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Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

  (Redirected from Ministry of Environment and Forests (India))

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is an Indian government ministry. The ministry portfolio is currently held by Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.[3]

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1985 (1985)
Jurisdiction Government of India
Headquarters Indira Paryavaran Bhavan, Jorbagh Road, New Delhi[1]
Annual budget 2,675.42 crore (US$420 million) (2018-19 est.)[2]
Minister responsible
Agency executives
  • Ajay Narayan Jha, IAS, Secretary (EF&C)
  • Siddhanta Das, IFS, , Director General of Forests and Special Secretary

The ministry is responsible for planning, promoting, coordinating, and overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes in the country. The main activities undertaken by the ministry include conservation and survey of the flora of India and fauna of India, forests and other wilderness areas; prevention and control of pollution; afforestation, and land degradation mitigation. It is responsible for the administration of the national parks of India.

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is the cadre controlling authority of the Indian Forest Service (IFoS), one of the three All India Services.



Environmental debates were first introduced into the national political agenda during Indira Gandhi's first term as Prime Minister of India. The 4th Five-Year Plan (1969–74), for example, proclaimed "harmonious development [...] on the basis of a comprehensive appraisal of environmental issues." In 1976 (during the Emergency) Gandhi added Article 48A to the constitution stating that: "The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country." The same decree transferred wildlife and forests from state list to concurrent list of the constitution, thus giving the central government the power to overrule state decisions on that matter. Such political and constitutional changes prepared the groundwork for the creation of a federal Department of Environment in 1980, turned into the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1985.[4] Although tackling climate change was already a responsibility of the ministry, its priority was raised when in May 2014 the ministry was renamed to the current title of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.[5]


List of environment ministers of IndiaEdit

Javadekar meeting with US Secretary of State John Kerry at COP21 in Paris.
Period Minister
2009–2011 Jairam Ramesh
2011–2013 Jayanthi Natarajan
2013–2014 Veerappa Moily
2014–2016 Prakash Javadekar
2016–2017 Anil Madhav Dave
2017- till date Dr. Harsh Vardhan[3]

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit