Open main menu

Puducherry Legislative Assembly

The Puducherry Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian union territory (UT) of Puducherry, which comprises four districts: Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahé and Yanam. The legislative assembly has 30 seats, of which 5 are reserved for candidates from scheduled castes. Members are elected directly by the people on the basis of universal adult franchise.

Puducherry Legislative Assembly
புதுச்சேரி சட்டப் பேரவை
പുതുച്ചേരി നിയമസഭ
పుదుచ్చేరి శాసనసభ
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
Speaker
Deputy Speaker
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Leader of the Opposition
Structure
Seats 30 + 3 Nominated
Puducherry LA Oct 2017.svg
Political groups

Government (17)

  •      INC (15)
  •      DMK (2)

Opposition (13)

Nominated (3)

  •      BJP (3)
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
16 May 2016
Meeting place
Pondicherry Legislative Assembly.jpg
Puducherry Legislative Assembly

Geographically, the area under the Puducherry UT consists of three disjointed regions, with Puducherry and Karaikal districts surrounded by districts of Tamil Nadu, Yanam district an enclave of East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, and Mahé district bordered by districts of Kerala. The four districts were ruled by French before they were integrated into India in 1962. For ease of administration, during French rule, the area under these four districts was divided into 39 assembly constituencies. After becoming a UT of India, Puducherry was divided into 30 assembly constituencies, which were restructured in 2005 by the Delimitation Commission of India.

Contents

Assembly during French ruleEdit

In 1946, French India (Inde française) became Overseas territory (Territoire d'outre-mer) of France. Then a Representative Assembly (Assemblée représentative) was created. The Assembly had 44 seats, including five of Chandernagor. Pondicherry had 22 seats, viz Muthialpet, Mouroungapacom–Nainar Mandapam, Embalam–Kalamandapam, Couroussoucoupom, Cassicade, Pondicherry–Raj Bhavan, Bussy Street, Ouppalam, Bahour, Nettappakam, Oulgaret, Sellipet–Suthukeni, Mannadipet, Oussoudou, Villenour, Calapeth, Saram–Lawspet, Nellitope, Archivak–Ariancoupom, Tavalacoupom, Courouvinatam–Karaiamputtur and Rettiarpalayam. Karaikal had 12 representatives in the assembly from these seats: Cotchery–Mada Kovil, Thirumeniyazhar, Neravy, Tirounalar–Tharparinswarar Kovil, Tirounalar–Padhrakaliamman Kovil, Nedungadu, Karikal Nord, Karikal Sud, Karikal Central, Karaikovilpattu, Grand Aldée-Nord and Grand Aldée-Sud. Mahé had three representatives from the seats of Mahé Town, Pallor and Pandakkal. Yanaon had two seats Kankalapet and Adi Andhrapet.

Merger and formation of Union TerritoryEdit

French Government transferred the four enclaves to the Indian Union under a de facto treaty on 1 November 1954. Later the territory was merged with India on 16 August 1962.

As the people aspired for a popular Government, the Indian Parliament enacted the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 that came into force on 1 July 1963, and the pattern of Government prevailing in the rest of the country was introduced in this territory also, but subject to certain limitations. Under Article 239 of the Indian Constitution, the President of India appoints an Administrator with such designation as he may specify to head the administration of the territory. The President also appoints the Chief Minister. The President on the advice of the Chief Minister appoints the other Ministers.

GovernanceEdit

The Centre is represented by the Lt Governor, who resides at the Raj Niwas, Rangapillai Street, the former palace of the French Governor General of Puducherry. The Central government is more directly involved in the financial well-being of the territory, as against the states where financial administration, given a budgeted central grant is the responsibility to the state governments. Consequently, Puducherry has at various times, enjoyed lower taxes, especially in the indirect category.

ConstituenciesEdit

The structure of the Puducherry Legislature is unicameral. The Legislative Assembly consists of 30 members. The people on the basis of adult franchise directly elect all the members.

In terms of the provisions of the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 the normal tenure of the Assembly is five years, unless sooner dissolved. There are 16 Committees in the Assembly.

Parliamentary and assembly constituencies of Puducherry were redesigned by Delimitation Commission of India based on data obtained in 2001 census of India.[2]

Before delimitationEdit

The Puducherry Legislative Assembly has 30 constituencies. Out of them 21 constituencies belong to Puducherry, Karaikal has 6 in number, Mahé has 2 in number and Yanam has a single constituency.

Puducherry was divided among these 21 assembly constituencies: Muthialpet, Cassicade, Raj Bhavan, Bussy, Oupalam, Orleampeth, Nellithope, Modeliarpeth, Ariankuppam, Embalom (SC), Nettapakkam, Kuruvinatham, Bahour (SC), Thirubuvanai (SC), Mannadipeth, Ossudu (SC), Villenour, Ozhukarai, Thattanchavady, Reddiarpalayam and Lawspet.

Area under Karaikal district was divided among the following 6 assembly constituencies: Cotchery, Karaikal, Karaikal South, Neravy-Grand Alde, Tirunallar and Neduncadu (SC).

Assembly constituencies of Mahé and Palloor were from Mahé district. The Yanam district formed a single assembly constituency, i.e. Yanam.

After delimitationEdit

Post delimitation, the Puducherry parliamentary constituencies is divided among 30 assembly constituencies, as before. Now, Yanam and Mahé districts form a single constituency each, viz Yanam and Mahé, respectively.[2] The area under Karaikal district forms 5 assembly constituencies, viz Nedungadu, Thirunallar, Karaikal North, Karaikal South and Neravy T R Pattinam.[2] The area under the Puducherry district forms 23 assembly constituencies, viz Mannadipet, Thirubuvanai, Ossudu, Mangalam, Villianur, Ozhukarai, Kadirkamam, Indira Nagar, Thattanchavady, Kamaraj Nagar, Lawspet, Kalapet, Muthialpet, Raj Bhavan, Oupalam, Orleampeth, Nellithope, Mudaliarpet, Ariankuppam, Manavely, Embalam, Nettapakkam and Bahour.[2]

The constituencies of Thirubuvanai, Ossudu, Embalam, Nettapakkam and Nedungadu are reserved for candidates from SC.[2]

Current MLAsEdit

Puducherry RegionEdit

Constituency
No.
Name Reserved for
(SC/ST/None)
District Current MLA Party Lok Sabha
constituency
1 Mannadipet None Puducherry T.P.R. Selvame All India N.R. Congress Puducherry
2 Thirubuvanai SC B. Kobiga All India N.R. Congress
3 Ossudu SC E. Theeppainthan Indian National Congress
4 Mangalam None S. V. Sugumaran All India N.R. Congress
5 Villianur None A. Namassivayam Indian National Congress
6 Ozhukarai None Mnr. Balan Indian National Congress
7 Kadirkamam None N.S.J. Jayabal All India N.R. Congress
8 Indira Nagar None N. Rangaswamy All India N.R. Congress
9 Thattanchavady None Ashok Anand All India N.R. Congress
10 Kamaraj Nagar None V. Vaithilingam Indian National Congress
11 Lawspet None VP Sivakolundhu Indian National Congress
12 Kalapet None M. O. H. F. Shahjahan Indian National Congress
13 Muthialpet None Vaiyapuri Manikandan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
14 Raj Bhavan None K. Lakshminarayan Indian National Congress
15 Oupalam None A. Anbalagan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
16 Orleampeth None R. Siva Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
17 Nellithope None V Narayanasamy Indian National Congress
18 Mudaliarpet None A Baskar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
19 Ariankuppam None T. Djeamourthy Indian National Congress
20 Manavely None R.K.R. Anantharaman Indian National Congress
21 Embalam SC M. Candassamy Indian National Congress
22 Nettapakkam SC V. Vizeaveny Indian National Congress
23 Bahour None Danavelou Indian National Congress
- Nominated by Central Government None V. Saminathan Bharatiya Janata Party -
- Nominated by Central Government None K G Shankar Bharatiya Janata Party
- Nominated by Central Government None Selvaganapathy Bharatiya Janata Party

Karaikal RegionEdit

Constituency
No.
Name Reserved for
(SC/ST/None)
District Current MLA Party Lok Sabha
constituency
24 Nedungadu SC Karaikal Chandirapriyanga All India N.R. Congress Puducherry
25 Thirunallar None R. Kamalakkannan Indian National Congress
26 Karaikal North None P.R.N. Thirumurugan All India N.R. Congress
27 Karaikal South None K.A.U. Asana All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
28 Neravy T R Pattinam None A.Geetha Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

Mahe RegionEdit

Constituency
No.
Name Reserved for
(SC/ST/None)
District Current MLA Party Lok Sabha
constituency
29 Mahe None Mahe V.Ramachandran Independent Puducherry

Yanam RegionEdit

Constituency
No.
Name Reserved for
(SC/ST/None)
District Current MLA Party Lok Sabha
constituency
30 Yanam None Yanam Malladi Krishna Rao Indian National Congress Puducherry

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit