Haryana Legislative Assembly

The Haryana Legislative Assembly or the Haryana Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral state legislature of Haryana state in India.

Haryana Legislative Assembly
14th Legislative Assembly of Haryana
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
Speaker
Deputy Speaker
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Leader of the Opposition
Rajender Kumar Nandal
Structure
Seats90
Haryana Legislative Assembly as of March 2021.svg
Political groups
Government (55)
  •   BJP (40)
  •   JJP (10)
  •   IND (5)

Opposition (31)

Others (3)

Vacant (1)

  •   Vacant (1)
Elections
First past the post
Last election
21 October 2019
Next election
October 2024
Meeting place
Assembly 09.jpg
Palace of Assembly, Chandigarh, India
Website
haryanaassembly.gov.in
Haryana Vidhan Sabha constituencies, reserved constituencies in yellow.

The seat of the Vidhan Sabha at Chandigarh, the capital of the state. The Vidhan Sabha comprises 90 Members of Legislative Assembly, directly elected from single-seat constituencies.[1] The term of office is five years.

HistoryEdit

The body was founded in 1966, when the state was created from part of the state of Punjab, by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. The house initially had 54 seats, ten reserved for scheduled castes, this was increased to 81 seats in March 1967, and to 90 seats (including 17 reserved seats) in 1977.[2] Highest number of seats ever won was in 1977 when Janata Party won 75 out of 90 seats when in the aftermath of 1975–77 emergency by Indian National Congress's (INC) Indira Gandhi. INC won only 3 seats, Vishal Haryana Party and independents both won 5 seats each.[3]

Since the formation of Haryana in 1966, the state politics became infamously dominated by the nepotistic clans of 5 political dynasts, Lal trio (Devi Lal, Bansi Lal and Bhajan Lal) as well as the Hooda clan and Rao Birender clan.[4][5] The infamous Aaya Ram Gaya Ram politics, named after Gaya Lal in 1967, of frequent floor-crossing, turncoating, switching parties and political horse trading within short span of time became associated with Haryana.[6][7][8][9]

Vidhan Sabha From To First sitting
1st Vidhan Sabha 1 November 1966 28 February 1967   6 December 1966
2nd Vidhan Sabha 17 March 1967 21 November 1967   17 March 1967
3rd Vidhan Sabha 15 July 1968 21 January 1972   15 July 1968
4th Vidhan Sabha 3 April 1972 30 April 1977   3 April 1972
5th Vidhan Sabha 4 July 1977 19 April 1982 4 July 1977
6th Vidhan Sabha 24 June 1982 23 June 1987 24 June 1982
7th Vidhan Sabha 9 July 1987 6 April 1991 9 July 1987
8th Vidhan Sabha 9 July 1991 10 May 1996 9 July 1991
9th Vidhan Sabha 22 May 1996 14 December 1999 22 May 1996
10th Vidhan Sabha 9 March 2000 8 March 2005 9 March 2000
11th Vidhan Sabha 21 March 2005 21 August 2009 21 March 2005
12th Vidhan Sabha 28 October 2009 20 October 2014 28 October 2009
13th Vidhan Sabha 20 October 2014 28 October 2019 -
14th Vidhan Sabha 28 October 2019 Present 4 November 2019

Political partiesEdit

No. Party No. of candidates No. of elected Vote %
1 Indian National Congress (INC) 90 31 28.08
2 Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) 88 1 2.44
3 Independents (IND) 62 7
4 Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 90 40 36.49
5 Jannayak Janta Party (JJP) 90 10 15.08
6 Haryana Lokhit Party (HLP) 2 1
Total: 425 90 100

Presiding OfficersEdit

Designation Name
Governor Bandaru Dattatreya
Speaker Gian Chand Gupta
Deputy Speaker Ranbir Singh Gangwa
Leader of the House Manohar Lal Khattar
Deputy Leader of the House Dushyant Chautala
Leader of the Opposition Bhupinder Singh Hooda
Secretary of Legislative Assembly R. K. Nandal[10]

Current AssemblyEdit

S.No Constituency MLA Party Remarks
Panchkula District
1 Kalka Vacant
2 Panchkula Gian Chand Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party
Ambala District
3 Naraingarh Shalley Indian National Congress
4 Ambala Cant Anil Vij Bharatiya Janata Party
5 Ambala City Aseem Goel Bharatiya Janata Party
6 Mulana Varun Chaudhary Indian National Congress
Yamunanagar District
7 Sadhaura Renu Bala Indian National Congress
8 Jagadhri Kanwar Pal Gujjar Bharatiya Janata Party
9 Yamunanagar Ghanshyam Dass Bharatiya Janata Party
10 Radaur Bishan Lal Saini Indian National Congress
Kurukshetra District
11 Ladwa Mewa Singh Saini Indian National Congress
12 Shahbad Ram Karan Jannayak Janta Party
13 Thanesar Subhash Sudha Bharatiya Janata Party
14 Pehowa Sardar Sandeep Singh Saini Bharatiya Janata Party
Kaithal District
15 Guhla Ishwar Singh Jannayak Janta Party
16 Kalayat Kamlesh Dhanda Bharatiya Janata Party
17 Kaithal Leela Ram Bharatiya Janata Party
18 Pundri Randhir Singh Gollen Independent
Karnal District
19 Nilokheri Dharam Pal Gonder Independent
20 Indri Ram Kumar Kashyap Bharatiya Janata Party
21 Karnal Manohar Lal Khattar Bharatiya Janata Party
22 Gharaunda Harvinder Kalyan Bharatiya Janata Party
23 Assandh Shamsher Singh Gogi Indian National Congress
Panipat District
24 Panipat Rural Mahipal Dhanda Bharatiya Janata Party
25 Panipat City Parmod Kumar Vij Bharatiya Janata Party
26 Israna Balbir Singh Indian National Congress
27 Samalkha Dharam Singh Chhoker Indian National Congress
Sonipat District
28 Ganaur Nirmal Rani Bharatiya Janata Party
29 Rai Mohan Lal Badoli Bharatiya Janata Party
30 Kharkhauda Jaiveer Singh Indian National Congress
31 Sonipat Surender Panwar Indian National Congress
32 Gohana Jagbir Singh Malik Indian National Congress
33 Baroda Indu Raj Narwal Indian National Congress
Jind District
34 Julana Amarjeet Dhanda Jannayak Janata Party
35 Safidon Subhash Gangoli Indian National Congress
36 Jind Krishan Lal Middha Bharatiya Janata Party
37 Uchana Kalan Dushyant Chautala Jannayak Janta Party
38 Narwana Ram Niwas Jannayak Janta Party
Fatehabad District
39 Tohana Devender Singh Babli Jannayak Janta Party
40 Fatehabad Dura Ram Bharatiya Janata Party
41 Ratia Lakshman Napa Bharatiya Janata Party
Sirsa District
42 Kalanwali Shishpal Singh Indian National Congress
43 Dabwali Amit Sihag Indian National Congress
44 Rania Ranjit Singh Chautala Independent
45 Sirsa Gopal Kanda Haryana Lokhit Party
46 Ellenabad Vacant
Hisar District
47 Adampur Kuldeep Bishnoi Indian National Congress
48 Uklana Anoop Dhanak Jannayak Janta Party
49 Narnaund Ram Kumar Gautam Jannayak Janta Party
50 Hansi Vinod Bhayana Bharatiya Janata Party
51 Barwala Jogi Ram Sihag Jannayak Janta Party
52 Hisar Kamal Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party
53 Nalwa Ranbir Gangwa Bharatiya Janata Party
Bhiwani District
54 Loharu Jai Parkash Dalal Bharatiya Janata Party
Charkhi Dadri District
55 Badhra Naina Singh Chautala Jannayak Janta Party
56 Dadri Somveer Sangwan Independent
Bhiwani District
57 Bhiwani Ghanshyam Saraf Bharatiya Janata Party
58 Tosham Kiran Choudhry Indian National Congress
59 Bawani Khera Bishamber Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
Rohtak District
60 Meham Balraj Kundu Independent
61 Garhi Sampla-Kiloi Bhupinder Singh Hooda Indian National Congress
62 Rohtak Bharat Bhushan Batra Indian National Congress
63 Kalanaur Shakuntla Khatak Indian National Congress
Jhajjar District
64 Bahadurgarh Rajinder Singh Joon Indian National Congress
65 Badli Kuldeep Vats Indian National Congress
66 Jhajjar Geeta Bhukkal Indian National Congress
67 Beri Raghuvir Singh Kadian Indian National Congress
Mahendragarh District
68 Ateli Sitaram Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party
69 Mahendragarh Rao Dan Singh Indian National Congress
70 Narnaul Om Prakash Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party
71 Nangal Chaudhry Abhe Singh Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party
Rewari District
72 Bawal Banwari Lal Bharatiya Janata Party
73 Kosli Laxman Singh Yadav Bharatiya Janata Party
74 Rewari Chiranjeev Rao Indian National Congress
Gurgaon District
75 Pataudi Satya Prakash Jaravata Bharatiya Janata Party
76 Badshahpur Rakesh Daultabad Independent
77 Gurgaon Sudhir Singla Bharatiya Janata Party
78 Sohna Sanjay Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
Nuh District
79 Nuh Aftab Ahmed Indian National Congress
80 Ferozepur Jhirka Mamman Khan Indian National Congress
81 Punahana Mohammad Ilyas Indian National Congress
Palwal District
82 Hathin Praveen Dagar Bharatiya Janata Party
83 Hodal Jagdish Nayar Bharatiya Janata Party
84 Palwal Deepak Mangla Bharatiya Janata Party
Faridabad District
85 Prithla Nayan Pal Rawat Independent
86 Faridabad NIT Neeraj Sharma Indian National Congress
87 Badkhal Seema Trikha Bharatiya Janata Party
88 Ballabgarh Mool Chand Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
89 Faridabad Narender Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party
90 Tigaon Rajesh Nagar Bharatiya Janata Party

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Haryana Vidhan Sabha". Legislative Bodies in India website.
  2. ^ "Haryana Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India website.
  3. ^ Sharma, Somdat (22 August 2019). "Haryana Election 2019: भाजपा को मिली 75 सीटें तो 42 साल बाद इतिहास खुद को दोहराएगा- हरिभूमि, Haribhoomi". www.haribhoomi.com. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  4. ^ Pal, Sat (9 August 2018). "In the land of fence-sitters". www.millenniumpost.in. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  5. ^ Bhardwaj, Deeksha (30 April 2019). "How 5 families over 3 generations have controlled Haryana's politics from day one". ThePrint. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  6. ^ Paras Diwan, 1979, Aya Ram Gaya Ram: The Politics Of Defection, Journal of the Indian Law Institute, Vol. 21, No. 3, July–September 1979, pp. 291-312.
  7. ^ Sethi, Chitleen K. (19 May 2018). "As turncoats grab headlines, a look back at the original 'Aaya Ram, Gaya Ram'". ThePrint. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  8. ^ Prakash, Satya (9 May 2016). "Here is all you wanted to know about the anti-defection law". Hindustan Times.
  9. ^ Siwach, Sukhbir (20 December 2011). "'Aaya Ram Gaya Ram' Haryana's gift to national politics". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 27 January 2014.
  10. ^ "Secretary". haryanaassembly.gov.in.

External linksEdit