Puducherry Legislative Assembly

The Puducherry Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian union territory (UT) of Puducherry, which comprises four districts: Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahé and Yanam. The legislative assembly has 33 seats, of which 5 are reserved for candidates from scheduled castes and 3 members are nominated by the Government of India. 30 out of 33 Members are elected directly by the people on the basis of universal adult franchise.

Puducherry Legislative Assembly

Assemblée législative de puducherry
14th Assembly of Puducherry
Seal of Puducherry.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
FoundedJuly 1, 1963
Preceded byPondicherry Representative Assembly
Leadership
V. P. Sivakolundhu, INC
since 3 June 2019.[1]
Deputy Speaker
M. N. R. Balan, INC
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Leader of the Opposition
Deputy Leader of the Opposition [2]
P.R.N. Thirumurugan, AINRC
since 16 May 2016
Structure
Seats33 (30 Elected + 3 Nominated)
Svgfiles 2021-01-24-13-35-48-929131-10222535827860796576.svg
Political groups
Government (16)
  •   INC (12)
  •   DMK (3)
  •   IND (1)

Opposition (13)

Vacant (4)

  •   Vacant (4)
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
16 May 2016
Next election
May 2021
Meeting place
Pondicherry Legislative Assembly.jpg
Puducherry Legislative Assembly

Geographically, the area under the Puducherry UT consists of three disjointed regions, with Puducherry and Karaikal districts surrounded by districts of Tamil Nadu, Yanam district an enclave of East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, and Mahé district bordered by districts of Kerala. The four districts were ruled by French before they were integrated into India in 1962. For ease of administration, during French rule, the area under these four districts was divided into 39 assembly constituencies. After becoming a UT of India, Puducherry was divided into 30 assembly constituencies, which were restructured in 2005 by the Delimitation Commission of India.

Assembly during French ruleEdit

In 1946, French India (Inde française) became Overseas territory (Territoire d'outre-mer) of France. Then a Representative Assembly (Assemblée représentative) was created. Thus, in 1946, on October 25, the representative assembly of 44 members has replaced the general council (conseil général).[3] The Representative Assembly had 44 seats until merger of Chandernagore in 1951. Later, it reduced to 39 seats.

Merger and formation of Union TerritoryEdit

French Government transferred the four enclaves to the Indian Union under a de facto treaty on 1 November 1954. Later the territory was merged with India on 16 August 1962.

In 1963 on 10 May, as the people aspired for a popular Government, the Indian Parliament enacted the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 that came into force on 1 July 1963, and the pattern of Government prevailing in the rest of the country was introduced in this territory also, but subject to certain limitations.[4] Under Article 239 of the Indian Constitution, the President of India appoints an Administratoras LG with such designation as he may specify to head the administration of the territory. The President also appoints the Chief Minister. The President on the advice of the Chief Minister appoints the other Ministers.

The Union Territories Act, 1963 has limited the number of elected members of assembly to 30 and also allowed a provision to central government to appoint not more than 3 nominated MLAs. Also, the same act has ensure that seats shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes in the Legislative Assembly of the Union territory.

The Representative Assembly was converted into the Legislative Assembly of Pondicherry on 1 July 1963 as per Section 54(3) of The Union Territories Act, 1963[4] and its members were deemed to have been elected to the Assembly.[5]:966 Thus, the First Legislative Assembly has been formed without any election. The elections for the Puducherry Vidhan Sabha held since 1964.

NameEdit

Puducherry has 5 official languages, namely, French,[note 1] Tamil; Telugu (in Yanam), Malayalam (in Mahe) and English.[6] In each of these languages, the Legislative Assembly is referred as below

  1. French: Assemblée législative de puducherry
  2. Tamil: புதுச்சேரி சட்டப்பேரவை (IAST:putucceri cattapperavai)
  3. Telugu: పుదుచ్చేరి శాసనసభ (IAST:puducceri śāsanasabha)
  4. Malayalam: പുതുച്ചേരി നിയമസഭ (IAST:puducceri niyamasabha)
  5. English: Puducherry Legislative Assembly

GovernanceEdit

The Centre is represented by the Lt Governor, who resides at the Raj Niwas, Rangapillai Street, the former palace of the French Governor General of Puducherry. The Central government is more directly involved in the financial well-being of the territory, as against the states where financial administration, given a budgeted central grant is the responsibility to the state governments. Consequently, Puducherry has at various times, enjoyed lower taxes, especially in the indirect category.

ConstituenciesEdit

The structure of the Puducherry Legislature is unicameral. The Legislative Assembly consists of 33 members. The people on the basis of adult franchise directly elect all the members.

In terms of the provisions of the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963 the normal tenure of the Assembly is five years, unless sooner dissolved. There are 16 Committees in the Assembly.

Parliamentary and assembly constituencies of Puducherry were redesigned by Delimitation Commission of India based on data obtained in 2001 census of India.[7] On 4 January 2008, the Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs (CCPA) decided to implement the order from the Delimitation Commission.[8] In addition, three members can be nominated to the assembly by the central government.[9]

After 1963 DelimitationEdit

As per The Union Territories Act, 1963, thirty members would be elected through direct suffrage.[10][11] Before the Elections to constitute the First Pondicherry Legislative Assembly were held in August 1964, the constituencies were delimited by the Delimitation Commission (as per Delimitation Commission Act, 1962) and the entire territory was divided into 30 single-member constituencies-21 for Pondicherry region, 6 for Karaikal region, 2 for Mahe region and 1 for Yanam region. Out of these 5 seats were reserved for Scheduled Castes,[11] four in Pondicherry region and one in Karaikal region.[5]:965

Before delimitation of 2008Edit

The Puducherry Legislative Assembly has 30 constituencies. Out of them 21 constituencies belong to Puducherry, Karaikal has 6 in number, Mahé has 2 in number and Yanam has a single constituency.

Puducherry was divided among these 21 assembly constituencies: Muthialpet, Cassicade, Raj Bhavan, Bussy, Oupalam, Orleampeth, Nellithope, Modeliarpeth, Ariankuppam, Embalom (SC), Nettapakkam, Kuruvinatham, Bahour (SC), Thirubuvanai (SC), Mannadipeth, Ossudu (SC), Villenour, Ozhukarai, Thattanchavady, Reddiarpalayam and Lawspet.

Area under Karaikal district was divided among the following 6 assembly constituencies: Cotchery, Karaikal, Karaikal South, Neravy-Grand Alde, Tirunallar and Neduncadu (SC).

Assembly constituencies of Mahé and Palloor were from Mahé district. The Yanam district formed a single assembly constituency, i.e. Yanam.

After delimitation of 2008Edit

Post delimitation, the Puducherry parliamentary constituencies is divided among 30 assembly constituencies, as before. Now, Yanam and Mahé districts form a single constituency each, viz Yanam and Mahé, respectively.[7] The area under Karaikal district forms 5 assembly constituencies, viz Nedungadu, Thirunallar, Karaikal North, Karaikal South and Neravy T R Pattinam.[7] The area under the Puducherry district forms 23 assembly constituencies, viz Mannadipet, Thirubuvanai, Ossudu, Mangalam, Villianur, Ozhukarai, Kadirkamam, Indira Nagar, Thattanchavady, Kamaraj Nagar, Lawspet, Kalapet, Muthialpet, Raj Bhavan, Oupalam, Orleampeth, Nellithope, Mudaliarpet, Ariankuppam, Manavely, Embalam, Nettapakkam and Bahour.[7]

The constituencies of Thirubuvanai, Ossudu, Embalam, Nettapakkam and Nedungadu are reserved for candidates from SC.[7]

Current MLAsEdit

S.No Constituency Elected MLA Party Remarks
Puducherry District
1 Mannadipet T. P. R. Selvame All India N.R. Congress
2 Thirubuvanai B. Kobiga All India N.R. Congress
3 Ossudu Vacant
4 Mangalam S. V. Sugumaran All India N.R. Congress
5 Villianur Vacant
6 Ozhukarai M. N. R. Balan Indian National Congress
7 Kadirkamam N. S. J. Jayabal All India N.R. Congress
8 Indira Nagar N. Rangaswamy All India N.R. Congress
9 Thattanchavady K. Venkatesan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
10 Kamaraj Nagar A. Johnkumar Indian National Congress
11 Lawspet V.P.Sivakolundhu Indian National Congress
12 Kalapet M. O. H. F. Shahjahan Indian National Congress
13 Muthialpet Vaiyapuri Manikandan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
14 Raj Bhavan K. Lakshminarayan Indian National Congress
15 Oupalam A. Anbalagan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
16 Orleampeth R. Siva Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
17 Nellithope V. Narayanasamy Indian National Congress
18 Mudaliarpet A. Baskar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
19 Ariankuppam T. Djeamourthy Indian National Congress
20 Manavely R. K. R. Anantharaman Indian National Congress
21 Embalam M. Candassamy Indian National Congress
22 Nettapakkam V. Vizeaveny Indian National Congress
23 Bahour Vacant
Karaikal District
24 Nedungadu Chandirapriyanga All India N.R. Congress
25 Thirunallar R. Kamalakkannan Indian National Congress
26 Karaikal North P. R. N. Thirumurugan All India N.R. Congress
27 Karaikal South K. A. U. Asana All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
28 Neravy T R Pattinam Geetha Anandan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Mahe District
29 Mahe V. Ramachandran Independent
Yanam District
30 Yanam Malladi Krishna Rao Indian National Congress
Nominated
31 Nominated V. Saminathan Bharatiya Janata Party
32 S. Selvaganapathy Bharatiya Janata Party
33 Vacant

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Article XXVIII of Treaty de Cession (1956)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sivakolundhu set to be elected Pondy Assembly Speaker". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 2 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  2. ^ https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/puducherry/Rangasamy-appointed-Opposition- leader/article14585046.ece
  3. ^ "Les établissements français en Inde au XIXe siècle, 1816-1914 (4)". Jacques Weber. FeniXX. 1988.
  4. ^ a b "The Government of Union Territories Act, 1963" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Cabinet Responsibility to Legislature". G.C.Malhotra. Metropolitan Book Co. Pvt. Ltd. 1964. p. 464.
  6. ^ "Archived copy of The Official Languages Act 1965". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies in the UT of Pondicherry on the basis of 2001 Census" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 30 March 2005. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
  8. ^ Sunil Gatade (2008). "Delimitation process now gets CCPA nod".
  9. ^ https://www.deccanherald.com/national/centre-empowered-nominate-3-706779.html
  10. ^ Grover, Verinder, and Ranjana Arora. Encyclopaedia of India and Her States. Vol. 10. New Delhi [India]: Deep & Deep, 1996. p. 11
  11. ^ a b Election Commission of India. STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 1964 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF PONDICHERRY Archived 27 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit