Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
The Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir (also known as the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha) is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, which is known as the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislature. It has 87 members.
|Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly|
Nazir Ahmad Khan, JKNC
Leader of the House
Deputy Leader of the House (Deputy Chief Minister)
Leader of the Opposition
|Seats||89 (87 + 2 nominated)|
|First past the post|
|Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir|
After the accession of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir to the Union of India in 1947, the Maharaja had to cede powers to a popular government headed by Sheikh Abdullah. With free democratic elections held for the first time in the state's history, the National Conference won a majority of seats in a new constituent assembly and Sheikh Abdullah became an elected head of government.
The Legislative Assembly was initially composed of 100 members, later increased to 111 by the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir (Twentieth Amendment) Act of 1988. Of these, 24 seats are designated for the territorial constituencies of the state that were occupied by Pakistan in 1947. These seats remain officially vacant as per section 48 of the state constitution. These seats are not taken into account for reckoning the total membership of the Assembly, especially for deciding quorum and voting majorities for legislation and government formation. Hence the total contestable and filled seats of the assembly are presently 87.
Tenure and functionsEdit
Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected for a six-year term. The seats are filled by direct election. The assembly may be dissolved before the completion of the six-year term by the Governor upon the advice of the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. The Governor may also convene special sessions of both houses of the state legislature.
The Assembly is convened and administered by the Speaker. The leader of the house is usually the Chief Minister, who is the leader of the party (or coalition of parties) whose members constitute a majority. The leader of the opposition represents the party (or coalition of parties) that has won the second-largest number of seats.
Attack on the State Assembly ComplexEdit
On 1 October 2001 armed terrorists belonging to Jaish-e-Mohammed carried out an attack on the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislative Assembly Complex in Srinagar using a car bomb and three suicide bombers .
|Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party||28|
|Bharatiya Janata Party||25|
|Jammu & Kashmir National Conference||15|
|Indian National Congress||12|
|Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference||2|
|Communist Party of India (Marxist)||1|
|Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Front||1|
|Total (turnout 60.5%)||87|
|Source: Electoral Commission of India|
- "Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/32675/7/07_chapter%203.pdf p.60, 69
- "Delimitation adds seats to PoK quota". Times of India. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- "Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir" (pdf). National Informatics Centre.
- "Mehbooba Mufti wins Anantnag by-election by 11,500 votes - The Economic Times". Retrieved 2016-06-25.
- Fidayeen storm J&K House, kill 29, The Tribune, 2001-10-02
- AN AUDACIOUS STRIKE Archived 7 December 2004 at the Wayback Machine., Frontline (magazine), 2001-10-13
- Jammu and Kashmir Assembly elections 2014, mapsofindia.com