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The Haryana Legislative Assembly or the Haryana Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral state legislature of Haryana state in India. The seat of the Vidhan Sabha at Chandigarh, the capital of the state. The Vidhan Sabha comprises 90 Members of Legislative Assembly, directly elected from single-seat constituencies.[1] The term of office is five years.

Haryana Legislative Assembly
13th Legislative Assembly of Haryana
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
Speaker
Deputy Speaker
Santosh Yadav, BJP
since 4 September 2015
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Leader of the Opposition
Bhupinder Singh Hooda, INC
since 4 September 2019
Structure
Seats90
Haryana Legislative Assembly 2014.svg
Political groups
Government (48)
  •      BJP (48)

Opposition (20)

  •      INC (17)
  •      INLD (3)

Vacant (22)

  •      Vacant(22)
Elections
First past the post
Last election
15 October 2014
Next election
21 October 2019
Meeting place
Secretariat Chandigarh.jpg
Secretariat Building, Chandigarh, India
Website
haryanaassembly.gov.in
Haryana Vidhan Sabha constituencies, reserved constituencies in yellow.

HistoryEdit

The body was founded in 1966, when the state was created from part of the state of Punjab, by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. The house initially had 54 seats, ten reserved for scheduled castes, this was increased to 81 seats in March 1967, and to 90 seats (including 17 reserved seats) in 1977.[2] Highest number of seats ever won was in 1977 when Janata Party won 75 out of 90 seats when in the aftermath of 1975-77 emergency by Indian National Congress's (INC) Indira Gandhi irate voters booted INC out which won only 3 seats, Vishal Haryana Party and independents both won 5 seats each.[3]

Since the formation of Haryana in 1966, the state politics became infamously dominiated by the nepotistic clans of 5 political dynasts, Lal trio (Devi Lal, Bansi Lal and Bhajan Lal) as well as the Hooda clan and Rao Birender clan.[4][5] The infamous Aaya Ram Gaya Ram politics, named after Gaya Lal in 1967, of frequent floor-crossing, turncoating, switching parties and political horse trading within short span of time became associated with Haryana.[6][7][8][9]

Vidhan Sabha From To First sitting
1st Vidhan Sabha 1 November 1966 28 February 1967   6 December 1966
2nd Vidhan Sabha 17 March 1967 21 November 1967   17 March 1967
3rd Vidhan Sabha 15 July 1968 21 January 1972   15 July 1968
4th Vidhan Sabha 3 April 1972 30 April 1977   3 April 1972
5th Vidhan Sabha 4 July 1977 19 April 1982 4 July 1977
6th Vidhan Sabha 24 June 1982 23 June 1987 24 June 1982
7th Vidhan Sabha 9 July 1987 6 April 1991 9 July 1987
8th Vidhan Sabha 9 July 1991 10 May 1996 9 July 1991
9th Vidhan Sabha 22 May 1996 14 December 1999 22 May 1996
10th Vidhan Sabha 9 March 2000 8 March 2005 9 March 2000
11th Vidhan Sabha 21 March 2005 21 August 2009 21 March 2005
12th Vidhan Sabha 28 October 2009 20 October 2014 28 October 2009
13th Vidhan Sabha 20 October 2014 Present -

Political partiesEdit

No. Party No. of candidates No. of elected No. of votes %
1 Indian National Congress (INC) 90 17 24.20
2 Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) 88 19 24.10
3 Independents (IND) 62 5 10.60
4 Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 90 47 33.20
5 Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 90 1 4.40
6 Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) 2 1 0.60
7 Bhishmapitama Dal (BD) 3 0 0.70
Total: 425 90 100

The Haryana Janhit Congress (BL), which won 2 seats in 2014 elections, merged with INC on 28 April 2016.

Presiding OfficersEdit

Designation Name
Governor Satyadeo Narain Arya
Speaker Kanwar Pal Gujjar
Deputy Speaker Santosh Yadav
Leader of the House Manohar Lal Khattar
Leader of the Opposition Bhupinder Singh Hooda
Secretary of Legislative Assembly R. K. Nandal[10]

Assembly Members: Thirteenth Vidhan SabhaEdit

Elected MLA Gender Constituency Party Remarks
Abhay Singh Chautala Male Ellenabad Indian National Lok Dal
Zakir Hussain Male Nuh Indian National Lok Dal Joined BJP
Naina Singh Chautala Female Dabwali Indian National Lok Dal Joined JJP
Randhir Singh Kapriwas Male Rewari Bharatiya Janata Party
Kanwar Pal Male Jagadhri Bharatiya Janata Party
Vipul Goel Male Faridabad Bharatiya Janata Party
Anand Singh Dangi Male Meham Indian National Congress
Krishan Kumar Male Shahbad Bharatiya Janata Party
Anil Vij Male Ambala Cantt Bharatiya Janata Party
Santosh Yadav Female Ateli Bharatiya Janata Party
Karan Dev Kamboj Male Indri Bharatiya Janata Party
Subhash Sudha male Thanesar Bharatiya Janata Party
Abhe Singh Yadav Male Nangal Chaudhry Bharatiya Janata Party
Rohita Rewri Female Panipat City BJP
Manish Grover Male Rohtak Bharatiya Janata Party
Bhupinder Singh Hooda Male Garhi Sampla-Kiloi Indian National Congress
Shyam Singh Male Radaur Bharatiya Janata Party
Balkaur Singh Male Kalanwali Shiromani Akali Dal
Ram Bilas Sharma Male Mahendragarh Bharatiya Janata Party
Gian Chand Gupta Male Panchkula Bharatiya Janata Party
Om Parkash Barwa Male Loharu Bharatiya Janata Party
Rao Narbir Singh Male Badshahpur Bharatiya Janata Party
Ravinder Machhrouli Male Samalkha Independent
Tejpal Tawar Male Sohna Bharatiya Janata Party
Ghanshyam Dass Male Yamuna Nagar Bharatiya Janata Party
Bimla Chaudhary Female Pataudi Bharatiya Janata Party
Geeta Bhukkal Female Jhajjar Indian National Congress
Ghanshyam Saraf Male Bhiwani Bharatiya Janata Party
Makhan Lal Singla Male Sirsa Indian National Congress
Hari Chand Middha Male Jind Indian National Lok Dal
Jaswinder Singh Sandhu Male Pehowa Indian National Lok Dal
Jagbir Singh Malik Male Gohana Indian National Congress
Udai Bhan Male Hodal Indian National Congress
Jai Tirath Male Rai Indian National Congress
Jaiveer Male Kharkhauda Indian National Congress
Kehar Singh Rawat Male Hathin Indian National Lok Dal Resigned and joined BJP
Ravinder Baliala Male Ratia Indian National Lok Dal
Jasbir Male Safidon Independent
Kavita Jain Female Sonipat Bharatiya Janata Party
Kiran Choudhry Female Tosham Indian National Congress
Ramchand Kamboj Male Rania Indian National Lok Dal
Krishan Lal Panwar Male Israna Bharatiya Janata Party
Lalit Nagar Male Tigaon Indian National Congress
Kuldeep Sharma Male Ganaur Indian National Congress
Seema Trikha Female Badkhal Bharatiya Janata Party
Bhagwan Dass Kabir Panthi Male Nilokheri Bharatiya Janata Party
Rahish Khan Male Punahana Independent
Harvinder Kalyan Male Gharaunda Bharatiya Janata Party
Om Prakash Male Narnaul Bharatiya Janata Party
Om Prakash Dhankhar Male Badli Bharatiya Janata Party
Anoop Dhanak Male Uklana Indian National Lok Dal Joined JJP
Naseem Ahmed Male Ferozepur Jhirka Indian National Lok Dal
Premlata Singh Female Uchana Kalan Bharatiya Janata Party
Mahipal Dhanda Male Panipat Rural Bharatiya Janata Party
Subhash Barala Male Tohana Bharatiya Janata Party
Latika Sharma Female Kalka Bharatiya Janata Party
Parminder Singh Dhull Male Julana Indian National Lok Dal
Kulwant Ram Bazigar Male Guhla Bharatiya Janata Party
Pirthi Singh Male Narwana Indian National Lok Dal Joined JJP
Balwan Singh Daulatpuria Male Fatehabad Indian National Lok Dal
Sukhvinder (Badhra) Male Badhra Bharatiya Janata Party
Tekchand Sharma Male Prithla Bahujan Samaj Party
Raghuvir Singh Kadian Male Beri Indian National Congress
Santosh Chauhan Sarwan Male Mulana Bharatiya Janata Party
Naresh Kaushik Male Bahadurgarh Bharatiya Janata Party
Balwant Singh Male Sadaura Bharatiya Janata Party
Bishamber Singh Male Bawani Khera Bharatiya Janata Party
Nayab Singh Male Naraingarh Bharatiya Janata Party
Ved Narang Male Barwala Indian National Lok Dal
Banwari Lal Male Bawal Bharatiya Janata Party
Jai Prakash Male Kalayat Independent Joined INC
Randeep Singh Surjewala Male Kaithal Indian National Congress
Kuldeep Bishnoi Male Adampur Haryana Janhit Congress (BL) HJC BL to INC
Ranbir Gangwa Male Nalwa Indian National Lok Dal Resigned and joined BJP
Captain Abhimanyu Sindhu Male Narnaund Bharatiya Janata Party
Rajdeep Phogat Male Dadri Indian National Lok Dal Joined JJP
Kamal Gupta Male Hisar Bharatiya Janata Party
Shakuntla Khatak Female Kalanaur Indian National Congress
Mool Chand Sharma Male Ballabgarh Bharatiya Janata Party
Pawan Saini Male Ladwa Bharatiya Janata Party
Nagender Bhadana Male Faridabad NIT Bharatiya Janata Party
Sri Krishan Hooda Male Baroda Indian National Congress
Karan Singh Dalal Male Palwal Indian National Congress
Umesh Aggarwal Male Gurgaon Bharatiya Janata Party
Dinesh Kaushik Male Pundri Independent
Manohar Lal Khattar (CM) Male Karnal Bharatiya Janata Party
Aseem Goel Male Ambala City Bharatiya Janata Party
Renuka Bishnoi Female Hansi Indian National Congress HJC BL to INC
Vikram Singh Thekedar Male Kosli Bharatiya Janata Party
Bakhshish Singh Virk Male Assandh Bharatiya Janata Party

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Haryana Vidhan Sabha". Legislative Bodies in India website.
  2. ^ "Haryana Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India website.
  3. ^ Haryana Election 2019-If bjp won 75 seats then history will repeat itself after 42 years.
  4. ^ In the land of fence-sitters, Millennium Post.
  5. ^ How 5 families over 3 generations have controlled Haryana’s politics from day one, The Print,-29 Apr 2019.
  6. ^ Paras Diwan, 1979, Aya Ram Gaya Ram: The Politics Of Defection, Journal of the Indian Law Institute, Vol. 21, No. 3, July-September 1979, pp. 291-312.
  7. ^ As turncoats grab headlines, a look back at the original ‘Aaya Ram, Gaya Ram’, The Print, 19 May 2018.
  8. ^ Prakash, Satya (9 May 2016). "Here is all you wanted to know about the anti-defection law". Hindustan Times.
  9. ^ Siwach, Sukhbir (20 December 2011). "'Aaya Ram Gaya Ram' Haryana's gift to national politics". The Times of India.
  10. ^ "Secretary". haryanaassembly.gov.in.

External linksEdit