September 2001 Janata Dal (United)
46 Pramod Mahajan 2 September 2001 28 January 2003 Bharatiya Janata Party
47 A. Raja 29 January 2003 22 May 2004
48 Manmohan Singh 23 May 2004 15 May 2007 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Manmohan Singh
49 Jairam Ramesh 16 May 2007 14 November 2010
50 Jayanthi Natarajan 15 November 2010 19 January 2011 Indian National Congress
51 M. Veerappa Moily 19 January 2011 26 May 2014
52 Prakash Javadekar 2014 2016 Bharatiya Janata Party Narendra Modi
53 Anil Madhav Dave 2016 2017 Bharatiya Janata Party Narendra Modi
54 Harsh Vardhan 18 May 2017 26 May 2020 Bharatiya Janata Party Narendra Modi
55 Prakash Javadekar 26 May 2020 Bharatiya Janata Party Narendra Modi

Ministers of StateEdit

Minister Period
1 Victor Hope 1945 — 1945
2 Archibald Wavell 1945 — 1946
3 Louis Mountbatten 1946 — 1947
4 Jawaharlal Nehru 1947 — 1950
5 Rajendra Prasad 1947 — 1950
6 Lal Bahadur Shastri 1950 — 1950
7 C. Rajagopalachari 1950 — 1951
8 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 1951 — 1951
9 Morarji Desai 1951 — 1951
10 Zakir Husain 1951 — 1969
11 Charan Singh 1969 — 1969
12 V. V. Giri 1969 —1970
13 Indira Gandhi 1970 — 1972
14 Rajiv Gandhi 1972 — 1973
15 Vishwanath Pratap Singh 1973 — 1975
16 Chandra Shekhar 1975 — 1975
17 Indira Gandhi 1975 — 1984
18 Rajiv Gandhi 1984 – 1986
19 P. V. Narasimha Rao 1986 — 1986
20 Inder Kumar Gujral 1986 — 1986
21 H. D. Deve Gowda 1986 — 1987
22 Bhajan Lal 1987 – 1988
23 Ziaur Rehman Ansari(As MoS, Independent Charge

till 25 June 1988)

14 February 1988 – 2 December 1989
24 V. P. Singh 2 December 1989 – 23 April 1990
25 Nilamani Routray 23 April 1990 – 10 November 1990
26 Maneka Gandhi(MoS, Independent Charge) 10 November 1990 – 21 June 1991
27 Kamal Nath(MoS, Independent Charge) 21 June 1991 – 15 September 1995
28 Rajesh Pilot(MoS, Independent Charge) 15 September 1995 – 16 May 1996
29 Jainarayan Prasad Nishad 29 June 1996 – 21 February 1997
30 Saifuddin Soz 21 February 1997 – 19 March 1998
31 Suresh Prabhu 19 March 1998 – 13 October 1999
32 T. R. Baalu 13 October 1999 – 21 December 2003
33 Atal Bihari Vajpayee 21 December 2003 – 9 January 2004
34 Ramesh Bias(MoS, Independent Charge) 9 January 2004 – 22 May 2004
35 A. Raja 23 May 2004 – 15 May 2007
36 Manmohan Singh 15 May 2007 – 28 May 2009
37 Jairam Ramesh(MoS, Independent Charge) 28 May 2009 – 12 July 2011
38 Jayanthi Natarajan(MoS, Independent Charge) 12 July 2011 – 21 December 2013
39 M. Veerappa Moily 21 December 2013 – 26 May 2014
40 Prakash Javadekar(MoS, Independent Charge) 26 May 2014 – 5 July 2016
41 Anil Madhav Dave(MoS, Independent Charge) 5 July 2016 – 18 May 2017
42 Dr. Harsh Vardhan 18 May 2017 - 24 May 2019
43 Mahesh Sharma 2017 — 2019
44 Babul Supriyo 2019 —

InitiativesEdit

In August 2019 Ministry of Environment released the Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy. It is a set of guidelines which envisions a future with environmentally sustainable and equitable economic growth. The policy is guided by principle of reduction in primary resource consumption; creation of higher value with less material through resource efficient circular approach; waste minimization; material security and creation of employment opportunities and business model beneficial to cause of environment protection and restoration.It was based on the report of NITI Aayog and European Union titled, The strategy on resource efficiency. The policy seeks to set up a National Resource Efficiency Authority with core working group housed in the Ministry. It also plans to offer tax benefits on recycled materials and soft loans to set up waste disposal and material recovery facilities.[8][9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Contact Us | Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government of India". Moef.gov.in. 31 July 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  2. ^ "MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, FORESTS AND CLIMATE CHANGE DEMAND NO. 27 : Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change" (web). Indiabudget.gov.in. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Following Anil Daves death, Dr Harsh Vardhan gets additional charge of environment". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  4. ^ Sanjeev Khagram (2004) "Dams and Development", New York, Cornell University Press, ISBN 978-0-8014-8907-5
  5. ^ "Ministry of environment and forests undergoes a nomenclature change". The Economic Times. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2016.
  6. ^ "About ENVIS".
  7. ^ "Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute | Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Government of India". Envfor.nic.in. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Comments called for on the Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy Released". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  9. ^ "EU-India joint declaration on resource efficiency and circular economy(PDF)". Consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 10 September 2020.

External linksEdit