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Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly

The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly also known as the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, which is known as the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislature. It has 87 members.

Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
6 years
History
Founded1957
Leadership
Satya Pal Malik
Since 23 August 2018
Speaker
Vacant
Since 19 June 2018
Deputy Speaker
Vacant
Since 19 June 2018
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Vacant
Since 19 June 2018
Deputy Leader of the House (Deputy Chief Minister)
Vacant
Since 19 June 2018
Leader of the Opposition
Vacant
Since 19 June 2018
Structure
Seats89 (87 + 2 Nominated)
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly (Jun 2018).svg
Political groups
Before dissolution of the Assembly on 21 November 2018

Elected Members (87)

Others (2)

     Nominated (2)
Elections
First past the post
Last election
25 November to 20 December 2014
Next election
April - May 2019
Website
http://www.jklegislativeassembly.nic.in/
Constitution
Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir

On 21 November 2018, Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly was dissolved by Governor paving the way for fresh elections within a period of 6 months.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Praja SabhaEdit

The first legislature of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, called the Praja Sabha, was established by the government of the Maharaja Hari Singh in 1934.[1]

The first election in 1934 saw the Muslim Conference capture 14 out of the 21 seats reserved for Muslims. The National Conference boycotted the 1947 election.[2]

Post-accessionEdit

After the accession of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir to the Union of India in 1947, the Maharaja had to cede powers to a popular government headed by Sheikh Abdullah. With free democratic elections held for the first time in the state's history, the National Conference won a majority of seats in a new constituent assembly and Sheikh Abdullah became an elected head of government.

In 1957, a new constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly, which established a bicameral legislature.[1]

CompositionEdit

The Legislative Assembly was initially composed of 100 members, later increased to 111 by the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir (Twentieth Amendment) Act of 1988.[1] Of these, 24 seats are designated for the territorial constituencies of the state that were occupied by Pakistan in 1947.[1][3][4] These seats remain officially vacant as per section 48 of the state constitution.[1][4] These seats are not taken into account for reckoning the total membership of the Assembly, especially for deciding quorum and voting majorities for legislation and government formation.[1][4] Hence the total contestable and filled seats of the assembly are presently 87.

The Kashmir valley region has 46 seats, the Jammu region has 37 seats and the Ladakh region has 4 seats.[5]

Two women may be nominated as members by the Governor of Jammu and Kashmir if he is of the opinion that women are not adequately represented.[1]

Tenure and functionsEdit

Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for a six-year term. The seats are filled by direct election. The assembly may be dissolved before the completion of the six-year term by the Governor upon the advice of the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. The Governor may also convene special sessions of both houses of the state legislature.

Office bearersEdit

The Assembly is convened and administered by the Speaker. The leader of the house is usually the Chief Minister, who is the leader of the party (or coalition of parties) whose members constitute a majority. The leader of the opposition represents the party (or coalition of parties) that has won the second-largest number of seats.

Attack on the State Assembly ComplexEdit

On 1 October 2001, armed rebels belonging to Jaish-e-Mohammed carried out an attack on the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislative Assembly Complex in Srinagar using a car bomb and three suicide bombers.[6][7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  2. ^ http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/32675/7/07_chapter%203.pdf p.60, 69
  3. ^ "Delimitation adds seats to PoK quota". Times of India. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
  4. ^ a b c "Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir" (pdf)|format= requires |url= (help). National Informatics Centre. Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  5. ^ http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/now-bjp-hopes-for-44-plus-in-jammu-and-kashmir-536581?pfrom=home-otherstories
  6. ^ Fidayeen storm J&K House, kill 29, The Tribune, 2001-10-02
  7. ^ AN AUDACIOUS STRIKE Archived 7 December 2004 at the Wayback Machine., Frontline (magazine), 2001-10-13

External linksEdit