Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi

[1]

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi
Paddy and farmer and wind turbines in India.jpg
LocationIndia
CountryIndia
MinistryMinistry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Key peopleVivek Aggarwal (IAS)
Established1 February 2019; 2 years ago (2019-02-01)
Budget75,000 crore (US$11 billion)
Websitepmkisan.gov.in

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sammann Nidhi (PMKSN, translation: Prime Minister's Farmer's Tribute Fund) is an initiative by the government of India in which all farmers will get up to 6,000 (US$84) per year as minimum income support. The initiative was announced by Piyush Goyal during the 2019 Interim Union Budget of India on 1 February 2019.[2][3][4][5] The scheme has cost 75,000 crore (US$11 billion) per annum and has come in effect from December 2019.[6] 6,000 per year will be paid to each eligible farmer in three instalments and will be deposited directly to their bank accounts.[7]

HistoryEdit

The scheme was first conceived and implemented by Govt of Telangana as the Rythu Bandhu scheme, where a certain amount is given directly to eligible farmers. The scheme has received accolades[8] from various organisations for its successful implementation, including World Bank. Many economist suggest that this type of investment support is better[9] than farm loan waivers. With the positive outcome of this scheme, Govt of India wanted to implement[10] it as nationwide project and it was announced by Piyush Goyal during the 2019 Interim Union Budget of India on 1 February 2019.[11][12]

For 2018–2019, Rs. 20,000 crore was allocated under this scheme. For the year 2019–2020, the scheme has been revised to benefit nearly 2 crores more farmers; for which the coverage of the scheme is increased to nearly 14.5 crore beneficiaries, by allocating Rs. 87,217.50 crores by the Central Government. On 24 February 2019, Narendra Modi launched the scheme in Uttar Pradesh's Gorakhpur by transferring the first instalment of ₹2,000 each to over one crore farmers.[13][14][15]  

ObjectivesEdit

  1. With a view to augment the income of the Small and Marginal Farmers (SMFs), the Government has launched a new Central Sector Scheme, namely, "Pradhan Mantri KIsan SAmman Nidhi (PM-KISAN)" in the current financial year.[16]
  2. The PM-KISAN scheme aims to supplement the financial needs of the SMFs in procuring various inputs to ensure proper crop health and appropriate yields, commensurate with the anticipated farm income at the end of the each crop cycle.[16]
  3. This would also protect them from falling in the clutches of moneylenders for meeting such expenses and ensure their continuance in the farming activities.[16]

FinanceEdit

This is around 75,000 crore.[17] The complete expenditure for the scheme will borne by the Union Government in 2019-20.[18][19][20]

Eligibility criteriaEdit

  1. In the database, the land owner's name, gender.
  2. Social Classification (Scheduled Tribes / Scheduled Tribes).
  3. Aadhaar number, bank account number and mobile number etc.
  4. Land record details.
  5. Jan Dhan Bank Account Number, Aadhaar and Mobile Number will help in identifying eligible beneficiaries and incompetent claimants.
  6. The scheme is sponsored by the Central Government. Therefore, the farmers have to be citizens of the country.
  7. Land holding size should not be greater than 2 hectares.

Documents requiredEdit

  1. Citizenship certificate [21]
  2. Landholding papers [21]
  3. Aadhaar card [21]
  4. Bank account details [22]

Exclusion categoriesEdit

The following categories of beneficiaries of higher economic status shall not be eligible for benefit under the scheme.[23][24]

(A) All Institutional Land holders.[23][24]

(B) Farmer families in which one or more of its members belong to following categories:[23][24]

  1. Former and present holders of constitutional posts.
  2. Former and present Ministers/ State Ministers and former/present Members of LokSabha/ RajyaSabha/ State Legislative Assemblies/ State Legislative Councils,former and present Mayors of Municipal Corporations, former and present Chairpersons of District Panchayats.
  3. All serving or retired officers and employees of Central/ State Government Ministries /Offices/Departments and its field units Central or State PSEs and Attached offices /Autonomous Institutions under Government as well as regular employees of the Local Bodies (Excluding Multi Tasking Staff /Class IV/Group D employees).
  4. All superannuated/retired pensioners whose monthly pension is 10,000/-or more (Excluding Multi Tasking Staff / Class IV/Group D employees) of above category.
  5. All Persons who paid Income Tax in last assessment year.
  6. Professionals like Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, and Architects registered with Professional bodies and carrying out profession by undertaking practices.

State Governments SchemesEdit

Annadatha SukhibhavaEdit

Annadatha Sukhibhava
LocationAndhra Pradesh, India
Budget₹5,000 crores for FY 2019-20
Websitehttp://annadathasukhibhava.ap.gov.in/

Annadatha Sukhibhava (Telugu: అన్నదాత సుఖీభవ) is a welfare program started by Andhra Pradesh Government to provide ₹15,000 investment support to small and marginal farmer's family per annum which includes ₹6000 Central Government Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi share.[25] The government is providing support to nearly 64.1 lakh farmer including tenant farmers.[26] This farmer investment support scheme where the cash is paid directly into the Aadhaar linked bank accounts will cover all the farmers in the state on Family as unit basis without any conditions.[27] It was formally started on 19-02-2019 by providing ₹1000 Initially by Real Time Governance Society center.[28]

Payment disbursalEdit

Andhra Pradesh Government was displaying the number of families benefiting with this scheme in real time basis on its official website.

Annadatha Sukhibhava Payment Dashboard [29]( As on 13-04-2019; 12 PM )
Term Amount Date of Initiation Families Eligible Payment Initiated Payment Success Under Process Amount
Phase 1 ₹ 1000 17-02-2019 50,19,383 50,16,443 46,21,658 3,97,725 ₹ 462.17 Cr
Phase 2 ₹ 3000 03-04-2019 48,92,682 45,03,431 44,43,721 4,48,961 ₹ 1333.12 Cr

Comparison with similar schemesEdit

Aspect PM-Kisan Rythu Bandhu Annadatha Sukhibhava KALIA scheme[30]
Started by Union Government of India Telangana Government Andhra Pradesh Government Odisha Government
Unit Per Family Per Acre Per Family Per Family
No Of Beneficiaries Approx. 120 Million Approx. 6 Million Approx. 7 Million ( Inc 2 Million Tenant farmers) 6 Million Families
Assistance ₹ 6,000 per year in 3 installments ₹ 10,000 per year per Acre in two installments[31] ₹ 9,000 Extra in addition to PM Kisan Benefit,

₹ 15,000 for Non Beneficiaries of PM Kisan

Rs.5,000 per farm family over five seasons
Exclusion Last year Income Tax Payers,

Civil Servants with High Income

No Exclusion No Exclusion No Exclusion
Cap Small & Marginal farmer

Up To 2 Hectares (NO Capping as per revised guidelines)[32]

Land holding of 51 acres agriculture land

and 21 acres dry land

No Cap Small & Marginal farmer

Up To 2 Hectares

Eligible Land Owners only Land Owners Only Land Owners + Tenant Cultivators Land Owners + Tenant Cultivators
Tenant Farmers Not Covered Not Covered Covered Covered
Annual Budget ₹ 700 Bn ₹ 120 Bn ₹ 50 Bn ₹ 40 Bn

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "DOI Desativado". DOI Desativado. Recife, Brasil: Even3. 2020. doi:10.29327/118753.16-1.
  2. ^ "Piyush Goyal announces PM Kisaan Samman Nidhi". CNBC TV18. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  3. ^ "12 Crore farmers to get benefit". NewsX. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Interim Budget". Outlook India. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  5. ^ "Interim Budget 2019". Zee News. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Goyal announces". dailyexcelsior.com. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme Approved". dailyhunt.in. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  8. ^ Rajeev, M. (2 March 2019). "World Bank pat for Rythu Bandhu implementation". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  9. ^ Lasania, Yunus Y. (26 December 2018). "Telangana shows an alternative to farm loan waivers". Mint. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  10. ^ "Centre replicates Telangana's Rythu Bandhu scheme to give income support to farmers". www.thenewsminute.com. February 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Interim Budget 2019". Zee News. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  12. ^ "Interim Budget". Outlook India. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  13. ^ Bureau, Our. "Modi launches PM-Kisan scheme from Gorakhpur". @businessline. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  14. ^ "VIDEO: PM Modi launches Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana, other initiatives in Gorakhpur". www.indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  15. ^ ANI (24 February 2019). "PM Modi unveils Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi scheme in Gorakhpur". Business Standard India. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  16. ^ a b c "Objectives of PM-Kisan" (PDF). pmkisan.nic.in.
  17. ^ "Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi announced to provide assured income support to small and marginal farmers". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  18. ^ "pmkisan.nic.in". pmkisan.nic.in.
  19. ^ "Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana: Guidelines launched for States to implement scheme; PM-Kisan Portal launched". Jagranjosh.com. 8 February 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  20. ^ "Farm de-stress yojana to benefit 12 crore - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  21. ^ a b c "Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana - IndiaFilings". IndiaFilings - Learning Centre. 13 February 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  22. ^ "Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi: Check eligibility, dates and other details here - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  23. ^ a b c "Exclusion categories". pmkisan.nic.in.
  24. ^ a b c "PM Kisan scheme: Govt announces exclusion criteria – Check who won't get it". The Financial Express. 7 February 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  25. ^ "Andhra merges PM Kisan scheme with Annadatha Sukhibhava, all farmers to get Rs 10,000". The Indian Express. 14 February 2019. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  26. ^ "54 lakh Andhra farmers to get benefit of Annadata Sukhibhava scheme 2019: Somireddy Chandramohan Reddy". www.aninews.in. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  27. ^ Rao, G. Venkataramana (6 February 2019). "₹5,000 cr. allocated for 'Annadata Sukhibhava'". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  28. ^ "Annadata Sukhibhava launched, nearly 50 lakh get Rs 1,000 on Day One". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  29. ^ ":: Annadatha Sukhibhava ::". annadathasukhibhava.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  30. ^ "What is Kalia scheme and who is eligible to get its benefits?". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  31. ^ https://www.newindianexpress.com/states/telangana/2020/jan/21/telangana-government-releases-rythu-bandhu-funds-ahead-of-municipal-polls-2092291.html
  32. ^ "PM Kisan" (PDF). Retrieved 3 September 2020.