List of chief ministers of Madhya Pradesh

The Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh is the chief executive of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
Incumbent
Mohan Yadav
since 13 December 2023
Government of Madhya Pradesh
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member ofMadhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Reports to
AppointerGovernor of Madhya Pradesh
Term length5 years
Chief minister's term is for five years, provided the confidence of legislative assembly and is subject to no term limits.[1]
Inaugural holderRavishankar Shukla
Formation1 November 1956
(67 years ago)
 (1956-11-01)
DeputyDeputy Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh

Following Madhya Pradesh's reorganisation on 1 November 1999, 19 people have served as its chief minister. Twelve of these belonged to the Indian National Congress, including the inaugural officeholder Ravishankar Shukla. The first non-Congress chief minister was Govind Narayan Singh who defected from the party and lead a Samyukta Vidhayak Dal government from 1967 to 1969. Digvijaya Singh of the Congress became the first officeholder to serve two full five-year terms. He was succeeded by Uma Bharti of the Bharatiya Janata Party, Madhya Pradesh's only woman chief minister. Shivraj Singh Chouhan of the Bharatiya Janata Party was the longest-serving chief minister of the state, serving for over 16 and half years. Chouhan was succeeded by Dr. Mohan Yadav of his own party after the 2023 elections, which was seen as a landslide victory[2] for the BJP.

Precursor states

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Vindhya Pradesh (1948-1956)

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In 1948, the eastern regions of Central India Agency, became the Union of Baghelkhand and Bundelkhand States, and were later renamed to Vindhya Pradesh, in 1952. It was admitted into the union as a "Part B" state.

# Name Tenure Assembly Appointed by Party
1 Awadhesh Pratap Singh 28 May 1948 15 April 1949 322 days Not yet created Rameshwar Prasad Singh Independent
2 S. N. Mehta 15 April 1949 31 March 1952 2 years, 351 days Martand Singh Indian National Congress
3 Sambhu Nath Shukla 31 March 1952 31 October 1956 4 years, 214 days 1st

(1952 elections)

Madhya Bharat (1948-1956)

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In 1948, the western regions of Central India Agency and the Gwalior and Indore residencies, became the new state of Madhya Bharat. It was admitted into the union as a "Part B" state.

# Portrait Name Tenure Assembly Appointed by Party
1   Liladhar Joshi 28 May 1948 May 1949 Not yet created Jivaji Rao Scindia Indian National Congress
2 Gopikrishna Vijayavargiya May 1949 18 October 1950
3 Takhatmal Jain 18 October 1950 31 March 1952 1 year, 165 days
4 Mishrilal Gangwal 31 March 1952 16 April 1955 3 years, 16 days 1st

(1952 elections)

(3) Takhatmal Jain 16 April 1955 31 October 1956 1 year, 198 days

Bhopal State (1949-1956)

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On 30 April 1949, Sir Hamidullah Khan, the Nawab of Bhopal signed an Instrument of Accession to the Dominion of India. The state of Bhopal was taken over by the Union Government on 1 June 1949, and was declared a "Part C" state.

# Portrait Name Tenure[3][4] Assembly Party
1
 
Shankar Dayal Sharma 31 March 1952 31 October 1956 4 years, 214 days 1st

(1952 elections)

Indian National Congress

List of Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh

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After the independence of India, the state of Madhya Pradesh was created in 1950 from the Central Provinces and Berar and the princely state of Makrai with Nagpur as the capital of the state.

The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 merged the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal were merged into Madhya Pradesh and the Marathi-speaking southern region Vidarbha, which included Nagpur, was ceded to Bombay. In November 2000, as part of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act the southeastern portion of the state was split off to form the new state of Chhattisgarh.

# Portrait Name Constituency Tenure[5][6] Assembly

(election)

Party[a]
1
 
Ravishankar Shukla[7] N/A 26 January 1950 30 March 1952 6 years, 340 days Not yet created Indian National Congress
Saraipali 31 March 1952 31 October 1956 1st[8]

(1952 election)

1 November 1956 31 December 1956
2 Bhagwantrao Mandloi Khandwa 9 January 1957 31 January 1957 22 days
3
 
Kailash Nath Katju Jaora 31 January 1957 14 March 1957 5 years, 40 days
14 March 1957 12 March 1962 2nd

(1957 election)

(2) Bhagwantrao Mandloi Khandwa 12 March 1962 30 September 1963 1 year, 202 days 3rd

(1962 election)

4   Dwarka Prasad Mishra Katangi 30 September 1963 8 March 1967 3 years, 303 days
8 March 1967 30 July 1967 4th

(1967 election)

5 Govind Narayan Singh Rampur-Baghelan 30 July 1967 13 March 1969 1 year, 226 days Samyukta Vidhayak Dal
6 Nareshchandra Singh Pussore 13 March 1969 26 March 1969 13 days
7
 
Shyama Charan Shukla Rajim 26 March 1969 29 January 1972 2 years, 309 days Indian National Congress
8 Prakash Chandra Sethi Ujjain North 29 January 1972 22 March 1972 3 years, 328 days
23 March 1972 23 December 1975 5th

(1972 election)

(7)
 
Shyama Charan Shukla Rajim 23 December 1975 30 April 1977 1 year, 128 days
  Vacant[b]

(President's rule)

N/A 30 April 1977 23 June 1977 54 days Dissolved N/A
9
 
Kailash Chandra Joshi Bagli 24 June 1977 18 January 1978 208 days 6th

(1977 election)

Janata Party
10 Virendra Kumar Sakhlecha Jawad 18 January 1978 20 January 1980 2 years, 2 days
11 Sunderlal Patwa Mandsaur 20 January 1980 17 February 1980 28 days
  Vacant[b]

(President's rule)

N/A 17 February 1980 9 June 1980 113 days Dissolved N/A
12   Arjun Singh Churhat 9 June 1980 10 March 1985 4 years, 277 days 7th

(1980 election)

Indian National Congress
11 March 1985 13 March 1985 8th

(1985 election)

13
 
Motilal Vora Durg 13 March 1985 14 February 1988 2 years, 338 days
(12)   Arjun Singh Kharsia 14 February 1988 25 January 1989 346 days
(13)
 
Motilal Vora Durg 25 January 1989 9 December 1989 318 days
(7)
 
Shyama Charan Shukla 9 December 1989 5 March 1990 86 days
(11) Sunderlal Patwa Bhojpur 5 March 1990 15 December 1992 2 years, 285 days 9th

(1990 election)

Bharatiya Janata Party
  Vacant[b]

(President's rule)

N/A 15 December 1992 6 December 1993 355 days Dissolved N/A
14
 
Digvijaya Singh Chachoura 7 December 1993 1 December 1998 10 years, 1 day 10th

(1993 election)

Indian National Congress
Raghogarh 1 December 1998 8 December 2003 11th

(1998 election)

15
 
Uma Bharti Malhara 8 December 2003 23 August 2004 259 days 12th

(2003 election)

Bharatiya Janata Party
16
 
Babulal Gaur Govindpura 23 August 2004 29 November 2005 1 year, 98 days
17   Shivraj Singh Chouhan Budhni 29 November 2005 12 December 2008 13 years, 17 days
12 December 2008 13 December 2013 13th

(2008 election)

14 December 2013 17 December 2018 14th

(2013 election)

18   Kamal Nath Chhindwara 17 December 2018 23 March 2020 1 year, 97 days 15th

(2018 election)

Indian National Congress
(17)   Shivraj Singh Chouhan Budhni 23 March 2020 13 December 2023 3 years, 265 days Bharatiya Janata Party
19   Mohan Yadav Ujjain South 13 December 2023 Incumbent 222 days 16th

(2023 election)

Timeline

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Mohan YadavShivraj Singh ChouhanKamal NathShivraj Singh ChouhanBabulal GaurUma BhartiDigvijaya SinghMotilal VoraArjun SinghSunder Lal PatwaVirendra Kumar SakhlechaKailash Chandra JoshiPrakash Chandra SethiShyama Charan ShuklaNareshchandra SinghGovind Narayan SinghDwarka Prasad MishraKailash Nath KadjuBhagwantrao MandloiRavishankar Shukla

Footnotes

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  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[9]

References

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  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies to the specific case of Madhya Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ "Madhya Pradesh Election Result 2023 Highlights: Landslide victory for BJP with 163 seats; another CM tenure for Shivraj Singh Chouhan?". The Indian Express. 3 December 2023. Retrieved 14 December 2023.
  3. ^ "Honorable Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh" (in Hindi). Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 14 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Instances of 'President's Rule' in Madhya Pradesh" (in Hindi). Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 14 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Honorable Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh" (in Hindi). Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 14 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Instances of 'President's Rule' in Madhya Pradesh" (in Hindi). Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 14 September 2018.
  7. ^ V Ramu Sarma (29 August 2021). "Life and legacy of Madhya Pradesh's first leaders". Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  9. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.
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