List of chief ministers of Sikkim
The Chief Minister of Sikkim, an Indian state, is the head of the Government of Sikkim. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Sikkim is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Sikkim Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
|Chief Minister of Sikkim|
|Style||The Honourable (Formal)|
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
|Status||Head of Government|
|Member of||Sikkim Legislative Assembly|
|Reports to||Governor of Sikkim|
|Appointer||Governor of Sikkim|
|Term length||At the confidence of the assembly|
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
|Inaugural holder||Kazi Lhendup Dorjee|
|Formation||16 May 1974|
Since 1974, Sikkim has had five chief ministers. The first was Kazi Lhendup Dorjee of the Indian National Congress. Pawan Kumar Chamling of the Sikkim Democratic Front was the longest serving Chief Minister of Sikkim from 1994-2019. He occupied the office longer than all his predecessors put together and currently holds the record for longest serving CM in India. The 24 year old rule of Pawan Kumar Chamling ended in 2019 Vidhan Sabha elections where Sikkim Krantikari Morcha emerged victorious. Prem Singh Tamang became Chief Minister on 27 May 2019.
Chief Ministers of SikkimEdit
|1||Kazi Lhendup Dorjee||Tashiding||16 May 1974||17 August 1979||5 years, 93 days||Sikkim National Congress||1st Assembly (1974-1979)|||
|Indian National Congress|
|N/A||18 August 1979||17 October 1979||60 days||N/A||-|||
|2||Nar Bahadur Bhandari||Soreong||18 October 1979||11 May 1984||4 years, 206 days||Sikkim Janata Parishad||2nd Assembly (1979-1984)|||
|3||Bhim Bahadur Gurung||Jorthang-Nayabazar||11 May 1984||25 May 1984||14 days||Indian National Congress|||
|N/A||25 May 1984||8 March 1985||287 days||N/A||-|||
|(2)||Nar Bahadur Bhandari||Soreong||8 March 1985||25 November 1989||9 years, 70 days||Sikkim Sangram Parishad||3rd Assembly (1985-1989)|||
|26 November 1989||17 May 1994||4th Assembly (1989-1994)|
|4||Sanchaman Limboo||18 May 1994||12 December 1994||208 days|||
|5||Pawan Kumar Chamling||Damthang||13 December 1994||10 October 1999||24 years, 165 days||Sikkim Democratic Front||5th Assembly (1994-1999)|||
|11 October 1999||21 May 2004||6th Assembly (1999-2004)|||
|21 May 2004||20 May 2009||7th Assembly (2004-2009)|||
|Poklok-Kamrang||20 May 2009||21 May 2014||8h Assembly (2009-2014)|||
|Namchi-Singhithang||21 May 2014||27 May 2019||9th Assembly (2014-2019)|
|6||Prem Singh Tamang||Poklok-Kamrang||28 May 2019||Incumbent||2 years, 115 days||Sikkim Krantikari Morcha||10th Assembly (2019-2024)|||
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Sikkim as well.
- Shresta, R. S. (2005). Sikkim, Three Decades Towards Democracy: Evolution of the Legislative System. Sikkim Legislative Assembly Secretariat. p. 158. ISBN 9788190137461.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.
- "Pawan Chamling to be longest serving Chief Minister". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 17 May 2014.
- Shresta, R. S. (2005). Sikkim, Three Decades Towards Democracy: Evolution of the Legislative System. Sikkim Legislative Assembly Secretariat. p. 319. ISBN 9788190137461.
- Dam, Marcus (22 May 2004). "Will strive to remove urban, rural disparities: Chamling". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
- "Chamling takes oath as Sikkim CM for record fourth term". The Indian Express. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
- Singh, Shiv Sahay (27 May 2019). "P.S. Golay sworn in as Sikkim Chief Minister". The Hindu. Retrieved 2 January 2021.