Haryana Legislative Assembly
Haryana Legislative Assembly
|14th Legislative Assembly of Haryana|
Leader of the House
Leader of the Opposition
Rajender Kumar Nandal
|First past the post|
|21 October 2019|
|Palace of Assembly, Chandigarh, India|
The seat of the Vidhan Sabha at Chandigarh, the capital of the state. The Vidhan Sabha comprises 90 Members of Legislative Assembly, directly elected from single-seat constituencies. The term of office is five years.
The body was founded in 1966, when the state was created from part of the state of Punjab, by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. The house initially had 54 seats, ten reserved for scheduled castes, this was increased to 81 seats in March 1967, and to 90 seats (including 17 reserved seats) in 1977. Highest number of seats ever won was in 1977 when Janata Party won 75 out of 90 seats when in the aftermath of 1975–77 emergency by Indian National Congress's (INC) Indira Gandhi. INC won only 3 seats, Vishal Haryana Party and independents both won 5 seats each.
Since the formation of Haryana in 1966, the state politics became infamously dominated by the nepotistic clans of 5 political dynasts, Lal trio (Devi Lal, Bansi Lal and Bhajan Lal) as well as the Hooda clan and Rao Birender clan. The infamous Aaya Ram Gaya Ram politics, named after Gaya Lal in 1967, of frequent floor-crossing, turncoating, switching parties and political horse trading within short span of time became associated with Haryana.
|Vidhan Sabha||From||To||First sitting|
|1st Vidhan Sabha||1 November 1966||28 February 1967||6 December 1966|
|2nd Vidhan Sabha||17 March 1967||21 November 1967||17 March 1967|
|3rd Vidhan Sabha||15 July 1968||21 January 1972||15 July 1968|
|4th Vidhan Sabha||3 April 1972||30 April 1977||3 April 1972|
|5th Vidhan Sabha||4 July 1977||19 April 1982||4 July 1977|
|6th Vidhan Sabha||24 June 1982||23 June 1987||24 June 1982|
|7th Vidhan Sabha||9 July 1987||6 April 1991||9 July 1987|
|8th Vidhan Sabha||9 July 1991||10 May 1996||9 July 1991|
|9th Vidhan Sabha||22 May 1996||14 December 1999||22 May 1996|
|10th Vidhan Sabha||9 March 2000||8 March 2005||9 March 2000|
|11th Vidhan Sabha||21 March 2005||21 August 2009||21 March 2005|
|12th Vidhan Sabha||28 October 2009||20 October 2014||28 October 2009|
|13th Vidhan Sabha||20 October 2014||28 October 2019||-|
|14th Vidhan Sabha||28 October 2019||Present||4 November 2019|
|No.||Party||No. of candidates||No. of elected||Vote %|
|1||Indian National Congress (INC)||90||31||28.08|
|2||Indian National Lok Dal (INLD)||88||1||2.44|
|4||Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)||90||40||36.49|
|5||Jannayak Janta Party (JJP)||90||10||15.08|
|6||Haryana Lokhit Party (HLP)||2||1|
|Speaker||Gian Chand Gupta|
|Deputy Speaker||Ranbir Singh Gangwa|
|Leader of the House||Manohar Lal Khattar|
|Deputy Leader of the House||Dushyant Chautala|
|Leader of the Opposition||Bhupinder Singh Hooda|
|Secretary of Legislative Assembly||R. K. Nandal|
- "Haryana Vidhan Sabha". Legislative Bodies in India website.
- "Haryana Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India website.
- Sharma, Somdat (22 August 2019). "Haryana Election 2019: भाजपा को मिली 75 सीटें तो 42 साल बाद इतिहास खुद को दोहराएगा- हरिभूमि, Haribhoomi". www.haribhoomi.com. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
- Pal, Sat (9 August 2018). "In the land of fence-sitters". www.millenniumpost.in. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
- Bhardwaj, Deeksha (30 April 2019). "How 5 families over 3 generations have controlled Haryana's politics from day one". ThePrint. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
- Paras Diwan, 1979, Aya Ram Gaya Ram: The Politics Of Defection, Journal of the Indian Law Institute, Vol. 21, No. 3, July–September 1979, pp. 291-312.
- Sethi, Chitleen K. (19 May 2018). "As turncoats grab headlines, a look back at the original 'Aaya Ram, Gaya Ram'". ThePrint. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
- Prakash, Satya (9 May 2016). "Here is all you wanted to know about the anti-defection law". Hindustan Times.
- Siwach, Sukhbir (20 December 2011). "'Aaya Ram Gaya Ram' Haryana's gift to national politics". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 27 January 2014.
- "Secretary". haryanaassembly.gov.in.