Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare

  (Redirected from Ministry of Agriculture (India))

The Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare (Hindi: Krishi Avam Kisaan Kalyaan Mantralaya), formerly the Ministry of Agriculture, is a branch of the Government of India and the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws related to agriculture in India. The three broad areas of scope for the Ministry are agriculture, food processing and co-operation. The agriculture ministry is headed by Minister of Agriculture Narendra Singh Tomar. Abhishek Singh Chauhan, Krishna Raj and Parsottambhai Rupala are the Ministers of State. Sharad Pawar, serving from 22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014, has held the office of Minister of Agriculture for the longest continuous period till date.

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
Ministry of Agriculture India.svg
Agency overview
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersKrishi Bhavan
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road
New Delhi
Annual budget142,762 crore (US$18 billion) (2020-21 est.)[1]
Ministers responsible
Agency executive
  • Sanjay Agarwal, Secretary
Websiteagricoop.gov.in

India is a largely agrarian economy - with 52.1% of the population estimated to be directly or indirectly employed in agriculture and allied sectors in 2009–10.

OriginsEdit

Department of Revenue and Agriculture and Commerce was set up in June 1871 to deal with all the agricultural matters in India. Until this ministry was established, matters related to agriculture were within the portfolio of the Home Department.[3]

In 1881, Department of Revenue and Agriculture was set up to deal with combined portfolios of education, health, agriculture, revenue. However, In 1947, Department of Agriculture was redesignated as Ministry of Agriculture.[3]

The Ministry of Agriculture was renamed as the Ministry for Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare on 15 August 2015, to take care of farming community needs.[4]

Structure and departmentsEdit

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare consists of the following two departments.[5]

  • Department of Agriculture, Co-operation and Farmers Welfare:- This Department's responsibilities are assigned to it in the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 as amended from time to time. Co-operation in this context refers largely to promote farmer co-operative movements.[6] The Agriculture MMP is another program run by this depart that aims to replicate the agricultural e-governance projects being carried in different states at a national level and through a variety of media.
  • Department of Agriculture Research and Education. This Department's responsibilities are basic and operation research, technology development, improving linkages between various organizations and state governments across the country. In addition, this department manages the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.[7]

The administrative head of the Ministry is the Secretaries of the two departments.

Programs and initiativesEdit

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas YojanaEdit

A leading program of the Ministry is the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, which was launched in 2007 on the recommendations of the National Development Council of India. This program sought to improve the overall state of agriculture in India by providing stronger planning, better coordination, and greater funding to improve productivity and overall output. The total budget for this program in 2009-10 was just over INR 38,000 crore.[8]

Krishi MeghEdit

Krishi Megh (National Agricultural Research and Education System-Cloud Infrastructure and Services) is a data recovery center of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), the premier agricultural research organization of the Government of India. It will help in protecting the precious data of ICAR. It has been set up at National Academy of Agricultural Research and Management, Hyderabad. The portal aims at providing the high-quality and latest information in the agricultural sector to the stakeholders and also aims to provide relevant information to agricultural university students. It has been launched under the Government of India and World Bank's Jointly funded project called National agricultural higher education project (NAHEP).[9]

SchemesEdit

Reports and statisticsEdit

The Ministry publishes an annual report titled "Agricultural Statistics at a Glance". This gives a detailed picture of the state of India's agriculture including demographics of the agrarian sector, crop production (including state-wise and crop-wise break-ups), rural economic indicators such as credit, etc. The latest report has been published for 2014.[10]

List of MinistersEdit

# Portrait Name Term of office Prime Minister Political Party
1   Rajendra Prasad 15 August 1947 14 January 1948 152 days Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress
2   Jairamdas Daulatram 19 January 1948 13 May 1950 2 years, 114 days
3   K M Munshi 13 May 1950 13 May 1952 2 years, 0 days
4   Rafi Ahmed Kidwai 13 May 1952 24 October 1954 2 years, 164 days
5 Ajit Prasad Jain 25 November 1954 24 August 1959 4 years, 303 days
6 S. K. Patil 24 August 1959 1 September 1963 4 years, 8 days
7   Swaran Singh 1 September 1963 9 June 1964 282 days
8   Chidambaram Subramaniam 9 June 1964 12 March 1967 2 years, 276 days Lal Bahadur Shastri
9   Jagjivan Ram 13 March 1967 27 June 1970 3 years, 106 days Indira Gandhi
10   Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 27 June 1970 3 July 1974 4 years, 6 days
(9)   Jagjivan Ram 10 October 1974 2 February 1977 2 years, 115 days
11   Parkash Singh Badal 28 March 1977 17 June 1977 81 days Morarji Desai Shiromani Akali Dal
12   Surjit Singh Barnala 18 June 1977 28 July 1979 2 years, 40 days
13   Brahm Prakash 30 July 1979 14 January 1980 168 days Charan Singh Indian National Congress (Urs)
14 Rao Birendra Singh 14 January 1980 31 December 1984 4 years, 352 days Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress
15   Buta Singh 31 December 1984 12 May 1986 1 year, 132 days Rajiv Gandhi
16 Gurdial Singh Dhillon 12 May 1986 13 February 1988 1 year, 277 days
17 Bhajan Lal 14 February 1988 2 December 1989 1 year, 291 days
18   Chaudhary Devi Lal 6 December 1989 2 August 1990 239 days V. P. Singh Janata Dal
21 November 1989 20 June 1991 222 days Chandra Shekhar Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
19   Balram Jakhar 21 June 1991 17 January 1996 4 years, 210 days P. V. Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress
20 Jagannath Mishra 8 February 1996 16 May 1996 98 days
21   Suraj Bhan 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 16 days Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party
22   H. D. Deve Gowda 1 June 1996 10 July 1996 39 days H. D. Deve Gowda Janata Dal
23 Chaturanan Mishra 10 July 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 252 days H. D. Deve Gowda Communist Party of India
I. K. Gujral
24   Atal Bihari Vajpayee 19 November 1998 22 November 1999 1 year, 3 days Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party
25   Nitish Kumar 22 November 1999 3 March 2000 102 days Samata Party
26 Sunder Lal Patwa 6 March 2000 26 May 2000 81 days Bharatiya Janata Party
(25)   Nitish Kumar 27 May 2000 22 July 2001 1 year, 56 days Samata Party
27   Ajit Singh 22 July 2001 23 May 2003 1 year, 305 days Rashtriya Lok Dal
28   Rajnath Singh 24 May 2003 22 May 2004 364 days Bharatiya Janata Party
29   Sharad Pawar 22 May 2004 26 May 2014 10 years, 4 days Dr. Manmohan Singh Nationalist Congress Party
30   Radha Mohan Singh 26 May 2014 30 May 2019 5 years, 4 days Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party
31   Narendra Singh Tomar 30 May 2019 Incumbent 3 years, 69 days

List of Ministers of StateEdit

Ministers of State For Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Name Portrait Political party Term Years
Sanjeev Balyan   Bharatiya Janata Party 26 May 2014 5 July 2016 2 years, 40 days
Mohan Kundariya 26 May 2014 5 July 2016 2 years, 40 days
S. S. Ahluwalia   5 July 2016 3 September 2017 1 year, 60 days
Sudarshan Bhagat   5 July 2016 3 September 2017 1 year, 60 days
Parshottam Rupala   5 July 2016 7 July 2021 5 years, 2 days
Krishna Raj   3 September 2017 30 May 2019 1 year, 269 days
Gajendra Singh Shekhawat   3 September 2017 30 May 2019 1 year, 269 days
Kailash Choudhary 30 May 2019 Incumbent 3 years, 69 days
Shobha Karandlaje   7 July 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 31 days

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Union Budget 2020-21 Analysis" (PDF). prsindia.org. 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare, Government of India". Agriculture.gov.in. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Organisational History of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
  4. ^ "Agriculture Ministry to be renamed as Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare". The Hindu. PTI. 15 August 2015. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 17 February 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. ^ "Ministry of Agriculture - Agriculture - Sectors: National Portal of India". 5 June 2009. Archived from the original on 5 June 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  6. ^ "National Portal of India". 3 September 2011. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  7. ^ "National Portal of India". 3 September 2011. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  8. ^ ":::Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana:::". rkvy.nic.in.
  9. ^ "Narendra Singh Tomar launches ICAR's data recovery centre 'Krishi Megh'". All India Radio News. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  10. ^ "Economics And Statistics,Ministry of Agriculture,Government of India". Eands.decent.nic.in.

External linksEdit